view gcc/tree-eh.c @ 158:494b0b89df80 default tip

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author Shinji KONO <kono@ie.u-ryukyu.ac.jp>
date Mon, 25 May 2020 18:13:55 +0900
parents 1830386684a0
children
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/* Exception handling semantics and decomposition for trees.
   Copyright (C) 2003-2020 Free Software Foundation, Inc.

This file is part of GCC.

GCC is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
the Free Software Foundation; either version 3, or (at your option)
any later version.

GCC is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
GNU General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with GCC; see the file COPYING3.  If not see
<http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.  */

#include "config.h"
#include "system.h"
#include "coretypes.h"
#include "backend.h"
#include "rtl.h"
#include "tree.h"
#include "gimple.h"
#include "cfghooks.h"
#include "tree-pass.h"
#include "ssa.h"
#include "cgraph.h"
#include "diagnostic-core.h"
#include "fold-const.h"
#include "calls.h"
#include "except.h"
#include "cfganal.h"
#include "cfgcleanup.h"
#include "tree-eh.h"
#include "gimple-iterator.h"
#include "tree-cfg.h"
#include "tree-into-ssa.h"
#include "tree-ssa.h"
#include "tree-inline.h"
#include "langhooks.h"
#include "cfgloop.h"
#include "gimple-low.h"
#include "stringpool.h"
#include "attribs.h"
#include "asan.h"
#include "gimplify.h"

/* In some instances a tree and a gimple need to be stored in a same table,
   i.e. in hash tables. This is a structure to do this. */
typedef union {tree *tp; tree t; gimple *g;} treemple;

/* Misc functions used in this file.  */

/* Remember and lookup EH landing pad data for arbitrary statements.
   Really this means any statement that could_throw_p.  We could
   stuff this information into the stmt_ann data structure, but:

   (1) We absolutely rely on this information being kept until
   we get to rtl.  Once we're done with lowering here, if we lose
   the information there's no way to recover it!

   (2) There are many more statements that *cannot* throw as
   compared to those that can.  We should be saving some amount
   of space by only allocating memory for those that can throw.  */

/* Add statement T in function IFUN to landing pad NUM.  */

static void
add_stmt_to_eh_lp_fn (struct function *ifun, gimple *t, int num)
{
  gcc_assert (num != 0);

  if (!get_eh_throw_stmt_table (ifun))
    set_eh_throw_stmt_table (ifun, hash_map<gimple *, int>::create_ggc (31));

  gcc_assert (!get_eh_throw_stmt_table (ifun)->put (t, num));
}

/* Add statement T in the current function (cfun) to EH landing pad NUM.  */

void
add_stmt_to_eh_lp (gimple *t, int num)
{
  add_stmt_to_eh_lp_fn (cfun, t, num);
}

/* Add statement T to the single EH landing pad in REGION.  */

static void
record_stmt_eh_region (eh_region region, gimple *t)
{
  if (region == NULL)
    return;
  if (region->type == ERT_MUST_NOT_THROW)
    add_stmt_to_eh_lp_fn (cfun, t, -region->index);
  else
    {
      eh_landing_pad lp = region->landing_pads;
      if (lp == NULL)
	lp = gen_eh_landing_pad (region);
      else
	gcc_assert (lp->next_lp == NULL);
      add_stmt_to_eh_lp_fn (cfun, t, lp->index);
    }
}


/* Remove statement T in function IFUN from its EH landing pad.  */

bool
remove_stmt_from_eh_lp_fn (struct function *ifun, gimple *t)
{
  if (!get_eh_throw_stmt_table (ifun))
    return false;

  if (!get_eh_throw_stmt_table (ifun)->get (t))
    return false;

  get_eh_throw_stmt_table (ifun)->remove (t);
      return true;
}


/* Remove statement T in the current function (cfun) from its
   EH landing pad.  */

bool
remove_stmt_from_eh_lp (gimple *t)
{
  return remove_stmt_from_eh_lp_fn (cfun, t);
}

/* Determine if statement T is inside an EH region in function IFUN.
   Positive numbers indicate a landing pad index; negative numbers
   indicate a MUST_NOT_THROW region index; zero indicates that the
   statement is not recorded in the region table.  */

int
lookup_stmt_eh_lp_fn (struct function *ifun, const gimple *t)
{
  if (ifun->eh->throw_stmt_table == NULL)
    return 0;

  int *lp_nr = ifun->eh->throw_stmt_table->get (const_cast <gimple *> (t));
  return lp_nr ? *lp_nr : 0;
}

/* Likewise, but always use the current function.  */

int
lookup_stmt_eh_lp (const gimple *t)
{
  /* We can get called from initialized data when -fnon-call-exceptions
     is on; prevent crash.  */
  if (!cfun)
    return 0;
  return lookup_stmt_eh_lp_fn (cfun, t);
}

/* First pass of EH node decomposition.  Build up a tree of GIMPLE_TRY_FINALLY
   nodes and LABEL_DECL nodes.  We will use this during the second phase to
   determine if a goto leaves the body of a TRY_FINALLY_EXPR node.  */

struct finally_tree_node
{
  /* When storing a GIMPLE_TRY, we have to record a gimple.  However
     when deciding whether a GOTO to a certain LABEL_DECL (which is a
     tree) leaves the TRY block, its necessary to record a tree in
     this field.  Thus a treemple is used. */
  treemple child;
  gtry *parent;
};

/* Hashtable helpers.  */

struct finally_tree_hasher : free_ptr_hash <finally_tree_node>
{
  static inline hashval_t hash (const finally_tree_node *);
  static inline bool equal (const finally_tree_node *,
			    const finally_tree_node *);
};

inline hashval_t
finally_tree_hasher::hash (const finally_tree_node *v)
{
  return (intptr_t)v->child.t >> 4;
}

inline bool
finally_tree_hasher::equal (const finally_tree_node *v,
			    const finally_tree_node *c)
{
  return v->child.t == c->child.t;
}

/* Note that this table is *not* marked GTY.  It is short-lived.  */
static hash_table<finally_tree_hasher> *finally_tree;

static void
record_in_finally_tree (treemple child, gtry *parent)
{
  struct finally_tree_node *n;
  finally_tree_node **slot;

  n = XNEW (struct finally_tree_node);
  n->child = child;
  n->parent = parent;

  slot = finally_tree->find_slot (n, INSERT);
  gcc_assert (!*slot);
  *slot = n;
}

static void
collect_finally_tree (gimple *stmt, gtry *region);

/* Go through the gimple sequence.  Works with collect_finally_tree to
   record all GIMPLE_LABEL and GIMPLE_TRY statements. */

static void
collect_finally_tree_1 (gimple_seq seq, gtry *region)
{
  gimple_stmt_iterator gsi;

  for (gsi = gsi_start (seq); !gsi_end_p (gsi); gsi_next (&gsi))
    collect_finally_tree (gsi_stmt (gsi), region);
}

static void
collect_finally_tree (gimple *stmt, gtry *region)
{
  treemple temp;

  switch (gimple_code (stmt))
    {
    case GIMPLE_LABEL:
      temp.t = gimple_label_label (as_a <glabel *> (stmt));
      record_in_finally_tree (temp, region);
      break;

    case GIMPLE_TRY:
      if (gimple_try_kind (stmt) == GIMPLE_TRY_FINALLY)
        {
          temp.g = stmt;
          record_in_finally_tree (temp, region);
          collect_finally_tree_1 (gimple_try_eval (stmt),
				  as_a <gtry *> (stmt));
	  collect_finally_tree_1 (gimple_try_cleanup (stmt), region);
        }
      else if (gimple_try_kind (stmt) == GIMPLE_TRY_CATCH)
        {
          collect_finally_tree_1 (gimple_try_eval (stmt), region);
          collect_finally_tree_1 (gimple_try_cleanup (stmt), region);
        }
      break;

    case GIMPLE_CATCH:
      collect_finally_tree_1 (gimple_catch_handler (
				 as_a <gcatch *> (stmt)),
			      region);
      break;

    case GIMPLE_EH_FILTER:
      collect_finally_tree_1 (gimple_eh_filter_failure (stmt), region);
      break;

    case GIMPLE_EH_ELSE:
      {
	geh_else *eh_else_stmt = as_a <geh_else *> (stmt);
	collect_finally_tree_1 (gimple_eh_else_n_body (eh_else_stmt), region);
	collect_finally_tree_1 (gimple_eh_else_e_body (eh_else_stmt), region);
      }
      break;

    default:
      /* A type, a decl, or some kind of statement that we're not
	 interested in.  Don't walk them.  */
      break;
    }
}


/* Use the finally tree to determine if a jump from START to TARGET
   would leave the try_finally node that START lives in.  */

static bool
outside_finally_tree (treemple start, gimple *target)
{
  struct finally_tree_node n, *p;

  do
    {
      n.child = start;
      p = finally_tree->find (&n);
      if (!p)
	return true;
      start.g = p->parent;
    }
  while (start.g != target);

  return false;
}

/* Second pass of EH node decomposition.  Actually transform the GIMPLE_TRY
   nodes into a set of gotos, magic labels, and eh regions.
   The eh region creation is straight-forward, but frobbing all the gotos
   and such into shape isn't.  */

/* The sequence into which we record all EH stuff.  This will be
   placed at the end of the function when we're all done.  */
static gimple_seq eh_seq;

/* Record whether an EH region contains something that can throw,
   indexed by EH region number.  */
static bitmap eh_region_may_contain_throw_map;

/* The GOTO_QUEUE is an array of GIMPLE_GOTO and GIMPLE_RETURN
   statements that are seen to escape this GIMPLE_TRY_FINALLY node.
   The idea is to record a gimple statement for everything except for
   the conditionals, which get their labels recorded. Since labels are
   of type 'tree', we need this node to store both gimple and tree
   objects.  REPL_STMT is the sequence used to replace the goto/return
   statement.  CONT_STMT is used to store the statement that allows
   the return/goto to jump to the original destination. */

struct goto_queue_node
{
  treemple stmt;
  location_t location;
  gimple_seq repl_stmt;
  gimple *cont_stmt;
  int index;
  /* This is used when index >= 0 to indicate that stmt is a label (as
     opposed to a goto stmt).  */
  int is_label;
};

/* State of the world while lowering.  */

struct leh_state
{
  /* What's "current" while constructing the eh region tree.  These
     correspond to variables of the same name in cfun->eh, which we
     don't have easy access to.  */
  eh_region cur_region;

  /* What's "current" for the purposes of __builtin_eh_pointer.  For
     a CATCH, this is the associated TRY.  For an EH_FILTER, this is
     the associated ALLOWED_EXCEPTIONS, etc.  */
  eh_region ehp_region;

  /* Processing of TRY_FINALLY requires a bit more state.  This is
     split out into a separate structure so that we don't have to
     copy so much when processing other nodes.  */
  struct leh_tf_state *tf;

  /* Outer non-clean up region.  */
  eh_region outer_non_cleanup;
};

struct leh_tf_state
{
  /* Pointer to the GIMPLE_TRY_FINALLY node under discussion.  The
     try_finally_expr is the original GIMPLE_TRY_FINALLY.  We need to retain
     this so that outside_finally_tree can reliably reference the tree used
     in the collect_finally_tree data structures.  */
  gtry *try_finally_expr;
  gtry *top_p;

  /* While lowering a top_p usually it is expanded into multiple statements,
     thus we need the following field to store them. */
  gimple_seq top_p_seq;

  /* The state outside this try_finally node.  */
  struct leh_state *outer;

  /* The exception region created for it.  */
  eh_region region;

  /* The goto queue.  */
  struct goto_queue_node *goto_queue;
  size_t goto_queue_size;
  size_t goto_queue_active;

  /* Pointer map to help in searching goto_queue when it is large.  */
  hash_map<gimple *, goto_queue_node *> *goto_queue_map;

  /* The set of unique labels seen as entries in the goto queue.  */
  vec<tree> dest_array;

  /* A label to be added at the end of the completed transformed
     sequence.  It will be set if may_fallthru was true *at one time*,
     though subsequent transformations may have cleared that flag.  */
  tree fallthru_label;

  /* True if it is possible to fall out the bottom of the try block.
     Cleared if the fallthru is converted to a goto.  */
  bool may_fallthru;

  /* True if any entry in goto_queue is a GIMPLE_RETURN.  */
  bool may_return;

  /* True if the finally block can receive an exception edge.
     Cleared if the exception case is handled by code duplication.  */
  bool may_throw;
};

static gimple_seq lower_eh_must_not_throw (struct leh_state *, gtry *);

/* Search for STMT in the goto queue.  Return the replacement,
   or null if the statement isn't in the queue.  */

#define LARGE_GOTO_QUEUE 20

static void lower_eh_constructs_1 (struct leh_state *state, gimple_seq *seq);

static gimple_seq
find_goto_replacement (struct leh_tf_state *tf, treemple stmt)
{
  unsigned int i;

  if (tf->goto_queue_active < LARGE_GOTO_QUEUE)
    {
      for (i = 0; i < tf->goto_queue_active; i++)
	if ( tf->goto_queue[i].stmt.g == stmt.g)
	  return tf->goto_queue[i].repl_stmt;
      return NULL;
    }

  /* If we have a large number of entries in the goto_queue, create a
     pointer map and use that for searching.  */

  if (!tf->goto_queue_map)
    {
      tf->goto_queue_map = new hash_map<gimple *, goto_queue_node *>;
      for (i = 0; i < tf->goto_queue_active; i++)
	{
	  bool existed = tf->goto_queue_map->put (tf->goto_queue[i].stmt.g,
						  &tf->goto_queue[i]);
	  gcc_assert (!existed);
	}
    }

  goto_queue_node **slot = tf->goto_queue_map->get (stmt.g);
  if (slot != NULL)
    return ((*slot)->repl_stmt);

  return NULL;
}

/* A subroutine of replace_goto_queue_1.  Handles the sub-clauses of a
   lowered GIMPLE_COND.  If, by chance, the replacement is a simple goto,
   then we can just splat it in, otherwise we add the new stmts immediately
   after the GIMPLE_COND and redirect.  */

static void
replace_goto_queue_cond_clause (tree *tp, struct leh_tf_state *tf,
				gimple_stmt_iterator *gsi)
{
  tree label;
  gimple_seq new_seq;
  treemple temp;
  location_t loc = gimple_location (gsi_stmt (*gsi));

  temp.tp = tp;
  new_seq = find_goto_replacement (tf, temp);
  if (!new_seq)
    return;

  if (gimple_seq_singleton_p (new_seq)
      && gimple_code (gimple_seq_first_stmt (new_seq)) == GIMPLE_GOTO)
    {
      *tp = gimple_goto_dest (gimple_seq_first_stmt (new_seq));
      return;
    }

  label = create_artificial_label (loc);
  /* Set the new label for the GIMPLE_COND */
  *tp = label;

  gsi_insert_after (gsi, gimple_build_label (label), GSI_CONTINUE_LINKING);
  gsi_insert_seq_after (gsi, gimple_seq_copy (new_seq), GSI_CONTINUE_LINKING);
}

/* The real work of replace_goto_queue.  Returns with TSI updated to
   point to the next statement.  */

static void replace_goto_queue_stmt_list (gimple_seq *, struct leh_tf_state *);

static void
replace_goto_queue_1 (gimple *stmt, struct leh_tf_state *tf,
		      gimple_stmt_iterator *gsi)
{
  gimple_seq seq;
  treemple temp;
  temp.g = NULL;

  switch (gimple_code (stmt))
    {
    case GIMPLE_GOTO:
    case GIMPLE_RETURN:
      temp.g = stmt;
      seq = find_goto_replacement (tf, temp);
      if (seq)
	{
	  gimple_stmt_iterator i;
	  seq = gimple_seq_copy (seq);
	  for (i = gsi_start (seq); !gsi_end_p (i); gsi_next (&i))
	    gimple_set_location (gsi_stmt (i), gimple_location (stmt));
	  gsi_insert_seq_before (gsi, seq, GSI_SAME_STMT);
	  gsi_remove (gsi, false);
	  return;
	}
      break;

    case GIMPLE_COND:
      replace_goto_queue_cond_clause (gimple_op_ptr (stmt, 2), tf, gsi);
      replace_goto_queue_cond_clause (gimple_op_ptr (stmt, 3), tf, gsi);
      break;

    case GIMPLE_TRY:
      replace_goto_queue_stmt_list (gimple_try_eval_ptr (stmt), tf);
      replace_goto_queue_stmt_list (gimple_try_cleanup_ptr (stmt), tf);
      break;
    case GIMPLE_CATCH:
      replace_goto_queue_stmt_list (gimple_catch_handler_ptr (
				      as_a <gcatch *> (stmt)),
				    tf);
      break;
    case GIMPLE_EH_FILTER:
      replace_goto_queue_stmt_list (gimple_eh_filter_failure_ptr (stmt), tf);
      break;
    case GIMPLE_EH_ELSE:
      {
	geh_else *eh_else_stmt = as_a <geh_else *> (stmt);
	replace_goto_queue_stmt_list (gimple_eh_else_n_body_ptr (eh_else_stmt),
				      tf);
	replace_goto_queue_stmt_list (gimple_eh_else_e_body_ptr (eh_else_stmt),
				      tf);
      }
      break;

    default:
      /* These won't have gotos in them.  */
      break;
    }

  gsi_next (gsi);
}

/* A subroutine of replace_goto_queue.  Handles GIMPLE_SEQ.  */

static void
replace_goto_queue_stmt_list (gimple_seq *seq, struct leh_tf_state *tf)
{
  gimple_stmt_iterator gsi = gsi_start (*seq);

  while (!gsi_end_p (gsi))
    replace_goto_queue_1 (gsi_stmt (gsi), tf, &gsi);
}

/* Replace all goto queue members.  */

static void
replace_goto_queue (struct leh_tf_state *tf)
{
  if (tf->goto_queue_active == 0)
    return;
  replace_goto_queue_stmt_list (&tf->top_p_seq, tf);
  replace_goto_queue_stmt_list (&eh_seq, tf);
}

/* Add a new record to the goto queue contained in TF. NEW_STMT is the
   data to be added, IS_LABEL indicates whether NEW_STMT is a label or
   a gimple return. */

static void
record_in_goto_queue (struct leh_tf_state *tf,
                      treemple new_stmt,
                      int index,
                      bool is_label,
		      location_t location)
{
  size_t active, size;
  struct goto_queue_node *q;

  gcc_assert (!tf->goto_queue_map);

  active = tf->goto_queue_active;
  size = tf->goto_queue_size;
  if (active >= size)
    {
      size = (size ? size * 2 : 32);
      tf->goto_queue_size = size;
      tf->goto_queue
         = XRESIZEVEC (struct goto_queue_node, tf->goto_queue, size);
    }

  q = &tf->goto_queue[active];
  tf->goto_queue_active = active + 1;

  memset (q, 0, sizeof (*q));
  q->stmt = new_stmt;
  q->index = index;
  q->location = location;
  q->is_label = is_label;
}

/* Record the LABEL label in the goto queue contained in TF.
   TF is not null.  */

static void
record_in_goto_queue_label (struct leh_tf_state *tf, treemple stmt, tree label,
			    location_t location)
{
  int index;
  treemple temp, new_stmt;

  if (!label)
    return;

  /* Computed and non-local gotos do not get processed.  Given
     their nature we can neither tell whether we've escaped the
     finally block nor redirect them if we knew.  */
  if (TREE_CODE (label) != LABEL_DECL)
    return;

  /* No need to record gotos that don't leave the try block.  */
  temp.t = label;
  if (!outside_finally_tree (temp, tf->try_finally_expr))
    return;

  if (! tf->dest_array.exists ())
    {
      tf->dest_array.create (10);
      tf->dest_array.quick_push (label);
      index = 0;
    }
  else
    {
      int n = tf->dest_array.length ();
      for (index = 0; index < n; ++index)
        if (tf->dest_array[index] == label)
          break;
      if (index == n)
        tf->dest_array.safe_push (label);
    }

  /* In the case of a GOTO we want to record the destination label,
     since with a GIMPLE_COND we have an easy access to the then/else
     labels. */
  new_stmt = stmt;
  record_in_goto_queue (tf, new_stmt, index, true, location);
}

/* For any GIMPLE_GOTO or GIMPLE_RETURN, decide whether it leaves a try_finally
   node, and if so record that fact in the goto queue associated with that
   try_finally node.  */

static void
maybe_record_in_goto_queue (struct leh_state *state, gimple *stmt)
{
  struct leh_tf_state *tf = state->tf;
  treemple new_stmt;

  if (!tf)
    return;

  switch (gimple_code (stmt))
    {
    case GIMPLE_COND:
      {
	gcond *cond_stmt = as_a <gcond *> (stmt);
	new_stmt.tp = gimple_op_ptr (cond_stmt, 2);
	record_in_goto_queue_label (tf, new_stmt,
				    gimple_cond_true_label (cond_stmt),
				    EXPR_LOCATION (*new_stmt.tp));
	new_stmt.tp = gimple_op_ptr (cond_stmt, 3);
	record_in_goto_queue_label (tf, new_stmt,
				    gimple_cond_false_label (cond_stmt),
				    EXPR_LOCATION (*new_stmt.tp));
      }
      break;
    case GIMPLE_GOTO:
      new_stmt.g = stmt;
      record_in_goto_queue_label (tf, new_stmt, gimple_goto_dest (stmt),
				  gimple_location (stmt));
      break;

    case GIMPLE_RETURN:
      tf->may_return = true;
      new_stmt.g = stmt;
      record_in_goto_queue (tf, new_stmt, -1, false, gimple_location (stmt));
      break;

    default:
      gcc_unreachable ();
    }
}


#if CHECKING_P
/* We do not process GIMPLE_SWITCHes for now.  As long as the original source
   was in fact structured, and we've not yet done jump threading, then none
   of the labels will leave outer GIMPLE_TRY_FINALLY nodes. Verify this.  */

static void
verify_norecord_switch_expr (struct leh_state *state,
			     gswitch *switch_expr)
{
  struct leh_tf_state *tf = state->tf;
  size_t i, n;

  if (!tf)
    return;

  n = gimple_switch_num_labels (switch_expr);

  for (i = 0; i < n; ++i)
    {
      treemple temp;
      tree lab = CASE_LABEL (gimple_switch_label (switch_expr, i));
      temp.t = lab;
      gcc_assert (!outside_finally_tree (temp, tf->try_finally_expr));
    }
}
#else
#define verify_norecord_switch_expr(state, switch_expr)
#endif

/* Redirect a RETURN_EXPR pointed to by Q to FINLAB.  If MOD is
   non-null, insert it before the new branch.  */

static void
do_return_redirection (struct goto_queue_node *q, tree finlab, gimple_seq mod)
{
  gimple *x;

  /* In the case of a return, the queue node must be a gimple statement.  */
  gcc_assert (!q->is_label);

  /* Note that the return value may have already been computed, e.g.,

	int x;
	int foo (void)
	{
	  x = 0;
	  try {
	    return x;
	  } finally {
	    x++;
	  }
	}

     should return 0, not 1.  We don't have to do anything to make
     this happens because the return value has been placed in the
     RESULT_DECL already.  */

  q->cont_stmt = q->stmt.g;

  if (mod)
    gimple_seq_add_seq (&q->repl_stmt, mod);

  x = gimple_build_goto (finlab);
  gimple_set_location (x, q->location);
  gimple_seq_add_stmt (&q->repl_stmt, x);
}

/* Similar, but easier, for GIMPLE_GOTO.  */

static void
do_goto_redirection (struct goto_queue_node *q, tree finlab, gimple_seq mod,
		     struct leh_tf_state *tf)
{
  ggoto *x;

  gcc_assert (q->is_label);

  q->cont_stmt = gimple_build_goto (tf->dest_array[q->index]);

  if (mod)
    gimple_seq_add_seq (&q->repl_stmt, mod);

  x = gimple_build_goto (finlab);
  gimple_set_location (x, q->location);
  gimple_seq_add_stmt (&q->repl_stmt, x);
}

/* Emit a standard landing pad sequence into SEQ for REGION.  */

static void
emit_post_landing_pad (gimple_seq *seq, eh_region region)
{
  eh_landing_pad lp = region->landing_pads;
  glabel *x;

  if (lp == NULL)
    lp = gen_eh_landing_pad (region);

  lp->post_landing_pad = create_artificial_label (UNKNOWN_LOCATION);
  EH_LANDING_PAD_NR (lp->post_landing_pad) = lp->index;

  x = gimple_build_label (lp->post_landing_pad);
  gimple_seq_add_stmt (seq, x);
}

/* Emit a RESX statement into SEQ for REGION.  */

static void
emit_resx (gimple_seq *seq, eh_region region)
{
  gresx *x = gimple_build_resx (region->index);
  gimple_seq_add_stmt (seq, x);
  if (region->outer)
    record_stmt_eh_region (region->outer, x);
}

/* Note that the current EH region may contain a throw, or a
   call to a function which itself may contain a throw.  */

static void
note_eh_region_may_contain_throw (eh_region region)
{
  while (bitmap_set_bit (eh_region_may_contain_throw_map, region->index))
    {
      if (region->type == ERT_MUST_NOT_THROW)
	break;
      region = region->outer;
      if (region == NULL)
	break;
    }
}

/* Check if REGION has been marked as containing a throw.  If REGION is
   NULL, this predicate is false.  */

static inline bool
eh_region_may_contain_throw (eh_region r)
{
  return r && bitmap_bit_p (eh_region_may_contain_throw_map, r->index);
}

/* We want to transform
	try { body; } catch { stuff; }
   to
	normal_sequence:
	  body;
	  over:
	eh_sequence:
	  landing_pad:
	  stuff;
	  goto over;

   TP is a GIMPLE_TRY node.  REGION is the region whose post_landing_pad
   should be placed before the second operand, or NULL.  OVER is
   an existing label that should be put at the exit, or NULL.  */

static gimple_seq
frob_into_branch_around (gtry *tp, eh_region region, tree over)
{
  gimple *x;
  gimple_seq cleanup, result;
  location_t loc = gimple_location (tp);

  cleanup = gimple_try_cleanup (tp);
  result = gimple_try_eval (tp);

  if (region)
    emit_post_landing_pad (&eh_seq, region);

  if (gimple_seq_may_fallthru (cleanup))
    {
      if (!over)
	over = create_artificial_label (loc);
      x = gimple_build_goto (over);
      gimple_set_location (x, loc);
      gimple_seq_add_stmt (&cleanup, x);
    }
  gimple_seq_add_seq (&eh_seq, cleanup);

  if (over)
    {
      x = gimple_build_label (over);
      gimple_seq_add_stmt (&result, x);
    }
  return result;
}

/* A subroutine of lower_try_finally.  Duplicate the tree rooted at T.
   Make sure to record all new labels found.  */

static gimple_seq
lower_try_finally_dup_block (gimple_seq seq, struct leh_state *outer_state,
			     location_t loc)
{
  gtry *region = NULL;
  gimple_seq new_seq;
  gimple_stmt_iterator gsi;

  new_seq = copy_gimple_seq_and_replace_locals (seq);

  for (gsi = gsi_start (new_seq); !gsi_end_p (gsi); gsi_next (&gsi))
    {
      gimple *stmt = gsi_stmt (gsi);
      /* We duplicate __builtin_stack_restore at -O0 in the hope of eliminating
	 it on the EH paths.  When it is not eliminated, make it transparent in
	 the debug info.  */
      if (gimple_call_builtin_p (stmt, BUILT_IN_STACK_RESTORE))
	gimple_set_location (stmt, UNKNOWN_LOCATION);
      else if (LOCATION_LOCUS (gimple_location (stmt)) == UNKNOWN_LOCATION)
	{
	  tree block = gimple_block (stmt);
	  gimple_set_location (stmt, loc);
	  gimple_set_block (stmt, block);
	}
    }

  if (outer_state->tf)
    region = outer_state->tf->try_finally_expr;
  collect_finally_tree_1 (new_seq, region);

  return new_seq;
}

/* A subroutine of lower_try_finally.  Create a fallthru label for
   the given try_finally state.  The only tricky bit here is that
   we have to make sure to record the label in our outer context.  */

static tree
lower_try_finally_fallthru_label (struct leh_tf_state *tf)
{
  tree label = tf->fallthru_label;
  treemple temp;

  if (!label)
    {
      label = create_artificial_label (gimple_location (tf->try_finally_expr));
      tf->fallthru_label = label;
      if (tf->outer->tf)
        {
          temp.t = label;
          record_in_finally_tree (temp, tf->outer->tf->try_finally_expr);
        }
    }
  return label;
}

/* A subroutine of lower_try_finally.  If FINALLY consits of a
   GIMPLE_EH_ELSE node, return it.  */

static inline geh_else *
get_eh_else (gimple_seq finally)
{
  gimple *x = gimple_seq_first_stmt (finally);
  if (gimple_code (x) == GIMPLE_EH_ELSE)
    {
      gcc_assert (gimple_seq_singleton_p (finally));
      return as_a <geh_else *> (x);
    }
  return NULL;
}

/* A subroutine of lower_try_finally.  If the eh_protect_cleanup_actions
   langhook returns non-null, then the language requires that the exception
   path out of a try_finally be treated specially.  To wit: the code within
   the finally block may not itself throw an exception.  We have two choices
   here. First we can duplicate the finally block and wrap it in a
   must_not_throw region.  Second, we can generate code like

	try {
	  finally_block;
	} catch {
	  if (fintmp == eh_edge)
	    protect_cleanup_actions;
	}

   where "fintmp" is the temporary used in the switch statement generation
   alternative considered below.  For the nonce, we always choose the first
   option.

   THIS_STATE may be null if this is a try-cleanup, not a try-finally.  */

static void
honor_protect_cleanup_actions (struct leh_state *outer_state,
			       struct leh_state *this_state,
			       struct leh_tf_state *tf)
{
  gimple_seq finally = gimple_try_cleanup (tf->top_p);

  /* EH_ELSE doesn't come from user code; only compiler generated stuff.
     It does need to be handled here, so as to separate the (different)
     EH path from the normal path.  But we should not attempt to wrap
     it with a must-not-throw node (which indeed gets in the way).  */
  if (geh_else *eh_else = get_eh_else (finally))
    {
      gimple_try_set_cleanup (tf->top_p, gimple_eh_else_n_body (eh_else));
      finally = gimple_eh_else_e_body (eh_else);

      /* Let the ELSE see the exception that's being processed, but
	 since the cleanup is outside the try block, process it with
	 outer_state, otherwise it may be used as a cleanup for
	 itself, and Bad Things (TM) ensue.  */
      eh_region save_ehp = outer_state->ehp_region;
      outer_state->ehp_region = this_state->cur_region;
      lower_eh_constructs_1 (outer_state, &finally);
      outer_state->ehp_region = save_ehp;
    }
  else
    {
      /* First check for nothing to do.  */
      if (lang_hooks.eh_protect_cleanup_actions == NULL)
	return;
      tree actions = lang_hooks.eh_protect_cleanup_actions ();
      if (actions == NULL)
	return;

      if (this_state)
	finally = lower_try_finally_dup_block (finally, outer_state,
	  gimple_location (tf->try_finally_expr));

      /* If this cleanup consists of a TRY_CATCH_EXPR with TRY_CATCH_IS_CLEANUP
	 set, the handler of the TRY_CATCH_EXPR is another cleanup which ought
	 to be in an enclosing scope, but needs to be implemented at this level
	 to avoid a nesting violation (see wrap_temporary_cleanups in
	 cp/decl.c).  Since it's logically at an outer level, we should call
	 terminate before we get to it, so strip it away before adding the
	 MUST_NOT_THROW filter.  */
      gimple_stmt_iterator gsi = gsi_start (finally);
      gimple *x = gsi_stmt (gsi);
      if (gimple_code (x) == GIMPLE_TRY
	  && gimple_try_kind (x) == GIMPLE_TRY_CATCH
	  && gimple_try_catch_is_cleanup (x))
	{
	  gsi_insert_seq_before (&gsi, gimple_try_eval (x), GSI_SAME_STMT);
	  gsi_remove (&gsi, false);
	}

      /* Wrap the block with protect_cleanup_actions as the action.  */
      geh_mnt *eh_mnt = gimple_build_eh_must_not_throw (actions);
      gtry *try_stmt = gimple_build_try (finally,
					 gimple_seq_alloc_with_stmt (eh_mnt),
					 GIMPLE_TRY_CATCH);
      finally = lower_eh_must_not_throw (outer_state, try_stmt);
    }

  /* Drop all of this into the exception sequence.  */
  emit_post_landing_pad (&eh_seq, tf->region);
  gimple_seq_add_seq (&eh_seq, finally);
  if (gimple_seq_may_fallthru (finally))
    emit_resx (&eh_seq, tf->region);

  /* Having now been handled, EH isn't to be considered with
     the rest of the outgoing edges.  */
  tf->may_throw = false;
}

/* A subroutine of lower_try_finally.  We have determined that there is
   no fallthru edge out of the finally block.  This means that there is
   no outgoing edge corresponding to any incoming edge.  Restructure the
   try_finally node for this special case.  */

static void
lower_try_finally_nofallthru (struct leh_state *state,
			      struct leh_tf_state *tf)
{
  tree lab;
  gimple *x;
  geh_else *eh_else;
  gimple_seq finally;
  struct goto_queue_node *q, *qe;

  lab = create_artificial_label (gimple_location (tf->try_finally_expr));

  /* We expect that tf->top_p is a GIMPLE_TRY. */
  finally = gimple_try_cleanup (tf->top_p);
  tf->top_p_seq = gimple_try_eval (tf->top_p);

  x = gimple_build_label (lab);
  gimple_seq_add_stmt (&tf->top_p_seq, x);

  q = tf->goto_queue;
  qe = q + tf->goto_queue_active;
  for (; q < qe; ++q)
    if (q->index < 0)
      do_return_redirection (q, lab, NULL);
    else
      do_goto_redirection (q, lab, NULL, tf);

  replace_goto_queue (tf);

  /* Emit the finally block into the stream.  Lower EH_ELSE at this time.  */
  eh_else = get_eh_else (finally);
  if (eh_else)
    {
      finally = gimple_eh_else_n_body (eh_else);
      lower_eh_constructs_1 (state, &finally);
      gimple_seq_add_seq (&tf->top_p_seq, finally);

      if (tf->may_throw)
	{
	  finally = gimple_eh_else_e_body (eh_else);
	  lower_eh_constructs_1 (state, &finally);

	  emit_post_landing_pad (&eh_seq, tf->region);
	  gimple_seq_add_seq (&eh_seq, finally);
	}
    }
  else
    {
      lower_eh_constructs_1 (state, &finally);
      gimple_seq_add_seq (&tf->top_p_seq, finally);

      if (tf->may_throw)
	{
	  emit_post_landing_pad (&eh_seq, tf->region);

	  x = gimple_build_goto (lab);
	  gimple_set_location (x, gimple_location (tf->try_finally_expr));
	  gimple_seq_add_stmt (&eh_seq, x);
	}
    }
}

/* A subroutine of lower_try_finally.  We have determined that there is
   exactly one destination of the finally block.  Restructure the
   try_finally node for this special case.  */

static void
lower_try_finally_onedest (struct leh_state *state, struct leh_tf_state *tf)
{
  struct goto_queue_node *q, *qe;
  geh_else *eh_else;
  glabel *label_stmt;
  gimple *x;
  gimple_seq finally;
  gimple_stmt_iterator gsi;
  tree finally_label;
  location_t loc = gimple_location (tf->try_finally_expr);

  finally = gimple_try_cleanup (tf->top_p);
  tf->top_p_seq = gimple_try_eval (tf->top_p);

  /* Since there's only one destination, and the destination edge can only
     either be EH or non-EH, that implies that all of our incoming edges
     are of the same type.  Therefore we can lower EH_ELSE immediately.  */
  eh_else = get_eh_else (finally);
  if (eh_else)
    {
      if (tf->may_throw)
	finally = gimple_eh_else_e_body (eh_else);
      else
	finally = gimple_eh_else_n_body (eh_else);
    }

  lower_eh_constructs_1 (state, &finally);

  for (gsi = gsi_start (finally); !gsi_end_p (gsi); gsi_next (&gsi))
    {
      gimple *stmt = gsi_stmt (gsi);
      if (LOCATION_LOCUS (gimple_location (stmt)) == UNKNOWN_LOCATION)
	{
	  tree block = gimple_block (stmt);
	  gimple_set_location (stmt, gimple_location (tf->try_finally_expr));
	  gimple_set_block (stmt, block);
	}
    }

  if (tf->may_throw)
    {
      /* Only reachable via the exception edge.  Add the given label to
         the head of the FINALLY block.  Append a RESX at the end.  */
      emit_post_landing_pad (&eh_seq, tf->region);
      gimple_seq_add_seq (&eh_seq, finally);
      emit_resx (&eh_seq, tf->region);
      return;
    }

  if (tf->may_fallthru)
    {
      /* Only reachable via the fallthru edge.  Do nothing but let
	 the two blocks run together; we'll fall out the bottom.  */
      gimple_seq_add_seq (&tf->top_p_seq, finally);
      return;
    }

  finally_label = create_artificial_label (loc);
  label_stmt = gimple_build_label (finally_label);
  gimple_seq_add_stmt (&tf->top_p_seq, label_stmt);

  gimple_seq_add_seq (&tf->top_p_seq, finally);

  q = tf->goto_queue;
  qe = q + tf->goto_queue_active;

  if (tf->may_return)
    {
      /* Reachable by return expressions only.  Redirect them.  */
      for (; q < qe; ++q)
	do_return_redirection (q, finally_label, NULL);
      replace_goto_queue (tf);
    }
  else
    {
      /* Reachable by goto expressions only.  Redirect them.  */
      for (; q < qe; ++q)
	do_goto_redirection (q, finally_label, NULL, tf);
      replace_goto_queue (tf);

      if (tf->dest_array[0] == tf->fallthru_label)
	{
	  /* Reachable by goto to fallthru label only.  Redirect it
	     to the new label (already created, sadly), and do not
	     emit the final branch out, or the fallthru label.  */
	  tf->fallthru_label = NULL;
	  return;
	}
    }

  /* Place the original return/goto to the original destination
     immediately after the finally block. */
  x = tf->goto_queue[0].cont_stmt;
  gimple_seq_add_stmt (&tf->top_p_seq, x);
  maybe_record_in_goto_queue (state, x);
}

/* A subroutine of lower_try_finally.  There are multiple edges incoming
   and outgoing from the finally block.  Implement this by duplicating the
   finally block for every destination.  */

static void
lower_try_finally_copy (struct leh_state *state, struct leh_tf_state *tf)
{
  gimple_seq finally;
  gimple_seq new_stmt;
  gimple_seq seq;
  gimple *x;
  geh_else *eh_else;
  tree tmp;
  location_t tf_loc = gimple_location (tf->try_finally_expr);

  finally = gimple_try_cleanup (tf->top_p);

  /* Notice EH_ELSE, and simplify some of the remaining code
     by considering FINALLY to be the normal return path only.  */
  eh_else = get_eh_else (finally);
  if (eh_else)
    finally = gimple_eh_else_n_body (eh_else);

  tf->top_p_seq = gimple_try_eval (tf->top_p);
  new_stmt = NULL;

  if (tf->may_fallthru)
    {
      seq = lower_try_finally_dup_block (finally, state, tf_loc);
      lower_eh_constructs_1 (state, &seq);
      gimple_seq_add_seq (&new_stmt, seq);

      tmp = lower_try_finally_fallthru_label (tf);
      x = gimple_build_goto (tmp);
      gimple_set_location (x, tf_loc);
      gimple_seq_add_stmt (&new_stmt, x);
    }

  if (tf->may_throw)
    {
      /* We don't need to copy the EH path of EH_ELSE,
	 since it is only emitted once.  */
      if (eh_else)
	seq = gimple_eh_else_e_body (eh_else);
      else
	seq = lower_try_finally_dup_block (finally, state, tf_loc);
      lower_eh_constructs_1 (state, &seq);

      emit_post_landing_pad (&eh_seq, tf->region);
      gimple_seq_add_seq (&eh_seq, seq);
      emit_resx (&eh_seq, tf->region);
    }

  if (tf->goto_queue)
    {
      struct goto_queue_node *q, *qe;
      int return_index, index;
      struct labels_s
      {
	struct goto_queue_node *q;
	tree label;
      } *labels;

      return_index = tf->dest_array.length ();
      labels = XCNEWVEC (struct labels_s, return_index + 1);

      q = tf->goto_queue;
      qe = q + tf->goto_queue_active;
      for (; q < qe; q++)
	{
	  index = q->index < 0 ? return_index : q->index;

	  if (!labels[index].q)
	    labels[index].q = q;
	}

      for (index = 0; index < return_index + 1; index++)
	{
	  tree lab;

	  q = labels[index].q;
	  if (! q)
	    continue;

	  lab = labels[index].label
	    = create_artificial_label (tf_loc);

	  if (index == return_index)
	    do_return_redirection (q, lab, NULL);
	  else
	    do_goto_redirection (q, lab, NULL, tf);

	  x = gimple_build_label (lab);
          gimple_seq_add_stmt (&new_stmt, x);

	  seq = lower_try_finally_dup_block (finally, state, q->location);
	  lower_eh_constructs_1 (state, &seq);
          gimple_seq_add_seq (&new_stmt, seq);

          gimple_seq_add_stmt (&new_stmt, q->cont_stmt);
	  maybe_record_in_goto_queue (state, q->cont_stmt);
	}

      for (q = tf->goto_queue; q < qe; q++)
	{
	  tree lab;

	  index = q->index < 0 ? return_index : q->index;

	  if (labels[index].q == q)
	    continue;

	  lab = labels[index].label;

	  if (index == return_index)
	    do_return_redirection (q, lab, NULL);
	  else
	    do_goto_redirection (q, lab, NULL, tf);
	}

      replace_goto_queue (tf);
      free (labels);
    }

  /* Need to link new stmts after running replace_goto_queue due
     to not wanting to process the same goto stmts twice.  */
  gimple_seq_add_seq (&tf->top_p_seq, new_stmt);
}

/* A subroutine of lower_try_finally.  There are multiple edges incoming
   and outgoing from the finally block.  Implement this by instrumenting
   each incoming edge and creating a switch statement at the end of the
   finally block that branches to the appropriate destination.  */

static void
lower_try_finally_switch (struct leh_state *state, struct leh_tf_state *tf)
{
  struct goto_queue_node *q, *qe;
  tree finally_tmp, finally_label;
  int return_index, eh_index, fallthru_index;
  int nlabels, ndests, j, last_case_index;
  tree last_case;
  auto_vec<tree> case_label_vec;
  gimple_seq switch_body = NULL;
  gimple *x;
  geh_else *eh_else;
  tree tmp;
  gimple *switch_stmt;
  gimple_seq finally;
  hash_map<tree, gimple *> *cont_map = NULL;
  /* The location of the TRY_FINALLY stmt.  */
  location_t tf_loc = gimple_location (tf->try_finally_expr);
  /* The location of the finally block.  */
  location_t finally_loc;

  finally = gimple_try_cleanup (tf->top_p);
  eh_else = get_eh_else (finally);

  /* Mash the TRY block to the head of the chain.  */
  tf->top_p_seq = gimple_try_eval (tf->top_p);

  /* The location of the finally is either the last stmt in the finally
     block or the location of the TRY_FINALLY itself.  */
  x = gimple_seq_last_stmt (finally);
  finally_loc = x ? gimple_location (x) : tf_loc;

  /* Prepare for switch statement generation.  */
  nlabels = tf->dest_array.length ();
  return_index = nlabels;
  eh_index = return_index + tf->may_return;
  fallthru_index = eh_index + (tf->may_throw && !eh_else);
  ndests = fallthru_index + tf->may_fallthru;

  finally_tmp = create_tmp_var (integer_type_node, "finally_tmp");
  finally_label = create_artificial_label (finally_loc);

  /* We use vec::quick_push on case_label_vec throughout this function,
     since we know the size in advance and allocate precisely as muce
     space as needed.  */
  case_label_vec.create (ndests);
  last_case = NULL;
  last_case_index = 0;

  /* Begin inserting code for getting to the finally block.  Things
     are done in this order to correspond to the sequence the code is
     laid out.  */

  if (tf->may_fallthru)
    {
      x = gimple_build_assign (finally_tmp,
			       build_int_cst (integer_type_node,
					      fallthru_index));
      gimple_set_location (x, finally_loc);
      gimple_seq_add_stmt (&tf->top_p_seq, x);

      tmp = build_int_cst (integer_type_node, fallthru_index);
      last_case = build_case_label (tmp, NULL,
				    create_artificial_label (finally_loc));
      case_label_vec.quick_push (last_case);
      last_case_index++;

      x = gimple_build_label (CASE_LABEL (last_case));
      gimple_seq_add_stmt (&switch_body, x);

      tmp = lower_try_finally_fallthru_label (tf);
      x = gimple_build_goto (tmp);
      gimple_set_location (x, finally_loc);
      gimple_seq_add_stmt (&switch_body, x);
    }

  /* For EH_ELSE, emit the exception path (plus resx) now, then
     subsequently we only need consider the normal path.  */
  if (eh_else)
    {
      if (tf->may_throw)
	{
	  finally = gimple_eh_else_e_body (eh_else);
	  lower_eh_constructs_1 (state, &finally);

	  emit_post_landing_pad (&eh_seq, tf->region);
	  gimple_seq_add_seq (&eh_seq, finally);
	  emit_resx (&eh_seq, tf->region);
	}

      finally = gimple_eh_else_n_body (eh_else);
    }
  else if (tf->may_throw)
    {
      emit_post_landing_pad (&eh_seq, tf->region);

      x = gimple_build_assign (finally_tmp,
			       build_int_cst (integer_type_node, eh_index));
      gimple_seq_add_stmt (&eh_seq, x);

      x = gimple_build_goto (finally_label);
      gimple_set_location (x, tf_loc);
      gimple_seq_add_stmt (&eh_seq, x);

      tmp = build_int_cst (integer_type_node, eh_index);
      last_case = build_case_label (tmp, NULL,
				    create_artificial_label (tf_loc));
      case_label_vec.quick_push (last_case);
      last_case_index++;

      x = gimple_build_label (CASE_LABEL (last_case));
      gimple_seq_add_stmt (&eh_seq, x);
      emit_resx (&eh_seq, tf->region);
    }

  x = gimple_build_label (finally_label);
  gimple_seq_add_stmt (&tf->top_p_seq, x);

  lower_eh_constructs_1 (state, &finally);
  gimple_seq_add_seq (&tf->top_p_seq, finally);

  /* Redirect each incoming goto edge.  */
  q = tf->goto_queue;
  qe = q + tf->goto_queue_active;
  j = last_case_index + tf->may_return;
  /* Prepare the assignments to finally_tmp that are executed upon the
     entrance through a particular edge. */
  for (; q < qe; ++q)
    {
      gimple_seq mod = NULL;
      int switch_id;
      unsigned int case_index;

      if (q->index < 0)
	{
	  x = gimple_build_assign (finally_tmp,
				   build_int_cst (integer_type_node,
						  return_index));
	  gimple_seq_add_stmt (&mod, x);
	  do_return_redirection (q, finally_label, mod);
	  switch_id = return_index;
	}
      else
	{
	  x = gimple_build_assign (finally_tmp,
				   build_int_cst (integer_type_node, q->index));
	  gimple_seq_add_stmt (&mod, x);
	  do_goto_redirection (q, finally_label, mod, tf);
	  switch_id = q->index;
	}

      case_index = j + q->index;
      if (case_label_vec.length () <= case_index || !case_label_vec[case_index])
        {
          tree case_lab;
	  tmp = build_int_cst (integer_type_node, switch_id);
          case_lab = build_case_label (tmp, NULL,
				       create_artificial_label (tf_loc));
          /* We store the cont_stmt in the pointer map, so that we can recover
             it in the loop below.  */
          if (!cont_map)
	    cont_map = new hash_map<tree, gimple *>;
          cont_map->put (case_lab, q->cont_stmt);
          case_label_vec.quick_push (case_lab);
        }
    }
  for (j = last_case_index; j < last_case_index + nlabels; j++)
    {
      gimple *cont_stmt;

      last_case = case_label_vec[j];

      gcc_assert (last_case);
      gcc_assert (cont_map);

      cont_stmt = *cont_map->get (last_case);

      x = gimple_build_label (CASE_LABEL (last_case));
      gimple_seq_add_stmt (&switch_body, x);
      gimple_seq_add_stmt (&switch_body, cont_stmt);
      maybe_record_in_goto_queue (state, cont_stmt);
    }
  if (cont_map)
    delete cont_map;

  replace_goto_queue (tf);

  /* Make sure that the last case is the default label, as one is required.
     Then sort the labels, which is also required in GIMPLE.  */
  CASE_LOW (last_case) = NULL;
  tree tem = case_label_vec.pop ();
  gcc_assert (tem == last_case);
  sort_case_labels (case_label_vec);

  /* Build the switch statement, setting last_case to be the default
     label.  */
  switch_stmt = gimple_build_switch (finally_tmp, last_case,
				     case_label_vec);
  gimple_set_location (switch_stmt, finally_loc);

  /* Need to link SWITCH_STMT after running replace_goto_queue
     due to not wanting to process the same goto stmts twice.  */
  gimple_seq_add_stmt (&tf->top_p_seq, switch_stmt);
  gimple_seq_add_seq (&tf->top_p_seq, switch_body);
}

/* Decide whether or not we are going to duplicate the finally block.
   There are several considerations.

   Second, we'd like to prevent egregious code growth.  One way to
   do this is to estimate the size of the finally block, multiply
   that by the number of copies we'd need to make, and compare against
   the estimate of the size of the switch machinery we'd have to add.  */

static bool
decide_copy_try_finally (int ndests, bool may_throw, gimple_seq finally)
{
  int f_estimate, sw_estimate;
  geh_else *eh_else;

  /* If there's an EH_ELSE involved, the exception path is separate
     and really doesn't come into play for this computation.  */
  eh_else = get_eh_else (finally);
  if (eh_else)
    {
      ndests -= may_throw;
      finally = gimple_eh_else_n_body (eh_else);
    }

  if (!optimize)
    {
      gimple_stmt_iterator gsi;

      if (ndests == 1)
        return true;

      for (gsi = gsi_start (finally); !gsi_end_p (gsi); gsi_next (&gsi))
	{
	  /* Duplicate __builtin_stack_restore in the hope of eliminating it
	     on the EH paths and, consequently, useless cleanups.  */
	  gimple *stmt = gsi_stmt (gsi);
	  if (!is_gimple_debug (stmt)
	      && !gimple_clobber_p (stmt)
	      && !gimple_call_builtin_p (stmt, BUILT_IN_STACK_RESTORE))
	    return false;
	}
      return true;
    }

  /* Finally estimate N times, plus N gotos.  */
  f_estimate = estimate_num_insns_seq (finally, &eni_size_weights);
  f_estimate = (f_estimate + 1) * ndests;

  /* Switch statement (cost 10), N variable assignments, N gotos.  */
  sw_estimate = 10 + 2 * ndests;

  /* Optimize for size clearly wants our best guess.  */
  if (optimize_function_for_size_p (cfun))
    return f_estimate < sw_estimate;

  /* ??? These numbers are completely made up so far.  */
  if (optimize > 1)
    return f_estimate < 100 || f_estimate < sw_estimate * 2;
  else
    return f_estimate < 40 || f_estimate * 2 < sw_estimate * 3;
}

/* REG is current region of a LEH state.
   is the enclosing region for a possible cleanup region, or the region
   itself.  Returns TRUE if such a region would be unreachable.

   Cleanup regions within a must-not-throw region aren't actually reachable
   even if there are throwing stmts within them, because the personality
   routine will call terminate before unwinding.  */

static bool
cleanup_is_dead_in (leh_state *state)
{
  if (flag_checking)
    {
      eh_region reg = state->cur_region;
      while (reg && reg->type == ERT_CLEANUP)
	reg = reg->outer;

      gcc_assert (reg == state->outer_non_cleanup);
    }

  eh_region reg = state->outer_non_cleanup;
  return (reg && reg->type == ERT_MUST_NOT_THROW);
}

/* A subroutine of lower_eh_constructs_1.  Lower a GIMPLE_TRY_FINALLY nodes
   to a sequence of labels and blocks, plus the exception region trees
   that record all the magic.  This is complicated by the need to
   arrange for the FINALLY block to be executed on all exits.  */

static gimple_seq
lower_try_finally (struct leh_state *state, gtry *tp)
{
  struct leh_tf_state this_tf;
  struct leh_state this_state;
  int ndests;
  gimple_seq old_eh_seq;

  /* Process the try block.  */

  memset (&this_tf, 0, sizeof (this_tf));
  this_tf.try_finally_expr = tp;
  this_tf.top_p = tp;
  this_tf.outer = state;
  if (using_eh_for_cleanups_p () && !cleanup_is_dead_in (state))
    {
      this_tf.region = gen_eh_region_cleanup (state->cur_region);
      this_state.cur_region = this_tf.region;
    }
  else
    {
      this_tf.region = NULL;
      this_state.cur_region = state->cur_region;
    }

  this_state.outer_non_cleanup = state->outer_non_cleanup;
  this_state.ehp_region = state->ehp_region;
  this_state.tf = &this_tf;

  old_eh_seq = eh_seq;
  eh_seq = NULL;

  lower_eh_constructs_1 (&this_state, gimple_try_eval_ptr (tp));

  /* Determine if the try block is escaped through the bottom.  */
  this_tf.may_fallthru = gimple_seq_may_fallthru (gimple_try_eval (tp));

  /* Determine if any exceptions are possible within the try block.  */
  if (this_tf.region)
    this_tf.may_throw = eh_region_may_contain_throw (this_tf.region);
  if (this_tf.may_throw)
    honor_protect_cleanup_actions (state, &this_state, &this_tf);

  /* Determine how many edges (still) reach the finally block.  Or rather,
     how many destinations are reached by the finally block.  Use this to
     determine how we process the finally block itself.  */

  ndests = this_tf.dest_array.length ();
  ndests += this_tf.may_fallthru;
  ndests += this_tf.may_return;
  ndests += this_tf.may_throw;

  /* If the FINALLY block is not reachable, dike it out.  */
  if (ndests == 0)
    {
      gimple_seq_add_seq (&this_tf.top_p_seq, gimple_try_eval (tp));
      gimple_try_set_cleanup (tp, NULL);
    }
  /* If the finally block doesn't fall through, then any destination
     we might try to impose there isn't reached either.  There may be
     some minor amount of cleanup and redirection still needed.  */
  else if (!gimple_seq_may_fallthru (gimple_try_cleanup (tp)))
    lower_try_finally_nofallthru (state, &this_tf);

  /* We can easily special-case redirection to a single destination.  */
  else if (ndests == 1)
    lower_try_finally_onedest (state, &this_tf);
  else if (decide_copy_try_finally (ndests, this_tf.may_throw,
				    gimple_try_cleanup (tp)))
    lower_try_finally_copy (state, &this_tf);
  else
    lower_try_finally_switch (state, &this_tf);

  /* If someone requested we add a label at the end of the transformed
     block, do so.  */
  if (this_tf.fallthru_label)
    {
      /* This must be reached only if ndests == 0. */
      gimple *x = gimple_build_label (this_tf.fallthru_label);
      gimple_seq_add_stmt (&this_tf.top_p_seq, x);
    }

  this_tf.dest_array.release ();
  free (this_tf.goto_queue);
  if (this_tf.goto_queue_map)
    delete this_tf.goto_queue_map;

  /* If there was an old (aka outer) eh_seq, append the current eh_seq.
     If there was no old eh_seq, then the append is trivially already done.  */
  if (old_eh_seq)
    {
      if (eh_seq == NULL)
	eh_seq = old_eh_seq;
      else
	{
	  gimple_seq new_eh_seq = eh_seq;
	  eh_seq = old_eh_seq;
	  gimple_seq_add_seq (&eh_seq, new_eh_seq);
	}
    }

  return this_tf.top_p_seq;
}

/* A subroutine of lower_eh_constructs_1.  Lower a GIMPLE_TRY_CATCH with a
   list of GIMPLE_CATCH to a sequence of labels and blocks, plus the
   exception region trees that records all the magic.  */

static gimple_seq
lower_catch (struct leh_state *state, gtry *tp)
{
  eh_region try_region = NULL;
  struct leh_state this_state = *state;
  gimple_stmt_iterator gsi;
  tree out_label;
  gimple_seq new_seq, cleanup;
  gimple *x;
  geh_dispatch *eh_dispatch;
  location_t try_catch_loc = gimple_location (tp);
  location_t catch_loc = UNKNOWN_LOCATION;

  if (flag_exceptions)
    {
      try_region = gen_eh_region_try (state->cur_region);
      this_state.cur_region = try_region;
      this_state.outer_non_cleanup = this_state.cur_region;
    }

  lower_eh_constructs_1 (&this_state, gimple_try_eval_ptr (tp));

  if (!eh_region_may_contain_throw (try_region))
    return gimple_try_eval (tp);

  new_seq = NULL;
  eh_dispatch = gimple_build_eh_dispatch (try_region->index);
  gimple_seq_add_stmt (&new_seq, eh_dispatch);
  emit_resx (&new_seq, try_region);

  this_state.cur_region = state->cur_region;
  this_state.outer_non_cleanup = state->outer_non_cleanup;
  this_state.ehp_region = try_region;

  /* Add eh_seq from lowering EH in the cleanup sequence after the cleanup
     itself, so that e.g. for coverage purposes the nested cleanups don't
     appear before the cleanup body.  See PR64634 for details.  */
  gimple_seq old_eh_seq = eh_seq;
  eh_seq = NULL;

  out_label = NULL;
  cleanup = gimple_try_cleanup (tp);
  for (gsi = gsi_start (cleanup);
       !gsi_end_p (gsi);
       gsi_next (&gsi))
    {
      eh_catch c;
      gcatch *catch_stmt;
      gimple_seq handler;

      catch_stmt = as_a <gcatch *> (gsi_stmt (gsi));
      if (catch_loc == UNKNOWN_LOCATION)
	catch_loc = gimple_location (catch_stmt);
      c = gen_eh_region_catch (try_region, gimple_catch_types (catch_stmt));

      handler = gimple_catch_handler (catch_stmt);
      lower_eh_constructs_1 (&this_state, &handler);

      c->label = create_artificial_label (UNKNOWN_LOCATION);
      x = gimple_build_label (c->label);
      gimple_seq_add_stmt (&new_seq, x);

      gimple_seq_add_seq (&new_seq, handler);

      if (gimple_seq_may_fallthru (new_seq))
	{
	  if (!out_label)
	    out_label = create_artificial_label (try_catch_loc);

	  x = gimple_build_goto (out_label);
	  gimple_seq_add_stmt (&new_seq, x);
	}
      if (!c->type_list)
	break;
    }

  /* Try to set a location on the dispatching construct to avoid inheriting
     the location of the previous statement.  */
  gimple_set_location (eh_dispatch, catch_loc);

  gimple_try_set_cleanup (tp, new_seq);

  gimple_seq new_eh_seq = eh_seq;
  eh_seq = old_eh_seq;
  gimple_seq ret_seq = frob_into_branch_around (tp, try_region, out_label);
  gimple_seq_add_seq (&eh_seq, new_eh_seq);
  return ret_seq;
}

/* A subroutine of lower_eh_constructs_1.  Lower a GIMPLE_TRY with a
   GIMPLE_EH_FILTER to a sequence of labels and blocks, plus the exception
   region trees that record all the magic.  */

static gimple_seq
lower_eh_filter (struct leh_state *state, gtry *tp)
{
  struct leh_state this_state = *state;
  eh_region this_region = NULL;
  gimple *inner, *x;
  gimple_seq new_seq;

  inner = gimple_seq_first_stmt (gimple_try_cleanup (tp));

  if (flag_exceptions)
    {
      this_region = gen_eh_region_allowed (state->cur_region,
				           gimple_eh_filter_types (inner));
      this_state.cur_region = this_region;
      this_state.outer_non_cleanup = this_state.cur_region;
    }

  lower_eh_constructs_1 (&this_state, gimple_try_eval_ptr (tp));

  if (!eh_region_may_contain_throw (this_region))
    return gimple_try_eval (tp);

  this_state.cur_region = state->cur_region;
  this_state.ehp_region = this_region;

  new_seq = NULL;
  x = gimple_build_eh_dispatch (this_region->index);
  gimple_set_location (x, gimple_location (tp));
  gimple_seq_add_stmt (&new_seq, x);
  emit_resx (&new_seq, this_region);

  this_region->u.allowed.label = create_artificial_label (UNKNOWN_LOCATION);
  x = gimple_build_label (this_region->u.allowed.label);
  gimple_seq_add_stmt (&new_seq, x);

  lower_eh_constructs_1 (&this_state, gimple_eh_filter_failure_ptr (inner));
  gimple_seq_add_seq (&new_seq, gimple_eh_filter_failure (inner));

  gimple_try_set_cleanup (tp, new_seq);

  return frob_into_branch_around (tp, this_region, NULL);
}

/* A subroutine of lower_eh_constructs_1.  Lower a GIMPLE_TRY with
   an GIMPLE_EH_MUST_NOT_THROW to a sequence of labels and blocks,
   plus the exception region trees that record all the magic.  */

static gimple_seq
lower_eh_must_not_throw (struct leh_state *state, gtry *tp)
{
  struct leh_state this_state = *state;

  if (flag_exceptions)
    {
      gimple *inner = gimple_seq_first_stmt (gimple_try_cleanup (tp));
      eh_region this_region;

      this_region = gen_eh_region_must_not_throw (state->cur_region);
      this_region->u.must_not_throw.failure_decl
	= gimple_eh_must_not_throw_fndecl (
	    as_a <geh_mnt *> (inner));
      this_region->u.must_not_throw.failure_loc
	= LOCATION_LOCUS (gimple_location (tp));

      /* In order to get mangling applied to this decl, we must mark it
	 used now.  Otherwise, pass_ipa_free_lang_data won't think it
	 needs to happen.  */
      TREE_USED (this_region->u.must_not_throw.failure_decl) = 1;

      this_state.cur_region = this_region;
      this_state.outer_non_cleanup = this_state.cur_region;
    }

  lower_eh_constructs_1 (&this_state, gimple_try_eval_ptr (tp));

  return gimple_try_eval (tp);
}

/* Implement a cleanup expression.  This is similar to try-finally,
   except that we only execute the cleanup block for exception edges.  */

static gimple_seq
lower_cleanup (struct leh_state *state, gtry *tp)
{
  struct leh_state this_state = *state;
  eh_region this_region = NULL;
  struct leh_tf_state fake_tf;
  gimple_seq result;
  bool cleanup_dead = cleanup_is_dead_in (state);

  if (flag_exceptions && !cleanup_dead)
    {
      this_region = gen_eh_region_cleanup (state->cur_region);
      this_state.cur_region = this_region;
      this_state.outer_non_cleanup = state->outer_non_cleanup;
    }

  lower_eh_constructs_1 (&this_state, gimple_try_eval_ptr (tp));

  if (cleanup_dead || !eh_region_may_contain_throw (this_region))
    return gimple_try_eval (tp);

  /* Build enough of a try-finally state so that we can reuse
     honor_protect_cleanup_actions.  */
  memset (&fake_tf, 0, sizeof (fake_tf));
  fake_tf.top_p = fake_tf.try_finally_expr = tp;
  fake_tf.outer = state;
  fake_tf.region = this_region;
  fake_tf.may_fallthru = gimple_seq_may_fallthru (gimple_try_eval (tp));
  fake_tf.may_throw = true;

  honor_protect_cleanup_actions (state, NULL, &fake_tf);

  if (fake_tf.may_throw)
    {
      /* In this case honor_protect_cleanup_actions had nothing to do,
	 and we should process this normally.  */
      lower_eh_constructs_1 (state, gimple_try_cleanup_ptr (tp));
      result = frob_into_branch_around (tp, this_region,
                                        fake_tf.fallthru_label);
    }
  else
    {
      /* In this case honor_protect_cleanup_actions did nearly all of
	 the work.  All we have left is to append the fallthru_label.  */

      result = gimple_try_eval (tp);
      if (fake_tf.fallthru_label)
	{
	  gimple *x = gimple_build_label (fake_tf.fallthru_label);
	  gimple_seq_add_stmt (&result, x);
	}
    }
  return result;
}

/* Main loop for lowering eh constructs. Also moves gsi to the next
   statement. */

static void
lower_eh_constructs_2 (struct leh_state *state, gimple_stmt_iterator *gsi)
{
  gimple_seq replace;
  gimple *x;
  gimple *stmt = gsi_stmt (*gsi);

  switch (gimple_code (stmt))
    {
    case GIMPLE_CALL:
      {
	tree fndecl = gimple_call_fndecl (stmt);
	tree rhs, lhs;

	if (fndecl && fndecl_built_in_p (fndecl, BUILT_IN_NORMAL))
	  switch (DECL_FUNCTION_CODE (fndecl))
	    {
	    case BUILT_IN_EH_POINTER:
	      /* The front end may have generated a call to
		 __builtin_eh_pointer (0) within a catch region.  Replace
		 this zero argument with the current catch region number.  */
	      if (state->ehp_region)
		{
		  tree nr = build_int_cst (integer_type_node,
					   state->ehp_region->index);
		  gimple_call_set_arg (stmt, 0, nr);
		}
	      else
		{
		  /* The user has dome something silly.  Remove it.  */
		  rhs = null_pointer_node;
		  goto do_replace;
		}
	      break;

	    case BUILT_IN_EH_FILTER:
	      /* ??? This should never appear, but since it's a builtin it
		 is accessible to abuse by users.  Just remove it and
		 replace the use with the arbitrary value zero.  */
	      rhs = build_int_cst (TREE_TYPE (TREE_TYPE (fndecl)), 0);
	    do_replace:
	      lhs = gimple_call_lhs (stmt);
	      x = gimple_build_assign (lhs, rhs);
	      gsi_insert_before (gsi, x, GSI_SAME_STMT);
	      /* FALLTHRU */

	    case BUILT_IN_EH_COPY_VALUES:
	      /* Likewise this should not appear.  Remove it.  */
	      gsi_remove (gsi, true);
	      return;

	    default:
	      break;
	    }
      }
      /* FALLTHRU */

    case GIMPLE_ASSIGN:
      /* If the stmt can throw, use a new temporary for the assignment
         to a LHS.  This makes sure the old value of the LHS is
	 available on the EH edge.  Only do so for statements that
	 potentially fall through (no noreturn calls e.g.), otherwise
	 this new assignment might create fake fallthru regions.  */
      if (stmt_could_throw_p (cfun, stmt)
	  && gimple_has_lhs (stmt)
	  && gimple_stmt_may_fallthru (stmt)
	  && !tree_could_throw_p (gimple_get_lhs (stmt))
	  && is_gimple_reg_type (TREE_TYPE (gimple_get_lhs (stmt))))
	{
	  tree lhs = gimple_get_lhs (stmt);
	  tree tmp = create_tmp_var (TREE_TYPE (lhs));
	  gimple *s = gimple_build_assign (lhs, tmp);
	  gimple_set_location (s, gimple_location (stmt));
	  gimple_set_block (s, gimple_block (stmt));
	  gimple_set_lhs (stmt, tmp);
	  if (TREE_CODE (TREE_TYPE (tmp)) == COMPLEX_TYPE
	      || TREE_CODE (TREE_TYPE (tmp)) == VECTOR_TYPE)
	    DECL_GIMPLE_REG_P (tmp) = 1;
	  gsi_insert_after (gsi, s, GSI_SAME_STMT);
	}
      /* Look for things that can throw exceptions, and record them.  */
      if (state->cur_region && stmt_could_throw_p (cfun, stmt))
	{
	  record_stmt_eh_region (state->cur_region, stmt);
	  note_eh_region_may_contain_throw (state->cur_region);
	}
      break;

    case GIMPLE_COND:
    case GIMPLE_GOTO:
    case GIMPLE_RETURN:
      maybe_record_in_goto_queue (state, stmt);
      break;

    case GIMPLE_SWITCH:
      verify_norecord_switch_expr (state, as_a <gswitch *> (stmt));
      break;

    case GIMPLE_TRY:
      {
	gtry *try_stmt = as_a <gtry *> (stmt);
	if (gimple_try_kind (try_stmt) == GIMPLE_TRY_FINALLY)
	  replace = lower_try_finally (state, try_stmt);
	else
	  {
	    x = gimple_seq_first_stmt (gimple_try_cleanup (try_stmt));
	    if (!x)
	      {
		replace = gimple_try_eval (try_stmt);
		lower_eh_constructs_1 (state, &replace);
	      }
	    else
	      switch (gimple_code (x))
		{
		case GIMPLE_CATCH:
		  replace = lower_catch (state, try_stmt);
		  break;
		case GIMPLE_EH_FILTER:
		  replace = lower_eh_filter (state, try_stmt);
		  break;
		case GIMPLE_EH_MUST_NOT_THROW:
		  replace = lower_eh_must_not_throw (state, try_stmt);
		  break;
		case GIMPLE_EH_ELSE:
		  /* This code is only valid with GIMPLE_TRY_FINALLY.  */
		  gcc_unreachable ();
		default:
		  replace = lower_cleanup (state, try_stmt);
		  break;
		}
	  }
      }

      /* Remove the old stmt and insert the transformed sequence
	 instead. */
      gsi_insert_seq_before (gsi, replace, GSI_SAME_STMT);
      gsi_remove (gsi, true);

      /* Return since we don't want gsi_next () */
      return;

    case GIMPLE_EH_ELSE:
      /* We should be eliminating this in lower_try_finally et al.  */
      gcc_unreachable ();

    default:
      /* A type, a decl, or some kind of statement that we're not
	 interested in.  Don't walk them.  */
      break;
    }

  gsi_next (gsi);
}

/* A helper to unwrap a gimple_seq and feed stmts to lower_eh_constructs_2. */

static void
lower_eh_constructs_1 (struct leh_state *state, gimple_seq *pseq)
{
  gimple_stmt_iterator gsi;
  for (gsi = gsi_start (*pseq); !gsi_end_p (gsi);)
    lower_eh_constructs_2 (state, &gsi);
}

namespace {

const pass_data pass_data_lower_eh =
{
  GIMPLE_PASS, /* type */
  "eh", /* name */
  OPTGROUP_NONE, /* optinfo_flags */
  TV_TREE_EH, /* tv_id */
  PROP_gimple_lcf, /* properties_required */
  PROP_gimple_leh, /* properties_provided */
  0, /* properties_destroyed */
  0, /* todo_flags_start */
  0, /* todo_flags_finish */
};

class pass_lower_eh : public gimple_opt_pass
{
public:
  pass_lower_eh (gcc::context *ctxt)
    : gimple_opt_pass (pass_data_lower_eh, ctxt)
  {}

  /* opt_pass methods: */
  virtual unsigned int execute (function *);

}; // class pass_lower_eh

unsigned int
pass_lower_eh::execute (function *fun)
{
  struct leh_state null_state;
  gimple_seq bodyp;

  bodyp = gimple_body (current_function_decl);
  if (bodyp == NULL)
    return 0;

  finally_tree = new hash_table<finally_tree_hasher> (31);
  eh_region_may_contain_throw_map = BITMAP_ALLOC (NULL);
  memset (&null_state, 0, sizeof (null_state));

  collect_finally_tree_1 (bodyp, NULL);
  lower_eh_constructs_1 (&null_state, &bodyp);
  gimple_set_body (current_function_decl, bodyp);

  /* We assume there's a return statement, or something, at the end of
     the function, and thus ploping the EH sequence afterward won't
     change anything.  */
  gcc_assert (!gimple_seq_may_fallthru (bodyp));
  gimple_seq_add_seq (&bodyp, eh_seq);

  /* We assume that since BODYP already existed, adding EH_SEQ to it
     didn't change its value, and we don't have to re-set the function.  */
  gcc_assert (bodyp == gimple_body (current_function_decl));

  delete finally_tree;
  finally_tree = NULL;
  BITMAP_FREE (eh_region_may_contain_throw_map);
  eh_seq = NULL;

  /* If this function needs a language specific EH personality routine
     and the frontend didn't already set one do so now.  */
  if (function_needs_eh_personality (fun) == eh_personality_lang
      && !DECL_FUNCTION_PERSONALITY (current_function_decl))
    DECL_FUNCTION_PERSONALITY (current_function_decl)
      = lang_hooks.eh_personality ();

  return 0;
}

} // anon namespace

gimple_opt_pass *
make_pass_lower_eh (gcc::context *ctxt)
{
  return new pass_lower_eh (ctxt);
}

/* Create the multiple edges from an EH_DISPATCH statement to all of
   the possible handlers for its EH region.  Return true if there's
   no fallthru edge; false if there is.  */

bool
make_eh_dispatch_edges (geh_dispatch *stmt)
{
  eh_region r;
  eh_catch c;
  basic_block src, dst;

  r = get_eh_region_from_number (gimple_eh_dispatch_region (stmt));
  src = gimple_bb (stmt);

  switch (r->type)
    {
    case ERT_TRY:
      for (c = r->u.eh_try.first_catch; c ; c = c->next_catch)
	{
	  dst = label_to_block (cfun, c->label);
	  make_edge (src, dst, 0);

	  /* A catch-all handler doesn't have a fallthru.  */
	  if (c->type_list == NULL)
	    return false;
	}
      break;

    case ERT_ALLOWED_EXCEPTIONS:
      dst = label_to_block (cfun, r->u.allowed.label);
      make_edge (src, dst, 0);
      break;

    default:
      gcc_unreachable ();
    }

  return true;
}

/* Create the single EH edge from STMT to its nearest landing pad,
   if there is such a landing pad within the current function.  */

void
make_eh_edges (gimple *stmt)
{
  basic_block src, dst;
  eh_landing_pad lp;
  int lp_nr;

  lp_nr = lookup_stmt_eh_lp (stmt);
  if (lp_nr <= 0)
    return;

  lp = get_eh_landing_pad_from_number (lp_nr);
  gcc_assert (lp != NULL);

  src = gimple_bb (stmt);
  dst = label_to_block (cfun, lp->post_landing_pad);
  make_edge (src, dst, EDGE_EH);
}

/* Do the work in redirecting EDGE_IN to NEW_BB within the EH region tree;
   do not actually perform the final edge redirection.

   CHANGE_REGION is true when we're being called from cleanup_empty_eh and
   we intend to change the destination EH region as well; this means
   EH_LANDING_PAD_NR must already be set on the destination block label.
   If false, we're being called from generic cfg manipulation code and we
   should preserve our place within the region tree.  */

static void
redirect_eh_edge_1 (edge edge_in, basic_block new_bb, bool change_region)
{
  eh_landing_pad old_lp, new_lp;
  basic_block old_bb;
  gimple *throw_stmt;
  int old_lp_nr, new_lp_nr;
  tree old_label, new_label;
  edge_iterator ei;
  edge e;

  old_bb = edge_in->dest;
  old_label = gimple_block_label (old_bb);
  old_lp_nr = EH_LANDING_PAD_NR (old_label);
  gcc_assert (old_lp_nr > 0);
  old_lp = get_eh_landing_pad_from_number (old_lp_nr);

  throw_stmt = last_stmt (edge_in->src);
  gcc_checking_assert (lookup_stmt_eh_lp (throw_stmt) == old_lp_nr);

  new_label = gimple_block_label (new_bb);

  /* Look for an existing region that might be using NEW_BB already.  */
  new_lp_nr = EH_LANDING_PAD_NR (new_label);
  if (new_lp_nr)
    {
      new_lp = get_eh_landing_pad_from_number (new_lp_nr);
      gcc_assert (new_lp);

      /* Unless CHANGE_REGION is true, the new and old landing pad
	 had better be associated with the same EH region.  */
      gcc_assert (change_region || new_lp->region == old_lp->region);
    }
  else
    {
      new_lp = NULL;
      gcc_assert (!change_region);
    }

  /* Notice when we redirect the last EH edge away from OLD_BB.  */
  FOR_EACH_EDGE (e, ei, old_bb->preds)
    if (e != edge_in && (e->flags & EDGE_EH))
      break;

  if (new_lp)
    {
      /* NEW_LP already exists.  If there are still edges into OLD_LP,
	 there's nothing to do with the EH tree.  If there are no more
	 edges into OLD_LP, then we want to remove OLD_LP as it is unused.
	 If CHANGE_REGION is true, then our caller is expecting to remove
	 the landing pad.  */
      if (e == NULL && !change_region)
	remove_eh_landing_pad (old_lp);
    }
  else
    {
      /* No correct landing pad exists.  If there are no more edges
	 into OLD_LP, then we can simply re-use the existing landing pad.
	 Otherwise, we have to create a new landing pad.  */
      if (e == NULL)
	{
	  EH_LANDING_PAD_NR (old_lp->post_landing_pad) = 0;
	  new_lp = old_lp;
	}
      else
	new_lp = gen_eh_landing_pad (old_lp->region);
      new_lp->post_landing_pad = new_label;
      EH_LANDING_PAD_NR (new_label) = new_lp->index;
    }

  /* Maybe move the throwing statement to the new region.  */
  if (old_lp != new_lp)
    {
      remove_stmt_from_eh_lp (throw_stmt);
      add_stmt_to_eh_lp (throw_stmt, new_lp->index);
    }
}

/* Redirect EH edge E to NEW_BB.  */

edge
redirect_eh_edge (edge edge_in, basic_block new_bb)
{
  redirect_eh_edge_1 (edge_in, new_bb, false);
  return ssa_redirect_edge (edge_in, new_bb);
}

/* This is a subroutine of gimple_redirect_edge_and_branch.  Update the
   labels for redirecting a non-fallthru EH_DISPATCH edge E to NEW_BB.
   The actual edge update will happen in the caller.  */

void
redirect_eh_dispatch_edge (geh_dispatch *stmt, edge e, basic_block new_bb)
{
  tree new_lab = gimple_block_label (new_bb);
  bool any_changed = false;
  basic_block old_bb;
  eh_region r;
  eh_catch c;

  r = get_eh_region_from_number (gimple_eh_dispatch_region (stmt));
  switch (r->type)
    {
    case ERT_TRY:
      for (c = r->u.eh_try.first_catch; c ; c = c->next_catch)
	{
	  old_bb = label_to_block (cfun, c->label);
	  if (old_bb == e->dest)
	    {
	      c->label = new_lab;
	      any_changed = true;
	    }
	}
      break;

    case ERT_ALLOWED_EXCEPTIONS:
      old_bb = label_to_block (cfun, r->u.allowed.label);
      gcc_assert (old_bb == e->dest);
      r->u.allowed.label = new_lab;
      any_changed = true;
      break;

    default:
      gcc_unreachable ();
    }

  gcc_assert (any_changed);
}

/* Helper function for operation_could_trap_p and stmt_could_throw_p.  */

bool
operation_could_trap_helper_p (enum tree_code op,
			       bool fp_operation,
			       bool honor_trapv,
			       bool honor_nans,
			       bool honor_snans,
			       tree divisor,
			       bool *handled)
{
  *handled = true;
  switch (op)
    {
    case TRUNC_DIV_EXPR:
    case CEIL_DIV_EXPR:
    case FLOOR_DIV_EXPR:
    case ROUND_DIV_EXPR:
    case EXACT_DIV_EXPR:
    case CEIL_MOD_EXPR:
    case FLOOR_MOD_EXPR:
    case ROUND_MOD_EXPR:
    case TRUNC_MOD_EXPR:
    case RDIV_EXPR:
      if (honor_snans)
	return true;
      if (fp_operation)
	return flag_trapping_math;
      if (!TREE_CONSTANT (divisor) || integer_zerop (divisor))
        return true;
      return false;

    case LT_EXPR:
    case LE_EXPR:
    case GT_EXPR:
    case GE_EXPR:
    case LTGT_EXPR:
      /* Some floating point comparisons may trap.  */
      return honor_nans;

    case EQ_EXPR:
    case NE_EXPR:
    case UNORDERED_EXPR:
    case ORDERED_EXPR:
    case UNLT_EXPR:
    case UNLE_EXPR:
    case UNGT_EXPR:
    case UNGE_EXPR:
    case UNEQ_EXPR:
      return honor_snans;

    case NEGATE_EXPR:
    case ABS_EXPR:
    case CONJ_EXPR:
      /* These operations don't trap with floating point.  */
      if (honor_trapv)
	return true;
      return false;

    case ABSU_EXPR:
      /* ABSU_EXPR never traps.  */
      return false;

    case PLUS_EXPR:
    case MINUS_EXPR:
    case MULT_EXPR:
      /* Any floating arithmetic may trap.  */
      if (fp_operation && flag_trapping_math)
	return true;
      if (honor_trapv)
	return true;
      return false;

    case COMPLEX_EXPR:
    case CONSTRUCTOR:
      /* Constructing an object cannot trap.  */
      return false;

    case COND_EXPR:
    case VEC_COND_EXPR:
      /* Whether *COND_EXPR can trap depends on whether the
	 first argument can trap, so signal it as not handled.
	 Whether lhs is floating or not doesn't matter.  */
      *handled = false;
      return false;

    default:
      /* Any floating arithmetic may trap.  */
      if (fp_operation && flag_trapping_math)
	return true;

      *handled = false;
      return false;
    }
}

/* Return true if operation OP may trap.  FP_OPERATION is true if OP is applied
   on floating-point values.  HONOR_TRAPV is true if OP is applied on integer
   type operands that may trap.  If OP is a division operator, DIVISOR contains
   the value of the divisor.  */

bool
operation_could_trap_p (enum tree_code op, bool fp_operation, bool honor_trapv,
			tree divisor)
{
  bool honor_nans = (fp_operation && flag_trapping_math
		     && !flag_finite_math_only);
  bool honor_snans = fp_operation && flag_signaling_nans != 0;
  bool handled;

  /* This function cannot tell whether or not COND_EXPR and VEC_COND_EXPR could
     trap, because that depends on the respective condition op.  */
  gcc_assert (op != COND_EXPR && op != VEC_COND_EXPR);

  if (TREE_CODE_CLASS (op) != tcc_comparison
      && TREE_CODE_CLASS (op) != tcc_unary
      && TREE_CODE_CLASS (op) != tcc_binary)
    return false;

  return operation_could_trap_helper_p (op, fp_operation, honor_trapv,
					honor_nans, honor_snans, divisor,
					&handled);
}


/* Returns true if it is possible to prove that the index of
   an array access REF (an ARRAY_REF expression) falls into the
   array bounds.  */

static bool
in_array_bounds_p (tree ref)
{
  tree idx = TREE_OPERAND (ref, 1);
  tree min, max;

  if (TREE_CODE (idx) != INTEGER_CST)
    return false;

  min = array_ref_low_bound (ref);
  max = array_ref_up_bound (ref);
  if (!min
      || !max
      || TREE_CODE (min) != INTEGER_CST
      || TREE_CODE (max) != INTEGER_CST)
    return false;

  if (tree_int_cst_lt (idx, min)
      || tree_int_cst_lt (max, idx))
    return false;

  return true;
}

/* Returns true if it is possible to prove that the range of
   an array access REF (an ARRAY_RANGE_REF expression) falls
   into the array bounds.  */

static bool
range_in_array_bounds_p (tree ref)
{
  tree domain_type = TYPE_DOMAIN (TREE_TYPE (ref));
  tree range_min, range_max, min, max;

  range_min = TYPE_MIN_VALUE (domain_type);
  range_max = TYPE_MAX_VALUE (domain_type);
  if (!range_min
      || !range_max
      || TREE_CODE (range_min) != INTEGER_CST
      || TREE_CODE (range_max) != INTEGER_CST)
    return false;

  min = array_ref_low_bound (ref);
  max = array_ref_up_bound (ref);
  if (!min
      || !max
      || TREE_CODE (min) != INTEGER_CST
      || TREE_CODE (max) != INTEGER_CST)
    return false;

  if (tree_int_cst_lt (range_min, min)
      || tree_int_cst_lt (max, range_max))
    return false;

  return true;
}

/* Return true if EXPR can trap, as in dereferencing an invalid pointer
   location or floating point arithmetic.  C.f. the rtl version, may_trap_p.
   This routine expects only GIMPLE lhs or rhs input.  */

bool
tree_could_trap_p (tree expr)
{
  enum tree_code code;
  bool fp_operation = false;
  bool honor_trapv = false;
  tree t, base, div = NULL_TREE;

  if (!expr)
    return false;

  /* In COND_EXPR and VEC_COND_EXPR only the condition may trap, but
     they won't appear as operands in GIMPLE form, so this is just for the
     GENERIC uses where it needs to recurse on the operands and so
     *COND_EXPR itself doesn't trap.  */
  if (TREE_CODE (expr) == COND_EXPR || TREE_CODE (expr) == VEC_COND_EXPR)
    return false;

  code = TREE_CODE (expr);
  t = TREE_TYPE (expr);

  if (t)
    {
      if (COMPARISON_CLASS_P (expr))
	fp_operation = FLOAT_TYPE_P (TREE_TYPE (TREE_OPERAND (expr, 0)));
      else
	fp_operation = FLOAT_TYPE_P (t);
      honor_trapv = INTEGRAL_TYPE_P (t) && TYPE_OVERFLOW_TRAPS (t);
    }

  if (TREE_CODE_CLASS (code) == tcc_binary)
    div = TREE_OPERAND (expr, 1);
  if (operation_could_trap_p (code, fp_operation, honor_trapv, div))
    return true;

 restart:
  switch (code)
    {
    case COMPONENT_REF:
    case REALPART_EXPR:
    case IMAGPART_EXPR:
    case BIT_FIELD_REF:
    case VIEW_CONVERT_EXPR:
    case WITH_SIZE_EXPR:
      expr = TREE_OPERAND (expr, 0);
      code = TREE_CODE (expr);
      goto restart;

    case ARRAY_RANGE_REF:
      base = TREE_OPERAND (expr, 0);
      if (tree_could_trap_p (base))
	return true;
      if (TREE_THIS_NOTRAP (expr))
	return false;
      return !range_in_array_bounds_p (expr);

    case ARRAY_REF:
      base = TREE_OPERAND (expr, 0);
      if (tree_could_trap_p (base))
	return true;
      if (TREE_THIS_NOTRAP (expr))
	return false;
      return !in_array_bounds_p (expr);

    case TARGET_MEM_REF:
    case MEM_REF:
      if (TREE_CODE (TREE_OPERAND (expr, 0)) == ADDR_EXPR
	  && tree_could_trap_p (TREE_OPERAND (TREE_OPERAND (expr, 0), 0)))
	return true;
      if (TREE_THIS_NOTRAP (expr))
	return false;
      /* We cannot prove that the access is in-bounds when we have
         variable-index TARGET_MEM_REFs.  */
      if (code == TARGET_MEM_REF
	  && (TMR_INDEX (expr) || TMR_INDEX2 (expr)))
	return true;
      if (TREE_CODE (TREE_OPERAND (expr, 0)) == ADDR_EXPR)
	{
	  tree base = TREE_OPERAND (TREE_OPERAND (expr, 0), 0);
	  poly_offset_int off = mem_ref_offset (expr);
	  if (maybe_lt (off, 0))
	    return true;
	  if (TREE_CODE (base) == STRING_CST)
	    return maybe_le (TREE_STRING_LENGTH (base), off);
	  tree size = DECL_SIZE_UNIT (base);
	  if (size == NULL_TREE
	      || !poly_int_tree_p (size)
	      || maybe_le (wi::to_poly_offset (size), off))
	    return true;
	  /* Now we are sure the first byte of the access is inside
	     the object.  */
	  return false;
	}
      return true;

    case INDIRECT_REF:
      return !TREE_THIS_NOTRAP (expr);

    case ASM_EXPR:
      return TREE_THIS_VOLATILE (expr);

    case CALL_EXPR:
      t = get_callee_fndecl (expr);
      /* Assume that calls to weak functions may trap.  */
      if (!t || !DECL_P (t))
	return true;
      if (DECL_WEAK (t))
	return tree_could_trap_p (t);
      return false;

    case FUNCTION_DECL:
      /* Assume that accesses to weak functions may trap, unless we know
	 they are certainly defined in current TU or in some other
	 LTO partition.  */
      if (DECL_WEAK (expr) && !DECL_COMDAT (expr) && DECL_EXTERNAL (expr))
	{
	  cgraph_node *node = cgraph_node::get (expr);
	  if (node)
	    node = node->function_symbol ();
	  return !(node && node->in_other_partition);
	}
      return false;

    case VAR_DECL:
      /* Assume that accesses to weak vars may trap, unless we know
	 they are certainly defined in current TU or in some other
	 LTO partition.  */
      if (DECL_WEAK (expr) && !DECL_COMDAT (expr) && DECL_EXTERNAL (expr))
	{
	  varpool_node *node = varpool_node::get (expr);
	  if (node)
	    node = node->ultimate_alias_target ();
	  return !(node && node->in_other_partition);
	}
      return false;

    default:
      return false;
    }
}

/* Return non-NULL if there is an integer operation with trapping overflow
   we can rewrite into non-trapping.  Called via walk_tree from
   rewrite_to_non_trapping_overflow.  */

static tree
find_trapping_overflow (tree *tp, int *walk_subtrees, void *data)
{
  if (EXPR_P (*tp)
      && ANY_INTEGRAL_TYPE_P (TREE_TYPE (*tp))
      && !operation_no_trapping_overflow (TREE_TYPE (*tp), TREE_CODE (*tp)))
    return *tp;
  if (IS_TYPE_OR_DECL_P (*tp)
      || (TREE_CODE (*tp) == SAVE_EXPR && data == NULL))
    *walk_subtrees = 0;
  return NULL_TREE;
}

/* Rewrite selected operations into unsigned arithmetics, so that they
   don't trap on overflow.  */

static tree
replace_trapping_overflow (tree *tp, int *walk_subtrees, void *data)
{
  if (find_trapping_overflow (tp, walk_subtrees, data))
    {
      tree type = TREE_TYPE (*tp);
      tree utype = unsigned_type_for (type);
      *walk_subtrees = 0;
      int len = TREE_OPERAND_LENGTH (*tp);
      for (int i = 0; i < len; ++i)
	walk_tree (&TREE_OPERAND (*tp, i), replace_trapping_overflow,
		   data, (hash_set<tree> *) data);

      if (TREE_CODE (*tp) == ABS_EXPR)
	{
	  TREE_SET_CODE (*tp, ABSU_EXPR);
	  TREE_TYPE (*tp) = utype;
	  *tp = fold_convert (type, *tp);
	}
      else
	{
	  TREE_TYPE (*tp) = utype;
	  len = TREE_OPERAND_LENGTH (*tp);
	  for (int i = 0; i < len; ++i)
	    TREE_OPERAND (*tp, i)
	      = fold_convert (utype, TREE_OPERAND (*tp, i));
	  *tp = fold_convert (type, *tp);
	}
    }
  return NULL_TREE;
}

/* If any subexpression of EXPR can trap due to -ftrapv, rewrite it
   using unsigned arithmetics to avoid traps in it.  */

tree
rewrite_to_non_trapping_overflow (tree expr)
{
  if (!flag_trapv)
    return expr;
  hash_set<tree> pset;
  if (!walk_tree (&expr, find_trapping_overflow, &pset, &pset))
    return expr;
  expr = unshare_expr (expr);
  pset.empty ();
  walk_tree (&expr, replace_trapping_overflow, &pset, &pset);
  return expr;
}

/* Helper for stmt_could_throw_p.  Return true if STMT (assumed to be a
   an assignment or a conditional) may throw.  */

static bool
stmt_could_throw_1_p (gassign *stmt)
{
  enum tree_code code = gimple_assign_rhs_code (stmt);
  bool honor_nans = false;
  bool honor_snans = false;
  bool fp_operation = false;
  bool honor_trapv = false;
  tree t;
  size_t i;
  bool handled, ret;

  if (TREE_CODE_CLASS (code) == tcc_comparison
      || TREE_CODE_CLASS (code) == tcc_unary
      || TREE_CODE_CLASS (code) == tcc_binary)
    {
      if (TREE_CODE_CLASS (code) == tcc_comparison)
	t = TREE_TYPE (gimple_assign_rhs1 (stmt));
      else
	t = gimple_expr_type (stmt);
      fp_operation = FLOAT_TYPE_P (t);
      if (fp_operation)
	{
	  honor_nans = flag_trapping_math && !flag_finite_math_only;
	  honor_snans = flag_signaling_nans != 0;
	}
      else if (INTEGRAL_TYPE_P (t) && TYPE_OVERFLOW_TRAPS (t))
	honor_trapv = true;
    }

  /* First check the LHS.  */
  if (tree_could_trap_p (gimple_assign_lhs (stmt)))
    return true;

  /* Check if the main expression may trap.  */
  ret = operation_could_trap_helper_p (code, fp_operation, honor_trapv,
				       honor_nans, honor_snans,
				       gimple_assign_rhs2 (stmt),
				       &handled);
  if (handled)
    return ret;

  /* If the expression does not trap, see if any of the individual operands may
     trap.  */
  for (i = 1; i < gimple_num_ops (stmt); i++)
    if (tree_could_trap_p (gimple_op (stmt, i)))
      return true;

  return false;
}


/* Return true if statement STMT within FUN could throw an exception.  */

bool
stmt_could_throw_p (function *fun, gimple *stmt)
{
  if (!flag_exceptions)
    return false;

  /* The only statements that can throw an exception are assignments,
     conditionals, calls, resx, and asms.  */
  switch (gimple_code (stmt))
    {
    case GIMPLE_RESX:
      return true;

    case GIMPLE_CALL:
      return !gimple_call_nothrow_p (as_a <gcall *> (stmt));

    case GIMPLE_COND:
      {
	if (fun && !fun->can_throw_non_call_exceptions)
	  return false;
	gcond *cond = as_a <gcond *> (stmt);
	tree lhs = gimple_cond_lhs (cond);
	return operation_could_trap_p (gimple_cond_code (cond),
				       FLOAT_TYPE_P (TREE_TYPE (lhs)),
				       false, NULL_TREE);
      }

    case GIMPLE_ASSIGN:
      if ((fun && !fun->can_throw_non_call_exceptions)
	  || gimple_clobber_p (stmt))
        return false;
      return stmt_could_throw_1_p (as_a <gassign *> (stmt));

    case GIMPLE_ASM:
      if (fun && !fun->can_throw_non_call_exceptions)
        return false;
      return gimple_asm_volatile_p (as_a <gasm *> (stmt));

    default:
      return false;
    }
}


/* Return true if expression T could throw an exception.  */

bool
tree_could_throw_p (tree t)
{
  if (!flag_exceptions)
    return false;
  if (TREE_CODE (t) == MODIFY_EXPR)
    {
      if (cfun->can_throw_non_call_exceptions
          && tree_could_trap_p (TREE_OPERAND (t, 0)))
        return true;
      t = TREE_OPERAND (t, 1);
    }

  if (TREE_CODE (t) == WITH_SIZE_EXPR)
    t = TREE_OPERAND (t, 0);
  if (TREE_CODE (t) == CALL_EXPR)
    return (call_expr_flags (t) & ECF_NOTHROW) == 0;
  if (cfun->can_throw_non_call_exceptions)
    return tree_could_trap_p (t);
  return false;
}

/* Return true if STMT can throw an exception that is not caught within its
   function FUN.  FUN can be NULL but the function is extra conservative
   then.  */

bool
stmt_can_throw_external (function *fun, gimple *stmt)
{
  int lp_nr;

  if (!stmt_could_throw_p (fun, stmt))
    return false;
  if (!fun)
    return true;

  lp_nr = lookup_stmt_eh_lp_fn (fun, stmt);
  return lp_nr == 0;
}

/* Return true if STMT can throw an exception that is caught within its
   function FUN.  */

bool
stmt_can_throw_internal (function *fun, gimple *stmt)
{
  int lp_nr;

  gcc_checking_assert (fun);
  if (!stmt_could_throw_p (fun, stmt))
    return false;

  lp_nr = lookup_stmt_eh_lp_fn (fun, stmt);
  return lp_nr > 0;
}

/* Given a statement STMT in IFUN, if STMT can no longer throw, then
   remove any entry it might have from the EH table.  Return true if
   any change was made.  */

bool
maybe_clean_eh_stmt_fn (struct function *ifun, gimple *stmt)
{
  if (stmt_could_throw_p (ifun, stmt))
    return false;
  return remove_stmt_from_eh_lp_fn (ifun, stmt);
}

/* Likewise, but always use the current function.  */

bool
maybe_clean_eh_stmt (gimple *stmt)
{
  return maybe_clean_eh_stmt_fn (cfun, stmt);
}

/* Given a statement OLD_STMT and a new statement NEW_STMT that has replaced
   OLD_STMT in the function, remove OLD_STMT from the EH table and put NEW_STMT
   in the table if it should be in there.  Return TRUE if a replacement was
   done that my require an EH edge purge.  */

bool
maybe_clean_or_replace_eh_stmt (gimple *old_stmt, gimple *new_stmt)
{
  int lp_nr = lookup_stmt_eh_lp (old_stmt);

  if (lp_nr != 0)
    {
      bool new_stmt_could_throw = stmt_could_throw_p (cfun, new_stmt);

      if (new_stmt == old_stmt && new_stmt_could_throw)
	return false;

      remove_stmt_from_eh_lp (old_stmt);
      if (new_stmt_could_throw)
	{
	  add_stmt_to_eh_lp (new_stmt, lp_nr);
	  return false;
	}
      else
	return true;
    }

  return false;
}

/* Given a statement OLD_STMT in OLD_FUN and a duplicate statement NEW_STMT
   in NEW_FUN, copy the EH table data from OLD_STMT to NEW_STMT.  The MAP
   operand is the return value of duplicate_eh_regions.  */

bool
maybe_duplicate_eh_stmt_fn (struct function *new_fun, gimple *new_stmt,
			    struct function *old_fun, gimple *old_stmt,
			    hash_map<void *, void *> *map,
			    int default_lp_nr)
{
  int old_lp_nr, new_lp_nr;

  if (!stmt_could_throw_p (new_fun, new_stmt))
    return false;

  old_lp_nr = lookup_stmt_eh_lp_fn (old_fun, old_stmt);
  if (old_lp_nr == 0)
    {
      if (default_lp_nr == 0)
	return false;
      new_lp_nr = default_lp_nr;
    }
  else if (old_lp_nr > 0)
    {
      eh_landing_pad old_lp, new_lp;

      old_lp = (*old_fun->eh->lp_array)[old_lp_nr];
      new_lp = static_cast<eh_landing_pad> (*map->get (old_lp));
      new_lp_nr = new_lp->index;
    }
  else
    {
      eh_region old_r, new_r;

      old_r = (*old_fun->eh->region_array)[-old_lp_nr];
      new_r = static_cast<eh_region> (*map->get (old_r));
      new_lp_nr = -new_r->index;
    }

  add_stmt_to_eh_lp_fn (new_fun, new_stmt, new_lp_nr);
  return true;
}

/* Similar, but both OLD_STMT and NEW_STMT are within the current function,
   and thus no remapping is required.  */

bool
maybe_duplicate_eh_stmt (gimple *new_stmt, gimple *old_stmt)
{
  int lp_nr;

  if (!stmt_could_throw_p (cfun, new_stmt))
    return false;

  lp_nr = lookup_stmt_eh_lp (old_stmt);
  if (lp_nr == 0)
    return false;

  add_stmt_to_eh_lp (new_stmt, lp_nr);
  return true;
}

/* Returns TRUE if oneh and twoh are exception handlers (gimple_try_cleanup of
   GIMPLE_TRY) that are similar enough to be considered the same.  Currently
   this only handles handlers consisting of a single call, as that's the
   important case for C++: a destructor call for a particular object showing
   up in multiple handlers.  */

static bool
same_handler_p (gimple_seq oneh, gimple_seq twoh)
{
  gimple_stmt_iterator gsi;
  gimple *ones, *twos;
  unsigned int ai;

  gsi = gsi_start (oneh);
  if (!gsi_one_before_end_p (gsi))
    return false;
  ones = gsi_stmt (gsi);

  gsi = gsi_start (twoh);
  if (!gsi_one_before_end_p (gsi))
    return false;
  twos = gsi_stmt (gsi);

  if (!is_gimple_call (ones)
      || !is_gimple_call (twos)
      || gimple_call_lhs (ones)
      || gimple_call_lhs (twos)
      || gimple_call_chain (ones)
      || gimple_call_chain (twos)
      || !gimple_call_same_target_p (ones, twos)
      || gimple_call_num_args (ones) != gimple_call_num_args (twos))
    return false;

  for (ai = 0; ai < gimple_call_num_args (ones); ++ai)
    if (!operand_equal_p (gimple_call_arg (ones, ai),
                          gimple_call_arg (twos, ai), 0))
      return false;

  return true;
}

/* Optimize
    try { A() } finally { try { ~B() } catch { ~A() } }
    try { ... } finally { ~A() }
   into
    try { A() } catch { ~B() }
    try { ~B() ... } finally { ~A() }

   This occurs frequently in C++, where A is a local variable and B is a
   temporary used in the initializer for A.  */

static void
optimize_double_finally (gtry *one, gtry *two)
{
  gimple *oneh;
  gimple_stmt_iterator gsi;
  gimple_seq cleanup;

  cleanup = gimple_try_cleanup (one);
  gsi = gsi_start (cleanup);
  if (!gsi_one_before_end_p (gsi))
    return;

  oneh = gsi_stmt (gsi);
  if (gimple_code (oneh) != GIMPLE_TRY
      || gimple_try_kind (oneh) != GIMPLE_TRY_CATCH)
    return;

  if (same_handler_p (gimple_try_cleanup (oneh), gimple_try_cleanup (two)))
    {
      gimple_seq seq = gimple_try_eval (oneh);

      gimple_try_set_cleanup (one, seq);
      gimple_try_set_kind (one, GIMPLE_TRY_CATCH);
      seq = copy_gimple_seq_and_replace_locals (seq);
      gimple_seq_add_seq (&seq, gimple_try_eval (two));
      gimple_try_set_eval (two, seq);
    }
}

/* Perform EH refactoring optimizations that are simpler to do when code
   flow has been lowered but EH structures haven't.  */

static void
refactor_eh_r (gimple_seq seq)
{
  gimple_stmt_iterator gsi;
  gimple *one, *two;

  one = NULL;
  two = NULL;
  gsi = gsi_start (seq);
  while (1)
    {
      one = two;
      if (gsi_end_p (gsi))
	two = NULL;
      else
	two = gsi_stmt (gsi);
      if (one && two)
	if (gtry *try_one = dyn_cast <gtry *> (one))
	  if (gtry *try_two = dyn_cast <gtry *> (two))
	    if (gimple_try_kind (try_one) == GIMPLE_TRY_FINALLY
		&& gimple_try_kind (try_two) == GIMPLE_TRY_FINALLY)
	      optimize_double_finally (try_one, try_two);
      if (one)
	switch (gimple_code (one))
	  {
	  case GIMPLE_TRY:
	    refactor_eh_r (gimple_try_eval (one));
	    refactor_eh_r (gimple_try_cleanup (one));
	    break;
	  case GIMPLE_CATCH:
	    refactor_eh_r (gimple_catch_handler (as_a <gcatch *> (one)));
	    break;
	  case GIMPLE_EH_FILTER:
	    refactor_eh_r (gimple_eh_filter_failure (one));
	    break;
	  case GIMPLE_EH_ELSE:
	    {
	      geh_else *eh_else_stmt = as_a <geh_else *> (one);
	      refactor_eh_r (gimple_eh_else_n_body (eh_else_stmt));
	      refactor_eh_r (gimple_eh_else_e_body (eh_else_stmt));
	    }
	    break;
	  default:
	    break;
	  }
      if (two)
	gsi_next (&gsi);
      else
	break;
    }
}

namespace {

const pass_data pass_data_refactor_eh =
{
  GIMPLE_PASS, /* type */
  "ehopt", /* name */
  OPTGROUP_NONE, /* optinfo_flags */
  TV_TREE_EH, /* tv_id */
  PROP_gimple_lcf, /* properties_required */
  0, /* properties_provided */
  0, /* properties_destroyed */
  0, /* todo_flags_start */
  0, /* todo_flags_finish */
};

class pass_refactor_eh : public gimple_opt_pass
{
public:
  pass_refactor_eh (gcc::context *ctxt)
    : gimple_opt_pass (pass_data_refactor_eh, ctxt)
  {}

  /* opt_pass methods: */
  virtual bool gate (function *) { return flag_exceptions != 0; }
  virtual unsigned int execute (function *)
    {
      refactor_eh_r (gimple_body (current_function_decl));
      return 0;
    }

}; // class pass_refactor_eh

} // anon namespace

gimple_opt_pass *
make_pass_refactor_eh (gcc::context *ctxt)
{
  return new pass_refactor_eh (ctxt);
}

/* At the end of gimple optimization, we can lower RESX.  */

static bool
lower_resx (basic_block bb, gresx *stmt,
	    hash_map<eh_region, tree> *mnt_map)
{
  int lp_nr;
  eh_region src_r, dst_r;
  gimple_stmt_iterator gsi;
  gimple *x;
  tree fn, src_nr;
  bool ret = false;

  lp_nr = lookup_stmt_eh_lp (stmt);
  if (lp_nr != 0)
    dst_r = get_eh_region_from_lp_number (lp_nr);
  else
    dst_r = NULL;

  src_r = get_eh_region_from_number (gimple_resx_region (stmt));
  gsi = gsi_last_bb (bb);

  if (src_r == NULL)
    {
      /* We can wind up with no source region when pass_cleanup_eh shows
	 that there are no entries into an eh region and deletes it, but
	 then the block that contains the resx isn't removed.  This can
	 happen without optimization when the switch statement created by
	 lower_try_finally_switch isn't simplified to remove the eh case.

	 Resolve this by expanding the resx node to an abort.  */

      fn = builtin_decl_implicit (BUILT_IN_TRAP);
      x = gimple_build_call (fn, 0);
      gsi_insert_before (&gsi, x, GSI_SAME_STMT);

      while (EDGE_COUNT (bb->succs) > 0)
	remove_edge (EDGE_SUCC (bb, 0));
    }
  else if (dst_r)
    {
      /* When we have a destination region, we resolve this by copying
	 the excptr and filter values into place, and changing the edge
	 to immediately after the landing pad.  */
      edge e;

      if (lp_nr < 0)
	{
	  basic_block new_bb;
	  tree lab;

	  /* We are resuming into a MUST_NOT_CALL region.  Expand a call to
	     the failure decl into a new block, if needed.  */
	  gcc_assert (dst_r->type == ERT_MUST_NOT_THROW);

	  tree *slot = mnt_map->get (dst_r);
	  if (slot == NULL)
	    {
	      gimple_stmt_iterator gsi2;

	      new_bb = create_empty_bb (bb);
	      new_bb->count = bb->count;
	      add_bb_to_loop (new_bb, bb->loop_father);
	      lab = gimple_block_label (new_bb);
	      gsi2 = gsi_start_bb (new_bb);

	      fn = dst_r->u.must_not_throw.failure_decl;
	      x = gimple_build_call (fn, 0);
	      gimple_set_location (x, dst_r->u.must_not_throw.failure_loc);
	      gsi_insert_after (&gsi2, x, GSI_CONTINUE_LINKING);

	      mnt_map->put (dst_r, lab);
	    }
	  else
	    {
	      lab = *slot;
	      new_bb = label_to_block (cfun, lab);
	    }

	  gcc_assert (EDGE_COUNT (bb->succs) == 0);
	  e = make_single_succ_edge (bb, new_bb, EDGE_FALLTHRU);
	}
      else
	{
	  edge_iterator ei;
	  tree dst_nr = build_int_cst (integer_type_node, dst_r->index);

	  fn = builtin_decl_implicit (BUILT_IN_EH_COPY_VALUES);
	  src_nr = build_int_cst (integer_type_node, src_r->index);
	  x = gimple_build_call (fn, 2, dst_nr, src_nr);
	  gsi_insert_before (&gsi, x, GSI_SAME_STMT);

	  /* Update the flags for the outgoing edge.  */
	  e = single_succ_edge (bb);
	  gcc_assert (e->flags & EDGE_EH);
	  e->flags = (e->flags & ~EDGE_EH) | EDGE_FALLTHRU;
	  e->probability = profile_probability::always ();

	  /* If there are no more EH users of the landing pad, delete it.  */
	  FOR_EACH_EDGE (e, ei, e->dest->preds)
	    if (e->flags & EDGE_EH)
	      break;
	  if (e == NULL)
	    {
	      eh_landing_pad lp = get_eh_landing_pad_from_number (lp_nr);
	      remove_eh_landing_pad (lp);
	    }
	}

      ret = true;
    }
  else
    {
      tree var;

      /* When we don't have a destination region, this exception escapes
	 up the call chain.  We resolve this by generating a call to the
	 _Unwind_Resume library function.  */

      /* The ARM EABI redefines _Unwind_Resume as __cxa_end_cleanup
	 with no arguments for C++.  Check for that.  */
      if (src_r->use_cxa_end_cleanup)
	{
	  fn = builtin_decl_implicit (BUILT_IN_CXA_END_CLEANUP);
	  x = gimple_build_call (fn, 0);
	  gsi_insert_before (&gsi, x, GSI_SAME_STMT);
	}
      else
	{
	  fn = builtin_decl_implicit (BUILT_IN_EH_POINTER);
	  src_nr = build_int_cst (integer_type_node, src_r->index);
	  x = gimple_build_call (fn, 1, src_nr);
	  var = create_tmp_var (ptr_type_node);
	  var = make_ssa_name (var, x);
	  gimple_call_set_lhs (x, var);
	  gsi_insert_before (&gsi, x, GSI_SAME_STMT);

	  /* When exception handling is delegated to a caller function, we
	     have to guarantee that shadow memory variables living on stack
	     will be cleaner before control is given to a parent function.  */
	  if (sanitize_flags_p (SANITIZE_ADDRESS))
	    {
	      tree decl
		= builtin_decl_implicit (BUILT_IN_ASAN_HANDLE_NO_RETURN);
	      gimple *g = gimple_build_call (decl, 0);
	      gimple_set_location (g, gimple_location (stmt));
	      gsi_insert_before (&gsi, g, GSI_SAME_STMT);
	    }

	  fn = builtin_decl_implicit (BUILT_IN_UNWIND_RESUME);
	  x = gimple_build_call (fn, 1, var);
	  gsi_insert_before (&gsi, x, GSI_SAME_STMT);
	}

      gcc_assert (EDGE_COUNT (bb->succs) == 0);
    }

  gsi_remove (&gsi, true);

  return ret;
}

namespace {

const pass_data pass_data_lower_resx =
{
  GIMPLE_PASS, /* type */
  "resx", /* name */
  OPTGROUP_NONE, /* optinfo_flags */
  TV_TREE_EH, /* tv_id */
  PROP_gimple_lcf, /* properties_required */
  0, /* properties_provided */
  0, /* properties_destroyed */
  0, /* todo_flags_start */
  0, /* todo_flags_finish */
};

class pass_lower_resx : public gimple_opt_pass
{
public:
  pass_lower_resx (gcc::context *ctxt)
    : gimple_opt_pass (pass_data_lower_resx, ctxt)
  {}

  /* opt_pass methods: */
  virtual bool gate (function *) { return flag_exceptions != 0; }
  virtual unsigned int execute (function *);

}; // class pass_lower_resx

unsigned
pass_lower_resx::execute (function *fun)
{
  basic_block bb;
  bool dominance_invalidated = false;
  bool any_rewritten = false;

  hash_map<eh_region, tree> mnt_map;

  FOR_EACH_BB_FN (bb, fun)
    {
      gimple *last = last_stmt (bb);
      if (last && is_gimple_resx (last))
	{
	  dominance_invalidated |=
	    lower_resx (bb, as_a <gresx *> (last), &mnt_map);
	  any_rewritten = true;
	}
    }

  if (dominance_invalidated)
    {
      free_dominance_info (CDI_DOMINATORS);
      free_dominance_info (CDI_POST_DOMINATORS);
    }

  return any_rewritten ? TODO_update_ssa_only_virtuals : 0;
}

} // anon namespace

gimple_opt_pass *
make_pass_lower_resx (gcc::context *ctxt)
{
  return new pass_lower_resx (ctxt);
}

/* Try to optimize var = {v} {CLOBBER} stmts followed just by
   external throw.  */

static void
optimize_clobbers (basic_block bb)
{
  gimple_stmt_iterator gsi = gsi_last_bb (bb);
  bool any_clobbers = false;
  bool seen_stack_restore = false;
  edge_iterator ei;
  edge e;

  /* Only optimize anything if the bb contains at least one clobber,
     ends with resx (checked by caller), optionally contains some
     debug stmts or labels, or at most one __builtin_stack_restore
     call, and has an incoming EH edge.  */
  for (gsi_prev (&gsi); !gsi_end_p (gsi); gsi_prev (&gsi))
    {
      gimple *stmt = gsi_stmt (gsi);
      if (is_gimple_debug (stmt))
	continue;
      if (gimple_clobber_p (stmt))
	{
	  any_clobbers = true;
	  continue;
	}
      if (!seen_stack_restore
	  && gimple_call_builtin_p (stmt, BUILT_IN_STACK_RESTORE))
	{
	  seen_stack_restore = true;
	  continue;
	}
      if (gimple_code (stmt) == GIMPLE_LABEL)
	break;
      return;
    }
  if (!any_clobbers)
    return;
  FOR_EACH_EDGE (e, ei, bb->preds)
    if (e->flags & EDGE_EH)
      break;
  if (e == NULL)
    return;
  gsi = gsi_last_bb (bb);
  for (gsi_prev (&gsi); !gsi_end_p (gsi); gsi_prev (&gsi))
    {
      gimple *stmt = gsi_stmt (gsi);
      if (!gimple_clobber_p (stmt))
	continue;
      unlink_stmt_vdef (stmt);
      gsi_remove (&gsi, true);
      release_defs (stmt);
    }
}

/* Try to sink var = {v} {CLOBBER} stmts followed just by
   internal throw to successor BB.
   SUNK, if not NULL, is an array of sequences indexed by basic-block
   index to sink to and to pick up sinking opportunities from.
   If FOUND_OPPORTUNITY is not NULL then do not perform the optimization
   but set *FOUND_OPPORTUNITY to true.  */

static int
sink_clobbers (basic_block bb,
	       gimple_seq *sunk = NULL, bool *found_opportunity = NULL)
{
  edge e;
  edge_iterator ei;
  gimple_stmt_iterator gsi, dgsi;
  basic_block succbb;
  bool any_clobbers = false;
  unsigned todo = 0;

  /* Only optimize if BB has a single EH successor and
     all predecessor edges are EH too.  */
  if (!single_succ_p (bb)
      || (single_succ_edge (bb)->flags & EDGE_EH) == 0)
    return 0;

  FOR_EACH_EDGE (e, ei, bb->preds)
    {
      if ((e->flags & EDGE_EH) == 0)
	return 0;
    }

  /* And BB contains only CLOBBER stmts before the final
     RESX.  */
  gsi = gsi_last_bb (bb);
  for (gsi_prev (&gsi); !gsi_end_p (gsi); gsi_prev (&gsi))
    {
      gimple *stmt = gsi_stmt (gsi);
      if (is_gimple_debug (stmt))
	continue;
      if (gimple_code (stmt) == GIMPLE_LABEL)
	break;
      if (!gimple_clobber_p (stmt))
	return 0;
      any_clobbers = true;
    }
  if (!any_clobbers && (!sunk || gimple_seq_empty_p (sunk[bb->index])))
    return 0;

  /* If this was a dry run, tell it we found clobbers to sink.  */
  if (found_opportunity)
    {
      *found_opportunity = true;
      return 0;
    }

  edge succe = single_succ_edge (bb);
  succbb = succe->dest;

  /* See if there is a virtual PHI node to take an updated virtual
     operand from.  */
  gphi *vphi = NULL;
  for (gphi_iterator gpi = gsi_start_phis (succbb);
       !gsi_end_p (gpi); gsi_next (&gpi))
    {
      tree res = gimple_phi_result (gpi.phi ());
      if (virtual_operand_p (res))
	{
	  vphi = gpi.phi ();
	  break;
	}
    }

  gimple *first_sunk = NULL;
  gimple *last_sunk = NULL;
  if (sunk && !(succbb->flags & BB_VISITED))
    dgsi = gsi_start (sunk[succbb->index]);
  else
    dgsi = gsi_after_labels (succbb);
  gsi = gsi_last_bb (bb);
  for (gsi_prev (&gsi); !gsi_end_p (gsi); gsi_prev (&gsi))
    {
      gimple *stmt = gsi_stmt (gsi);
      tree lhs;
      if (is_gimple_debug (stmt))
	continue;
      if (gimple_code (stmt) == GIMPLE_LABEL)
	break;
      lhs = gimple_assign_lhs (stmt);
      /* Unfortunately we don't have dominance info updated at this
	 point, so checking if
	 dominated_by_p (CDI_DOMINATORS, succbb,
			 gimple_bb (SSA_NAME_DEF_STMT (TREE_OPERAND (lhs, 0)))
	 would be too costly.  Thus, avoid sinking any clobbers that
	 refer to non-(D) SSA_NAMEs.  */
      if (TREE_CODE (lhs) == MEM_REF
	  && TREE_CODE (TREE_OPERAND (lhs, 0)) == SSA_NAME
	  && !SSA_NAME_IS_DEFAULT_DEF (TREE_OPERAND (lhs, 0)))
	{
	  unlink_stmt_vdef (stmt);
	  gsi_remove (&gsi, true);
	  release_defs (stmt);
	  continue;
	}

      /* As we do not change stmt order when sinking across a
         forwarder edge we can keep virtual operands in place.  */
      gsi_remove (&gsi, false);
      gsi_insert_before (&dgsi, stmt, GSI_NEW_STMT);
      if (!first_sunk)
	first_sunk = stmt;
      last_sunk = stmt;
    }
  if (sunk && !gimple_seq_empty_p (sunk[bb->index]))
    {
      if (!first_sunk)
	first_sunk = gsi_stmt (gsi_last (sunk[bb->index]));
      last_sunk = gsi_stmt (gsi_start (sunk[bb->index]));
      gsi_insert_seq_before_without_update (&dgsi,
					    sunk[bb->index], GSI_NEW_STMT);
      sunk[bb->index] = NULL;
    }
  if (first_sunk)
    {
      /* Adjust virtual operands if we sunk across a virtual PHI.  */
      if (vphi)
	{
	  imm_use_iterator iter;
	  use_operand_p use_p;
	  gimple *use_stmt;
	  tree phi_def = gimple_phi_result (vphi);
	  FOR_EACH_IMM_USE_STMT (use_stmt, iter, phi_def)
	    FOR_EACH_IMM_USE_ON_STMT (use_p, iter)
              SET_USE (use_p, gimple_vdef (first_sunk));
	  if (SSA_NAME_OCCURS_IN_ABNORMAL_PHI (phi_def))
	    {
	      SSA_NAME_OCCURS_IN_ABNORMAL_PHI (gimple_vdef (first_sunk)) = 1;
	      SSA_NAME_OCCURS_IN_ABNORMAL_PHI (phi_def) = 0;
	    }
	  SET_USE (PHI_ARG_DEF_PTR_FROM_EDGE (vphi, succe),
		   gimple_vuse (last_sunk));
	  SET_USE (gimple_vuse_op (last_sunk), phi_def);
	}
      /* If there isn't a single predecessor but no virtual PHI node
         arrange for virtual operands to be renamed.  */
      else if (!single_pred_p (succbb)
	       && TREE_CODE (gimple_vuse (last_sunk)) == SSA_NAME)
	{
	  mark_virtual_operand_for_renaming (gimple_vuse (last_sunk));
	  todo |= TODO_update_ssa_only_virtuals;
	}
    }

  return todo;
}

/* At the end of inlining, we can lower EH_DISPATCH.  Return true when 
   we have found some duplicate labels and removed some edges.  */

static bool
lower_eh_dispatch (basic_block src, geh_dispatch *stmt)
{
  gimple_stmt_iterator gsi;
  int region_nr;
  eh_region r;
  tree filter, fn;
  gimple *x;
  bool redirected = false;

  region_nr = gimple_eh_dispatch_region (stmt);
  r = get_eh_region_from_number (region_nr);

  gsi = gsi_last_bb (src);

  switch (r->type)
    {
    case ERT_TRY:
      {
	auto_vec<tree> labels;
	tree default_label = NULL;
	eh_catch c;
	edge_iterator ei;
	edge e;
	hash_set<tree> seen_values;

	/* Collect the labels for a switch.  Zero the post_landing_pad
	   field becase we'll no longer have anything keeping these labels
	   in existence and the optimizer will be free to merge these
	   blocks at will.  */
	for (c = r->u.eh_try.first_catch; c ; c = c->next_catch)
	  {
	    tree tp_node, flt_node, lab = c->label;
	    bool have_label = false;

	    c->label = NULL;
	    tp_node = c->type_list;
	    flt_node = c->filter_list;

	    if (tp_node == NULL)
	      {
	        default_label = lab;
		break;
	      }
	    do
	      {
		/* Filter out duplicate labels that arise when this handler 
		   is shadowed by an earlier one.  When no labels are 
		   attached to the handler anymore, we remove 
		   the corresponding edge and then we delete unreachable 
		   blocks at the end of this pass.  */
		if (! seen_values.contains (TREE_VALUE (flt_node)))
		  {
		    tree t = build_case_label (TREE_VALUE (flt_node),
					       NULL, lab);
		    labels.safe_push (t);
		    seen_values.add (TREE_VALUE (flt_node));
		    have_label = true;
		  }

		tp_node = TREE_CHAIN (tp_node);
		flt_node = TREE_CHAIN (flt_node);
	      }
	    while (tp_node);
	    if (! have_label)
	      {
		remove_edge (find_edge (src, label_to_block (cfun, lab)));
	        redirected = true;
	      }
	  }

	/* Clean up the edge flags.  */
	FOR_EACH_EDGE (e, ei, src->succs)
	  {
	    if (e->flags & EDGE_FALLTHRU)
	      {
		/* If there was no catch-all, use the fallthru edge.  */
		if (default_label == NULL)
		  default_label = gimple_block_label (e->dest);
		e->flags &= ~EDGE_FALLTHRU;
	      }
	  }
	gcc_assert (default_label != NULL);

	/* Don't generate a switch if there's only a default case.
	   This is common in the form of try { A; } catch (...) { B; }.  */
	if (!labels.exists ())
	  {
	    e = single_succ_edge (src);
	    e->flags |= EDGE_FALLTHRU;
	  }
	else
	  {
	    fn = builtin_decl_implicit (BUILT_IN_EH_FILTER);
	    x = gimple_build_call (fn, 1, build_int_cst (integer_type_node,
							 region_nr));
	    filter = create_tmp_var (TREE_TYPE (TREE_TYPE (fn)));
	    filter = make_ssa_name (filter, x);
	    gimple_call_set_lhs (x, filter);
	    gimple_set_location (x, gimple_location (stmt));
	    gsi_insert_before (&gsi, x, GSI_SAME_STMT);

	    /* Turn the default label into a default case.  */
	    default_label = build_case_label (NULL, NULL, default_label);
	    sort_case_labels (labels);

	    x = gimple_build_switch (filter, default_label, labels);
	    gimple_set_location (x, gimple_location (stmt));
	    gsi_insert_before (&gsi, x, GSI_SAME_STMT);
	  }
      }
      break;

    case ERT_ALLOWED_EXCEPTIONS:
      {
	edge b_e = BRANCH_EDGE (src);
	edge f_e = FALLTHRU_EDGE (src);

	fn = builtin_decl_implicit (BUILT_IN_EH_FILTER);
	x = gimple_build_call (fn, 1, build_int_cst (integer_type_node,
						     region_nr));
	filter = create_tmp_var (TREE_TYPE (TREE_TYPE (fn)));
	filter = make_ssa_name (filter, x);
	gimple_call_set_lhs (x, filter);
	gimple_set_location (x, gimple_location (stmt));
	gsi_insert_before (&gsi, x, GSI_SAME_STMT);

	r->u.allowed.label = NULL;
	x = gimple_build_cond (EQ_EXPR, filter,
			       build_int_cst (TREE_TYPE (filter),
					      r->u.allowed.filter),
			       NULL_TREE, NULL_TREE);
	gsi_insert_before (&gsi, x, GSI_SAME_STMT);

	b_e->flags = b_e->flags | EDGE_TRUE_VALUE;
        f_e->flags = (f_e->flags & ~EDGE_FALLTHRU) | EDGE_FALSE_VALUE;
      }
      break;

    default:
      gcc_unreachable ();
    }

  /* Replace the EH_DISPATCH with the SWITCH or COND generated above.  */
  gsi_remove (&gsi, true);
  return redirected;
}

namespace {

const pass_data pass_data_lower_eh_dispatch =
{
  GIMPLE_PASS, /* type */
  "ehdisp", /* name */
  OPTGROUP_NONE, /* optinfo_flags */
  TV_TREE_EH, /* tv_id */
  PROP_gimple_lcf, /* properties_required */
  0, /* properties_provided */
  0, /* properties_destroyed */
  0, /* todo_flags_start */
  0, /* todo_flags_finish */
};

class pass_lower_eh_dispatch : public gimple_opt_pass
{
public:
  pass_lower_eh_dispatch (gcc::context *ctxt)
    : gimple_opt_pass (pass_data_lower_eh_dispatch, ctxt)
  {}

  /* opt_pass methods: */
  virtual bool gate (function *fun) { return fun->eh->region_tree != NULL; }
  virtual unsigned int execute (function *);

}; // class pass_lower_eh_dispatch

unsigned
pass_lower_eh_dispatch::execute (function *fun)
{
  basic_block bb;
  int flags = 0;
  bool redirected = false;
  bool any_resx_to_process = false;

  assign_filter_values ();

  FOR_EACH_BB_FN (bb, fun)
    {
      gimple *last = last_stmt (bb);
      if (last == NULL)
	continue;
      if (gimple_code (last) == GIMPLE_EH_DISPATCH)
	{
	  redirected |= lower_eh_dispatch (bb,
					   as_a <geh_dispatch *> (last));
	  flags |= TODO_update_ssa_only_virtuals;
	}
      else if (gimple_code (last) == GIMPLE_RESX)
	{
	  if (stmt_can_throw_external (fun, last))
	    optimize_clobbers (bb);
	  else if (!any_resx_to_process)
	    sink_clobbers (bb, NULL, &any_resx_to_process);
	}
      bb->flags &= ~BB_VISITED;
    }
  if (redirected)
    {
      free_dominance_info (CDI_DOMINATORS);
      delete_unreachable_blocks ();
    }

  if (any_resx_to_process)
    {
      /* Make sure to catch all secondary sinking opportunities by processing
	 blocks in RPO order and after all CFG modifications from lowering
	 and unreachable block removal.  */
      int *rpo = XNEWVEC  (int, n_basic_blocks_for_fn (fun));
      int rpo_n = pre_and_rev_post_order_compute_fn (fun, NULL, rpo, false);
      gimple_seq *sunk = XCNEWVEC (gimple_seq, last_basic_block_for_fn (fun));
      for (int i = 0; i < rpo_n; ++i)
	{
	  bb = BASIC_BLOCK_FOR_FN (fun, rpo[i]);
	  gimple *last = last_stmt (bb);
	  if (last
	      && gimple_code (last) == GIMPLE_RESX
	      && !stmt_can_throw_external (fun, last))
	    flags |= sink_clobbers (bb, sunk);
	  /* If there were any clobbers sunk into this BB, insert them now.  */
	  if (!gimple_seq_empty_p (sunk[bb->index]))
	    {
	      gimple_stmt_iterator gsi = gsi_after_labels (bb);
	      gsi_insert_seq_before (&gsi, sunk[bb->index], GSI_NEW_STMT);
	      sunk[bb->index] = NULL;
	    }
	  bb->flags |= BB_VISITED;
	}
      free (rpo);
      free (sunk);
    }

  return flags;
}

} // anon namespace

gimple_opt_pass *
make_pass_lower_eh_dispatch (gcc::context *ctxt)
{
  return new pass_lower_eh_dispatch (ctxt);
}

/* Walk statements, see what regions and, optionally, landing pads
   are really referenced.
   
   Returns in R_REACHABLEP an sbitmap with bits set for reachable regions,
   and in LP_REACHABLE an sbitmap with bits set for reachable landing pads.

   Passing NULL for LP_REACHABLE is valid, in this case only reachable
   regions are marked.

   The caller is responsible for freeing the returned sbitmaps.  */

static void
mark_reachable_handlers (sbitmap *r_reachablep, sbitmap *lp_reachablep)
{
  sbitmap r_reachable, lp_reachable;
  basic_block bb;
  bool mark_landing_pads = (lp_reachablep != NULL);
  gcc_checking_assert (r_reachablep != NULL);

  r_reachable = sbitmap_alloc (cfun->eh->region_array->length ());
  bitmap_clear (r_reachable);
  *r_reachablep = r_reachable;

  if (mark_landing_pads)
    {
      lp_reachable = sbitmap_alloc (cfun->eh->lp_array->length ());
      bitmap_clear (lp_reachable);
      *lp_reachablep = lp_reachable;
    }
  else
    lp_reachable = NULL;

  FOR_EACH_BB_FN (bb, cfun)
    {
      gimple_stmt_iterator gsi;

      for (gsi = gsi_start_bb (bb); !gsi_end_p (gsi); gsi_next (&gsi))
	{
	  gimple *stmt = gsi_stmt (gsi);

	  if (mark_landing_pads)
	    {
	      int lp_nr = lookup_stmt_eh_lp (stmt);

	      /* Negative LP numbers are MUST_NOT_THROW regions which
		 are not considered BB enders.  */
	      if (lp_nr < 0)
		bitmap_set_bit (r_reachable, -lp_nr);

	      /* Positive LP numbers are real landing pads, and BB enders.  */
	      else if (lp_nr > 0)
		{
		  gcc_assert (gsi_one_before_end_p (gsi));
		  eh_region region = get_eh_region_from_lp_number (lp_nr);
		  bitmap_set_bit (r_reachable, region->index);
		  bitmap_set_bit (lp_reachable, lp_nr);
		}
	    }

	  /* Avoid removing regions referenced from RESX/EH_DISPATCH.  */
	  switch (gimple_code (stmt))
	    {
	    case GIMPLE_RESX:
	      bitmap_set_bit (r_reachable,
			      gimple_resx_region (as_a <gresx *> (stmt)));
	      break;
	    case GIMPLE_EH_DISPATCH:
	      bitmap_set_bit (r_reachable,
			      gimple_eh_dispatch_region (
                                as_a <geh_dispatch *> (stmt)));
	      break;
	    case GIMPLE_CALL:
	      if (gimple_call_builtin_p (stmt, BUILT_IN_EH_COPY_VALUES))
		for (int i = 0; i < 2; ++i)
		  {
		    tree rt = gimple_call_arg (stmt, i);
		    HOST_WIDE_INT ri = tree_to_shwi (rt);

		    gcc_assert (ri == (int)ri);
		    bitmap_set_bit (r_reachable, ri);
		  }
	      break;
	    default:
	      break;
	    }
	}
    }
}

/* Remove unreachable handlers and unreachable landing pads.  */

static void
remove_unreachable_handlers (void)
{
  sbitmap r_reachable, lp_reachable;
  eh_region region;
  eh_landing_pad lp;
  unsigned i;

  mark_reachable_handlers (&r_reachable, &lp_reachable);

  if (dump_file)
    {
      fprintf (dump_file, "Before removal of unreachable regions:\n");
      dump_eh_tree (dump_file, cfun);
      fprintf (dump_file, "Reachable regions: ");
      dump_bitmap_file (dump_file, r_reachable);
      fprintf (dump_file, "Reachable landing pads: ");
      dump_bitmap_file (dump_file, lp_reachable);
    }

  if (dump_file)
    {
      FOR_EACH_VEC_SAFE_ELT (cfun->eh->region_array, i, region)
	if (region && !bitmap_bit_p (r_reachable, region->index))
	  fprintf (dump_file,
		   "Removing unreachable region %d\n",
		   region->index);
    }

  remove_unreachable_eh_regions (r_reachable);

  FOR_EACH_VEC_SAFE_ELT (cfun->eh->lp_array, i, lp)
    if (lp && !bitmap_bit_p (lp_reachable, lp->index))
      {
	if (dump_file)
	  fprintf (dump_file,
		   "Removing unreachable landing pad %d\n",
		   lp->index);
	remove_eh_landing_pad (lp);
      }

  if (dump_file)
    {
      fprintf (dump_file, "\n\nAfter removal of unreachable regions:\n");
      dump_eh_tree (dump_file, cfun);
      fprintf (dump_file, "\n\n");
    }

  sbitmap_free (r_reachable);
  sbitmap_free (lp_reachable);

  if (flag_checking)
    verify_eh_tree (cfun);
}

/* Remove unreachable handlers if any landing pads have been removed after
   last ehcleanup pass (due to gimple_purge_dead_eh_edges).  */

void
maybe_remove_unreachable_handlers (void)
{
  eh_landing_pad lp;
  unsigned i;

  if (cfun->eh == NULL)
    return;

  FOR_EACH_VEC_SAFE_ELT (cfun->eh->lp_array, i, lp)
    if (lp
	&& (lp->post_landing_pad == NULL_TREE
	    || label_to_block (cfun, lp->post_landing_pad) == NULL))
      {
	remove_unreachable_handlers ();
	return;
      }
}

/* Remove regions that do not have landing pads.  This assumes
   that remove_unreachable_handlers has already been run, and
   that we've just manipulated the landing pads since then.

   Preserve regions with landing pads and regions that prevent
   exceptions from propagating further, even if these regions
   are not reachable.  */

static void
remove_unreachable_handlers_no_lp (void)
{
  eh_region region;
  sbitmap r_reachable;
  unsigned i;

  mark_reachable_handlers (&r_reachable, /*lp_reachablep=*/NULL);

  FOR_EACH_VEC_SAFE_ELT (cfun->eh->region_array, i, region)
    {
      if (! region)
	continue;

      if (region->landing_pads != NULL
	  || region->type == ERT_MUST_NOT_THROW)
	bitmap_set_bit (r_reachable, region->index);

      if (dump_file
	  && !bitmap_bit_p (r_reachable, region->index))
	fprintf (dump_file,
		 "Removing unreachable region %d\n",
		 region->index);
    }

  remove_unreachable_eh_regions (r_reachable);

  sbitmap_free (r_reachable);
}

/* Undo critical edge splitting on an EH landing pad.  Earlier, we
   optimisticaly split all sorts of edges, including EH edges.  The
   optimization passes in between may not have needed them; if not,
   we should undo the split.

   Recognize this case by having one EH edge incoming to the BB and
   one normal edge outgoing; BB should be empty apart from the
   post_landing_pad label.

   Note that this is slightly different from the empty handler case
   handled by cleanup_empty_eh, in that the actual handler may yet
   have actual code but the landing pad has been separated from the
   handler.  As such, cleanup_empty_eh relies on this transformation
   having been done first.  */

static bool
unsplit_eh (eh_landing_pad lp)
{
  basic_block bb = label_to_block (cfun, lp->post_landing_pad);
  gimple_stmt_iterator gsi;
  edge e_in, e_out;

  /* Quickly check the edge counts on BB for singularity.  */
  if (!single_pred_p (bb) || !single_succ_p (bb))
    return false;
  e_in = single_pred_edge (bb);
  e_out = single_succ_edge (bb);

  /* Input edge must be EH and output edge must be normal.  */
  if ((e_in->flags & EDGE_EH) == 0 || (e_out->flags & EDGE_EH) != 0)
    return false;

  /* The block must be empty except for the labels and debug insns.  */
  gsi = gsi_after_labels (bb);
  if (!gsi_end_p (gsi) && is_gimple_debug (gsi_stmt (gsi)))
    gsi_next_nondebug (&gsi);
  if (!gsi_end_p (gsi))
    return false;

  /* The destination block must not already have a landing pad
     for a different region.  */
  for (gsi = gsi_start_bb (e_out->dest); !gsi_end_p (gsi); gsi_next (&gsi))
    {
      glabel *label_stmt = dyn_cast <glabel *> (gsi_stmt (gsi));
      tree lab;
      int lp_nr;

      if (!label_stmt)
	break;
      lab = gimple_label_label (label_stmt);
      lp_nr = EH_LANDING_PAD_NR (lab);
      if (lp_nr && get_eh_region_from_lp_number (lp_nr) != lp->region)
	return false;
    }

  /* The new destination block must not already be a destination of
     the source block, lest we merge fallthru and eh edges and get
     all sorts of confused.  */
  if (find_edge (e_in->src, e_out->dest))
    return false;

  /* ??? We can get degenerate phis due to cfg cleanups.  I would have
     thought this should have been cleaned up by a phicprop pass, but
     that doesn't appear to handle virtuals.  Propagate by hand.  */
  if (!gimple_seq_empty_p (phi_nodes (bb)))
    {
      for (gphi_iterator gpi = gsi_start_phis (bb); !gsi_end_p (gpi); )
	{
	  gimple *use_stmt;
	  gphi *phi = gpi.phi ();
	  tree lhs = gimple_phi_result (phi);
	  tree rhs = gimple_phi_arg_def (phi, 0);
	  use_operand_p use_p;
	  imm_use_iterator iter;

	  FOR_EACH_IMM_USE_STMT (use_stmt, iter, lhs)
	    {
	      FOR_EACH_IMM_USE_ON_STMT (use_p, iter)
		SET_USE (use_p, rhs);
	    }

	  if (SSA_NAME_OCCURS_IN_ABNORMAL_PHI (lhs))
	    SSA_NAME_OCCURS_IN_ABNORMAL_PHI (rhs) = 1;

	  remove_phi_node (&gpi, true);
	}
    }

  if (dump_file && (dump_flags & TDF_DETAILS))
    fprintf (dump_file, "Unsplit EH landing pad %d to block %i.\n",
	     lp->index, e_out->dest->index);

  /* Redirect the edge.  Since redirect_eh_edge_1 expects to be moving
     a successor edge, humor it.  But do the real CFG change with the
     predecessor of E_OUT in order to preserve the ordering of arguments
     to the PHI nodes in E_OUT->DEST.  */
  redirect_eh_edge_1 (e_in, e_out->dest, false);
  redirect_edge_pred (e_out, e_in->src);
  e_out->flags = e_in->flags;
  e_out->probability = e_in->probability;
  remove_edge (e_in);

  return true;
}

/* Examine each landing pad block and see if it matches unsplit_eh.  */

static bool
unsplit_all_eh (void)
{
  bool changed = false;
  eh_landing_pad lp;
  int i;

  for (i = 1; vec_safe_iterate (cfun->eh->lp_array, i, &lp); ++i)
    if (lp)
      changed |= unsplit_eh (lp);

  return changed;
}

/* Wrapper around unsplit_all_eh that makes it usable everywhere.  */

void
unsplit_eh_edges (void)
{
  bool changed;

  /* unsplit_all_eh can die looking up unreachable landing pads.  */
  maybe_remove_unreachable_handlers ();

  changed = unsplit_all_eh ();

  /* If EH edges have been unsplit, delete unreachable forwarder blocks.  */
  if (changed)
    {
      free_dominance_info (CDI_DOMINATORS);
      free_dominance_info (CDI_POST_DOMINATORS);
      delete_unreachable_blocks ();
    }
}

/* A subroutine of cleanup_empty_eh.  Redirect all EH edges incoming
   to OLD_BB to NEW_BB; return true on success, false on failure.

   OLD_BB_OUT is the edge into NEW_BB from OLD_BB, so if we miss any
   PHI variables from OLD_BB we can pick them up from OLD_BB_OUT.
   Virtual PHIs may be deleted and marked for renaming.  */

static bool
cleanup_empty_eh_merge_phis (basic_block new_bb, basic_block old_bb,
			     edge old_bb_out, bool change_region)
{
  gphi_iterator ngsi, ogsi;
  edge_iterator ei;
  edge e;
  bitmap ophi_handled;

  /* The destination block must not be a regular successor for any
     of the preds of the landing pad.  Thus, avoid turning
        <..>
	 |  \ EH
	 |  <..>
	 |  /
	<..>
     into
        <..>
	|  | EH
	<..>
     which CFG verification would choke on.  See PR45172 and PR51089.  */
  if (!single_pred_p (new_bb))
    FOR_EACH_EDGE (e, ei, old_bb->preds)
      if (find_edge (e->src, new_bb))
	return false;

  FOR_EACH_EDGE (e, ei, old_bb->preds)
    redirect_edge_var_map_clear (e);

  ophi_handled = BITMAP_ALLOC (NULL);

  /* First, iterate through the PHIs on NEW_BB and set up the edge_var_map
     for the edges we're going to move.  */
  for (ngsi = gsi_start_phis (new_bb); !gsi_end_p (ngsi); gsi_next (&ngsi))
    {
      gphi *ophi, *nphi = ngsi.phi ();
      tree nresult, nop;

      nresult = gimple_phi_result (nphi);
      nop = gimple_phi_arg_def (nphi, old_bb_out->dest_idx);

      /* Find the corresponding PHI in OLD_BB so we can forward-propagate
	 the source ssa_name.  */
      ophi = NULL;
      for (ogsi = gsi_start_phis (old_bb); !gsi_end_p (ogsi); gsi_next (&ogsi))
	{
	  ophi = ogsi.phi ();
	  if (gimple_phi_result (ophi) == nop)
	    break;
	  ophi = NULL;
	}

      /* If we did find the corresponding PHI, copy those inputs.  */
      if (ophi)
	{
	  /* If NOP is used somewhere else beyond phis in new_bb, give up.  */
	  if (!has_single_use (nop))
	    {
	      imm_use_iterator imm_iter;
	      use_operand_p use_p;

	      FOR_EACH_IMM_USE_FAST (use_p, imm_iter, nop)
		{
		  if (!gimple_debug_bind_p (USE_STMT (use_p))
		      && (gimple_code (USE_STMT (use_p)) != GIMPLE_PHI
			  || gimple_bb (USE_STMT (use_p)) != new_bb))
		    goto fail;
		}
	    }
	  bitmap_set_bit (ophi_handled, SSA_NAME_VERSION (nop));
	  FOR_EACH_EDGE (e, ei, old_bb->preds)
	    {
	      location_t oloc;
	      tree oop;

	      if ((e->flags & EDGE_EH) == 0)
		continue;
	      oop = gimple_phi_arg_def (ophi, e->dest_idx);
	      oloc = gimple_phi_arg_location (ophi, e->dest_idx);
	      redirect_edge_var_map_add (e, nresult, oop, oloc);
	    }
	}
      /* If we didn't find the PHI, if it's a real variable or a VOP, we know
	 from the fact that OLD_BB is tree_empty_eh_handler_p that the
	 variable is unchanged from input to the block and we can simply
	 re-use the input to NEW_BB from the OLD_BB_OUT edge.  */
      else
	{
	  location_t nloc
	    = gimple_phi_arg_location (nphi, old_bb_out->dest_idx);
	  FOR_EACH_EDGE (e, ei, old_bb->preds)
	    redirect_edge_var_map_add (e, nresult, nop, nloc);
	}
    }

  /* Second, verify that all PHIs from OLD_BB have been handled.  If not,
     we don't know what values from the other edges into NEW_BB to use.  */
  for (ogsi = gsi_start_phis (old_bb); !gsi_end_p (ogsi); gsi_next (&ogsi))
    {
      gphi *ophi = ogsi.phi ();
      tree oresult = gimple_phi_result (ophi);
      if (!bitmap_bit_p (ophi_handled, SSA_NAME_VERSION (oresult)))
	goto fail;
    }

  /* Finally, move the edges and update the PHIs.  */
  for (ei = ei_start (old_bb->preds); (e = ei_safe_edge (ei)); )
    if (e->flags & EDGE_EH)
      {
	/* ???  CFG manipluation routines do not try to update loop
	   form on edge redirection.  Do so manually here for now.  */
	/* If we redirect a loop entry or latch edge that will either create
	   a multiple entry loop or rotate the loop.  If the loops merge
	   we may have created a loop with multiple latches.
	   All of this isn't easily fixed thus cancel the affected loop
	   and mark the other loop as possibly having multiple latches.  */
	if (e->dest == e->dest->loop_father->header)
	  {
	    mark_loop_for_removal (e->dest->loop_father);
	    new_bb->loop_father->latch = NULL;
	    loops_state_set (LOOPS_MAY_HAVE_MULTIPLE_LATCHES);
	  }
	redirect_eh_edge_1 (e, new_bb, change_region);
	redirect_edge_succ (e, new_bb);
	flush_pending_stmts (e);
      }
    else
      ei_next (&ei);

  BITMAP_FREE (ophi_handled);
  return true;

 fail:
  FOR_EACH_EDGE (e, ei, old_bb->preds)
    redirect_edge_var_map_clear (e);
  BITMAP_FREE (ophi_handled);
  return false;
}

/* A subroutine of cleanup_empty_eh.  Move a landing pad LP from its
   old region to NEW_REGION at BB.  */

static void
cleanup_empty_eh_move_lp (basic_block bb, edge e_out,
			  eh_landing_pad lp, eh_region new_region)
{
  gimple_stmt_iterator gsi;
  eh_landing_pad *pp;

  for (pp = &lp->region->landing_pads; *pp != lp; pp = &(*pp)->next_lp)
    continue;
  *pp = lp->next_lp;

  lp->region = new_region;
  lp->next_lp = new_region->landing_pads;
  new_region->landing_pads = lp;

  /* Delete the RESX that was matched within the empty handler block.  */
  gsi = gsi_last_bb (bb);
  unlink_stmt_vdef (gsi_stmt (gsi));
  gsi_remove (&gsi, true);

  /* Clean up E_OUT for the fallthru.  */
  e_out->flags = (e_out->flags & ~EDGE_EH) | EDGE_FALLTHRU;
  e_out->probability = profile_probability::always ();
}

/* A subroutine of cleanup_empty_eh.  Handle more complex cases of
   unsplitting than unsplit_eh was prepared to handle, e.g. when
   multiple incoming edges and phis are involved.  */

static bool
cleanup_empty_eh_unsplit (basic_block bb, edge e_out, eh_landing_pad lp)
{
  gimple_stmt_iterator gsi;
  tree lab;

  /* We really ought not have totally lost everything following
     a landing pad label.  Given that BB is empty, there had better
     be a successor.  */
  gcc_assert (e_out != NULL);

  /* The destination block must not already have a landing pad
     for a different region.  */
  lab = NULL;
  for (gsi = gsi_start_bb (e_out->dest); !gsi_end_p (gsi); gsi_next (&gsi))
    {
      glabel *stmt = dyn_cast <glabel *> (gsi_stmt (gsi));
      int lp_nr;

      if (!stmt)
	break;
      lab = gimple_label_label (stmt);
      lp_nr = EH_LANDING_PAD_NR (lab);
      if (lp_nr && get_eh_region_from_lp_number (lp_nr) != lp->region)
	return false;
    }

  /* Attempt to move the PHIs into the successor block.  */
  if (cleanup_empty_eh_merge_phis (e_out->dest, bb, e_out, false))
    {
      if (dump_file && (dump_flags & TDF_DETAILS))
	fprintf (dump_file,
		 "Unsplit EH landing pad %d to block %i "
		 "(via cleanup_empty_eh).\n",
		 lp->index, e_out->dest->index);
      return true;
    }

  return false;
}

/* Return true if edge E_FIRST is part of an empty infinite loop
   or leads to such a loop through a series of single successor
   empty bbs.  */

static bool
infinite_empty_loop_p (edge e_first)
{
  bool inf_loop = false;
  edge e;

  if (e_first->dest == e_first->src)
    return true;

  e_first->src->aux = (void *) 1;
  for (e = e_first; single_succ_p (e->dest); e = single_succ_edge (e->dest))
    {
      gimple_stmt_iterator gsi;
      if (e->dest->aux)
	{
	  inf_loop = true;
	  break;
	}
      e->dest->aux = (void *) 1;
      gsi = gsi_after_labels (e->dest);
      if (!gsi_end_p (gsi) && is_gimple_debug (gsi_stmt (gsi)))
	gsi_next_nondebug (&gsi);
      if (!gsi_end_p (gsi))
	break;
    }
  e_first->src->aux = NULL;
  for (e = e_first; e->dest->aux; e = single_succ_edge (e->dest))
    e->dest->aux = NULL;

  return inf_loop;
}

/* Examine the block associated with LP to determine if it's an empty
   handler for its EH region.  If so, attempt to redirect EH edges to
   an outer region.  Return true the CFG was updated in any way.  This
   is similar to jump forwarding, just across EH edges.  */

static bool
cleanup_empty_eh (eh_landing_pad lp)
{
  basic_block bb = label_to_block (cfun, lp->post_landing_pad);
  gimple_stmt_iterator gsi;
  gimple *resx;
  eh_region new_region;
  edge_iterator ei;
  edge e, e_out;
  bool has_non_eh_pred;
  bool ret = false;
  int new_lp_nr;

  /* There can be zero or one edges out of BB.  This is the quickest test.  */
  switch (EDGE_COUNT (bb->succs))
    {
    case 0:
      e_out = NULL;
      break;
    case 1:
      e_out = single_succ_edge (bb);
      break;
    default:
      return false;
    }

  gsi = gsi_last_nondebug_bb (bb);
  resx = gsi_stmt (gsi);
  if (resx && is_gimple_resx (resx))
    {
      if (stmt_can_throw_external (cfun, resx))
	optimize_clobbers (bb);
      else if (sink_clobbers (bb))
	ret = true;
    }

  gsi = gsi_after_labels (bb);

  /* Make sure to skip debug statements.  */
  if (!gsi_end_p (gsi) && is_gimple_debug (gsi_stmt (gsi)))
    gsi_next_nondebug (&gsi);

  /* If the block is totally empty, look for more unsplitting cases.  */
  if (gsi_end_p (gsi))
    {
      /* For the degenerate case of an infinite loop bail out.
	 If bb has no successors and is totally empty, which can happen e.g.
	 because of incorrect noreturn attribute, bail out too.  */
      if (e_out == NULL
	  || infinite_empty_loop_p (e_out))
	return ret;

      return ret | cleanup_empty_eh_unsplit (bb, e_out, lp);
    }

  /* The block should consist only of a single RESX statement, modulo a
     preceding call to __builtin_stack_restore if there is no outgoing
     edge, since the call can be eliminated in this case.  */
  resx = gsi_stmt (gsi);
  if (!e_out && gimple_call_builtin_p (resx, BUILT_IN_STACK_RESTORE))
    {
      gsi_next_nondebug (&gsi);
      resx = gsi_stmt (gsi);
    }
  if (!is_gimple_resx (resx))
    return ret;
  gcc_assert (gsi_one_nondebug_before_end_p (gsi));

  /* Determine if there are non-EH edges, or resx edges into the handler.  */
  has_non_eh_pred = false;
  FOR_EACH_EDGE (e, ei, bb->preds)
    if (!(e->flags & EDGE_EH))
      has_non_eh_pred = true;

  /* Find the handler that's outer of the empty handler by looking at
     where the RESX instruction was vectored.  */
  new_lp_nr = lookup_stmt_eh_lp (resx);
  new_region = get_eh_region_from_lp_number (new_lp_nr);

  /* If there's no destination region within the current function,
     redirection is trivial via removing the throwing statements from
     the EH region, removing the EH edges, and allowing the block
     to go unreachable.  */
  if (new_region == NULL)
    {
      gcc_assert (e_out == NULL);
      for (ei = ei_start (bb->preds); (e = ei_safe_edge (ei)); )
	if (e->flags & EDGE_EH)
	  {
	    gimple *stmt = last_stmt (e->src);
	    remove_stmt_from_eh_lp (stmt);
	    remove_edge (e);
	  }
	else
	  ei_next (&ei);
      goto succeed;
    }

  /* If the destination region is a MUST_NOT_THROW, allow the runtime
     to handle the abort and allow the blocks to go unreachable.  */
  if (new_region->type == ERT_MUST_NOT_THROW)
    {
      for (ei = ei_start (bb->preds); (e = ei_safe_edge (ei)); )
	if (e->flags & EDGE_EH)
	  {
	    gimple *stmt = last_stmt (e->src);
	    remove_stmt_from_eh_lp (stmt);
	    add_stmt_to_eh_lp (stmt, new_lp_nr);
	    remove_edge (e);
	  }
	else
	  ei_next (&ei);
      goto succeed;
    }

  /* Try to redirect the EH edges and merge the PHIs into the destination
     landing pad block.  If the merge succeeds, we'll already have redirected
     all the EH edges.  The handler itself will go unreachable if there were
     no normal edges.  */
  if (cleanup_empty_eh_merge_phis (e_out->dest, bb, e_out, true))
    goto succeed;

  /* Finally, if all input edges are EH edges, then we can (potentially)
     reduce the number of transfers from the runtime by moving the landing
     pad from the original region to the new region.  This is a win when
     we remove the last CLEANUP region along a particular exception
     propagation path.  Since nothing changes except for the region with
     which the landing pad is associated, the PHI nodes do not need to be
     adjusted at all.  */
  if (!has_non_eh_pred)
    {
      cleanup_empty_eh_move_lp (bb, e_out, lp, new_region);
      if (dump_file && (dump_flags & TDF_DETAILS))
	fprintf (dump_file, "Empty EH handler %i moved to EH region %i.\n",
		 lp->index, new_region->index);

      /* ??? The CFG didn't change, but we may have rendered the
	 old EH region unreachable.  Trigger a cleanup there.  */
      return true;
    }

  return ret;

 succeed:
  if (dump_file && (dump_flags & TDF_DETAILS))
    fprintf (dump_file, "Empty EH handler %i removed.\n", lp->index);
  remove_eh_landing_pad (lp);
  return true;
}

/* Do a post-order traversal of the EH region tree.  Examine each
   post_landing_pad block and see if we can eliminate it as empty.  */

static bool
cleanup_all_empty_eh (void)
{
  bool changed = false;
  eh_landing_pad lp;
  int i;

  /* Ideally we'd walk the region tree and process LPs inner to outer
     to avoid quadraticness in EH redirection.  Walking the LP array
     in reverse seems to be an approximation of that.  */
  for (i = vec_safe_length (cfun->eh->lp_array) - 1; i >= 1; --i)
    {
      lp = (*cfun->eh->lp_array)[i];
      if (lp)
	changed |= cleanup_empty_eh (lp);
    }

  return changed;
}

/* Perform cleanups and lowering of exception handling
    1) cleanups regions with handlers doing nothing are optimized out
    2) MUST_NOT_THROW regions that became dead because of 1) are optimized out
    3) Info about regions that are containing instructions, and regions
       reachable via local EH edges is collected
    4) Eh tree is pruned for regions no longer necessary.

   TODO: Push MUST_NOT_THROW regions to the root of the EH tree.
	 Unify those that have the same failure decl and locus.
*/

static unsigned int
execute_cleanup_eh_1 (void)
{
  /* Do this first: unsplit_all_eh and cleanup_all_empty_eh can die
     looking up unreachable landing pads.  */
  remove_unreachable_handlers ();

  /* Watch out for the region tree vanishing due to all unreachable.  */
  if (cfun->eh->region_tree)
    {
      bool changed = false;

      if (optimize)
	changed |= unsplit_all_eh ();
      changed |= cleanup_all_empty_eh ();

      if (changed)
	{
	  free_dominance_info (CDI_DOMINATORS);
	  free_dominance_info (CDI_POST_DOMINATORS);

          /* We delayed all basic block deletion, as we may have performed
	     cleanups on EH edges while non-EH edges were still present.  */
	  delete_unreachable_blocks ();

	  /* We manipulated the landing pads.  Remove any region that no
	     longer has a landing pad.  */
	  remove_unreachable_handlers_no_lp ();

	  return TODO_cleanup_cfg | TODO_update_ssa_only_virtuals;
	}
    }

  return 0;
}

namespace {

const pass_data pass_data_cleanup_eh =
{
  GIMPLE_PASS, /* type */
  "ehcleanup", /* name */
  OPTGROUP_NONE, /* optinfo_flags */
  TV_TREE_EH, /* tv_id */
  PROP_gimple_lcf, /* properties_required */
  0, /* properties_provided */
  0, /* properties_destroyed */
  0, /* todo_flags_start */
  0, /* todo_flags_finish */
};

class pass_cleanup_eh : public gimple_opt_pass
{
public:
  pass_cleanup_eh (gcc::context *ctxt)
    : gimple_opt_pass (pass_data_cleanup_eh, ctxt)
  {}

  /* opt_pass methods: */
  opt_pass * clone () { return new pass_cleanup_eh (m_ctxt); }
  virtual bool gate (function *fun)
    {
      return fun->eh != NULL && fun->eh->region_tree != NULL;
    }

  virtual unsigned int execute (function *);

}; // class pass_cleanup_eh

unsigned int
pass_cleanup_eh::execute (function *fun)
{
  int ret = execute_cleanup_eh_1 ();

  /* If the function no longer needs an EH personality routine
     clear it.  This exposes cross-language inlining opportunities
     and avoids references to a never defined personality routine.  */
  if (DECL_FUNCTION_PERSONALITY (current_function_decl)
      && function_needs_eh_personality (fun) != eh_personality_lang)
    DECL_FUNCTION_PERSONALITY (current_function_decl) = NULL_TREE;

  return ret;
}

} // anon namespace

gimple_opt_pass *
make_pass_cleanup_eh (gcc::context *ctxt)
{
  return new pass_cleanup_eh (ctxt);
}

/* Disable warnings about missing quoting in GCC diagnostics for
   the verification errors.  Their format strings don't follow GCC
   diagnostic conventions but are only used for debugging.  */
#if __GNUC__ >= 10
#  pragma GCC diagnostic push
#  pragma GCC diagnostic ignored "-Wformat-diag"
#endif

/* Verify that BB containing STMT as the last statement, has precisely the
   edge that make_eh_edges would create.  */

DEBUG_FUNCTION bool
verify_eh_edges (gimple *stmt)
{
  basic_block bb = gimple_bb (stmt);
  eh_landing_pad lp = NULL;
  int lp_nr;
  edge_iterator ei;
  edge e, eh_edge;

  lp_nr = lookup_stmt_eh_lp (stmt);
  if (lp_nr > 0)
    lp = get_eh_landing_pad_from_number (lp_nr);

  eh_edge = NULL;
  FOR_EACH_EDGE (e, ei, bb->succs)
    {
      if (e->flags & EDGE_EH)
	{
	  if (eh_edge)
	    {
	      error ("BB %i has multiple EH edges", bb->index);
	      return true;
	    }
	  else
	    eh_edge = e;
	}
    }

  if (lp == NULL)
    {
      if (eh_edge)
	{
	  error ("BB %i cannot throw but has an EH edge", bb->index);
	  return true;
	}
      return false;
    }

  if (!stmt_could_throw_p (cfun, stmt))
    {
      error ("BB %i last statement has incorrectly set lp", bb->index);
      return true;
    }

  if (eh_edge == NULL)
    {
      error ("BB %i is missing an EH edge", bb->index);
      return true;
    }

  if (eh_edge->dest != label_to_block (cfun, lp->post_landing_pad))
    {
      error ("Incorrect EH edge %i->%i", bb->index, eh_edge->dest->index);
      return true;
    }

  return false;
}

/* Similarly, but handle GIMPLE_EH_DISPATCH specifically.  */

DEBUG_FUNCTION bool
verify_eh_dispatch_edge (geh_dispatch *stmt)
{
  eh_region r;
  eh_catch c;
  basic_block src, dst;
  bool want_fallthru = true;
  edge_iterator ei;
  edge e, fall_edge;

  r = get_eh_region_from_number (gimple_eh_dispatch_region (stmt));
  src = gimple_bb (stmt);

  FOR_EACH_EDGE (e, ei, src->succs)
    gcc_assert (e->aux == NULL);

  switch (r->type)
    {
    case ERT_TRY:
      for (c = r->u.eh_try.first_catch; c ; c = c->next_catch)
	{
	  dst = label_to_block (cfun, c->label);
	  e = find_edge (src, dst);
	  if (e == NULL)
	    {
	      error ("BB %i is missing an edge", src->index);
	      return true;
	    }
	  e->aux = (void *)e;

	  /* A catch-all handler doesn't have a fallthru.  */
	  if (c->type_list == NULL)
	    {
	      want_fallthru = false;
	      break;
	    }
	}
      break;

    case ERT_ALLOWED_EXCEPTIONS:
      dst = label_to_block (cfun, r->u.allowed.label);
      e = find_edge (src, dst);
      if (e == NULL)
	{
	  error ("BB %i is missing an edge", src->index);
	  return true;
	}
      e->aux = (void *)e;
      break;

    default:
      gcc_unreachable ();
    }

  fall_edge = NULL;
  FOR_EACH_EDGE (e, ei, src->succs)
    {
      if (e->flags & EDGE_FALLTHRU)
	{
	  if (fall_edge != NULL)
	    {
	      error ("BB %i too many fallthru edges", src->index);
	      return true;
	    }
	  fall_edge = e;
	}
      else if (e->aux)
	e->aux = NULL;
      else
	{
	  error ("BB %i has incorrect edge", src->index);
	  return true;
	}
    }
  if ((fall_edge != NULL) ^ want_fallthru)
    {
      error ("BB %i has incorrect fallthru edge", src->index);
      return true;
    }

  return false;
}

#if __GNUC__ >= 10
#  pragma GCC diagnostic pop
#endif