view gcc/sched-ebb.c @ 158:494b0b89df80 default tip

author Shinji KONO <>
date Mon, 25 May 2020 18:13:55 +0900
parents 1830386684a0
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/* Instruction scheduling pass.
   Copyright (C) 1992-2020 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
   Contributed by Michael Tiemann ( Enhanced by,
   and currently maintained by, Jim Wilson (

This file is part of GCC.

GCC is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under
the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free
Software Foundation; either version 3, or (at your option) any later

GCC is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY
WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with GCC; see the file COPYING3.  If not see
<>.  */
#include "config.h"
#include "system.h"
#include "coretypes.h"
#include "backend.h"
#include "target.h"
#include "rtl.h"
#include "cfghooks.h"
#include "df.h"
#include "profile.h"
#include "insn-attr.h"
#include "cfgrtl.h"
#include "cfgbuild.h"
#include "sched-int.h"


/* The number of insns to be scheduled in total.  */
static int rgn_n_insns;

/* The number of insns scheduled so far.  */
static int sched_rgn_n_insns;

/* Set of blocks, that already have their dependencies calculated.  */
static bitmap_head dont_calc_deps;

/* Last basic block in current ebb.  */
static basic_block last_bb;

/* Implementations of the sched_info functions for region scheduling.  */
static void init_ready_list (void);
static void begin_schedule_ready (rtx_insn *);
static int schedule_more_p (void);
static const char *ebb_print_insn (const rtx_insn *, int);
static int rank (rtx_insn *, rtx_insn *);
static int ebb_contributes_to_priority (rtx_insn *, rtx_insn *);
static basic_block earliest_block_with_similiar_load (basic_block, rtx);
static void add_deps_for_risky_insns (rtx_insn *, rtx_insn *);
static void debug_ebb_dependencies (rtx_insn *, rtx_insn *);

static void ebb_add_remove_insn (rtx_insn *, int);
static void ebb_add_block (basic_block, basic_block);
static basic_block advance_target_bb (basic_block, rtx_insn *);
static void ebb_fix_recovery_cfg (int, int, int);

/* Allocate memory and store the state of the frontend.  Return the allocated
   memory.  */
static void *
save_ebb_state (void)
  int *p = XNEW (int);
  *p = sched_rgn_n_insns;
  return p;

/* Restore the state of the frontend from P_, then free it.  */
static void
restore_ebb_state (void *p_)
  int *p = (int *)p_;
  sched_rgn_n_insns = *p;
  free (p_);

/* Return nonzero if there are more insns that should be scheduled.  */

static int
schedule_more_p (void)
  return sched_rgn_n_insns < rgn_n_insns;

/* Print dependency information about ebb between HEAD and TAIL.  */
static void
debug_ebb_dependencies (rtx_insn *head, rtx_insn *tail)
  fprintf (sched_dump,
	   ";;   --------------- forward dependences: ------------ \n");

  fprintf (sched_dump, "\n;;   --- EBB Dependences --- from bb%d to bb%d \n",
	   BLOCK_NUM (head), BLOCK_NUM (tail));

  debug_dependencies (head, tail);

/* Add all insns that are initially ready to the ready list READY.  Called
   once before scheduling a set of insns.  */

static void
init_ready_list (void)
  int n = 0;
  rtx_insn *prev_head = current_sched_info->prev_head;
  rtx_insn *next_tail = current_sched_info->next_tail;
  rtx_insn *insn;

  sched_rgn_n_insns = 0;

  /* Print debugging information.  */
  if (sched_verbose >= 5)
    debug_ebb_dependencies (NEXT_INSN (prev_head), PREV_INSN (next_tail));

  /* Initialize ready list with all 'ready' insns in target block.
     Count number of insns in the target block being scheduled.  */
  for (insn = NEXT_INSN (prev_head); insn != next_tail; insn = NEXT_INSN (insn))
      try_ready (insn);

  gcc_assert (n == rgn_n_insns);

/* INSN is being scheduled after LAST.  Update counters.  */
static void
begin_schedule_ready (rtx_insn *insn ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED)

/* INSN is being moved to its place in the schedule, after LAST.  */
static void
begin_move_insn (rtx_insn *insn, rtx_insn *last)
  if (BLOCK_FOR_INSN (insn) == last_bb
      /* INSN is a jump in the last block, ...  */
      && control_flow_insn_p (insn)
      /* that is going to be moved over some instructions.  */
      && last != PREV_INSN (insn))
      edge e;
      basic_block bb;

      /* An obscure special case, where we do have partially dead
	 instruction scheduled after last control flow instruction.
	 In this case we can create new basic block.  It is
	 always exactly one basic block last in the sequence.  */

      e = find_fallthru_edge (last_bb->succs);

      gcc_checking_assert (!e || !(e->flags & EDGE_COMPLEX));

      gcc_checking_assert (BLOCK_FOR_INSN (insn) == last_bb
			   && !IS_SPECULATION_CHECK_P (insn)
			   && BB_HEAD (last_bb) != insn
			   && BB_END (last_bb) == insn);

	rtx_insn *x = NEXT_INSN (insn);
	if (e)
	  gcc_checking_assert (NOTE_P (x) || LABEL_P (x));
	  gcc_checking_assert (BARRIER_P (x));

      if (e)
	  bb = split_edge (e);
	  gcc_assert (NOTE_INSN_BASIC_BLOCK_P (BB_END (bb)));
	  /* Create an empty unreachable block after the INSN.  */
	  rtx_insn *next = NEXT_INSN (insn);
	  if (next && BARRIER_P (next))
	    next = NEXT_INSN (next);
	  bb = create_basic_block (next, NULL_RTX, last_bb);

      /* split_edge () creates BB before E->DEST.  Keep in mind, that
	 this operation extends scheduling region till the end of BB.
	 Hence, we need to shift NEXT_TAIL, so haifa-sched.c won't go out
	 of the scheduling region.  */
      current_sched_info->next_tail = NEXT_INSN (BB_END (bb));
      gcc_assert (current_sched_info->next_tail);

      /* Append new basic block to the end of the ebb.  */
      sched_init_only_bb (bb, last_bb);
      gcc_assert (last_bb == bb);

/* Return a string that contains the insn uid and optionally anything else
   necessary to identify this insn in an output.  It's valid to use a
   static buffer for this.  The ALIGNED parameter should cause the string
   to be formatted so that multiple output lines will line up nicely.  */

static const char *
ebb_print_insn (const rtx_insn *insn, int aligned ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED)
  static char tmp[80];

  /* '+' before insn means it is a new cycle start.  */
  if (GET_MODE (insn) == TImode)
    sprintf (tmp, "+ %4d", INSN_UID (insn));
    sprintf (tmp, "  %4d", INSN_UID (insn));

  return tmp;

/* Compare priority of two insns.  Return a positive number if the second
   insn is to be preferred for scheduling, and a negative one if the first
   is to be preferred.  Zero if they are equally good.  */

static int
rank (rtx_insn *insn1, rtx_insn *insn2)
  basic_block bb1 = BLOCK_FOR_INSN (insn1);
  basic_block bb2 = BLOCK_FOR_INSN (insn2);

  if (bb1->count > bb2->count)
    return -1;
  if (bb1->count < bb2->count)
    return 1;
  return 0;

/* NEXT is an instruction that depends on INSN (a backward dependence);
   return nonzero if we should include this dependence in priority
   calculations.  */

static int
ebb_contributes_to_priority (rtx_insn *next ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED,
                             rtx_insn *insn ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED)
  return 1;

 /* INSN is a JUMP_INSN.  Store the set of registers that
    must be considered as used by this jump in USED.  */

ebb_compute_jump_reg_dependencies (rtx insn, regset used)
  basic_block b = BLOCK_FOR_INSN (insn);
  edge e;
  edge_iterator ei;

  FOR_EACH_EDGE (e, ei, b->succs)
    if ((e->flags & EDGE_FALLTHRU) == 0)
      bitmap_ior_into (used, df_get_live_in (e->dest));

/* Used in schedule_insns to initialize current_sched_info for scheduling
   regions (or single basic blocks).  */

static struct common_sched_info_def ebb_common_sched_info;

static struct sched_deps_info_def ebb_sched_deps_info =
    1, 0, 0

static struct haifa_sched_info ebb_sched_info =
  NULL, /* insn_finishes_block_p */

  1, 0,



  /* We can create new blocks in begin_schedule_ready ().  */
/* Returns the earliest block in EBB currently being processed where a
   "similar load" 'insn2' is found, and hence LOAD_INSN can move
   speculatively into the found block.  All the following must hold:

   (1) both loads have 1 base register (PFREE_CANDIDATEs).
   (2) load_insn and load2 have a def-use dependence upon
   the same insn 'insn1'.

   From all these we can conclude that the two loads access memory
   addresses that differ at most by a constant, and hence if moving
   load_insn would cause an exception, it would have been caused by
   load2 anyhow.

   The function uses list (given by LAST_BLOCK) of already processed
   blocks in EBB.  The list is formed in `add_deps_for_risky_insns'.  */

static basic_block
earliest_block_with_similiar_load (basic_block last_block, rtx load_insn)
  sd_iterator_def back_sd_it;
  dep_t back_dep;
  basic_block bb, earliest_block = NULL;

  FOR_EACH_DEP (load_insn, SD_LIST_BACK, back_sd_it, back_dep)
      rtx_insn *insn1 = DEP_PRO (back_dep);

      if (DEP_TYPE (back_dep) == REG_DEP_TRUE)
	/* Found a DEF-USE dependence (insn1, load_insn).  */
	  sd_iterator_def fore_sd_it;
	  dep_t fore_dep;

	  FOR_EACH_DEP (insn1, SD_LIST_FORW, fore_sd_it, fore_dep)
	      rtx_insn *insn2 = DEP_CON (fore_dep);
	      basic_block insn2_block = BLOCK_FOR_INSN (insn2);

	      if (DEP_TYPE (fore_dep) == REG_DEP_TRUE)
		  if (earliest_block != NULL
		      && earliest_block->index < insn2_block->index)

		  /* Found a DEF-USE dependence (insn1, insn2).  */
		  if (haifa_classify_insn (insn2) != PFREE_CANDIDATE)
		    /* insn2 not guaranteed to be a 1 base reg load.  */

		  for (bb = last_block; bb; bb = (basic_block) bb->aux)
		    if (insn2_block == bb)

		  if (!bb)
		    /* insn2 is the similar load.  */
		    earliest_block = insn2_block;

  return earliest_block;

/* The following function adds dependencies between jumps and risky
   insns in given ebb.  */

static void
add_deps_for_risky_insns (rtx_insn *head, rtx_insn *tail)
  rtx_insn *insn, *prev;
  int classification;
  rtx_insn *last_jump = NULL;
  rtx_insn *next_tail = NEXT_INSN (tail);
  basic_block last_block = NULL, bb;

  for (insn = head; insn != next_tail; insn = NEXT_INSN (insn))
      add_delay_dependencies (insn);
      if (control_flow_insn_p (insn))
	  bb = BLOCK_FOR_INSN (insn);
	  bb->aux = last_block;
	  last_block = bb;
	  /* Ensure blocks stay in the same order.  */
	  if (last_jump)
	    add_dependence (insn, last_jump, REG_DEP_ANTI);
	  last_jump = insn;
      else if (INSN_P (insn) && last_jump != NULL_RTX)
	  classification = haifa_classify_insn (insn);
	  prev = last_jump;

	  switch (classification)
	      if (flag_schedule_speculative_load)
		  bb = earliest_block_with_similiar_load (last_block, insn);
		  if (bb)
		      bb = (basic_block) bb->aux;
		      if (!bb)
		      prev = BB_END (bb);
	      /* Fall through.  */
	    case TRAP_RISKY:
	    case IRISKY:
	      /* ??? We could implement better checking PRISKY_CANDIDATEs
		 analogous to sched-rgn.c.  */
	      /* We cannot change the mode of the backward
		 dependency because REG_DEP_ANTI has the lowest
		 rank.  */
	      if (! sched_insns_conditions_mutex_p (insn, prev))
		  if ((current_sched_info->flags & DO_SPECULATION)
		      && (spec_info->mask & BEGIN_CONTROL))
		      dep_def _dep, *dep = &_dep;

		      init_dep (dep, prev, insn, REG_DEP_ANTI);

		      if (current_sched_info->flags & USE_DEPS_LIST)
			  DEP_STATUS (dep) = set_dep_weak (DEP_ANTI, BEGIN_CONTROL,

		      sd_add_or_update_dep (dep, false);
		    add_dependence (insn, prev, REG_DEP_CONTROL);


  /* Maintain the invariant that bb->aux is clear after use.  */
  while (last_block)
      bb = (basic_block) last_block->aux;
      last_block->aux = NULL;
      last_block = bb;

/* Schedule a single extended basic block, defined by the boundaries
   HEAD and TAIL.

   We change our expectations about scheduler behavior depending on
   whether MODULO_SCHEDULING is true.  If it is, we expect that the
   caller has already called set_modulo_params and created delay pairs
   as appropriate.  If the modulo schedule failed, we return
   NULL_RTX.  */

schedule_ebb (rtx_insn *head, rtx_insn *tail, bool modulo_scheduling)
  basic_block first_bb, target_bb;
  class deps_desc tmp_deps;
  bool success;

  /* Blah.  We should fix the rest of the code not to get confused by
     a note or two.  */
  while (head != tail)
      if (NOTE_P (head) || DEBUG_INSN_P (head))
	head = NEXT_INSN (head);
      else if (NOTE_P (tail) || DEBUG_INSN_P (tail))
	tail = PREV_INSN (tail);
      else if (LABEL_P (head))
	head = NEXT_INSN (head);

  first_bb = BLOCK_FOR_INSN (head);
  last_bb = BLOCK_FOR_INSN (tail);

  if (no_real_insns_p (head, tail))
    return BLOCK_FOR_INSN (tail);

  gcc_assert (INSN_P (head) && INSN_P (tail));

  if (!bitmap_bit_p (&dont_calc_deps, first_bb->index))
      init_deps_global ();

      /* Compute dependencies.  */
      init_deps (&tmp_deps, false);
      sched_analyze (&tmp_deps, head, tail);
      free_deps (&tmp_deps);

      add_deps_for_risky_insns (head, tail);

      if (targetm.sched.dependencies_evaluation_hook)
        targetm.sched.dependencies_evaluation_hook (head, tail);

      finish_deps_global ();
    /* Only recovery blocks can have their dependencies already calculated,
       and they always are single block ebbs.  */
    gcc_assert (first_bb == last_bb);

  /* Set priorities.  */
  current_sched_info->sched_max_insns_priority = 0;
  rgn_n_insns = set_priorities (head, tail);

  current_sched_info->prev_head = PREV_INSN (head);
  current_sched_info->next_tail = NEXT_INSN (tail);

  remove_notes (head, tail);

  unlink_bb_notes (first_bb, last_bb);

  target_bb = first_bb;

  /* Make ready list big enough to hold all the instructions from the ebb.  */
  sched_extend_ready_list (rgn_n_insns);
  success = schedule_block (&target_bb, NULL);
  gcc_assert (success || modulo_scheduling);

  /* Free ready list.  */
  sched_finish_ready_list ();

  /* We might pack all instructions into fewer blocks,
     so we may made some of them empty.  Can't assert (b == last_bb).  */

  /* Sanity check: verify that all region insns were scheduled.  */
  gcc_assert (modulo_scheduling || sched_rgn_n_insns == rgn_n_insns);

  /* Free dependencies.  */
  sched_free_deps (current_sched_info->head, current_sched_info->tail, true);

  gcc_assert (haifa_recovery_bb_ever_added_p
	      || deps_pools_are_empty_p ());

  if (EDGE_COUNT (last_bb->preds) == 0)
    /* LAST_BB is unreachable.  */
      gcc_assert (first_bb != last_bb
		  && EDGE_COUNT (last_bb->succs) == 0);
      last_bb = last_bb->prev_bb;
      delete_basic_block (last_bb->next_bb);

  return success ? last_bb : NULL;

/* Perform initializations before running schedule_ebbs or a single
   schedule_ebb.  */
schedule_ebbs_init (void)
  /* Setup infos.  */
    memcpy (&ebb_common_sched_info, &haifa_common_sched_info,
	    sizeof (ebb_common_sched_info));

    ebb_common_sched_info.fix_recovery_cfg = ebb_fix_recovery_cfg;
    ebb_common_sched_info.add_block = ebb_add_block;
    ebb_common_sched_info.sched_pass_id = SCHED_EBB_PASS;

    common_sched_info = &ebb_common_sched_info;
    sched_deps_info = &ebb_sched_deps_info;
    current_sched_info = &ebb_sched_info;

  haifa_sched_init ();

  compute_bb_for_insn ();

  /* Initialize DONT_CALC_DEPS and ebb-{start, end} markers.  */
  bitmap_initialize (&dont_calc_deps, &bitmap_default_obstack);

/* Perform cleanups after scheduling using schedules_ebbs or schedule_ebb.  */
schedule_ebbs_finish (void)
  bitmap_release (&dont_calc_deps);

  /* Reposition the prologue and epilogue notes in case we moved the
     prologue/epilogue insns.  */
  if (reload_completed)
    reposition_prologue_and_epilogue_notes ();

  haifa_sched_finish ();

/* The main entry point in this file.  */

schedule_ebbs (void)
  basic_block bb;
  int probability_cutoff;
  rtx_insn *tail;

  /* Taking care of this degenerate case makes the rest of
     this code simpler.  */
  if (n_basic_blocks_for_fn (cfun) == NUM_FIXED_BLOCKS)

  if (profile_info && profile_status_for_fn (cfun) == PROFILE_READ)
    probability_cutoff = param_tracer_min_branch_probability_feedback;
    probability_cutoff = param_tracer_min_branch_probability;
  probability_cutoff = REG_BR_PROB_BASE / 100 * probability_cutoff;

  schedule_ebbs_init ();

  /* Schedule every region in the subroutine.  */
  FOR_EACH_BB_FN (bb, cfun)
      rtx_insn *head = BB_HEAD (bb);

      if (bb->flags & BB_DISABLE_SCHEDULE)

      for (;;)
	  edge e;
	  tail = BB_END (bb);
	  if (bb->next_bb == EXIT_BLOCK_PTR_FOR_FN (cfun)
	      || LABEL_P (BB_HEAD (bb->next_bb)))
	  e = find_fallthru_edge (bb->succs);
	  if (! e)
	  if (e->probability.initialized_p ()
	      && e->probability.to_reg_br_prob_base () <= probability_cutoff)
	  if (e->dest->flags & BB_DISABLE_SCHEDULE)
	  bb = bb->next_bb;

      bb = schedule_ebb (head, tail, false);
  schedule_ebbs_finish ();

/* INSN has been added to/removed from current ebb.  */
static void
ebb_add_remove_insn (rtx_insn *insn ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED, int remove_p)
  if (!remove_p)

/* BB was added to ebb after AFTER.  */
static void
ebb_add_block (basic_block bb, basic_block after)
  /* Recovery blocks are always bounded by BARRIERS,
     therefore, they always form single block EBB,
     therefore, we can use rec->index to identify such EBBs.  */
  if (after == EXIT_BLOCK_PTR_FOR_FN (cfun))
    bitmap_set_bit (&dont_calc_deps, bb->index);
  else if (after == last_bb)
    last_bb = bb;

/* Return next block in ebb chain.  For parameter meaning please refer to
   sched-int.h: struct sched_info: advance_target_bb.  */
static basic_block
advance_target_bb (basic_block bb, rtx_insn *insn)
  if (insn)
      if (BLOCK_FOR_INSN (insn) != bb
	  && control_flow_insn_p (insn)
	  /* We handle interblock movement of the speculation check
	     or over a speculation check in
	     haifa-sched.c: move_block_after_check ().  */
	  /* Assert that we don't move jumps across blocks.  */
	  gcc_assert (!control_flow_insn_p (BB_END (bb))
		      && NOTE_INSN_BASIC_BLOCK_P (BB_HEAD (bb->next_bb)));
	  return bb;
	return 0;
    /* Return next non empty block.  */
	  gcc_assert (bb != last_bb);

	  bb = bb->next_bb;
      while (bb_note (bb) == BB_END (bb));

      return bb;

/* Fix internal data after interblock movement of jump instruction.
   For parameter meaning please refer to
   sched-int.h: struct sched_info: fix_recovery_cfg.  */
static void
ebb_fix_recovery_cfg (int bbi ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED, int jump_bbi,
		      int jump_bb_nexti)
  gcc_assert (last_bb->index != bbi);

  if (jump_bb_nexti == last_bb->index)
    last_bb = BASIC_BLOCK_FOR_FN (cfun, jump_bbi);

#endif /* INSN_SCHEDULING */