view gcc/tree-ssanames.c @ 0:a06113de4d67

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author kent <>
date Fri, 17 Jul 2009 14:47:48 +0900
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/* Generic routines for manipulating SSA_NAME expressions
   Copyright (C) 2003, 2004, 2005, 2007, 2008 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
This file is part of GCC.
GCC is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
the Free Software Foundation; either version 3, or (at your option)
any later version.
GCC is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
GNU General Public License for more details.
You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with GCC; see the file COPYING3.  If not see
<>.  */

#include "config.h"
#include "system.h"
#include "coretypes.h"
#include "tm.h"
#include "tree.h"
#include "varray.h"
#include "ggc.h"
#include "tree-flow.h"
#include "tree-pass.h"

/* Rewriting a function into SSA form can create a huge number of SSA_NAMEs,
   many of which may be thrown away shortly after their creation if jumps
   were threaded through PHI nodes.  

   While our garbage collection mechanisms will handle this situation, it
   is extremely wasteful to create nodes and throw them away, especially
   when the nodes can be reused.

   For PR 8361, we can significantly reduce the number of nodes allocated
   and thus the total amount of memory allocated by managing SSA_NAMEs a
   little.  This additionally helps reduce the amount of work done by the
   garbage collector.  Similar results have been seen on a wider variety
   of tests (such as the compiler itself).

   Right now we maintain our free list on a per-function basis.  It may
   or may not make sense to maintain the free list for the duration of
   a compilation unit. 

   External code should rely solely upon HIGHEST_SSA_VERSION and the
   externally defined functions.  External code should not know about
   the details of the free list management.

   External code should also not assume the version number on nodes is
   monotonically increasing.  We reuse the version number when we
   reuse an SSA_NAME expression.  This helps keep arrays and bitmaps
   more compact.

   We could also use a zone allocator for these objects since they have
   a very well defined lifetime.  If someone wants to experiment with that
   this is the place to try it.  */

/* Version numbers with special meanings.  We start allocating new version
   numbers after the special ones.  */

unsigned int ssa_name_nodes_reused;
unsigned int ssa_name_nodes_created;

/* Initialize management of SSA_NAMEs to default SIZE.  If SIZE is
   zero use default.  */

init_ssanames (struct function *fn, int size)
  if (size < 50)
    size = 50;

  SSANAMES (fn) = VEC_alloc (tree, gc, size);

  /* Version 0 is special, so reserve the first slot in the table.  Though
     currently unused, we may use version 0 in alias analysis as part of
     the heuristics used to group aliases when the alias sets are too

     We use VEC_quick_push here because we know that SSA_NAMES has at
     least 50 elements reserved in it.  */
  VEC_quick_push (tree, SSANAMES (fn), NULL_TREE);

/* Finalize management of SSA_NAMEs.  */

fini_ssanames (void)
  VEC_free (tree, gc, SSANAMES (cfun));

/* Dump some simple statistics regarding the re-use of SSA_NAME nodes.  */

ssanames_print_statistics (void)
  fprintf (stderr, "SSA_NAME nodes allocated: %u\n", ssa_name_nodes_created);
  fprintf (stderr, "SSA_NAME nodes reused: %u\n", ssa_name_nodes_reused);

/* Return an SSA_NAME node for variable VAR defined in statement STMT
   in function FN.  STMT may be an empty statement for artificial
   references (e.g., default definitions created when a variable is
   used without a preceding definition).  */

make_ssa_name_fn (struct function *fn, tree var, gimple stmt)
  tree t;
  use_operand_p imm;

  gcc_assert (DECL_P (var));

  /* If our free list has an element, then use it.  */
  if (FREE_SSANAMES (fn))
      t = FREE_SSANAMES (fn);

      /* The node was cleared out when we put it on the free list, so
	 there is no need to do so again here.  */
      gcc_assert (ssa_name (SSA_NAME_VERSION (t)) == NULL);
      VEC_replace (tree, SSANAMES (fn), SSA_NAME_VERSION (t), t);
      t = make_node (SSA_NAME);
      SSA_NAME_VERSION (t) = VEC_length (tree, SSANAMES (fn));
      VEC_safe_push (tree, gc, SSANAMES (fn), t);

  TREE_TYPE (t) = TREE_TYPE (var);
  SSA_NAME_VAR (t) = var;
  SSA_NAME_DEF_STMT (t) = stmt;
  imm = &(SSA_NAME_IMM_USE_NODE (t));
  imm->use = NULL;
  imm->prev = imm;
  imm->next = imm;
  imm->loc.ssa_name = t;

  return t;

/* We no longer need the SSA_NAME expression VAR, release it so that
   it may be reused. 

   Note it is assumed that no calls to make_ssa_name will be made
   until all uses of the ssa name are released and that the only
   use of the SSA_NAME expression is to check its SSA_NAME_VAR.  All
   other fields must be assumed clobbered.  */

release_ssa_name (tree var)
  if (!var)

  /* Never release the default definition for a symbol.  It's a
     special SSA name that should always exist once it's created.  */

  /* If VAR has been registered for SSA updating, don't remove it.
     After update_ssa has run, the name will be released.  */
  if (name_registered_for_update_p (var))
      release_ssa_name_after_update_ssa (var);

  /* release_ssa_name can be called multiple times on a single SSA_NAME.
     However, it should only end up on our free list one time.   We
     keep a status bit in the SSA_NAME node itself to indicate it has
     been put on the free list. 

     Note that once on the freelist you can not reference the SSA_NAME's
     defining statement.  */
  if (! SSA_NAME_IN_FREE_LIST (var))
      tree saved_ssa_name_var = SSA_NAME_VAR (var);
      int saved_ssa_name_version = SSA_NAME_VERSION (var);
      use_operand_p imm = &(SSA_NAME_IMM_USE_NODE (var));

      verify_imm_links (stderr, var);
      while (imm->next != imm)
	delink_imm_use (imm->next);

      VEC_replace (tree, SSANAMES (cfun),
      memset (var, 0, tree_size (var));

      imm->prev = imm;
      imm->next = imm;
      imm->loc.ssa_name = var;

      /* First put back the right tree node so that the tree checking
	 macros do not complain.  */
      TREE_SET_CODE (var, SSA_NAME);

      /* Restore the version number.  */
      SSA_NAME_VERSION (var) = saved_ssa_name_version;

      /* Hopefully this can go away once we have the new incremental
         SSA updating code installed.  */
      SSA_NAME_VAR (var) = saved_ssa_name_var;

      /* Note this SSA_NAME is now in the first list.  */
      SSA_NAME_IN_FREE_LIST (var) = 1;

      /* And finally link it into the free list.  */
      TREE_CHAIN (var) = FREE_SSANAMES (cfun);
      FREE_SSANAMES (cfun) = var;

/* Creates a duplicate of a ssa name NAME defined in statement STMT.  */

duplicate_ssa_name (tree name, gimple stmt)
  tree new_name = make_ssa_name (SSA_NAME_VAR (name), stmt);
  struct ptr_info_def *old_ptr_info = SSA_NAME_PTR_INFO (name);

  if (old_ptr_info)
    duplicate_ssa_name_ptr_info (new_name, old_ptr_info);

  return new_name;

/* Creates a duplicate of the ptr_info_def at PTR_INFO for use by
   the SSA name NAME.  */

duplicate_ssa_name_ptr_info (tree name, struct ptr_info_def *ptr_info)
  struct ptr_info_def *new_ptr_info;

  gcc_assert (POINTER_TYPE_P (TREE_TYPE (name)));
  gcc_assert (!SSA_NAME_PTR_INFO (name));

  if (!ptr_info)

  new_ptr_info = GGC_NEW (struct ptr_info_def);
  *new_ptr_info = *ptr_info;

  if (ptr_info->pt_vars)
      new_ptr_info->pt_vars = BITMAP_GGC_ALLOC ();
      bitmap_copy (new_ptr_info->pt_vars, ptr_info->pt_vars);

  SSA_NAME_PTR_INFO (name) = new_ptr_info;

/* Release all the SSA_NAMEs created by STMT.  */

release_defs (gimple stmt)
  tree def;
  ssa_op_iter iter;

  /* Make sure that we are in SSA.  Otherwise, operand cache may point
     to garbage.  */
  gcc_assert (gimple_in_ssa_p (cfun));

    if (TREE_CODE (def) == SSA_NAME)
      release_ssa_name (def);

/* Replace the symbol associated with SSA_NAME with SYM.  */

replace_ssa_name_symbol (tree ssa_name, tree sym)
  SSA_NAME_VAR (ssa_name) = sym;
  TREE_TYPE (ssa_name) = TREE_TYPE (sym);

/* Return SSA names that are unused to GGC memory.  This is used to keep
   footprint of compiler during interprocedural optimization.
   As a side effect the SSA_NAME_VERSION number reuse is reduced
   so this function should not be used too often.  */
static unsigned int
release_dead_ssa_names (void)
  tree t, next;
  int n = 0;
  referenced_var_iterator rvi;

  /* Current defs point to various dead SSA names that in turn points to dead
     statements so bunch of dead memory is held from releasing.  */
    set_current_def (t, NULL);
  /* Now release the freelist.  */
  for (t = FREE_SSANAMES (cfun); t; t = next)
      next = TREE_CHAIN (t);
      /* Dangling pointers might make GGC to still see dead SSA names, so it is
 	 important to unlink the list and avoid GGC from seeing all subsequent
	 SSA names.  In longer run we want to have all dangling pointers here
	 removed (since they usually go through dead statements that consume
	 considerable amounts of memory).  */

  /* Cgraph edges has been invalidated and point to dead statement.  We need to
     remove them now and will rebuild it before next IPA pass.  */
  cgraph_node_remove_callees (cgraph_node (current_function_decl));

  if (dump_file)
    fprintf (dump_file, "Released %i names, %.2f%%\n", n, n * 100.0 / num_ssa_names);
  return 0;

struct gimple_opt_pass pass_release_ssa_names =
  "release_ssa",			/* name */
  NULL,					/* gate */
  release_dead_ssa_names,		/* execute */
  NULL,					/* sub */
  NULL,					/* next */
  0,					/* static_pass_number */
  0,					/* tv_id */
  PROP_ssa,				/* properties_required */
  0,					/* properties_provided */
  0,					/* properties_destroyed */
  0,					/* todo_flags_start */
  TODO_dump_func 			/* todo_flags_finish */