view gcc/cp/method.c @ 111:04ced10e8804

gcc 7
author kono
date Fri, 27 Oct 2017 22:46:09 +0900
parents
children 84e7813d76e9
line wrap: on
line source

/* Handle the hair of processing (but not expanding) inline functions.
   Also manage function and variable name overloading.
   Copyright (C) 1987-2017 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
   Contributed by Michael Tiemann (tiemann@cygnus.com)

This file is part of GCC.

GCC is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
the Free Software Foundation; either version 3, or (at your option)
any later version.

GCC is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
GNU General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with GCC; see the file COPYING3.  If not see
<http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.  */


/* Handle method declarations.  */
#include "config.h"
#include "system.h"
#include "coretypes.h"
#include "target.h"
#include "cp-tree.h"
#include "stringpool.h"
#include "cgraph.h"
#include "varasm.h"
#include "toplev.h"
#include "common/common-target.h"

/* Various flags to control the mangling process.  */

enum mangling_flags
{
  /* No flags.  */
  mf_none = 0,
  /* The thing we are presently mangling is part of a template type,
     rather than a fully instantiated type.  Therefore, we may see
     complex expressions where we would normally expect to see a
     simple integer constant.  */
  mf_maybe_uninstantiated = 1,
  /* When mangling a numeric value, use the form `_XX_' (instead of
     just `XX') if the value has more than one digit.  */
  mf_use_underscores_around_value = 2
};

static void do_build_copy_assign (tree);
static void do_build_copy_constructor (tree);
static tree make_alias_for_thunk (tree);

/* Called once to initialize method.c.  */

void
init_method (void)
{
  init_mangle ();
}

/* Return a this or result adjusting thunk to FUNCTION.  THIS_ADJUSTING
   indicates whether it is a this or result adjusting thunk.
   FIXED_OFFSET and VIRTUAL_OFFSET indicate how to do the adjustment
   (see thunk_adjust).  VIRTUAL_OFFSET can be NULL, but FIXED_OFFSET
   never is.  VIRTUAL_OFFSET is the /index/ into the vtable for this
   adjusting thunks, we scale it to a byte offset. For covariant
   thunks VIRTUAL_OFFSET is the virtual binfo.  You must post process
   the returned thunk with finish_thunk.  */

tree
make_thunk (tree function, bool this_adjusting,
	    tree fixed_offset, tree virtual_offset)
{
  HOST_WIDE_INT d;
  tree thunk;

  gcc_assert (TREE_CODE (function) == FUNCTION_DECL);
  /* We can have this thunks to covariant thunks, but not vice versa.  */
  gcc_assert (!DECL_THIS_THUNK_P (function));
  gcc_assert (!DECL_RESULT_THUNK_P (function) || this_adjusting);

  /* Scale the VIRTUAL_OFFSET to be in terms of bytes.  */
  if (this_adjusting && virtual_offset)
    virtual_offset
      = size_binop (MULT_EXPR,
		    virtual_offset,
		    convert (ssizetype,
			     TYPE_SIZE_UNIT (vtable_entry_type)));

  d = tree_to_shwi (fixed_offset);

  /* See if we already have the thunk in question.  For this_adjusting
     thunks VIRTUAL_OFFSET will be an INTEGER_CST, for covariant thunks it
     will be a BINFO.  */
  for (thunk = DECL_THUNKS (function); thunk; thunk = DECL_CHAIN (thunk))
    if (DECL_THIS_THUNK_P (thunk) == this_adjusting
	&& THUNK_FIXED_OFFSET (thunk) == d
	&& !virtual_offset == !THUNK_VIRTUAL_OFFSET (thunk)
	&& (!virtual_offset
	    || (this_adjusting
		? tree_int_cst_equal (THUNK_VIRTUAL_OFFSET (thunk),
				      virtual_offset)
		: THUNK_VIRTUAL_OFFSET (thunk) == virtual_offset)))
      return thunk;

  /* All thunks must be created before FUNCTION is actually emitted;
     the ABI requires that all thunks be emitted together with the
     function to which they transfer control.  */
  gcc_assert (!TREE_ASM_WRITTEN (function));
  /* Likewise, we can only be adding thunks to a function declared in
     the class currently being laid out.  */
  gcc_assert (TYPE_SIZE (DECL_CONTEXT (function))
	      && TYPE_BEING_DEFINED (DECL_CONTEXT (function)));

  thunk = build_decl (DECL_SOURCE_LOCATION (function),
		      FUNCTION_DECL, NULL_TREE, TREE_TYPE (function));
  DECL_LANG_SPECIFIC (thunk) = DECL_LANG_SPECIFIC (function);
  cxx_dup_lang_specific_decl (thunk);
  DECL_VIRTUAL_P (thunk) = true;
  SET_DECL_THUNKS (thunk, NULL_TREE);

  DECL_CONTEXT (thunk) = DECL_CONTEXT (function);
  TREE_READONLY (thunk) = TREE_READONLY (function);
  TREE_THIS_VOLATILE (thunk) = TREE_THIS_VOLATILE (function);
  TREE_PUBLIC (thunk) = TREE_PUBLIC (function);
  SET_DECL_THUNK_P (thunk, this_adjusting);
  THUNK_TARGET (thunk) = function;
  THUNK_FIXED_OFFSET (thunk) = d;
  THUNK_VIRTUAL_OFFSET (thunk) = virtual_offset;
  THUNK_ALIAS (thunk) = NULL_TREE;

  DECL_INTERFACE_KNOWN (thunk) = 1;
  DECL_NOT_REALLY_EXTERN (thunk) = 1;
  DECL_COMDAT (thunk) = DECL_COMDAT (function);
  DECL_SAVED_FUNCTION_DATA (thunk) = NULL;
  /* The thunk itself is not a constructor or destructor, even if
     the thing it is thunking to is.  */
  DECL_CXX_DESTRUCTOR_P (thunk) = 0;
  DECL_CXX_CONSTRUCTOR_P (thunk) = 0;
  DECL_EXTERNAL (thunk) = 1;
  DECL_ARTIFICIAL (thunk) = 1;
  /* The THUNK is not a pending inline, even if the FUNCTION is.  */
  DECL_PENDING_INLINE_P (thunk) = 0;
  DECL_DECLARED_INLINE_P (thunk) = 0;
  /* Nor is it a template instantiation.  */
  DECL_USE_TEMPLATE (thunk) = 0;
  DECL_TEMPLATE_INFO (thunk) = NULL;

  /* Add it to the list of thunks associated with FUNCTION.  */
  DECL_CHAIN (thunk) = DECL_THUNKS (function);
  SET_DECL_THUNKS (function, thunk);

  return thunk;
}

/* Finish THUNK, a thunk decl.  */

void
finish_thunk (tree thunk)
{
  tree function, name;
  tree fixed_offset = ssize_int (THUNK_FIXED_OFFSET (thunk));
  tree virtual_offset = THUNK_VIRTUAL_OFFSET (thunk);

  gcc_assert (!DECL_NAME (thunk) && DECL_THUNK_P (thunk));
  if (virtual_offset && DECL_RESULT_THUNK_P (thunk))
    virtual_offset = BINFO_VPTR_FIELD (virtual_offset);
  function = THUNK_TARGET (thunk);
  name = mangle_thunk (function, DECL_THIS_THUNK_P (thunk),
		       fixed_offset, virtual_offset, thunk);

  /* We can end up with declarations of (logically) different
     covariant thunks, that do identical adjustments.  The two thunks
     will be adjusting between within different hierarchies, which
     happen to have the same layout.  We must nullify one of them to
     refer to the other.  */
  if (DECL_RESULT_THUNK_P (thunk))
    {
      tree cov_probe;

      for (cov_probe = DECL_THUNKS (function);
	   cov_probe; cov_probe = DECL_CHAIN (cov_probe))
	if (DECL_NAME (cov_probe) == name)
	  {
	    gcc_assert (!DECL_THUNKS (thunk));
	    THUNK_ALIAS (thunk) = (THUNK_ALIAS (cov_probe)
				   ? THUNK_ALIAS (cov_probe) : cov_probe);
	    break;
	  }
    }

  DECL_NAME (thunk) = name;
  SET_DECL_ASSEMBLER_NAME (thunk, name);
}

static GTY (()) int thunk_labelno;

/* Create a static alias to target.  */

tree
make_alias_for (tree target, tree newid)
{
  tree alias = build_decl (DECL_SOURCE_LOCATION (target),
			   TREE_CODE (target), newid, TREE_TYPE (target));
  DECL_LANG_SPECIFIC (alias) = DECL_LANG_SPECIFIC (target);
  cxx_dup_lang_specific_decl (alias);
  DECL_CONTEXT (alias) = NULL;
  TREE_READONLY (alias) = TREE_READONLY (target);
  TREE_THIS_VOLATILE (alias) = TREE_THIS_VOLATILE (target);
  TREE_PUBLIC (alias) = 0;
  DECL_INTERFACE_KNOWN (alias) = 1;
  if (DECL_LANG_SPECIFIC (alias))
    {
      DECL_NOT_REALLY_EXTERN (alias) = 1;
      DECL_USE_TEMPLATE (alias) = 0;
      DECL_TEMPLATE_INFO (alias) = NULL;
    }
  DECL_EXTERNAL (alias) = 0;
  DECL_ARTIFICIAL (alias) = 1;
  DECL_TEMPLATE_INSTANTIATED (alias) = 0;
  if (TREE_CODE (alias) == FUNCTION_DECL)
    {
      DECL_SAVED_FUNCTION_DATA (alias) = NULL;
      DECL_CXX_DESTRUCTOR_P (alias) = 0;
      DECL_CXX_CONSTRUCTOR_P (alias) = 0;
      DECL_PENDING_INLINE_P (alias) = 0;
      DECL_DECLARED_INLINE_P (alias) = 0;
      DECL_INITIAL (alias) = error_mark_node;
      DECL_ARGUMENTS (alias) = copy_list (DECL_ARGUMENTS (target));
    }
  else
    TREE_STATIC (alias) = 1;
  TREE_ADDRESSABLE (alias) = 1;
  TREE_USED (alias) = 1;
  SET_DECL_ASSEMBLER_NAME (alias, DECL_NAME (alias));
  return alias;
}

static tree
make_alias_for_thunk (tree function)
{
  tree alias;
  char buf[256];

  targetm.asm_out.generate_internal_label (buf, "LTHUNK", thunk_labelno);
  thunk_labelno++;

  alias = make_alias_for (function, get_identifier (buf));

  if (!flag_syntax_only)
    {
      struct cgraph_node *funcn, *aliasn;
      funcn = cgraph_node::get (function);
      gcc_checking_assert (funcn);
      aliasn = cgraph_node::create_same_body_alias (alias, function);
      DECL_ASSEMBLER_NAME (function);
      gcc_assert (aliasn != NULL);
    }

  return alias;
}

/* Emit the definition of a C++ multiple inheritance or covariant
   return vtable thunk.  If EMIT_P is nonzero, the thunk is emitted
   immediately.  */

void
use_thunk (tree thunk_fndecl, bool emit_p)
{
  tree a, t, function, alias;
  tree virtual_offset;
  HOST_WIDE_INT fixed_offset, virtual_value;
  bool this_adjusting = DECL_THIS_THUNK_P (thunk_fndecl);
  struct cgraph_node *funcn, *thunk_node;

  /* We should have called finish_thunk to give it a name.  */
  gcc_assert (DECL_NAME (thunk_fndecl));

  /* We should never be using an alias, always refer to the
     aliased thunk.  */
  gcc_assert (!THUNK_ALIAS (thunk_fndecl));

  if (TREE_ASM_WRITTEN (thunk_fndecl))
    return;

  function = THUNK_TARGET (thunk_fndecl);
  if (DECL_RESULT (thunk_fndecl))
    /* We already turned this thunk into an ordinary function.
       There's no need to process this thunk again.  */
    return;

  if (DECL_THUNK_P (function))
    /* The target is itself a thunk, process it now.  */
    use_thunk (function, emit_p);

  /* Thunks are always addressable; they only appear in vtables.  */
  TREE_ADDRESSABLE (thunk_fndecl) = 1;

  /* Figure out what function is being thunked to.  It's referenced in
     this translation unit.  */
  TREE_ADDRESSABLE (function) = 1;
  mark_used (function);
  if (!emit_p)
    return;

  if (TARGET_USE_LOCAL_THUNK_ALIAS_P (function))
   alias = make_alias_for_thunk (function);
  else
   alias = function;

  fixed_offset = THUNK_FIXED_OFFSET (thunk_fndecl);
  virtual_offset = THUNK_VIRTUAL_OFFSET (thunk_fndecl);

  if (virtual_offset)
    {
      if (!this_adjusting)
	virtual_offset = BINFO_VPTR_FIELD (virtual_offset);
      virtual_value = tree_to_shwi (virtual_offset);
      gcc_assert (virtual_value);
    }
  else
    virtual_value = 0;

  /* And, if we need to emit the thunk, it's used.  */
  mark_used (thunk_fndecl);
  /* This thunk is actually defined.  */
  DECL_EXTERNAL (thunk_fndecl) = 0;
  /* The linkage of the function may have changed.  FIXME in linkage
     rewrite.  */
  gcc_assert (DECL_INTERFACE_KNOWN (function));
  TREE_PUBLIC (thunk_fndecl) = TREE_PUBLIC (function);
  DECL_VISIBILITY (thunk_fndecl) = DECL_VISIBILITY (function);
  DECL_VISIBILITY_SPECIFIED (thunk_fndecl)
    = DECL_VISIBILITY_SPECIFIED (function);
  DECL_COMDAT (thunk_fndecl) = DECL_COMDAT (function);
  DECL_WEAK (thunk_fndecl) = DECL_WEAK (function);

  if (flag_syntax_only)
    {
      TREE_ASM_WRITTEN (thunk_fndecl) = 1;
      return;
    }

  push_to_top_level ();

  if (TARGET_USE_LOCAL_THUNK_ALIAS_P (function)
      && targetm_common.have_named_sections)
    {
      tree fn = function;
      struct symtab_node *symbol;

      if ((symbol = symtab_node::get (function))
	  && symbol->alias)
	{
	  if (symbol->analyzed)
	    fn = symtab_node::get (function)->ultimate_alias_target ()->decl;
	  else
	    fn = symtab_node::get (function)->alias_target;
	}
      resolve_unique_section (fn, 0, flag_function_sections);

      if (DECL_SECTION_NAME (fn) != NULL && DECL_ONE_ONLY (fn))
	{
	  resolve_unique_section (thunk_fndecl, 0, flag_function_sections);

	  /* Output the thunk into the same section as function.  */
	  set_decl_section_name (thunk_fndecl, DECL_SECTION_NAME (fn));
	  symtab_node::get (thunk_fndecl)->implicit_section
	    = symtab_node::get (fn)->implicit_section;
	}
    }

  /* Set up cloned argument trees for the thunk.  */
  t = NULL_TREE;
  for (a = DECL_ARGUMENTS (function); a; a = DECL_CHAIN (a))
    {
      tree x = copy_node (a);
      DECL_CHAIN (x) = t;
      DECL_CONTEXT (x) = thunk_fndecl;
      SET_DECL_RTL (x, NULL);
      DECL_HAS_VALUE_EXPR_P (x) = 0;
      TREE_ADDRESSABLE (x) = 0;
      t = x;
    }
  a = nreverse (t);
  DECL_ARGUMENTS (thunk_fndecl) = a;
  TREE_ASM_WRITTEN (thunk_fndecl) = 1;
  funcn = cgraph_node::get (function);
  gcc_checking_assert (funcn);
  thunk_node = funcn->create_thunk (thunk_fndecl, function,
				    this_adjusting, fixed_offset, virtual_value,
				    virtual_offset, alias);
  if (DECL_ONE_ONLY (function))
    thunk_node->add_to_same_comdat_group (funcn);

  pop_from_top_level ();
}

/* Code for synthesizing methods which have default semantics defined.  */

/* True iff CTYPE has a trivial SFK.  */

static bool
type_has_trivial_fn (tree ctype, special_function_kind sfk)
{
  switch (sfk)
    {
    case sfk_constructor:
      return !TYPE_HAS_COMPLEX_DFLT (ctype);
    case sfk_copy_constructor:
      return !TYPE_HAS_COMPLEX_COPY_CTOR (ctype);
    case sfk_move_constructor:
      return !TYPE_HAS_COMPLEX_MOVE_CTOR (ctype);
    case sfk_copy_assignment:
      return !TYPE_HAS_COMPLEX_COPY_ASSIGN (ctype);
    case sfk_move_assignment:
      return !TYPE_HAS_COMPLEX_MOVE_ASSIGN (ctype);
    case sfk_destructor:
      return !TYPE_HAS_NONTRIVIAL_DESTRUCTOR (ctype);
    case sfk_inheriting_constructor:
      return false;
    default:
      gcc_unreachable ();
    }
}

/* Note that CTYPE has a non-trivial SFK even though we previously thought
   it was trivial.  */

static void
type_set_nontrivial_flag (tree ctype, special_function_kind sfk)
{
  switch (sfk)
    {
    case sfk_constructor:
      TYPE_HAS_COMPLEX_DFLT (ctype) = true;
      return;
    case sfk_copy_constructor:
      TYPE_HAS_COMPLEX_COPY_CTOR (ctype) = true;
      return;
    case sfk_move_constructor:
      TYPE_HAS_COMPLEX_MOVE_CTOR (ctype) = true;
      return;
    case sfk_copy_assignment:
      TYPE_HAS_COMPLEX_COPY_ASSIGN (ctype) = true;
      return;
    case sfk_move_assignment:
      TYPE_HAS_COMPLEX_MOVE_ASSIGN (ctype) = true;
      return;
    case sfk_destructor:
      TYPE_HAS_NONTRIVIAL_DESTRUCTOR (ctype) = true;
      return;
    case sfk_inheriting_constructor:
    default:
      gcc_unreachable ();
    }
}

/* True iff FN is a trivial defaulted member function ([cd]tor, op=).  */

bool
trivial_fn_p (tree fn)
{
  if (TREE_CODE (fn) == TEMPLATE_DECL)
    return false;
  if (!DECL_DEFAULTED_FN (fn))
    return false;

  /* If fn is a clone, get the primary variant.  */
  if (tree prim = DECL_CLONED_FUNCTION (fn))
    fn = prim;
  return type_has_trivial_fn (DECL_CONTEXT (fn), special_function_p (fn));
}

/* PARM is a PARM_DECL for a function which we want to forward to another
   function without changing its value category, a la std::forward.  */

tree
forward_parm (tree parm)
{
  tree exp = convert_from_reference (parm);
  tree type = TREE_TYPE (parm);
  if (DECL_PACK_P (parm))
    type = PACK_EXPANSION_PATTERN (type);
  if (TREE_CODE (type) != REFERENCE_TYPE)
    type = cp_build_reference_type (type, /*rval=*/true);
  warning_sentinel w (warn_useless_cast);
  exp = build_static_cast (type, exp, tf_warning_or_error);
  if (DECL_PACK_P (parm))
    exp = make_pack_expansion (exp);
  return exp;
}

/* Strip all inheriting constructors, if any, to return the original
   constructor from a (possibly indirect) base class.  */

tree
strip_inheriting_ctors (tree dfn)
{
  if (!flag_new_inheriting_ctors)
    return dfn;
  tree fn = dfn;
  while (tree inh = DECL_INHERITED_CTOR (fn))
    fn = OVL_FIRST (inh);

  if (TREE_CODE (fn) == TEMPLATE_DECL
      && TREE_CODE (dfn) == FUNCTION_DECL)
    fn = DECL_TEMPLATE_RESULT (fn);
  return fn;
}

/* Find the binfo for the base subobject of BINFO being initialized by
   inherited constructor FNDECL (a member of a direct base of BINFO).  */

static tree inherited_ctor_binfo (tree, tree);
static tree
inherited_ctor_binfo_1 (tree binfo, tree fndecl)
{
  tree base = DECL_CONTEXT (fndecl);
  tree base_binfo;
  for (int i = 0; BINFO_BASE_ITERATE (binfo, i, base_binfo); i++)
    if (BINFO_TYPE (base_binfo) == base)
      return inherited_ctor_binfo (base_binfo, fndecl);

  gcc_unreachable();
}

/* Find the binfo for the base subobject of BINFO being initialized by
   inheriting constructor FNDECL (a member of BINFO), or BINFO if FNDECL is not
   an inheriting constructor.  */

static tree
inherited_ctor_binfo (tree binfo, tree fndecl)
{
  tree inh = DECL_INHERITED_CTOR (fndecl);
  if (!inh)
    return binfo;

  tree results = NULL_TREE;
  for (ovl_iterator iter (inh); iter; ++iter)
    {
      tree one = inherited_ctor_binfo_1 (binfo, *iter);
      if (!results)
	results = one;
      else if (one != results)
	results = tree_cons (NULL_TREE, one, results);
    }
  return results;
}

/* Find the binfo for the base subobject being initialized by inheriting
   constructor FNDECL, or NULL_TREE if FNDECL is not an inheriting
   constructor.  */

tree
inherited_ctor_binfo (tree fndecl)
{
  if (!DECL_INHERITED_CTOR (fndecl))
    return NULL_TREE;
  tree binfo = TYPE_BINFO (DECL_CONTEXT (fndecl));
  return inherited_ctor_binfo (binfo, fndecl);
}

/* True if we should omit all user-declared parameters from constructor FN,
   because it is a base clone of a ctor inherited from a virtual base.  */

bool
ctor_omit_inherited_parms (tree fn)
{
  if (!flag_new_inheriting_ctors)
    /* We only optimize away the parameters in the new model.  */
    return false;
  if (!DECL_BASE_CONSTRUCTOR_P (fn)
      || !CLASSTYPE_VBASECLASSES (DECL_CONTEXT (fn)))
    return false;
  if (FUNCTION_FIRST_USER_PARMTYPE (DECL_ORIGIN (fn)) == void_list_node)
    /* No user-declared parameters to omit.  */
    return false;
  tree binfo = inherited_ctor_binfo (fn);
  for (; binfo; binfo = BINFO_INHERITANCE_CHAIN (binfo))
    if (BINFO_VIRTUAL_P (binfo))
      return true;
  return false;
}

/* True iff constructor(s) INH inherited into BINFO initializes INIT_BINFO.
   This can be true for multiple virtual bases as well as one direct
   non-virtual base.  */

static bool
binfo_inherited_from (tree binfo, tree init_binfo, tree inh)
{
  /* inh is an OVERLOAD if we inherited the same constructor along
     multiple paths, check all of them.  */
  for (ovl_iterator iter (inh); iter; ++iter)
    {
      tree fn = *iter;
      tree base = DECL_CONTEXT (fn);
      tree base_binfo = NULL_TREE;
      for (int i = 0; BINFO_BASE_ITERATE (binfo, i, base_binfo); i++)
	if (BINFO_TYPE (base_binfo) == base)
	  break;
      if (base_binfo == init_binfo
	  || (flag_new_inheriting_ctors
	      && binfo_inherited_from (base_binfo, init_binfo,
				       DECL_INHERITED_CTOR (fn))))
	return true;
    }
  return false;
}

/* Subroutine of do_build_copy_constructor: Add a mem-initializer for BINFO
   given the parameter or parameters PARM, possibly inherited constructor
   base INH, or move flag MOVE_P.  */

static tree
add_one_base_init (tree binfo, tree parm, bool move_p, tree inh,
		   tree member_init_list)
{
  tree init;
  if (inh)
    {
      /* An inheriting constructor only has a mem-initializer for
	 the base it inherits from.  */
      if (!binfo_inherited_from (TYPE_BINFO (current_class_type), binfo, inh))
	return member_init_list;

      tree *p = &init;
      init = NULL_TREE;
      for (; parm; parm = DECL_CHAIN (parm))
	{
	  tree exp = forward_parm (parm);
	  *p = build_tree_list (NULL_TREE, exp);
	  p = &TREE_CHAIN (*p);
	}
    }
  else
    {
      init = build_base_path (PLUS_EXPR, parm, binfo, 1,
			      tf_warning_or_error);
      if (move_p)
	init = move (init);
      init = build_tree_list (NULL_TREE, init);
    }
  return tree_cons (binfo, init, member_init_list);
}

/* Generate code for default X(X&) or X(X&&) constructor or an inheriting
   constructor.  */

static void
do_build_copy_constructor (tree fndecl)
{
  tree parm = FUNCTION_FIRST_USER_PARM (fndecl);
  bool move_p = DECL_MOVE_CONSTRUCTOR_P (fndecl);
  bool trivial = trivial_fn_p (fndecl);
  tree inh = DECL_INHERITED_CTOR (fndecl);

  if (!inh)
    parm = convert_from_reference (parm);

  if (trivial)
    {
      if (is_empty_class (current_class_type))
	/* Don't copy the padding byte; it might not have been allocated
	   if *this is a base subobject.  */;
      else if (tree_int_cst_equal (TYPE_SIZE (current_class_type),
				   CLASSTYPE_SIZE (current_class_type)))
	{
	  tree t = build2 (INIT_EXPR, void_type_node, current_class_ref, parm);
	  finish_expr_stmt (t);
	}
      else
	{
	  /* We must only copy the non-tail padding parts.  */
	  tree base_size = CLASSTYPE_SIZE_UNIT (current_class_type);
	  base_size = size_binop (MINUS_EXPR, base_size, size_int (1));
	  tree array_type = build_array_type (unsigned_char_type_node,
					      build_index_type (base_size));
	  tree alias_set = build_int_cst (TREE_TYPE (current_class_ptr), 0);
	  tree lhs = build2 (MEM_REF, array_type,
			     current_class_ptr, alias_set);
	  tree rhs = build2 (MEM_REF, array_type,
			     TREE_OPERAND (parm, 0), alias_set);
	  tree t = build2 (INIT_EXPR, void_type_node, lhs, rhs);
	  finish_expr_stmt (t);
	}
    }
  else
    {
      tree fields = TYPE_FIELDS (current_class_type);
      tree member_init_list = NULL_TREE;
      int cvquals = cp_type_quals (TREE_TYPE (parm));
      int i;
      tree binfo, base_binfo;
      tree init;
      vec<tree, va_gc> *vbases;

      /* Initialize all the base-classes with the parameter converted
	 to their type so that we get their copy constructor and not
	 another constructor that takes current_class_type.  We must
	 deal with the binfo's directly as a direct base might be
	 inaccessible due to ambiguity.  */
      for (vbases = CLASSTYPE_VBASECLASSES (current_class_type), i = 0;
	   vec_safe_iterate (vbases, i, &binfo); i++)
	{
	  member_init_list = add_one_base_init (binfo, parm, move_p, inh,
						member_init_list);
	}

      for (binfo = TYPE_BINFO (current_class_type), i = 0;
	   BINFO_BASE_ITERATE (binfo, i, base_binfo); i++)
	{
	  if (BINFO_VIRTUAL_P (base_binfo))
	    continue;
	  member_init_list = add_one_base_init (base_binfo, parm, move_p,
						inh, member_init_list);
	}

      for (; fields; fields = DECL_CHAIN (fields))
	{
	  tree field = fields;
	  tree expr_type;

	  if (TREE_CODE (field) != FIELD_DECL)
	    continue;
	  if (inh)
	    continue;

	  expr_type = TREE_TYPE (field);
	  if (DECL_NAME (field))
	    {
	      if (VFIELD_NAME_P (DECL_NAME (field)))
		continue;
	    }
	  else if (ANON_AGGR_TYPE_P (expr_type) && TYPE_FIELDS (expr_type))
	    /* Just use the field; anonymous types can't have
	       nontrivial copy ctors or assignment ops or this
	       function would be deleted.  */;
	  else
	    continue;

	  /* Compute the type of "init->field".  If the copy-constructor
	     parameter is, for example, "const S&", and the type of
	     the field is "T", then the type will usually be "const
	     T".  (There are no cv-qualified variants of reference
	     types.)  */
	  if (TREE_CODE (expr_type) != REFERENCE_TYPE)
	    {
	      int quals = cvquals;

	      if (DECL_MUTABLE_P (field))
		quals &= ~TYPE_QUAL_CONST;
	      quals |= cp_type_quals (expr_type);
	      expr_type = cp_build_qualified_type (expr_type, quals);
	    }

	  init = build3 (COMPONENT_REF, expr_type, parm, field, NULL_TREE);
	  if (move_p && TREE_CODE (expr_type) != REFERENCE_TYPE
	      /* 'move' breaks bit-fields, and has no effect for scalars.  */
	      && !scalarish_type_p (expr_type))
	    init = move (init);
	  init = build_tree_list (NULL_TREE, init);

	  member_init_list = tree_cons (field, init, member_init_list);
	}
      finish_mem_initializers (member_init_list);
    }
}

static void
do_build_copy_assign (tree fndecl)
{
  tree parm = DECL_CHAIN (DECL_ARGUMENTS (fndecl));
  tree compound_stmt;
  bool move_p = move_fn_p (fndecl);
  bool trivial = trivial_fn_p (fndecl);
  int flags = LOOKUP_NORMAL | LOOKUP_NONVIRTUAL | LOOKUP_DEFAULTED;

  compound_stmt = begin_compound_stmt (0);
  parm = convert_from_reference (parm);

  if (trivial
      && is_empty_class (current_class_type))
    /* Don't copy the padding byte; it might not have been allocated
       if *this is a base subobject.  */;
  else if (trivial)
    {
      tree t = build2 (MODIFY_EXPR, void_type_node, current_class_ref, parm);
      finish_expr_stmt (t);
    }
  else
    {
      tree fields;
      int cvquals = cp_type_quals (TREE_TYPE (parm));
      int i;
      tree binfo, base_binfo;

      /* Assign to each of the direct base classes.  */
      for (binfo = TYPE_BINFO (current_class_type), i = 0;
	   BINFO_BASE_ITERATE (binfo, i, base_binfo); i++)
	{
	  tree converted_parm;
	  vec<tree, va_gc> *parmvec;

	  /* We must convert PARM directly to the base class
	     explicitly since the base class may be ambiguous.  */
	  converted_parm = build_base_path (PLUS_EXPR, parm, base_binfo, 1,
					    tf_warning_or_error);
	  if (move_p)
	    converted_parm = move (converted_parm);
	  /* Call the base class assignment operator.  */
	  parmvec = make_tree_vector_single (converted_parm);
	  finish_expr_stmt
	    (build_special_member_call (current_class_ref,
					cp_assignment_operator_id (NOP_EXPR),
					&parmvec,
					base_binfo,
					flags,
                                        tf_warning_or_error));
	  release_tree_vector (parmvec);
	}

      /* Assign to each of the non-static data members.  */
      for (fields = TYPE_FIELDS (current_class_type);
	   fields;
	   fields = DECL_CHAIN (fields))
	{
	  tree comp = current_class_ref;
	  tree init = parm;
	  tree field = fields;
	  tree expr_type;
	  int quals;

	  if (TREE_CODE (field) != FIELD_DECL || DECL_ARTIFICIAL (field))
	    continue;

	  expr_type = TREE_TYPE (field);

	  if (CP_TYPE_CONST_P (expr_type))
	    {
	      error ("non-static const member %q#D, can%'t use default "
		     "assignment operator", field);
	      continue;
	    }
	  else if (TREE_CODE (expr_type) == REFERENCE_TYPE)
	    {
	      error ("non-static reference member %q#D, can%'t use "
		     "default assignment operator", field);
	      continue;
	    }

	  if (DECL_NAME (field))
	    {
	      if (VFIELD_NAME_P (DECL_NAME (field)))
		continue;
	    }
	  else if (ANON_AGGR_TYPE_P (expr_type)
		   && TYPE_FIELDS (expr_type) != NULL_TREE)
	    /* Just use the field; anonymous types can't have
	       nontrivial copy ctors or assignment ops or this
	       function would be deleted.  */;
	  else
	    continue;

	  comp = build3 (COMPONENT_REF, expr_type, comp, field, NULL_TREE);

	  /* Compute the type of init->field  */
	  quals = cvquals;
	  if (DECL_MUTABLE_P (field))
	    quals &= ~TYPE_QUAL_CONST;
	  expr_type = cp_build_qualified_type (expr_type, quals);

	  init = build3 (COMPONENT_REF, expr_type, init, field, NULL_TREE);
	  if (move_p && TREE_CODE (expr_type) != REFERENCE_TYPE
	      /* 'move' breaks bit-fields, and has no effect for scalars.  */
	      && !scalarish_type_p (expr_type))
	    init = move (init);

	  if (DECL_NAME (field))
	    init = cp_build_modify_expr (input_location, comp, NOP_EXPR, init,
					 tf_warning_or_error);
	  else
	    init = build2 (MODIFY_EXPR, TREE_TYPE (comp), comp, init);
	  finish_expr_stmt (init);
	}
    }
  finish_return_stmt (current_class_ref);
  finish_compound_stmt (compound_stmt);
}

/* Synthesize FNDECL, a non-static member function.   */

void
synthesize_method (tree fndecl)
{
  bool nested = (current_function_decl != NULL_TREE);
  tree context = decl_function_context (fndecl);
  bool need_body = true;
  tree stmt;
  location_t save_input_location = input_location;
  int error_count = errorcount;
  int warning_count = warningcount + werrorcount;

  /* Reset the source location, we might have been previously
     deferred, and thus have saved where we were first needed.  */
  DECL_SOURCE_LOCATION (fndecl)
    = DECL_SOURCE_LOCATION (TYPE_NAME (DECL_CONTEXT (fndecl)));

  /* If we've been asked to synthesize a clone, just synthesize the
     cloned function instead.  Doing so will automatically fill in the
     body for the clone.  */
  if (DECL_CLONED_FUNCTION_P (fndecl))
    fndecl = DECL_CLONED_FUNCTION (fndecl);

  /* We may be in the middle of deferred access check.  Disable
     it now.  */
  push_deferring_access_checks (dk_no_deferred);

  if (! context)
    push_to_top_level ();
  else if (nested)
    push_function_context ();

  input_location = DECL_SOURCE_LOCATION (fndecl);

  start_preparsed_function (fndecl, NULL_TREE, SF_DEFAULT | SF_PRE_PARSED);
  stmt = begin_function_body ();

  if (DECL_OVERLOADED_OPERATOR_P (fndecl) == NOP_EXPR)
    {
      do_build_copy_assign (fndecl);
      need_body = false;
    }
  else if (DECL_CONSTRUCTOR_P (fndecl))
    {
      tree arg_chain = FUNCTION_FIRST_USER_PARMTYPE (fndecl);
      if (arg_chain != void_list_node)
	do_build_copy_constructor (fndecl);
      else
	finish_mem_initializers (NULL_TREE);
    }

  /* If we haven't yet generated the body of the function, just
     generate an empty compound statement.  */
  if (need_body)
    {
      tree compound_stmt;
      compound_stmt = begin_compound_stmt (BCS_FN_BODY);
      finish_compound_stmt (compound_stmt);
    }

  finish_function_body (stmt);
  expand_or_defer_fn (finish_function (/*inline_p=*/false));

  input_location = save_input_location;

  if (! context)
    pop_from_top_level ();
  else if (nested)
    pop_function_context ();

  pop_deferring_access_checks ();

  if (error_count != errorcount || warning_count != warningcount + werrorcount)
    inform (input_location, "synthesized method %qD first required here ",
	    fndecl);
}

/* Build a reference to type TYPE with cv-quals QUALS, which is an
   rvalue if RVALUE is true.  */

static tree
build_stub_type (tree type, int quals, bool rvalue)
{
  tree argtype = cp_build_qualified_type (type, quals);
  return cp_build_reference_type (argtype, rvalue);
}

/* Build a dummy glvalue from dereferencing a dummy reference of type
   REFTYPE.  */

static tree
build_stub_object (tree reftype)
{
  if (TREE_CODE (reftype) != REFERENCE_TYPE)
    reftype = cp_build_reference_type (reftype, /*rval*/true);
  tree stub = build1 (CONVERT_EXPR, reftype, integer_one_node);
  return convert_from_reference (stub);
}

/* Determine which function will be called when looking up NAME in TYPE,
   called with a single ARGTYPE argument, or no argument if ARGTYPE is
   null.  FLAGS and COMPLAIN are as for build_new_method_call.

   Returns a FUNCTION_DECL if all is well.
   Returns NULL_TREE if overload resolution failed.
   Returns error_mark_node if the chosen function cannot be called.  */

static tree
locate_fn_flags (tree type, tree name, tree argtype, int flags,
		 tsubst_flags_t complain)
{
  tree ob, fn, fns, binfo, rval;
  vec<tree, va_gc> *args;

  if (TYPE_P (type))
    binfo = TYPE_BINFO (type);
  else
    {
      binfo = type;
      type = BINFO_TYPE (binfo);
    }

  ob = build_stub_object (cp_build_reference_type (type, false));
  args = make_tree_vector ();
  if (argtype)
    {
      if (TREE_CODE (argtype) == TREE_LIST)
	{
	  for (tree elt = argtype; elt && elt != void_list_node;
	       elt = TREE_CHAIN (elt))
	    {
	      tree type = TREE_VALUE (elt);
	      tree arg = build_stub_object (type);
	      vec_safe_push (args, arg);
	    }
	}
      else
	{
	  tree arg = build_stub_object (argtype);
	  args->quick_push (arg);
	}
    }

  fns = lookup_fnfields (binfo, name, 0);
  rval = build_new_method_call (ob, fns, &args, binfo, flags, &fn, complain);

  release_tree_vector (args);
  if (fn && rval == error_mark_node)
    return rval;
  else
    return fn;
}

/* Locate the dtor of TYPE.  */

tree
get_dtor (tree type, tsubst_flags_t complain)
{
  tree fn = locate_fn_flags (type, complete_dtor_identifier, NULL_TREE,
			     LOOKUP_NORMAL, complain);
  if (fn == error_mark_node)
    return NULL_TREE;
  return fn;
}

/* Locate the default ctor of TYPE.  */

tree
locate_ctor (tree type)
{
  tree fn;

  push_deferring_access_checks (dk_no_check);
  fn = locate_fn_flags (type, complete_ctor_identifier, NULL_TREE,
			LOOKUP_SPECULATIVE, tf_none);
  pop_deferring_access_checks ();
  if (fn == error_mark_node)
    return NULL_TREE;
  return fn;
}

/* Likewise, but give any appropriate errors.  */

tree
get_default_ctor (tree type)
{
  tree fn = locate_fn_flags (type, complete_ctor_identifier, NULL_TREE,
			     LOOKUP_NORMAL, tf_warning_or_error);
  if (fn == error_mark_node)
    return NULL_TREE;
  return fn;
}

/* Locate the copy ctor of TYPE.  */

tree
get_copy_ctor (tree type, tsubst_flags_t complain)
{
  int quals = (TYPE_HAS_CONST_COPY_CTOR (type)
	       ? TYPE_QUAL_CONST : TYPE_UNQUALIFIED);
  tree argtype = build_stub_type (type, quals, false);
  tree fn = locate_fn_flags (type, complete_ctor_identifier, argtype,
			     LOOKUP_NORMAL, complain);
  if (fn == error_mark_node)
    return NULL_TREE;
  return fn;
}

/* Locate the copy assignment operator of TYPE.  */

tree
get_copy_assign (tree type)
{
  int quals = (TYPE_HAS_CONST_COPY_ASSIGN (type)
	       ? TYPE_QUAL_CONST : TYPE_UNQUALIFIED);
  tree argtype = build_stub_type (type, quals, false);
  tree fn = locate_fn_flags (type, cp_assignment_operator_id (NOP_EXPR), argtype,
			     LOOKUP_NORMAL, tf_warning_or_error);
  if (fn == error_mark_node)
    return NULL_TREE;
  return fn;
}

/* walk_tree helper function for is_trivially_xible.  If *TP is a call,
   return it if it calls something other than a trivial special member
   function.  */

static tree
check_nontriv (tree *tp, int *, void *)
{
  tree fn = cp_get_callee (*tp);
  if (fn == NULL_TREE)
    return NULL_TREE;

  if (TREE_CODE (fn) == ADDR_EXPR)
    fn = TREE_OPERAND (fn, 0);

  if (TREE_CODE (fn) != FUNCTION_DECL
      || !trivial_fn_p (fn))
    return fn;
  return NULL_TREE;
}

/* Return declval<T>() = declval<U>() treated as an unevaluated operand.  */

static tree
assignable_expr (tree to, tree from)
{
  ++cp_unevaluated_operand;
  to = build_stub_object (to);
  from = build_stub_object (from);
  tree r = cp_build_modify_expr (input_location, to, NOP_EXPR, from, tf_none);
  --cp_unevaluated_operand;
  return r;
}

/* The predicate condition for a template specialization
   is_constructible<T, Args...> shall be satisfied if and only if the
   following variable definition would be well-formed for some invented
   variable t: T t(create<Args>()...);

   Return something equivalent in well-formedness and triviality.  */

static tree
constructible_expr (tree to, tree from)
{
  tree expr;
  if (CLASS_TYPE_P (to))
    {
      tree ctype = to;
      vec<tree, va_gc> *args = NULL;
      cp_unevaluated cp_uneval_guard;
      if (TREE_CODE (to) != REFERENCE_TYPE)
	to = cp_build_reference_type (to, /*rval*/false);
      tree ob = build_stub_object (to);
      for (; from; from = TREE_CHAIN (from))
	vec_safe_push (args, build_stub_object (TREE_VALUE (from)));
      expr = build_special_member_call (ob, complete_ctor_identifier, &args,
					ctype, LOOKUP_NORMAL, tf_none);
      if (expr == error_mark_node)
	return error_mark_node;
      /* The current state of the standard vis-a-vis LWG 2116 is that
	 is_*constructible involves destruction as well.  */
      if (type_build_dtor_call (ctype))
	{
	  tree dtor = build_special_member_call (ob, complete_dtor_identifier,
						 NULL, ctype, LOOKUP_NORMAL,
						 tf_none);
	  if (dtor == error_mark_node)
	    return error_mark_node;
	  if (!TYPE_HAS_TRIVIAL_DESTRUCTOR (ctype))
	    expr = build2 (COMPOUND_EXPR, void_type_node, expr, dtor);
	}
    }
  else
    {
      if (from == NULL_TREE)
	return build_value_init (strip_array_types (to), tf_none);
      else if (TREE_CHAIN (from))
	return error_mark_node; // too many initializers
      from = build_stub_object (TREE_VALUE (from));
      expr = perform_direct_initialization_if_possible (to, from,
							/*cast*/false,
							tf_none);
    }
  return expr;
}

/* Returns a tree iff TO is assignable (if CODE is MODIFY_EXPR) or
   constructible (otherwise) from FROM, which is a single type for
   assignment or a list of types for construction.  */

static tree
is_xible_helper (enum tree_code code, tree to, tree from, bool trivial)
{
  if (VOID_TYPE_P (to) || ABSTRACT_CLASS_TYPE_P (to)
      || (from && FUNC_OR_METHOD_TYPE_P (from)
	  && (TYPE_READONLY (from) || FUNCTION_REF_QUALIFIED (from))))
    return error_mark_node;
  tree expr;
  if (code == MODIFY_EXPR)
    expr = assignable_expr (to, from);
  else if (trivial && from && TREE_CHAIN (from))
    return error_mark_node; // only 0- and 1-argument ctors can be trivial
  else
    expr = constructible_expr (to, from);
  return expr;
}

/* Returns true iff TO is trivially assignable (if CODE is MODIFY_EXPR) or
   constructible (otherwise) from FROM, which is a single type for
   assignment or a list of types for construction.  */

bool
is_trivially_xible (enum tree_code code, tree to, tree from)
{
  tree expr;
  expr = is_xible_helper (code, to, from, /*trivial*/true);

  if (expr == error_mark_node)
    return false;
  tree nt = cp_walk_tree_without_duplicates (&expr, check_nontriv, NULL);
  return !nt;
}

/* Returns true iff TO is assignable (if CODE is MODIFY_EXPR) or
   constructible (otherwise) from FROM, which is a single type for
   assignment or a list of types for construction.  */

bool
is_xible (enum tree_code code, tree to, tree from)
{
  tree expr = is_xible_helper (code, to, from, /*trivial*/false);
  if (expr == error_mark_node)
    return false;
  return !!expr;
}

/* Subroutine of synthesized_method_walk.  Update SPEC_P, TRIVIAL_P and
   DELETED_P or give an error message MSG with argument ARG.  */

static void
process_subob_fn (tree fn, tree *spec_p, bool *trivial_p,
		  bool *deleted_p, bool *constexpr_p,
		  bool diag, tree arg, bool dtor_from_ctor = false)
{
  if (!fn || fn == error_mark_node)
    {
      if (deleted_p)
	*deleted_p = true;
      return;
    }

  if (spec_p)
    {
      maybe_instantiate_noexcept (fn);
      tree raises = TYPE_RAISES_EXCEPTIONS (TREE_TYPE (fn));
      *spec_p = merge_exception_specifiers (*spec_p, raises);
    }

  if (!trivial_fn_p (fn) && !dtor_from_ctor)
    {
      if (trivial_p)
	*trivial_p = false;
      if (TREE_CODE (arg) == FIELD_DECL
	  && TREE_CODE (DECL_CONTEXT (arg)) == UNION_TYPE)
	{
	  if (deleted_p)
	    *deleted_p = true;
	  if (diag)
	    error ("union member %q+D with non-trivial %qD", arg, fn);
	}
    }

  if (constexpr_p && !DECL_DECLARED_CONSTEXPR_P (fn))
    {
      *constexpr_p = false;
      if (diag)
	{
	  inform (DECL_SOURCE_LOCATION (fn),
		  "defaulted constructor calls non-constexpr %qD", fn);
	  explain_invalid_constexpr_fn (fn);
	}
    }
}

/* Subroutine of synthesized_method_walk to allow recursion into anonymous
   aggregates.  If DTOR_FROM_CTOR is true, we're walking subobject destructors
   called from a synthesized constructor, in which case we don't consider
   the triviality of the subobject destructor.  */

static void
walk_field_subobs (tree fields, tree fnname, special_function_kind sfk,
		   int quals, bool copy_arg_p, bool move_p,
		   bool assign_p, tree *spec_p, bool *trivial_p,
		   bool *deleted_p, bool *constexpr_p,
		   bool diag, int flags, tsubst_flags_t complain,
		   bool dtor_from_ctor)
{
  tree field;
  for (field = fields; field; field = DECL_CHAIN (field))
    {
      tree mem_type, argtype, rval;

      if (TREE_CODE (field) != FIELD_DECL
	  || DECL_ARTIFICIAL (field))
	continue;

      mem_type = strip_array_types (TREE_TYPE (field));
      if (assign_p)
	{
	  bool bad = true;
	  if (CP_TYPE_CONST_P (mem_type) && !CLASS_TYPE_P (mem_type))
	    {
	      if (diag)
		error ("non-static const member %q#D, can%'t use default "
		       "assignment operator", field);
	    }
	  else if (TREE_CODE (mem_type) == REFERENCE_TYPE)
	    {
	      if (diag)
		error ("non-static reference member %q#D, can%'t use "
		       "default assignment operator", field);
	    }
	  else
	    bad = false;

	  if (bad && deleted_p)
	    *deleted_p = true;
	}
      else if (sfk == sfk_constructor || sfk == sfk_inheriting_constructor)
	{
	  bool bad;

	  if (DECL_INITIAL (field))
	    {
	      if (diag && DECL_INITIAL (field) == error_mark_node)
		inform (DECL_SOURCE_LOCATION (field),
			"initializer for %q#D is invalid", field);
	      if (trivial_p)
		*trivial_p = false;
	      /* Core 1351: If the field has an NSDMI that could throw, the
		 default constructor is noexcept(false).  */
	      if (spec_p)
		{
		  tree nsdmi = get_nsdmi (field, /*ctor*/false, complain);
		  if (!expr_noexcept_p (nsdmi, complain))
		    *spec_p = noexcept_false_spec;
		}
	      /* Don't do the normal processing.  */
	      continue;
	    }

	  bad = false;
	  if (CP_TYPE_CONST_P (mem_type)
	      && default_init_uninitialized_part (mem_type))
	    {
	      if (diag)
		{
		  error ("uninitialized const member in %q#T",
			 current_class_type);
		  inform (DECL_SOURCE_LOCATION (field),
			  "%q#D should be initialized", field);
		}
	      bad = true;
	    }
	  else if (TREE_CODE (mem_type) == REFERENCE_TYPE)
	    {
	      if (diag)
		{
		  error ("uninitialized reference member in %q#T",
			 current_class_type);
		  inform (DECL_SOURCE_LOCATION (field),
			  "%q#D should be initialized", field);
		}
	      bad = true;
	    }

	  if (bad && deleted_p)
	    *deleted_p = true;

	  /* For an implicitly-defined default constructor to be constexpr,
	     every member must have a user-provided default constructor or
	     an explicit initializer.  */
	  if (constexpr_p && !CLASS_TYPE_P (mem_type)
	      && TREE_CODE (DECL_CONTEXT (field)) != UNION_TYPE)
	    {
	      *constexpr_p = false;
	      if (diag)
		inform (DECL_SOURCE_LOCATION (field),
			"defaulted default constructor does not "
			"initialize %q#D", field);
	    }
	}
      else if (sfk == sfk_copy_constructor)
	{
	  /* 12.8p11b5 */
	  if (TREE_CODE (mem_type) == REFERENCE_TYPE
	      && TYPE_REF_IS_RVALUE (mem_type))
	    {
	      if (diag)
		error ("copying non-static data member %q#D of rvalue "
		       "reference type", field);
	      if (deleted_p)
		*deleted_p = true;
	    }
	}

      if (!CLASS_TYPE_P (mem_type))
	continue;

      if (ANON_AGGR_TYPE_P (mem_type))
	{
	  walk_field_subobs (TYPE_FIELDS (mem_type), fnname, sfk, quals,
			     copy_arg_p, move_p, assign_p, spec_p, trivial_p,
			     deleted_p, constexpr_p,
			     diag, flags, complain, dtor_from_ctor);
	  continue;
	}

      if (copy_arg_p)
	{
	  int mem_quals = cp_type_quals (mem_type) | quals;
	  if (DECL_MUTABLE_P (field))
	    mem_quals &= ~TYPE_QUAL_CONST;
	  argtype = build_stub_type (mem_type, mem_quals, move_p);
	}
      else
	argtype = NULL_TREE;

      rval = locate_fn_flags (mem_type, fnname, argtype, flags, complain);

      process_subob_fn (rval, spec_p, trivial_p, deleted_p,
			constexpr_p, diag, field, dtor_from_ctor);
    }
}

/* Base walker helper for synthesized_method_walk.  Inspect a direct
   or virtual base.  BINFO is the parent type's binfo.  BASE_BINFO is
   the base binfo of interests.  All other parms are as for
   synthesized_method_walk, or its local vars.  */

static tree
synthesized_method_base_walk (tree binfo, tree base_binfo, 
			      int quals, bool copy_arg_p,
			      bool move_p, bool ctor_p,
			      tree *inheriting_ctor, tree inherited_parms,
			      tree fnname, int flags, bool diag,
			      tree *spec_p, bool *trivial_p,
			      bool *deleted_p, bool *constexpr_p)
{
  bool inherited_binfo = false;
  tree argtype = NULL_TREE;
  deferring_kind defer = dk_no_deferred;

  if (copy_arg_p)
    argtype = build_stub_type (BINFO_TYPE (base_binfo), quals, move_p);
  else if (inheriting_ctor
	   && (inherited_binfo
	       = binfo_inherited_from (binfo, base_binfo, *inheriting_ctor)))
    {
      argtype = inherited_parms;
      /* Don't check access on the inherited constructor.  */
      if (flag_new_inheriting_ctors)
	defer = dk_deferred;
    }
  /* To be conservative, ignore access to the base dtor that
     DR1658 instructs us to ignore.  See the comment in
     synthesized_method_walk.  */
  else if (cxx_dialect >= cxx14 && fnname == complete_dtor_identifier
	   && BINFO_VIRTUAL_P (base_binfo)
	   && ABSTRACT_CLASS_TYPE_P (BINFO_TYPE (binfo)))
    defer = dk_no_check;

  if (defer != dk_no_deferred)
    push_deferring_access_checks (defer);
  tree rval = locate_fn_flags (base_binfo, fnname, argtype, flags,
			       diag ? tf_warning_or_error : tf_none);
  if (defer != dk_no_deferred)
    pop_deferring_access_checks ();

  /* Replace an inherited template with the appropriate specialization.  */
  if (inherited_binfo && rval
      && DECL_P (*inheriting_ctor) && DECL_P (rval)
      && DECL_CONTEXT (*inheriting_ctor) == DECL_CONTEXT (rval))
    *inheriting_ctor = DECL_CLONED_FUNCTION (rval);

  process_subob_fn (rval, spec_p, trivial_p, deleted_p,
		    constexpr_p, diag, BINFO_TYPE (base_binfo));
  if (ctor_p &&
      (!BINFO_VIRTUAL_P (base_binfo)
       || TYPE_HAS_NONTRIVIAL_DESTRUCTOR (BINFO_TYPE (base_binfo))))
    {
      /* In a constructor we also need to check the subobject
	 destructors for cleanup of partially constructed objects.  */
      tree dtor = locate_fn_flags (base_binfo, complete_dtor_identifier,
				   NULL_TREE, flags,
				   diag ? tf_warning_or_error : tf_none);
	  /* Note that we don't pass down trivial_p; the subobject
	     destructors don't affect triviality of the constructor.  Nor
	     do they affect constexpr-ness (a constant expression doesn't
	     throw) or exception-specification (a throw from one of the
	     dtors would be a double-fault).  */
      process_subob_fn (dtor, NULL, NULL, deleted_p, NULL, false,
			BINFO_TYPE (base_binfo), /*dtor_from_ctor*/true);
    }

  return rval;
}

/* The caller wants to generate an implicit declaration of SFK for
   CTYPE which is const if relevant and CONST_P is set.  If SPEC_P,
   TRIVIAL_P, DELETED_P or CONSTEXPR_P are non-null, set their
   referent appropriately.  If DIAG is true, we're either being called
   from maybe_explain_implicit_delete to give errors, or if
   CONSTEXPR_P is non-null, from explain_invalid_constexpr_fn.  */

static void
synthesized_method_walk (tree ctype, special_function_kind sfk, bool const_p,
			 tree *spec_p, bool *trivial_p, bool *deleted_p,
			 bool *constexpr_p, bool diag,
			 tree *inheriting_ctor, tree inherited_parms)
{
  tree binfo, base_binfo, fnname;
  int i;

  if (spec_p)
    *spec_p = (cxx_dialect >= cxx11 ? noexcept_true_spec : empty_except_spec);

  if (deleted_p)
    {
      /* "The closure type associated with a lambda-expression has a deleted
	 default constructor and a deleted copy assignment operator."
         This is diagnosed in maybe_explain_implicit_delete.  */
      if (LAMBDA_TYPE_P (ctype)
	  && (sfk == sfk_constructor
	      || sfk == sfk_copy_assignment))
	{
	  *deleted_p = true;
	  return;
	}

      *deleted_p = false;
    }

  bool ctor_p = false;
  bool assign_p = false;
  bool check_vdtor = false;
  switch (sfk)
    {
    case sfk_move_assignment:
    case sfk_copy_assignment:
      assign_p = true;
      fnname = cp_assignment_operator_id (NOP_EXPR);
      break;

    case sfk_destructor:
      check_vdtor = true;
      /* The synthesized method will call base dtors, but check complete
	 here to avoid having to deal with VTT.  */
      fnname = complete_dtor_identifier;
      break;

    case sfk_constructor:
    case sfk_move_constructor:
    case sfk_copy_constructor:
    case sfk_inheriting_constructor:
      ctor_p = true;
      fnname = complete_ctor_identifier;
      break;

    default:
      gcc_unreachable ();
    }

  gcc_assert ((sfk == sfk_inheriting_constructor)
	      == (inheriting_ctor && *inheriting_ctor != NULL_TREE));

  /* If that user-written default constructor would satisfy the
     requirements of a constexpr constructor (7.1.5), the
     implicitly-defined default constructor is constexpr.

     The implicitly-defined copy/move assignment operator is constexpr if
      - X is a literal type, and
      - the assignment operator selected to copy/move each direct base class
	subobject is a constexpr function, and
      - for each non-static data member of X that is of class type (or array
	thereof), the assignment operator selected to copy/move that
	member is a constexpr function.  */
  if (constexpr_p)
    *constexpr_p = ctor_p || (assign_p && cxx_dialect >= cxx14);

  bool move_p = false;
  bool copy_arg_p = false;
  switch (sfk)
    {
    case sfk_constructor:
    case sfk_destructor:
    case sfk_inheriting_constructor:
      break;

    case sfk_move_constructor:
    case sfk_move_assignment:
      move_p = true;
      /* FALLTHRU */
    case sfk_copy_constructor:
    case sfk_copy_assignment:
      copy_arg_p = true;
      break;

    default:
      gcc_unreachable ();
    }

  bool expected_trivial = type_has_trivial_fn (ctype, sfk);
  if (trivial_p)
    *trivial_p = expected_trivial;

  /* The TYPE_HAS_COMPLEX_* flags tell us about constraints from base
     class versions and other properties of the type.  But a subobject
     class can be trivially copyable and yet have overload resolution
     choose a template constructor for initialization, depending on
     rvalueness and cv-quals.  And furthermore, a member in a base might
     be trivial but deleted or otherwise not callable.  So we can't exit
     early in C++0x.  The same considerations apply in C++98/03, but
     there the definition of triviality does not consider overload
     resolution, so a constructor can be trivial even if it would otherwise
     call a non-trivial constructor.  */
  if (expected_trivial
      && (!copy_arg_p || cxx_dialect < cxx11))
    {
      if (constexpr_p && sfk == sfk_constructor)
	{
	  bool cx = trivial_default_constructor_is_constexpr (ctype);
	  *constexpr_p = cx;
	  if (diag && !cx && TREE_CODE (ctype) == UNION_TYPE)
	    /* A trivial constructor doesn't have any NSDMI.  */
	    inform (input_location, "defaulted default constructor does "
		    "not initialize any non-static data member");
	}
      if (!diag && cxx_dialect < cxx11)
	return;
    }

  ++cp_unevaluated_operand;
  ++c_inhibit_evaluation_warnings;
  push_deferring_access_checks (dk_no_deferred);

  tree scope = push_scope (ctype);

  int flags = LOOKUP_NORMAL | LOOKUP_SPECULATIVE;
  if (sfk != sfk_inheriting_constructor)
    flags |= LOOKUP_DEFAULTED;

  tsubst_flags_t complain = diag ? tf_warning_or_error : tf_none;
  if (diag && spec_p)
    /* We're in get_defaulted_eh_spec; we don't actually want any walking
       diagnostics, we just want complain set.  */
    diag = false;
  int quals = const_p ? TYPE_QUAL_CONST : TYPE_UNQUALIFIED;

  for (binfo = TYPE_BINFO (ctype), i = 0;
       BINFO_BASE_ITERATE (binfo, i, base_binfo); ++i)
    {
      if (!assign_p && BINFO_VIRTUAL_P (base_binfo))
	/* We'll handle virtual bases below.  */
	continue;

      tree fn = synthesized_method_base_walk (binfo, base_binfo, quals,
					      copy_arg_p, move_p, ctor_p,
					      inheriting_ctor,
					      inherited_parms,
					      fnname, flags, diag,
					      spec_p, trivial_p,
					      deleted_p, constexpr_p);

      if (diag && assign_p && move_p
	  && BINFO_VIRTUAL_P (base_binfo)
	  && fn && TREE_CODE (fn) == FUNCTION_DECL
	  && move_fn_p (fn) && !trivial_fn_p (fn)
	  && vbase_has_user_provided_move_assign (BINFO_TYPE (base_binfo)))
	warning (OPT_Wvirtual_move_assign,
		 "defaulted move assignment for %qT calls a non-trivial "
		 "move assignment operator for virtual base %qT",
		 ctype, BINFO_TYPE (base_binfo));

      if (check_vdtor && type_has_virtual_destructor (BINFO_TYPE (base_binfo)))
	{
	  /* Unlike for base ctor/op=/dtor, for operator delete it's fine
	     to have a null fn (no class-specific op delete).  */
	  fn = locate_fn_flags (ctype, cp_operator_id (DELETE_EXPR),
				ptr_type_node, flags, tf_none);
	  if (fn && fn == error_mark_node)
	    {
	      if (complain & tf_error)
		locate_fn_flags (ctype, cp_operator_id (DELETE_EXPR),
				 ptr_type_node, flags, complain);
	      if (deleted_p)
		*deleted_p = true;
	    }
	  check_vdtor = false;
	}
    }

  vec<tree, va_gc> *vbases = CLASSTYPE_VBASECLASSES (ctype);
  if (assign_p)
    /* Already examined vbases above.  */;
  else if (vec_safe_is_empty (vbases))
    /* No virtual bases to worry about.  */;
  else if (ABSTRACT_CLASS_TYPE_P (ctype) && cxx_dialect >= cxx14
	   /* DR 1658 specifies that vbases of abstract classes are
	      ignored for both ctors and dtors.  However, that breaks
	      virtual dtor overriding when the ignored base has a
	      throwing destructor.  So, ignore that piece of 1658.  A
	      defect has been filed (no number yet).  */
	   && sfk != sfk_destructor)
    /* Vbase cdtors are not relevant.  */;
  else
    {
      if (constexpr_p)
	*constexpr_p = false;

      FOR_EACH_VEC_ELT (*vbases, i, base_binfo)
	synthesized_method_base_walk (binfo, base_binfo, quals,
				      copy_arg_p, move_p, ctor_p,
				      inheriting_ctor, inherited_parms,
				      fnname, flags, diag,
				      spec_p, trivial_p,
				      deleted_p, constexpr_p);
    }

  /* Now handle the non-static data members.  */
  walk_field_subobs (TYPE_FIELDS (ctype), fnname, sfk, quals,
		     copy_arg_p, move_p, assign_p, spec_p, trivial_p,
		     deleted_p, constexpr_p,
		     diag, flags, complain, /*dtor_from_ctor*/false);
  if (ctor_p)
    walk_field_subobs (TYPE_FIELDS (ctype), complete_dtor_identifier,
		       sfk_destructor, TYPE_UNQUALIFIED, false,
		       false, false, NULL, NULL,
		       deleted_p, NULL,
		       false, flags, complain, /*dtor_from_ctor*/true);

  pop_scope (scope);

  pop_deferring_access_checks ();
  --cp_unevaluated_operand;
  --c_inhibit_evaluation_warnings;
}

/* DECL is a defaulted function whose exception specification is now
   needed.  Return what it should be.  */

tree
get_defaulted_eh_spec (tree decl, tsubst_flags_t complain)
{
  if (DECL_CLONED_FUNCTION_P (decl))
    decl = DECL_CLONED_FUNCTION (decl);
  special_function_kind sfk = special_function_p (decl);
  tree ctype = DECL_CONTEXT (decl);
  tree parms = FUNCTION_FIRST_USER_PARMTYPE (decl);
  tree parm_type = TREE_VALUE (parms);
  bool const_p = CP_TYPE_CONST_P (non_reference (parm_type));
  tree spec = empty_except_spec;
  bool diag = !DECL_DELETED_FN (decl) && (complain & tf_error);
  tree inh = DECL_INHERITED_CTOR (decl);
  synthesized_method_walk (ctype, sfk, const_p, &spec, NULL, NULL,
			   NULL, diag, &inh, parms);
  return spec;
}

/* DECL is a deleted function.  If it's implicitly deleted, explain why and
   return true; else return false.  */

bool
maybe_explain_implicit_delete (tree decl)
{
  /* If decl is a clone, get the primary variant.  */
  decl = DECL_ORIGIN (decl);
  gcc_assert (DECL_DELETED_FN (decl));
  if (DECL_DEFAULTED_FN (decl))
    {
      /* Not marked GTY; it doesn't need to be GC'd or written to PCH.  */
      static hash_set<tree> *explained;

      special_function_kind sfk;
      location_t loc;
      bool informed;
      tree ctype;

      if (!explained)
	explained = new hash_set<tree>;
      if (explained->add (decl))
	return true;

      sfk = special_function_p (decl);
      ctype = DECL_CONTEXT (decl);
      loc = input_location;
      input_location = DECL_SOURCE_LOCATION (decl);

      informed = false;
      if (LAMBDA_TYPE_P (ctype))
	{
	  informed = true;
	  if (sfk == sfk_constructor)
	    inform (DECL_SOURCE_LOCATION (decl),
		    "a lambda closure type has a deleted default constructor");
	  else if (sfk == sfk_copy_assignment)
	    inform (DECL_SOURCE_LOCATION (decl),
		    "a lambda closure type has a deleted copy assignment operator");
	  else
	    informed = false;
	}
      else if (DECL_ARTIFICIAL (decl)
	       && (sfk == sfk_copy_assignment || sfk == sfk_copy_constructor)
	       && classtype_has_move_assign_or_move_ctor_p (ctype, true))
	{
	  inform (DECL_SOURCE_LOCATION (decl),
		  "%q#D is implicitly declared as deleted because %qT "
		  "declares a move constructor or move assignment operator",
		  decl, ctype);
	  informed = true;
	}
      else if (sfk == sfk_inheriting_constructor)
	{
	  tree binfo = inherited_ctor_binfo (decl);
	  if (TREE_CODE (binfo) != TREE_BINFO)
	    {
	      inform (DECL_SOURCE_LOCATION (decl),
		      "%q#D inherits from multiple base subobjects",
		      decl);
	      informed = true;
	    }
	}
      if (!informed)
	{
	  tree parms = FUNCTION_FIRST_USER_PARMTYPE (decl);
	  tree parm_type = TREE_VALUE (parms);
	  bool const_p = CP_TYPE_CONST_P (non_reference (parm_type));
	  tree raises = NULL_TREE;
	  bool deleted_p = false;
	  tree scope = push_scope (ctype);
	  tree inh = DECL_INHERITED_CTOR (decl);

	  synthesized_method_walk (ctype, sfk, const_p,
				   &raises, NULL, &deleted_p, NULL, false,
				   &inh, parms);
	  if (deleted_p)
	    {
	      inform (DECL_SOURCE_LOCATION (decl),
		      "%q#D is implicitly deleted because the default "
		      "definition would be ill-formed:", decl);
	      synthesized_method_walk (ctype, sfk, const_p,
				       NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL, true,
				       &inh, parms);
	    }
	  else if (!comp_except_specs
		   (TYPE_RAISES_EXCEPTIONS (TREE_TYPE (decl)),
		    raises, ce_normal))
	    inform (DECL_SOURCE_LOCATION (decl), "%q#F is implicitly "
		    "deleted because its exception-specification does not "
		    "match the implicit exception-specification %qX",
		    decl, raises);
	  else if (flag_checking)
	    gcc_unreachable ();

	  pop_scope (scope);
	}

      input_location = loc;
      return true;
    }
  return false;
}

/* DECL is a defaulted function which was declared constexpr.  Explain why
   it can't be constexpr.  */

void
explain_implicit_non_constexpr (tree decl)
{
  tree parm_type = TREE_VALUE (FUNCTION_FIRST_USER_PARMTYPE (decl));
  bool const_p = CP_TYPE_CONST_P (non_reference (parm_type));
  tree inh = DECL_INHERITED_CTOR (decl);
  bool dummy;
  synthesized_method_walk (DECL_CLASS_CONTEXT (decl),
			   special_function_p (decl), const_p,
			   NULL, NULL, NULL, &dummy, true,
			   &inh,
			   FUNCTION_FIRST_USER_PARMTYPE (decl));
}

/* DECL is an instantiation of an inheriting constructor template.  Deduce
   the correct exception-specification and deletedness for this particular
   specialization.  */

void
deduce_inheriting_ctor (tree decl)
{
  decl = DECL_ORIGIN (decl);
  gcc_assert (DECL_INHERITED_CTOR (decl));
  tree spec;
  bool trivial, constexpr_, deleted;
  tree inh = DECL_INHERITED_CTOR (decl);
  synthesized_method_walk (DECL_CONTEXT (decl), sfk_inheriting_constructor,
			   false, &spec, &trivial, &deleted, &constexpr_,
			   /*diag*/false,
			   &inh,
			   FUNCTION_FIRST_USER_PARMTYPE (decl));
  if (TREE_CODE (inherited_ctor_binfo (decl)) != TREE_BINFO)
    /* Inherited the same constructor from different base subobjects.  */
    deleted = true;
  DECL_DELETED_FN (decl) = deleted;
  TREE_TYPE (decl) = build_exception_variant (TREE_TYPE (decl), spec);
  SET_DECL_INHERITED_CTOR (decl, inh);

  tree clone;
  FOR_EACH_CLONE (clone, decl)
    {
      DECL_DELETED_FN (clone) = deleted;
      TREE_TYPE (clone) = build_exception_variant (TREE_TYPE (clone), spec);
      SET_DECL_INHERITED_CTOR (clone, inh);
    }
}

/* Implicitly declare the special function indicated by KIND, as a
   member of TYPE.  For copy constructors and assignment operators,
   CONST_P indicates whether these functions should take a const
   reference argument or a non-const reference.  Returns the
   FUNCTION_DECL for the implicitly declared function.  */

tree
implicitly_declare_fn (special_function_kind kind, tree type,
		       bool const_p, tree inherited_ctor,
		       tree inherited_parms)
{
  tree fn;
  tree parameter_types = void_list_node;
  tree return_type;
  tree fn_type;
  tree raises = empty_except_spec;
  tree rhs_parm_type = NULL_TREE;
  tree this_parm;
  tree name;
  HOST_WIDE_INT saved_processing_template_decl;
  bool deleted_p;
  bool constexpr_p;

  /* Because we create declarations for implicitly declared functions
     lazily, we may be creating the declaration for a member of TYPE
     while in some completely different context.  However, TYPE will
     never be a dependent class (because we never want to do lookups
     for implicitly defined functions in a dependent class).
     Furthermore, we must set PROCESSING_TEMPLATE_DECL to zero here
     because we only create clones for constructors and destructors
     when not in a template.  */
  gcc_assert (!dependent_type_p (type));
  saved_processing_template_decl = processing_template_decl;
  processing_template_decl = 0;

  type = TYPE_MAIN_VARIANT (type);

  if (targetm.cxx.cdtor_returns_this ())
    {
      if (kind == sfk_destructor)
	/* See comment in check_special_function_return_type.  */
	return_type = build_pointer_type (void_type_node);
      else
	return_type = build_pointer_type (type);
    }
  else
    return_type = void_type_node;

  switch (kind)
    {
    case sfk_destructor:
      /* Destructor.  */
      name = dtor_identifier;
      break;

    case sfk_constructor:
      /* Default constructor.  */
      name = ctor_identifier;
      break;

    case sfk_copy_constructor:
    case sfk_copy_assignment:
    case sfk_move_constructor:
    case sfk_move_assignment:
    case sfk_inheriting_constructor:
    {
      if (kind == sfk_copy_assignment
	  || kind == sfk_move_assignment)
	{
	  return_type = build_reference_type (type);
	  name = cp_assignment_operator_id (NOP_EXPR);
	}
      else
	name = ctor_identifier;

      if (kind == sfk_inheriting_constructor)
	parameter_types = inherited_parms;
      else
	{
	  if (const_p)
	    rhs_parm_type = cp_build_qualified_type (type, TYPE_QUAL_CONST);
	  else
	    rhs_parm_type = type;
	  bool move_p = (kind == sfk_move_assignment
			 || kind == sfk_move_constructor);
	  rhs_parm_type = cp_build_reference_type (rhs_parm_type, move_p);

	  parameter_types = tree_cons (NULL_TREE, rhs_parm_type, parameter_types);
	}
      break;
    }
    default:
      gcc_unreachable ();
    }

  bool trivial_p = false;

  if (inherited_ctor)
    {
      /* For an inheriting constructor, just copy these flags from the
	 inherited constructor until deduce_inheriting_ctor.  */
      raises = TYPE_RAISES_EXCEPTIONS (TREE_TYPE (inherited_ctor));
      deleted_p = DECL_DELETED_FN (inherited_ctor);
      constexpr_p = DECL_DECLARED_CONSTEXPR_P (inherited_ctor);
    }
  else if (cxx_dialect >= cxx11)
    {
      raises = noexcept_deferred_spec;
      synthesized_method_walk (type, kind, const_p, NULL, &trivial_p,
			       &deleted_p, &constexpr_p, false,
			       &inherited_ctor, inherited_parms);
    }
  else
    synthesized_method_walk (type, kind, const_p, &raises, &trivial_p,
			     &deleted_p, &constexpr_p, false,
			     &inherited_ctor, inherited_parms);
  /* Don't bother marking a deleted constructor as constexpr.  */
  if (deleted_p)
    constexpr_p = false;
  /* A trivial copy/move constructor is also a constexpr constructor,
     unless the class has virtual bases (7.1.5p4).  */
  else if (trivial_p && cxx_dialect >= cxx11
	   && (kind == sfk_copy_constructor
	       || kind == sfk_move_constructor)
	   && !CLASSTYPE_VBASECLASSES (type))
    gcc_assert (constexpr_p);

  if (!trivial_p && type_has_trivial_fn (type, kind))
    type_set_nontrivial_flag (type, kind);

  /* Create the function.  */
  fn_type = build_method_type_directly (type, return_type, parameter_types);
  if (raises)
    fn_type = build_exception_variant (fn_type, raises);
  fn = build_lang_decl (FUNCTION_DECL, name, fn_type);
  if (kind != sfk_inheriting_constructor)
    DECL_SOURCE_LOCATION (fn) = DECL_SOURCE_LOCATION (TYPE_NAME (type));

  if (!IDENTIFIER_CDTOR_P (name))
    /* Assignment operator.  */
    SET_OVERLOADED_OPERATOR_CODE (fn, NOP_EXPR);
  else if (IDENTIFIER_CTOR_P (name))
    DECL_CXX_CONSTRUCTOR_P (fn) = true;
  else
    DECL_CXX_DESTRUCTOR_P (fn) = true;

  SET_DECL_ALIGN (fn, MINIMUM_METHOD_BOUNDARY);

  /* Create the explicit arguments.  */
  if (rhs_parm_type)
    {
      /* Note that this parameter is *not* marked DECL_ARTIFICIAL; we
	 want its type to be included in the mangled function
	 name.  */
      tree decl = cp_build_parm_decl (fn, NULL_TREE, rhs_parm_type);
      TREE_READONLY (decl) = 1;
      retrofit_lang_decl (decl);
      DECL_PARM_INDEX (decl) = DECL_PARM_LEVEL (decl) = 1;
      DECL_ARGUMENTS (fn) = decl;
    }
  else if (kind == sfk_inheriting_constructor)
    {
      tree *p = &DECL_ARGUMENTS (fn);
      int index = 1;
      for (tree parm = inherited_parms; parm && parm != void_list_node;
	   parm = TREE_CHAIN (parm))
	{
	  *p = cp_build_parm_decl (fn, NULL_TREE, TREE_VALUE (parm));
	  retrofit_lang_decl (*p);
	  DECL_PARM_LEVEL (*p) = 1;
	  DECL_PARM_INDEX (*p) = index++;
	  p = &DECL_CHAIN (*p);
	}
      SET_DECL_INHERITED_CTOR (fn, inherited_ctor);
      DECL_NONCONVERTING_P (fn) = DECL_NONCONVERTING_P (inherited_ctor);
      /* A constructor so declared has the same access as the corresponding
	 constructor in X.  */
      TREE_PRIVATE (fn) = TREE_PRIVATE (inherited_ctor);
      TREE_PROTECTED (fn) = TREE_PROTECTED (inherited_ctor);
      /* Copy constexpr from the inherited constructor even if the
	 inheriting constructor doesn't satisfy the requirements.  */
      constexpr_p = DECL_DECLARED_CONSTEXPR_P (inherited_ctor);
    }
  /* Add the "this" parameter.  */
  this_parm = build_this_parm (fn, fn_type, TYPE_UNQUALIFIED);
  DECL_CHAIN (this_parm) = DECL_ARGUMENTS (fn);
  DECL_ARGUMENTS (fn) = this_parm;

  grokclassfn (type, fn, kind == sfk_destructor ? DTOR_FLAG : NO_SPECIAL);
  DECL_IN_AGGR_P (fn) = 1;
  DECL_ARTIFICIAL (fn) = 1;
  DECL_DEFAULTED_FN (fn) = 1;
  if (cxx_dialect >= cxx11)
    {
      DECL_DELETED_FN (fn) = deleted_p;
      DECL_DECLARED_CONSTEXPR_P (fn) = constexpr_p;
    }
  DECL_EXTERNAL (fn) = true;
  DECL_NOT_REALLY_EXTERN (fn) = 1;
  DECL_DECLARED_INLINE_P (fn) = 1;
  set_linkage_according_to_type (type, fn);
  if (TREE_PUBLIC (fn))
    DECL_COMDAT (fn) = 1;
  rest_of_decl_compilation (fn, namespace_bindings_p (), at_eof);
  gcc_assert (!TREE_USED (fn));

  /* Propagate constraints from the inherited constructor. */
  if (flag_concepts && inherited_ctor)
    if (tree orig_ci = get_constraints (inherited_ctor))
      {
        tree new_ci = copy_node (orig_ci);
        set_constraints (fn, new_ci);
      }

  /* Restore PROCESSING_TEMPLATE_DECL.  */
  processing_template_decl = saved_processing_template_decl;

  if (inherited_ctor && TREE_CODE (inherited_ctor) == TEMPLATE_DECL)
    fn = add_inherited_template_parms (fn, inherited_ctor);

  /* Warn about calling a non-trivial move assignment in a virtual base.  */
  if (kind == sfk_move_assignment && !deleted_p && !trivial_p
      && CLASSTYPE_VBASECLASSES (type))
    {
      location_t loc = input_location;
      input_location = DECL_SOURCE_LOCATION (fn);
      synthesized_method_walk (type, kind, const_p,
			       NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL, true,
			       NULL, NULL_TREE);
      input_location = loc;
    }

  return fn;
}

/* Gives any errors about defaulted functions which need to be deferred
   until the containing class is complete.  */

void
defaulted_late_check (tree fn)
{
  /* Complain about invalid signature for defaulted fn.  */
  tree ctx = DECL_CONTEXT (fn);
  special_function_kind kind = special_function_p (fn);
  bool fn_const_p = (copy_fn_p (fn) == 2);
  tree implicit_fn = implicitly_declare_fn (kind, ctx, fn_const_p,
					    NULL, NULL);
  tree eh_spec = TYPE_RAISES_EXCEPTIONS (TREE_TYPE (implicit_fn));

  if (!same_type_p (TREE_TYPE (TREE_TYPE (fn)),
		    TREE_TYPE (TREE_TYPE (implicit_fn)))
      || !compparms (TYPE_ARG_TYPES (TREE_TYPE (fn)),
		     TYPE_ARG_TYPES (TREE_TYPE (implicit_fn))))
    {
      error ("defaulted declaration %q+D does not match the "
	     "expected signature", fn);
      inform (DECL_SOURCE_LOCATION (fn),
	      "expected signature: %qD", implicit_fn);
      return;
    }

  if (DECL_DELETED_FN (implicit_fn))
    {
      DECL_DELETED_FN (fn) = 1;
      return;
    }

  /* 8.4.2/2: An explicitly-defaulted function (...) may have an explicit
     exception-specification only if it is compatible (15.4) with the 
     exception-specification on the implicit declaration.  If a function
     is explicitly defaulted on its first declaration, (...) it is
     implicitly considered to have the same exception-specification as if
     it had been implicitly declared.  */
  maybe_instantiate_noexcept (fn);
  tree fn_spec = TYPE_RAISES_EXCEPTIONS (TREE_TYPE (fn));
  if (!fn_spec)
    {
      if (DECL_DEFAULTED_IN_CLASS_P (fn))
	TREE_TYPE (fn) = build_exception_variant (TREE_TYPE (fn), eh_spec);
    }
  else if (UNEVALUATED_NOEXCEPT_SPEC_P (fn_spec))
    /* Equivalent to the implicit spec.  */;
  else if (DECL_DEFAULTED_IN_CLASS_P (fn)
	   && !CLASSTYPE_TEMPLATE_INSTANTIATION (ctx))
    /* We can't compare an explicit exception-specification on a
       constructor defaulted in the class body to the implicit
       exception-specification until after we've parsed any NSDMI; see
       after_nsdmi_defaulted_late_checks.  */;
  else
    {
      tree eh_spec = get_defaulted_eh_spec (fn);
      if (!comp_except_specs (fn_spec, eh_spec, ce_normal))
	{
	  if (DECL_DEFAULTED_IN_CLASS_P (fn))
	    DECL_DELETED_FN (fn) = true;
	  else
	    error ("function %q+D defaulted on its redeclaration "
		   "with an exception-specification that differs from "
		   "the implicit exception-specification %qX", fn, eh_spec);
	}
    }

  if (DECL_DEFAULTED_IN_CLASS_P (fn)
      && DECL_DECLARED_CONSTEXPR_P (implicit_fn))
    {
      /* Hmm...should we do this for out-of-class too? Should it be OK to
	 add constexpr later like inline, rather than requiring
	 declarations to match?  */
      DECL_DECLARED_CONSTEXPR_P (fn) = true;
      if (kind == sfk_constructor)
	TYPE_HAS_CONSTEXPR_CTOR (ctx) = true;
    }

  if (!DECL_DECLARED_CONSTEXPR_P (implicit_fn)
      && DECL_DECLARED_CONSTEXPR_P (fn))
    {
      if (!CLASSTYPE_TEMPLATE_INSTANTIATION (ctx))
	{
	  error ("explicitly defaulted function %q+D cannot be declared "
		 "as constexpr because the implicit declaration is not "
		 "constexpr:", fn);
	  explain_implicit_non_constexpr (fn);
	}
      DECL_DECLARED_CONSTEXPR_P (fn) = false;
    }
}

/* OK, we've parsed the NSDMI for class T, now we can check any explicit
   exception-specifications on functions defaulted in the class body.  */

void
after_nsdmi_defaulted_late_checks (tree t)
{
  if (uses_template_parms (t))
    return;
  if (t == error_mark_node)
    return;
  for (tree fn = TYPE_FIELDS (t); fn; fn = DECL_CHAIN (fn))
    if (!DECL_ARTIFICIAL (fn)
	&& DECL_DECLARES_FUNCTION_P (fn)
	&& DECL_DEFAULTED_IN_CLASS_P (fn))
      {
	tree fn_spec = TYPE_RAISES_EXCEPTIONS (TREE_TYPE (fn));
	if (UNEVALUATED_NOEXCEPT_SPEC_P (fn_spec))
	  continue;

	tree eh_spec = get_defaulted_eh_spec (fn);
	if (!comp_except_specs (TYPE_RAISES_EXCEPTIONS (TREE_TYPE (fn)),
				eh_spec, ce_normal))
	  DECL_DELETED_FN (fn) = true;
      }
}

/* Returns true iff FN can be explicitly defaulted, and gives any
   errors if defaulting FN is ill-formed.  */

bool
defaultable_fn_check (tree fn)
{
  special_function_kind kind = sfk_none;

  if (template_parm_scope_p ())
    {
      error ("a template cannot be defaulted");
      return false;
    }

  if (DECL_CONSTRUCTOR_P (fn))
    {
      if (FUNCTION_FIRST_USER_PARMTYPE (fn) == void_list_node)
	kind = sfk_constructor;
      else if (copy_fn_p (fn) > 0
	       && (TREE_CHAIN (FUNCTION_FIRST_USER_PARMTYPE (fn))
		   == void_list_node))
	kind = sfk_copy_constructor;
      else if (move_fn_p (fn))
	kind = sfk_move_constructor;
    }
  else if (DECL_DESTRUCTOR_P (fn))
    kind = sfk_destructor;
  else if (DECL_ASSIGNMENT_OPERATOR_P (fn)
	   && DECL_OVERLOADED_OPERATOR_P (fn) == NOP_EXPR)
    {
      if (copy_fn_p (fn))
	kind = sfk_copy_assignment;
      else if (move_fn_p (fn))
	kind = sfk_move_assignment;
    }

  if (kind == sfk_none)
    {
      error ("%qD cannot be defaulted", fn);
      return false;
    }
  else
    {
      for (tree t = FUNCTION_FIRST_USER_PARMTYPE (fn);
	   t && t != void_list_node; t = TREE_CHAIN (t))
	if (TREE_PURPOSE (t))
	  {
	    error ("defaulted function %q+D with default argument", fn);
	    break;
	  }

      /* Avoid do_warn_unused_parameter warnings.  */
      for (tree p = FUNCTION_FIRST_USER_PARM (fn); p; p = DECL_CHAIN (p))
	if (DECL_NAME (p))
	  TREE_NO_WARNING (p) = 1;

      if (TYPE_BEING_DEFINED (DECL_CONTEXT (fn)))
	/* Defer checking.  */;
      else if (!processing_template_decl)
	defaulted_late_check (fn);

      return true;
    }
}

/* Add an implicit declaration to TYPE for the kind of function
   indicated by SFK.  Return the FUNCTION_DECL for the new implicit
   declaration.  */

tree
lazily_declare_fn (special_function_kind sfk, tree type)
{
  tree fn;
  /* Whether or not the argument has a const reference type.  */
  bool const_p = false;

  type = TYPE_MAIN_VARIANT (type);

  switch (sfk)
    {
    case sfk_constructor:
      CLASSTYPE_LAZY_DEFAULT_CTOR (type) = 0;
      break;
    case sfk_copy_constructor:
      const_p = TYPE_HAS_CONST_COPY_CTOR (type);
      CLASSTYPE_LAZY_COPY_CTOR (type) = 0;
      break;
    case sfk_move_constructor:
      CLASSTYPE_LAZY_MOVE_CTOR (type) = 0;
      break;
    case sfk_copy_assignment:
      const_p = TYPE_HAS_CONST_COPY_ASSIGN (type);
      CLASSTYPE_LAZY_COPY_ASSIGN (type) = 0;
      break;
    case sfk_move_assignment:
      CLASSTYPE_LAZY_MOVE_ASSIGN (type) = 0;
      break;
    case sfk_destructor:
      CLASSTYPE_LAZY_DESTRUCTOR (type) = 0;
      break;
    default:
      gcc_unreachable ();
    }

  /* Declare the function.  */
  fn = implicitly_declare_fn (sfk, type, const_p, NULL, NULL);

  /* [class.copy]/8 If the class definition declares a move constructor or
     move assignment operator, the implicitly declared copy constructor is
     defined as deleted.... */
  if ((sfk == sfk_copy_assignment || sfk == sfk_copy_constructor)
      && classtype_has_move_assign_or_move_ctor_p (type, true))
    DECL_DELETED_FN (fn) = true;

  /* Destructors and assignment operators may be virtual.  */
  if (sfk == sfk_destructor
      || sfk == sfk_move_assignment
      || sfk == sfk_copy_assignment)
    check_for_override (fn, type);

  /* Add it to the class  */
  bool added = add_method (type, fn, false);
  gcc_assert (added);

  /* Add it to TYPE_FIELDS.  */
  if (sfk == sfk_destructor
      && DECL_VIRTUAL_P (fn))
    /* The ABI requires that a virtual destructor go at the end of the
       vtable.  */
    TYPE_FIELDS (type) = chainon (TYPE_FIELDS (type), fn);
  else
    {
      DECL_CHAIN (fn) = TYPE_FIELDS (type);
      TYPE_FIELDS (type) = fn;
    }
  /* Propagate TYPE_FIELDS.  */
  fixup_type_variants (type);

  maybe_add_class_template_decl_list (type, fn, /*friend_p=*/0);
  if (DECL_MAYBE_IN_CHARGE_CONSTRUCTOR_P (fn)
      || DECL_MAYBE_IN_CHARGE_DESTRUCTOR_P (fn))
    /* Create appropriate clones.  */
    clone_function_decl (fn, /*update_methods=*/true);

  return fn;
}

/* Given a FUNCTION_DECL FN and a chain LIST, skip as many elements of LIST
   as there are artificial parms in FN.  */

tree
skip_artificial_parms_for (const_tree fn, tree list)
{
  if (DECL_NONSTATIC_MEMBER_FUNCTION_P (fn))
    list = TREE_CHAIN (list);
  else
    return list;

  if (DECL_HAS_IN_CHARGE_PARM_P (fn))
    list = TREE_CHAIN (list);
  if (DECL_HAS_VTT_PARM_P (fn))
    list = TREE_CHAIN (list);
  return list;
}

/* Given a FUNCTION_DECL FN and a chain LIST, return the number of
   artificial parms in FN.  */

int
num_artificial_parms_for (const_tree fn)
{
  int count = 0;

  if (DECL_NONSTATIC_MEMBER_FUNCTION_P (fn))
    count++;
  else
    return 0;

  if (DECL_HAS_IN_CHARGE_PARM_P (fn))
    count++;
  if (DECL_HAS_VTT_PARM_P (fn))
    count++;
  return count;
}


#include "gt-cp-method.h"