view gcc/doc/cppwarnopts.texi @ 145:1830386684a0

author anatofuz
date Thu, 13 Feb 2020 11:34:05 +0900
parents 84e7813d76e9
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@c Copyright (C) 1999-2020 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
@c This is part of the CPP and GCC manuals.
@c For copying conditions, see the file gcc.texi.

@c ---------------------------------------------------------------------
@c Options affecting preprocessor warnings
@c ---------------------------------------------------------------------

@c If this file is included with the flag ``cppmanual'' set, it is
@c formatted for inclusion in the CPP manual; otherwise the main GCC manual.

@item -Wcomment
@itemx -Wcomments
@opindex Wcomment
@opindex Wcomments
Warn whenever a comment-start sequence @samp{/*} appears in a @samp{/*}
comment, or whenever a backslash-newline appears in a @samp{//} comment.
This warning is enabled by @option{-Wall}.

@item -Wtrigraphs
@opindex Wtrigraphs
Warn if any trigraphs are encountered that might change the meaning of
the program.  Trigraphs within comments are not warned about,
except those that would form escaped newlines.

This option is implied by @option{-Wall}.  If @option{-Wall} is not
given, this option is still enabled unless trigraphs are enabled.  To
get trigraph conversion without warnings, but get the other
@option{-Wall} warnings, use @samp{-trigraphs -Wall -Wno-trigraphs}.

@item -Wundef
@opindex Wundef
@opindex Wno-undef
Warn if an undefined identifier is evaluated in an @code{#if} directive.
Such identifiers are replaced with zero.

@item -Wexpansion-to-defined
@opindex Wexpansion-to-defined
Warn whenever @samp{defined} is encountered in the expansion of a macro
(including the case where the macro is expanded by an @samp{#if} directive).
Such usage is not portable.
This warning is also enabled by @option{-Wpedantic} and @option{-Wextra}.

@item -Wunused-macros
@opindex Wunused-macros
Warn about macros defined in the main file that are unused.  A macro
is @dfn{used} if it is expanded or tested for existence at least once.
The preprocessor also warns if the macro has not been used at the
time it is redefined or undefined.

Built-in macros, macros defined on the command line, and macros
defined in include files are not warned about.

@emph{Note:} If a macro is actually used, but only used in skipped
conditional blocks, then the preprocessor reports it as unused.  To avoid the
warning in such a case, you might improve the scope of the macro's
definition by, for example, moving it into the first skipped block.
Alternatively, you could provide a dummy use with something like:

#if defined the_macro_causing_the_warning
@end smallexample

@item -Wno-endif-labels
@opindex Wno-endif-labels
@opindex Wendif-labels
Do not warn whenever an @code{#else} or an @code{#endif} are followed by text.
This sometimes happens in older programs with code of the form

#if FOO
#else FOO
#endif FOO
@end smallexample

The second and third @code{FOO} should be in comments.
This warning is on by default.