view gcc/tree-ssa-strlen.c @ 16:04ced10e8804

gcc 7
author kono
date Fri, 27 Oct 2017 22:46:09 +0900
parents
children 84e7813d76e9
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/* String length optimization
   Copyright (C) 2011-2017 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
   Contributed by Jakub Jelinek <jakub@redhat.com>

This file is part of GCC.

GCC is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
the Free Software Foundation; either version 3, or (at your option)
any later version.

GCC is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
GNU General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with GCC; see the file COPYING3.  If not see
<http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.  */

#include "config.h"
#include "system.h"
#include "coretypes.h"
#include "backend.h"
#include "rtl.h"
#include "tree.h"
#include "gimple.h"
#include "alloc-pool.h"
#include "tree-pass.h"
#include "ssa.h"
#include "cgraph.h"
#include "gimple-pretty-print.h"
#include "fold-const.h"
#include "stor-layout.h"
#include "gimple-fold.h"
#include "tree-eh.h"
#include "gimplify.h"
#include "gimple-iterator.h"
#include "gimplify-me.h"
#include "expr.h"
#include "tree-dfa.h"
#include "domwalk.h"
#include "tree-ssa-propagate.h"
#include "params.h"
#include "ipa-chkp.h"
#include "tree-hash-traits.h"
#include "builtins.h"
#include "target.h"

/* A vector indexed by SSA_NAME_VERSION.  0 means unknown, positive value
   is an index into strinfo vector, negative value stands for
   string length of a string literal (~strlen).  */
static vec<int> ssa_ver_to_stridx;

/* Number of currently active string indexes plus one.  */
static int max_stridx;

/* String information record.  */
struct strinfo
{
  /* Number of leading characters that are known to be nonzero.  This is
     also the length of the string if FULL_STRING_P.

     The values in a list of related string pointers must be consistent;
     that is, if strinfo B comes X bytes after strinfo A, it must be
     the case that A->nonzero_chars == X + B->nonzero_chars.  */
  tree nonzero_chars;
  /* Any of the corresponding pointers for querying alias oracle.  */
  tree ptr;
  /* This is used for two things:

     - To record the statement that should be used for delayed length
       computations.  We maintain the invariant that all related strinfos
       have delayed lengths or none do.

     - To record the malloc or calloc call that produced this result.  */
  gimple *stmt;
  /* Pointer to '\0' if known, if NULL, it can be computed as
     ptr + length.  */
  tree endptr;
  /* Reference count.  Any changes to strinfo entry possibly shared
     with dominating basic blocks need unshare_strinfo first, except
     for dont_invalidate which affects only the immediately next
     maybe_invalidate.  */
  int refcount;
  /* Copy of index.  get_strinfo (si->idx) should return si;  */
  int idx;
  /* These 3 fields are for chaining related string pointers together.
     E.g. for
     bl = strlen (b); dl = strlen (d); strcpy (a, b); c = a + bl;
     strcpy (c, d); e = c + dl;
     strinfo(a) -> strinfo(c) -> strinfo(e)
     All have ->first field equal to strinfo(a)->idx and are doubly
     chained through prev/next fields.  The later strinfos are required
     to point into the same string with zero or more bytes after
     the previous pointer and all bytes in between the two pointers
     must be non-zero.  Functions like strcpy or memcpy are supposed
     to adjust all previous strinfo lengths, but not following strinfo
     lengths (those are uncertain, usually invalidated during
     maybe_invalidate, except when the alias oracle knows better).
     Functions like strcat on the other side adjust the whole
     related strinfo chain.
     They are updated lazily, so to use the chain the same first fields
     and si->prev->next == si->idx needs to be verified.  */
  int first;
  int next;
  int prev;
  /* A flag whether the string is known to be written in the current
     function.  */
  bool writable;
  /* A flag for the next maybe_invalidate that this strinfo shouldn't
     be invalidated.  Always cleared by maybe_invalidate.  */
  bool dont_invalidate;
  /* True if the string is known to be nul-terminated after NONZERO_CHARS
     characters.  False is useful when detecting strings that are built
     up via successive memcpys.  */
  bool full_string_p;
};

/* Pool for allocating strinfo_struct entries.  */
static object_allocator<strinfo> strinfo_pool ("strinfo pool");

/* Vector mapping positive string indexes to strinfo, for the
   current basic block.  The first pointer in the vector is special,
   it is either NULL, meaning the vector isn't shared, or it is
   a basic block pointer to the owner basic_block if shared.
   If some other bb wants to modify the vector, the vector needs
   to be unshared first, and only the owner bb is supposed to free it.  */
static vec<strinfo *, va_heap, vl_embed> *stridx_to_strinfo;

/* One OFFSET->IDX mapping.  */
struct stridxlist
{
  struct stridxlist *next;
  HOST_WIDE_INT offset;
  int idx;
};

/* Hash table entry, mapping a DECL to a chain of OFFSET->IDX mappings.  */
struct decl_stridxlist_map
{
  struct tree_map_base base;
  struct stridxlist list;
};

/* Hash table for mapping decls to a chained list of offset -> idx
   mappings.  */
static hash_map<tree_decl_hash, stridxlist> *decl_to_stridxlist_htab;

/* Obstack for struct stridxlist and struct decl_stridxlist_map.  */
static struct obstack stridx_obstack;

/* Last memcpy statement if it could be adjusted if the trailing
   '\0' written is immediately overwritten, or
   *x = '\0' store that could be removed if it is immediately overwritten.  */
struct laststmt_struct
{
  gimple *stmt;
  tree len;
  int stridx;
} laststmt;

static int get_stridx_plus_constant (strinfo *, unsigned HOST_WIDE_INT, tree);

/* Return:

   - 1 if SI is known to start with more than OFF nonzero characters.

   - 0 if SI is known to start with OFF nonzero characters,
     but is not known to start with more.

   - -1 if SI might not start with OFF nonzero characters.  */

static inline int
compare_nonzero_chars (strinfo *si, unsigned HOST_WIDE_INT off)
{
  if (si->nonzero_chars
      && TREE_CODE (si->nonzero_chars) == INTEGER_CST)
    return compare_tree_int (si->nonzero_chars, off);
  else
    return -1;
}

/* Return true if SI is known to be a zero-length string.  */

static inline bool
zero_length_string_p (strinfo *si)
{
  return si->full_string_p && integer_zerop (si->nonzero_chars);
}

/* Return strinfo vector entry IDX.  */

static inline strinfo *
get_strinfo (int idx)
{
  if (vec_safe_length (stridx_to_strinfo) <= (unsigned int) idx)
    return NULL;
  return (*stridx_to_strinfo)[idx];
}

/* Get the next strinfo in the chain after SI, or null if none.  */

static inline strinfo *
get_next_strinfo (strinfo *si)
{
  if (si->next == 0)
    return NULL;
  strinfo *nextsi = get_strinfo (si->next);
  if (nextsi == NULL || nextsi->first != si->first || nextsi->prev != si->idx)
    return NULL;
  return nextsi;
}

/* Helper function for get_stridx.  Return the strinfo index of the address
   of EXP, which is available in PTR if nonnull.  If OFFSET_OUT, it is
   OK to return the index for some X <= &EXP and store &EXP - X in
   *OFFSET_OUT.  */

static int
get_addr_stridx (tree exp, tree ptr, unsigned HOST_WIDE_INT *offset_out)
{
  HOST_WIDE_INT off;
  struct stridxlist *list, *last = NULL;
  tree base;

  if (!decl_to_stridxlist_htab)
    return 0;

  base = get_addr_base_and_unit_offset (exp, &off);
  if (base == NULL || !DECL_P (base))
    return 0;

  list = decl_to_stridxlist_htab->get (base);
  if (list == NULL)
    return 0;

  do
    {
      if (list->offset == off)
	{
	  if (offset_out)
	    *offset_out = 0;
	  return list->idx;
	}
      if (list->offset > off)
	return 0;
      last = list;
      list = list->next;
    }
  while (list);

  if ((offset_out || ptr) && last && last->idx > 0)
    {
      unsigned HOST_WIDE_INT rel_off
	= (unsigned HOST_WIDE_INT) off - last->offset;
      strinfo *si = get_strinfo (last->idx);
      if (si && compare_nonzero_chars (si, rel_off) >= 0)
	{
	  if (offset_out)
	    {
	      *offset_out = rel_off;
	      return last->idx;
	    }
	  else
	    return get_stridx_plus_constant (si, rel_off, ptr);
	}
    }
  return 0;
}

/* Return string index for EXP.  */

static int
get_stridx (tree exp)
{
  tree s, o;

  if (TREE_CODE (exp) == SSA_NAME)
    {
      if (ssa_ver_to_stridx[SSA_NAME_VERSION (exp)])
	return ssa_ver_to_stridx[SSA_NAME_VERSION (exp)];
      int i;
      tree e = exp;
      HOST_WIDE_INT off = 0;
      for (i = 0; i < 5; i++)
	{
	  gimple *def_stmt = SSA_NAME_DEF_STMT (e);
	  if (!is_gimple_assign (def_stmt)
	      || gimple_assign_rhs_code (def_stmt) != POINTER_PLUS_EXPR)
	    return 0;
	  tree rhs1 = gimple_assign_rhs1 (def_stmt);
	  tree rhs2 = gimple_assign_rhs2 (def_stmt);
	  if (TREE_CODE (rhs1) != SSA_NAME
	      || !tree_fits_shwi_p (rhs2))
	    return 0;
	  HOST_WIDE_INT this_off = tree_to_shwi (rhs2);
	  if (this_off < 0)
	    return 0;
	  off = (unsigned HOST_WIDE_INT) off + this_off;
	  if (off < 0)
	    return 0;
	  if (ssa_ver_to_stridx[SSA_NAME_VERSION (rhs1)])
	    {
	      strinfo *si
		= get_strinfo (ssa_ver_to_stridx[SSA_NAME_VERSION (rhs1)]);
	      if (si && compare_nonzero_chars (si, off) >= 0)
		return get_stridx_plus_constant (si, off, exp);
	    }
	  e = rhs1;
	}
      return 0;
    }

  if (TREE_CODE (exp) == ADDR_EXPR)
    {
      int idx = get_addr_stridx (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0), exp, NULL);
      if (idx != 0)
	return idx;
    }

  s = string_constant (exp, &o);
  if (s != NULL_TREE
      && (o == NULL_TREE || tree_fits_shwi_p (o))
      && TREE_STRING_LENGTH (s) > 0)
    {
      HOST_WIDE_INT offset = o ? tree_to_shwi (o) : 0;
      const char *p = TREE_STRING_POINTER (s);
      int max = TREE_STRING_LENGTH (s) - 1;

      if (p[max] == '\0' && offset >= 0 && offset <= max)
	return ~(int) strlen (p + offset);
    }
  return 0;
}

/* Return true if strinfo vector is shared with the immediate dominator.  */

static inline bool
strinfo_shared (void)
{
  return vec_safe_length (stridx_to_strinfo)
	 && (*stridx_to_strinfo)[0] != NULL;
}

/* Unshare strinfo vector that is shared with the immediate dominator.  */

static void
unshare_strinfo_vec (void)
{
  strinfo *si;
  unsigned int i = 0;

  gcc_assert (strinfo_shared ());
  stridx_to_strinfo = vec_safe_copy (stridx_to_strinfo);
  for (i = 1; vec_safe_iterate (stridx_to_strinfo, i, &si); ++i)
    if (si != NULL)
      si->refcount++;
  (*stridx_to_strinfo)[0] = NULL;
}

/* Attempt to create a string index for exp, ADDR_EXPR's operand.
   Return a pointer to the location where the string index can
   be stored (if 0) or is stored, or NULL if this can't be tracked.  */

static int *
addr_stridxptr (tree exp)
{
  HOST_WIDE_INT off;

  tree base = get_addr_base_and_unit_offset (exp, &off);
  if (base == NULL_TREE || !DECL_P (base))
    return NULL;

  if (!decl_to_stridxlist_htab)
    {
      decl_to_stridxlist_htab
       	= new hash_map<tree_decl_hash, stridxlist> (64);
      gcc_obstack_init (&stridx_obstack);
    }

  bool existed;
  stridxlist *list = &decl_to_stridxlist_htab->get_or_insert (base, &existed);
  if (existed)
    {
      int i;
      stridxlist *before = NULL;
      for (i = 0; i < 32; i++)
	{
	  if (list->offset == off)
	    return &list->idx;
	  if (list->offset > off && before == NULL)
	    before = list;
	  if (list->next == NULL)
	    break;
	  list = list->next;
	}
      if (i == 32)
	return NULL;
      if (before)
	{
	  list = before;
	  before = XOBNEW (&stridx_obstack, struct stridxlist);
	  *before = *list;
	  list->next = before;
	  list->offset = off;
	  list->idx = 0;
	  return &list->idx;
	}
      list->next = XOBNEW (&stridx_obstack, struct stridxlist);
      list = list->next;
    }

  list->next = NULL;
  list->offset = off;
  list->idx = 0;
  return &list->idx;
}

/* Create a new string index, or return 0 if reached limit.  */

static int
new_stridx (tree exp)
{
  int idx;
  if (max_stridx >= PARAM_VALUE (PARAM_MAX_TRACKED_STRLENS))
    return 0;
  if (TREE_CODE (exp) == SSA_NAME)
    {
      if (SSA_NAME_OCCURS_IN_ABNORMAL_PHI (exp))
	return 0;
      idx = max_stridx++;
      ssa_ver_to_stridx[SSA_NAME_VERSION (exp)] = idx;
      return idx;
    }
  if (TREE_CODE (exp) == ADDR_EXPR)
    {
      int *pidx = addr_stridxptr (TREE_OPERAND (exp, 0));
      if (pidx != NULL)
	{
	  gcc_assert (*pidx == 0);
	  *pidx = max_stridx++;
	  return *pidx;
	}
    }
  return 0;
}

/* Like new_stridx, but for ADDR_EXPR's operand instead.  */

static int
new_addr_stridx (tree exp)
{
  int *pidx;
  if (max_stridx >= PARAM_VALUE (PARAM_MAX_TRACKED_STRLENS))
    return 0;
  pidx = addr_stridxptr (exp);
  if (pidx != NULL)
    {
      gcc_assert (*pidx == 0);
      *pidx = max_stridx++;
      return *pidx;
    }
  return 0;
}

/* Create a new strinfo.  */

static strinfo *
new_strinfo (tree ptr, int idx, tree nonzero_chars, bool full_string_p)
{
  strinfo *si = strinfo_pool.allocate ();
  si->nonzero_chars = nonzero_chars;
  si->ptr = ptr;
  si->stmt = NULL;
  si->endptr = NULL_TREE;
  si->refcount = 1;
  si->idx = idx;
  si->first = 0;
  si->prev = 0;
  si->next = 0;
  si->writable = false;
  si->dont_invalidate = false;
  si->full_string_p = full_string_p;
  return si;
}

/* Decrease strinfo refcount and free it if not referenced anymore.  */

static inline void
free_strinfo (strinfo *si)
{
  if (si && --si->refcount == 0)
    strinfo_pool.remove (si);
}

/* Set strinfo in the vector entry IDX to SI.  */

static inline void
set_strinfo (int idx, strinfo *si)
{
  if (vec_safe_length (stridx_to_strinfo) && (*stridx_to_strinfo)[0])
    unshare_strinfo_vec ();
  if (vec_safe_length (stridx_to_strinfo) <= (unsigned int) idx)
    vec_safe_grow_cleared (stridx_to_strinfo, idx + 1);
  (*stridx_to_strinfo)[idx] = si;
}

/* Return the first strinfo in the related strinfo chain
   if all strinfos in between belong to the chain, otherwise NULL.  */

static strinfo *
verify_related_strinfos (strinfo *origsi)
{
  strinfo *si = origsi, *psi;

  if (origsi->first == 0)
    return NULL;
  for (; si->prev; si = psi)
    {
      if (si->first != origsi->first)
	return NULL;
      psi = get_strinfo (si->prev);
      if (psi == NULL)
	return NULL;
      if (psi->next != si->idx)
	return NULL;
    }
  if (si->idx != si->first)
    return NULL;
  return si;
}

/* Set SI's endptr to ENDPTR and compute its length based on SI->ptr.
   Use LOC for folding.  */

static void
set_endptr_and_length (location_t loc, strinfo *si, tree endptr)
{
  si->endptr = endptr;
  si->stmt = NULL;
  tree start_as_size = fold_convert_loc (loc, size_type_node, si->ptr);
  tree end_as_size = fold_convert_loc (loc, size_type_node, endptr);
  si->nonzero_chars = fold_build2_loc (loc, MINUS_EXPR, size_type_node,
				       end_as_size, start_as_size);
  si->full_string_p = true;
}

/* Return string length, or NULL if it can't be computed.  */

static tree
get_string_length (strinfo *si)
{
  if (si->nonzero_chars)
    return si->full_string_p ? si->nonzero_chars : NULL;

  if (si->stmt)
    {
      gimple *stmt = si->stmt, *lenstmt;
      bool with_bounds = gimple_call_with_bounds_p (stmt);
      tree callee, lhs, fn, tem;
      location_t loc;
      gimple_stmt_iterator gsi;

      gcc_assert (is_gimple_call (stmt));
      callee = gimple_call_fndecl (stmt);
      gcc_assert (callee && DECL_BUILT_IN_CLASS (callee) == BUILT_IN_NORMAL);
      lhs = gimple_call_lhs (stmt);
      /* unshare_strinfo is intentionally not called here.  The (delayed)
	 transformation of strcpy or strcat into stpcpy is done at the place
	 of the former strcpy/strcat call and so can affect all the strinfos
	 with the same stmt.  If they were unshared before and transformation
	 has been already done, the handling of BUILT_IN_STPCPY{,_CHK} should
	 just compute the right length.  */
      switch (DECL_FUNCTION_CODE (callee))
	{
	case BUILT_IN_STRCAT:
	case BUILT_IN_STRCAT_CHK:
	case BUILT_IN_STRCAT_CHKP:
	case BUILT_IN_STRCAT_CHK_CHKP:
	  gsi = gsi_for_stmt (stmt);
	  fn = builtin_decl_implicit (BUILT_IN_STRLEN);
	  gcc_assert (lhs == NULL_TREE);
	  tem = unshare_expr (gimple_call_arg (stmt, 0));
	  if (with_bounds)
	    {
	      lenstmt = gimple_build_call (chkp_maybe_create_clone (fn)->decl,
					   2, tem, gimple_call_arg (stmt, 1));
	      gimple_call_set_with_bounds (lenstmt, true);
	    }
	  else
	    lenstmt = gimple_build_call (fn, 1, tem);
	  lhs = make_ssa_name (TREE_TYPE (TREE_TYPE (fn)), lenstmt);
	  gimple_call_set_lhs (lenstmt, lhs);
	  gimple_set_vuse (lenstmt, gimple_vuse (stmt));
	  gsi_insert_before (&gsi, lenstmt, GSI_SAME_STMT);
	  tem = gimple_call_arg (stmt, 0);
          if (!ptrofftype_p (TREE_TYPE (lhs)))
            {
              lhs = convert_to_ptrofftype (lhs);
              lhs = force_gimple_operand_gsi (&gsi, lhs, true, NULL_TREE,
                                              true, GSI_SAME_STMT);
            }
	  lenstmt = gimple_build_assign
			(make_ssa_name (TREE_TYPE (gimple_call_arg (stmt, 0))),
			 POINTER_PLUS_EXPR,tem, lhs);
	  gsi_insert_before (&gsi, lenstmt, GSI_SAME_STMT);
	  gimple_call_set_arg (stmt, 0, gimple_assign_lhs (lenstmt));
	  lhs = NULL_TREE;
	  /* FALLTHRU */
	case BUILT_IN_STRCPY:
	case BUILT_IN_STRCPY_CHK:
	case BUILT_IN_STRCPY_CHKP:
	case BUILT_IN_STRCPY_CHK_CHKP:
	  gcc_assert (builtin_decl_implicit_p (BUILT_IN_STPCPY));
	  if (gimple_call_num_args (stmt) == (with_bounds ? 4 : 2))
	    fn = builtin_decl_implicit (BUILT_IN_STPCPY);
	  else
	    fn = builtin_decl_explicit (BUILT_IN_STPCPY_CHK);
	  if (with_bounds)
	    fn = chkp_maybe_create_clone (fn)->decl;
	  gcc_assert (lhs == NULL_TREE);
	  if (dump_file && (dump_flags & TDF_DETAILS) != 0)
	    {
	      fprintf (dump_file, "Optimizing: ");
	      print_gimple_stmt (dump_file, stmt, 0, TDF_SLIM);
	    }
	  gimple_call_set_fndecl (stmt, fn);
	  lhs = make_ssa_name (TREE_TYPE (TREE_TYPE (fn)), stmt);
	  gimple_call_set_lhs (stmt, lhs);
	  update_stmt (stmt);
	  if (dump_file && (dump_flags & TDF_DETAILS) != 0)
	    {
	      fprintf (dump_file, "into: ");
	      print_gimple_stmt (dump_file, stmt, 0, TDF_SLIM);
	    }
	  /* FALLTHRU */
	case BUILT_IN_STPCPY:
	case BUILT_IN_STPCPY_CHK:
	case BUILT_IN_STPCPY_CHKP:
	case BUILT_IN_STPCPY_CHK_CHKP:
	  gcc_assert (lhs != NULL_TREE);
	  loc = gimple_location (stmt);
	  set_endptr_and_length (loc, si, lhs);
	  for (strinfo *chainsi = verify_related_strinfos (si);
	       chainsi != NULL;
	       chainsi = get_next_strinfo (chainsi))
	    if (chainsi->nonzero_chars == NULL)
	      set_endptr_and_length (loc, chainsi, lhs);
	  break;
	case BUILT_IN_MALLOC:
	  break;
	/* BUILT_IN_CALLOC always has si->nonzero_chars set.  */
	default:
	  gcc_unreachable ();
	  break;
	}
    }

  return si->nonzero_chars;
}

/* Invalidate string length information for strings whose length
   might change due to stores in stmt.  */

static bool
maybe_invalidate (gimple *stmt)
{
  strinfo *si;
  unsigned int i;
  bool nonempty = false;

  for (i = 1; vec_safe_iterate (stridx_to_strinfo, i, &si); ++i)
    if (si != NULL)
      {
	if (!si->dont_invalidate)
	  {
	    ao_ref r;
	    /* Do not use si->nonzero_chars.  */
	    ao_ref_init_from_ptr_and_size (&r, si->ptr, NULL_TREE);
	    if (stmt_may_clobber_ref_p_1 (stmt, &r))
	      {
		set_strinfo (i, NULL);
		free_strinfo (si);
		continue;
	      }
	  }
	si->dont_invalidate = false;
	nonempty = true;
      }
  return nonempty;
}

/* Unshare strinfo record SI, if it has refcount > 1 or
   if stridx_to_strinfo vector is shared with some other
   bbs.  */

static strinfo *
unshare_strinfo (strinfo *si)
{
  strinfo *nsi;

  if (si->refcount == 1 && !strinfo_shared ())
    return si;

  nsi = new_strinfo (si->ptr, si->idx, si->nonzero_chars, si->full_string_p);
  nsi->stmt = si->stmt;
  nsi->endptr = si->endptr;
  nsi->first = si->first;
  nsi->prev = si->prev;
  nsi->next = si->next;
  nsi->writable = si->writable;
  set_strinfo (si->idx, nsi);
  free_strinfo (si);
  return nsi;
}

/* Attempt to create a new strinfo for BASESI + OFF, or find existing
   strinfo if there is any.  Return it's idx, or 0 if no strinfo has
   been created.  */

static int
get_stridx_plus_constant (strinfo *basesi, unsigned HOST_WIDE_INT off,
			  tree ptr)
{
  if (TREE_CODE (ptr) == SSA_NAME && SSA_NAME_OCCURS_IN_ABNORMAL_PHI (ptr))
    return 0;

  if (compare_nonzero_chars (basesi, off) < 0
      || !tree_fits_uhwi_p (basesi->nonzero_chars))
    return 0;

  unsigned HOST_WIDE_INT nonzero_chars
    = tree_to_uhwi (basesi->nonzero_chars) - off;
  strinfo *si = basesi, *chainsi;
  if (si->first || si->prev || si->next)
    si = verify_related_strinfos (basesi);
  if (si == NULL
      || si->nonzero_chars == NULL_TREE
      || TREE_CODE (si->nonzero_chars) != INTEGER_CST)
    return 0;

  if (TREE_CODE (ptr) == SSA_NAME
      && ssa_ver_to_stridx.length () <= SSA_NAME_VERSION (ptr))
    ssa_ver_to_stridx.safe_grow_cleared (num_ssa_names);

  gcc_checking_assert (compare_tree_int (si->nonzero_chars, off) != -1);
  for (chainsi = si; chainsi->next; chainsi = si)
    {
      si = get_next_strinfo (chainsi);
      if (si == NULL
	  || si->nonzero_chars == NULL_TREE
	  || TREE_CODE (si->nonzero_chars) != INTEGER_CST)
	break;
      int r = compare_tree_int (si->nonzero_chars, nonzero_chars);
      if (r != 1)
	{
	  if (r == 0)
	    {
	      if (TREE_CODE (ptr) == SSA_NAME)
		ssa_ver_to_stridx[SSA_NAME_VERSION (ptr)] = si->idx;
	      else
		{
		  int *pidx = addr_stridxptr (TREE_OPERAND (ptr, 0));
		  if (pidx != NULL && *pidx == 0)
		    *pidx = si->idx;
		}
	      return si->idx;
	    }
	  break;
	}
    }

  int idx = new_stridx (ptr);
  if (idx == 0)
    return 0;
  si = new_strinfo (ptr, idx, build_int_cst (size_type_node, nonzero_chars),
		    basesi->full_string_p);
  set_strinfo (idx, si);
  if (chainsi->next)
    {
      strinfo *nextsi = unshare_strinfo (get_strinfo (chainsi->next));
      si->next = nextsi->idx;
      nextsi->prev = idx;
    }
  chainsi = unshare_strinfo (chainsi);
  if (chainsi->first == 0)
    chainsi->first = chainsi->idx;
  chainsi->next = idx;
  if (chainsi->endptr == NULL_TREE && zero_length_string_p (si))
    chainsi->endptr = ptr;
  si->endptr = chainsi->endptr;
  si->prev = chainsi->idx;
  si->first = chainsi->first;
  si->writable = chainsi->writable;
  return si->idx;
}

/* Note that PTR, a pointer SSA_NAME initialized in the current stmt, points
   to a zero-length string and if possible chain it to a related strinfo
   chain whose part is or might be CHAINSI.  */

static strinfo *
zero_length_string (tree ptr, strinfo *chainsi)
{
  strinfo *si;
  int idx;
  if (ssa_ver_to_stridx.length () <= SSA_NAME_VERSION (ptr))
    ssa_ver_to_stridx.safe_grow_cleared (num_ssa_names);
  gcc_checking_assert (TREE_CODE (ptr) == SSA_NAME
		       && ssa_ver_to_stridx[SSA_NAME_VERSION (ptr)] == 0);

  if (SSA_NAME_OCCURS_IN_ABNORMAL_PHI (ptr))
    return NULL;
  if (chainsi != NULL)
    {
      si = verify_related_strinfos (chainsi);
      if (si)
	{
	  do
	    {
	      /* We shouldn't mix delayed and non-delayed lengths.  */
	      gcc_assert (si->full_string_p);
	      if (si->endptr == NULL_TREE)
		{
		  si = unshare_strinfo (si);
		  si->endptr = ptr;
		}
	      chainsi = si;
	      si = get_next_strinfo (si);
	    }
	  while (si != NULL);
	  if (zero_length_string_p (chainsi))
	    {
	      if (chainsi->next)
		{
		  chainsi = unshare_strinfo (chainsi);
		  chainsi->next = 0;
		}
	      ssa_ver_to_stridx[SSA_NAME_VERSION (ptr)] = chainsi->idx;
	      return chainsi;
	    }
	}
      else
	{
	  /* We shouldn't mix delayed and non-delayed lengths.  */
	  gcc_assert (chainsi->full_string_p);
	  if (chainsi->first || chainsi->prev || chainsi->next)
	    {
	      chainsi = unshare_strinfo (chainsi);
	      chainsi->first = 0;
	      chainsi->prev = 0;
	      chainsi->next = 0;
	    }
	}
    }
  idx = new_stridx (ptr);
  if (idx == 0)
    return NULL;
  si = new_strinfo (ptr, idx, build_int_cst (size_type_node, 0), true);
  set_strinfo (idx, si);
  si->endptr = ptr;
  if (chainsi != NULL)
    {
      chainsi = unshare_strinfo (chainsi);
      if (chainsi->first == 0)
	chainsi->first = chainsi->idx;
      chainsi->next = idx;
      if (chainsi->endptr == NULL_TREE)
	chainsi->endptr = ptr;
      si->prev = chainsi->idx;
      si->first = chainsi->first;
      si->writable = chainsi->writable;
    }
  return si;
}

/* For strinfo ORIGSI whose length has been just updated, adjust other
   related strinfos so that they match the new ORIGSI.  This involves:

   - adding ADJ to the nonzero_chars fields
   - copying full_string_p from the new ORIGSI.  */

static void
adjust_related_strinfos (location_t loc, strinfo *origsi, tree adj)
{
  strinfo *si = verify_related_strinfos (origsi);

  if (si == NULL)
    return;

  while (1)
    {
      strinfo *nsi;

      if (si != origsi)
	{
	  tree tem;

	  si = unshare_strinfo (si);
	  /* We shouldn't see delayed lengths here; the caller must have
	     calculated the old length in order to calculate the
	     adjustment.  */
	  gcc_assert (si->nonzero_chars);
	  tem = fold_convert_loc (loc, TREE_TYPE (si->nonzero_chars), adj);
	  si->nonzero_chars = fold_build2_loc (loc, PLUS_EXPR,
					       TREE_TYPE (si->nonzero_chars),
					       si->nonzero_chars, tem);
	  si->full_string_p = origsi->full_string_p;

	  si->endptr = NULL_TREE;
	  si->dont_invalidate = true;
	}
      nsi = get_next_strinfo (si);
      if (nsi == NULL)
	return;
      si = nsi;
    }
}

/* Find if there are other SSA_NAME pointers equal to PTR
   for which we don't track their string lengths yet.  If so, use
   IDX for them.  */

static void
find_equal_ptrs (tree ptr, int idx)
{
  if (TREE_CODE (ptr) != SSA_NAME)
    return;
  while (1)
    {
      gimple *stmt = SSA_NAME_DEF_STMT (ptr);
      if (!is_gimple_assign (stmt))
	return;
      ptr = gimple_assign_rhs1 (stmt);
      switch (gimple_assign_rhs_code (stmt))
	{
	case SSA_NAME:
	  break;
	CASE_CONVERT:
	  if (!POINTER_TYPE_P (TREE_TYPE (ptr)))
	    return;
	  if (TREE_CODE (ptr) == SSA_NAME)
	    break;
	  if (TREE_CODE (ptr) != ADDR_EXPR)
	    return;
	  /* FALLTHRU */
	case ADDR_EXPR:
	  {
	    int *pidx = addr_stridxptr (TREE_OPERAND (ptr, 0));
	    if (pidx != NULL && *pidx == 0)
	      *pidx = idx;
	    return;
	  }
	default:
	  return;
	}

      /* We might find an endptr created in this pass.  Grow the
	 vector in that case.  */
      if (ssa_ver_to_stridx.length () <= SSA_NAME_VERSION (ptr))
	ssa_ver_to_stridx.safe_grow_cleared (num_ssa_names);

      if (ssa_ver_to_stridx[SSA_NAME_VERSION (ptr)] != 0)
	return;
      ssa_ver_to_stridx[SSA_NAME_VERSION (ptr)] = idx;
    }
}

/* Return true if STMT is a call to a builtin function with the right
   arguments and attributes that should be considered for optimization
   by this pass.  */

static bool
valid_builtin_call (gimple *stmt)
{
  if (!gimple_call_builtin_p (stmt, BUILT_IN_NORMAL))
    return false;

  tree callee = gimple_call_fndecl (stmt);
  switch (DECL_FUNCTION_CODE (callee))
    {
    case BUILT_IN_MEMCMP:
    case BUILT_IN_MEMCMP_EQ:
    case BUILT_IN_STRCHR:
    case BUILT_IN_STRCHR_CHKP:
    case BUILT_IN_STRLEN:
    case BUILT_IN_STRLEN_CHKP:
      /* The above functions should be pure.  Punt if they aren't.  */
      if (gimple_vdef (stmt) || gimple_vuse (stmt) == NULL_TREE)
	return false;
      break;

    case BUILT_IN_CALLOC:
    case BUILT_IN_MALLOC:
    case BUILT_IN_MEMCPY:
    case BUILT_IN_MEMCPY_CHK:
    case BUILT_IN_MEMCPY_CHKP:
    case BUILT_IN_MEMCPY_CHK_CHKP:
    case BUILT_IN_MEMPCPY:
    case BUILT_IN_MEMPCPY_CHK:
    case BUILT_IN_MEMPCPY_CHKP:
    case BUILT_IN_MEMPCPY_CHK_CHKP:
    case BUILT_IN_MEMSET:
    case BUILT_IN_STPCPY:
    case BUILT_IN_STPCPY_CHK:
    case BUILT_IN_STPCPY_CHKP:
    case BUILT_IN_STPCPY_CHK_CHKP:
    case BUILT_IN_STRCAT:
    case BUILT_IN_STRCAT_CHK:
    case BUILT_IN_STRCAT_CHKP:
    case BUILT_IN_STRCAT_CHK_CHKP:
    case BUILT_IN_STRCPY:
    case BUILT_IN_STRCPY_CHK:
    case BUILT_IN_STRCPY_CHKP:
    case BUILT_IN_STRCPY_CHK_CHKP:
      /* The above functions should be neither const nor pure.  Punt if they
	 aren't.  */
      if (gimple_vdef (stmt) == NULL_TREE || gimple_vuse (stmt) == NULL_TREE)
	return false;
      break;

    default:
      break;
    }

  return true;
}

/* If the last .MEM setter statement before STMT is
   memcpy (x, y, strlen (y) + 1), the only .MEM use of it is STMT
   and STMT is known to overwrite x[strlen (x)], adjust the last memcpy to
   just memcpy (x, y, strlen (y)).  SI must be the zero length
   strinfo.  */

static void
adjust_last_stmt (strinfo *si, gimple *stmt, bool is_strcat)
{
  tree vuse, callee, len;
  struct laststmt_struct last = laststmt;
  strinfo *lastsi, *firstsi;
  unsigned len_arg_no = 2;

  laststmt.stmt = NULL;
  laststmt.len = NULL_TREE;
  laststmt.stridx = 0;

  if (last.stmt == NULL)
    return;

  vuse = gimple_vuse (stmt);
  if (vuse == NULL_TREE
      || SSA_NAME_DEF_STMT (vuse) != last.stmt
      || !has_single_use (vuse))
    return;

  gcc_assert (last.stridx > 0);
  lastsi = get_strinfo (last.stridx);
  if (lastsi == NULL)
    return;

  if (lastsi != si)
    {
      if (lastsi->first == 0 || lastsi->first != si->first)
	return;

      firstsi = verify_related_strinfos (si);
      if (firstsi == NULL)
	return;
      while (firstsi != lastsi)
	{
	  firstsi = get_next_strinfo (firstsi);
	  if (firstsi == NULL)
	    return;
	}
    }

  if (!is_strcat && !zero_length_string_p (si))
    return;

  if (is_gimple_assign (last.stmt))
    {
      gimple_stmt_iterator gsi;

      if (!integer_zerop (gimple_assign_rhs1 (last.stmt)))
	return;
      if (stmt_could_throw_p (last.stmt))
	return;
      gsi = gsi_for_stmt (last.stmt);
      unlink_stmt_vdef (last.stmt);
      release_defs (last.stmt);
      gsi_remove (&gsi, true);
      return;
    }

  if (!valid_builtin_call (last.stmt))
    return;

  callee = gimple_call_fndecl (last.stmt);
  switch (DECL_FUNCTION_CODE (callee))
    {
    case BUILT_IN_MEMCPY:
    case BUILT_IN_MEMCPY_CHK:
      break;
    case BUILT_IN_MEMCPY_CHKP:
    case BUILT_IN_MEMCPY_CHK_CHKP:
      len_arg_no = 4;
      break;
    default:
      return;
    }

  len = gimple_call_arg (last.stmt, len_arg_no);
  if (tree_fits_uhwi_p (len))
    {
      if (!tree_fits_uhwi_p (last.len)
	  || integer_zerop (len)
	  || tree_to_uhwi (len) != tree_to_uhwi (last.len) + 1)
	return;
      /* Don't adjust the length if it is divisible by 4, it is more efficient
	 to store the extra '\0' in that case.  */
      if ((tree_to_uhwi (len) & 3) == 0)
	return;
    }
  else if (TREE_CODE (len) == SSA_NAME)
    {
      gimple *def_stmt = SSA_NAME_DEF_STMT (len);
      if (!is_gimple_assign (def_stmt)
	  || gimple_assign_rhs_code (def_stmt) != PLUS_EXPR
	  || gimple_assign_rhs1 (def_stmt) != last.len
	  || !integer_onep (gimple_assign_rhs2 (def_stmt)))
	return;
    }
  else
    return;

  gimple_call_set_arg (last.stmt, len_arg_no, last.len);
  update_stmt (last.stmt);
}

/* Handle a strlen call.  If strlen of the argument is known, replace
   the strlen call with the known value, otherwise remember that strlen
   of the argument is stored in the lhs SSA_NAME.  */

static void
handle_builtin_strlen (gimple_stmt_iterator *gsi)
{
  int idx;
  tree src;
  gimple *stmt = gsi_stmt (*gsi);
  tree lhs = gimple_call_lhs (stmt);

  if (lhs == NULL_TREE)
    return;

  src = gimple_call_arg (stmt, 0);
  idx = get_stridx (src);
  if (idx)
    {
      strinfo *si = NULL;
      tree rhs;

      if (idx < 0)
	rhs = build_int_cst (TREE_TYPE (lhs), ~idx);
      else
	{
	  rhs = NULL_TREE;
	  si = get_strinfo (idx);
	  if (si != NULL)
	    rhs = get_string_length (si);
	}
      if (rhs != NULL_TREE)
	{
	  if (dump_file && (dump_flags & TDF_DETAILS) != 0)
	    {
	      fprintf (dump_file, "Optimizing: ");
	      print_gimple_stmt (dump_file, stmt, 0, TDF_SLIM);
	    }
	  rhs = unshare_expr (rhs);
	  if (!useless_type_conversion_p (TREE_TYPE (lhs), TREE_TYPE (rhs)))
	    rhs = fold_convert_loc (gimple_location (stmt),
				    TREE_TYPE (lhs), rhs);
	  if (!update_call_from_tree (gsi, rhs))
	    gimplify_and_update_call_from_tree (gsi, rhs);
	  stmt = gsi_stmt (*gsi);
	  update_stmt (stmt);
	  if (dump_file && (dump_flags & TDF_DETAILS) != 0)
	    {
	      fprintf (dump_file, "into: ");
	      print_gimple_stmt (dump_file, stmt, 0, TDF_SLIM);
	    }
	  if (si != NULL
	      && TREE_CODE (si->nonzero_chars) != SSA_NAME
	      && TREE_CODE (si->nonzero_chars) != INTEGER_CST
	      && !SSA_NAME_OCCURS_IN_ABNORMAL_PHI (lhs))
	    {
	      si = unshare_strinfo (si);
	      si->nonzero_chars = lhs;
	      gcc_assert (si->full_string_p);
	    }
	  return;
	}
    }
  if (SSA_NAME_OCCURS_IN_ABNORMAL_PHI (lhs))
    return;
  if (idx == 0)
    idx = new_stridx (src);
  else
    {
      strinfo *si = get_strinfo (idx);
      if (si != NULL)
	{
	  if (!si->full_string_p && !si->stmt)
	    {
	      /* Until now we only had a lower bound on the string length.
		 Install LHS as the actual length.  */
	      si = unshare_strinfo (si);
	      tree old = si->nonzero_chars;
	      si->nonzero_chars = lhs;
	      si->full_string_p = true;
	      if (TREE_CODE (old) == INTEGER_CST)
		{
		  location_t loc = gimple_location (stmt);
		  old = fold_convert_loc (loc, TREE_TYPE (lhs), old);
		  tree adj = fold_build2_loc (loc, MINUS_EXPR,
					      TREE_TYPE (lhs), lhs, old);
		  adjust_related_strinfos (loc, si, adj);
		}
	      else
		{
		  si->first = 0;
		  si->prev = 0;
		  si->next = 0;
		}
	    }
	  return;
	}
    }
  if (idx)
    {
      strinfo *si = new_strinfo (src, idx, lhs, true);
      set_strinfo (idx, si);
      find_equal_ptrs (src, idx);
    }
}

/* Handle a strchr call.  If strlen of the first argument is known, replace
   the strchr (x, 0) call with the endptr or x + strlen, otherwise remember
   that lhs of the call is endptr and strlen of the argument is endptr - x.  */

static void
handle_builtin_strchr (gimple_stmt_iterator *gsi)
{
  int idx;
  tree src;
  gimple *stmt = gsi_stmt (*gsi);
  tree lhs = gimple_call_lhs (stmt);
  bool with_bounds = gimple_call_with_bounds_p (stmt);

  if (lhs == NULL_TREE)
    return;

  if (!integer_zerop (gimple_call_arg (stmt, with_bounds ? 2 : 1)))
    return;

  src = gimple_call_arg (stmt, 0);
  idx = get_stridx (src);
  if (idx)
    {
      strinfo *si = NULL;
      tree rhs;

      if (idx < 0)
	rhs = build_int_cst (size_type_node, ~idx);
      else
	{
	  rhs = NULL_TREE;
	  si = get_strinfo (idx);
	  if (si != NULL)
	    rhs = get_string_length (si);
	}
      if (rhs != NULL_TREE)
	{
	  location_t loc = gimple_location (stmt);

	  if (dump_file && (dump_flags & TDF_DETAILS) != 0)
	    {
	      fprintf (dump_file, "Optimizing: ");
	      print_gimple_stmt (dump_file, stmt, 0, TDF_SLIM);
	    }
	  if (si != NULL && si->endptr != NULL_TREE)
	    {
	      rhs = unshare_expr (si->endptr);
	      if (!useless_type_conversion_p (TREE_TYPE (lhs),
					      TREE_TYPE (rhs)))
		rhs = fold_convert_loc (loc, TREE_TYPE (lhs), rhs);
	    }
	  else
	    {
	      rhs = fold_convert_loc (loc, sizetype, unshare_expr (rhs));
	      rhs = fold_build2_loc (loc, POINTER_PLUS_EXPR,
				     TREE_TYPE (src), src, rhs);
	      if (!useless_type_conversion_p (TREE_TYPE (lhs),
					      TREE_TYPE (rhs)))
		rhs = fold_convert_loc (loc, TREE_TYPE (lhs), rhs);
	    }
	  if (!update_call_from_tree (gsi, rhs))
	    gimplify_and_update_call_from_tree (gsi, rhs);
	  stmt = gsi_stmt (*gsi);
	  update_stmt (stmt);
	  if (dump_file && (dump_flags & TDF_DETAILS) != 0)
	    {
	      fprintf (dump_file, "into: ");
	      print_gimple_stmt (dump_file, stmt, 0, TDF_SLIM);
	    }
	  if (si != NULL
	      && si->endptr == NULL_TREE
	      && !SSA_NAME_OCCURS_IN_ABNORMAL_PHI (lhs))
	    {
	      si = unshare_strinfo (si);
	      si->endptr = lhs;
	    }
	  zero_length_string (lhs, si);
	  return;
	}
    }
  if (SSA_NAME_OCCURS_IN_ABNORMAL_PHI (lhs))
    return;
  if (TREE_CODE (src) != SSA_NAME || !SSA_NAME_OCCURS_IN_ABNORMAL_PHI (src))
    {
      if (idx == 0)
	idx = new_stridx (src);
      else if (get_strinfo (idx) != NULL)
	{
	  zero_length_string (lhs, NULL);
	  return;
	}
      if (idx)
	{
	  location_t loc = gimple_location (stmt);
	  tree lhsu = fold_convert_loc (loc, size_type_node, lhs);
	  tree srcu = fold_convert_loc (loc, size_type_node, src);
	  tree length = fold_build2_loc (loc, MINUS_EXPR,
					 size_type_node, lhsu, srcu);
	  strinfo *si = new_strinfo (src, idx, length, true);
	  si->endptr = lhs;
	  set_strinfo (idx, si);
	  find_equal_ptrs (src, idx);
	  zero_length_string (lhs, si);
	}
    }
  else
    zero_length_string (lhs, NULL);
}

/* Handle a strcpy-like ({st{r,p}cpy,__st{r,p}cpy_chk}) call.
   If strlen of the second argument is known, strlen of the first argument
   is the same after this call.  Furthermore, attempt to convert it to
   memcpy.  */

static void
handle_builtin_strcpy (enum built_in_function bcode, gimple_stmt_iterator *gsi)
{
  int idx, didx;
  tree src, dst, srclen, len, lhs, args, type, fn, oldlen;
  bool success;
  gimple *stmt = gsi_stmt (*gsi);
  strinfo *si, *dsi, *olddsi, *zsi;
  location_t loc;
  bool with_bounds = gimple_call_with_bounds_p (stmt);

  src = gimple_call_arg (stmt, with_bounds ? 2 : 1);
  dst = gimple_call_arg (stmt, 0);
  lhs = gimple_call_lhs (stmt);
  idx = get_stridx (src);
  si = NULL;
  if (idx > 0)
    si = get_strinfo (idx);

  didx = get_stridx (dst);
  olddsi = NULL;
  oldlen = NULL_TREE;
  if (didx > 0)
    olddsi = get_strinfo (didx);
  else if (didx < 0)
    return;

  if (olddsi != NULL)
    adjust_last_stmt (olddsi, stmt, false);

  srclen = NULL_TREE;
  if (si != NULL)
    srclen = get_string_length (si);
  else if (idx < 0)
    srclen = build_int_cst (size_type_node, ~idx);

  loc = gimple_location (stmt);
  if (srclen == NULL_TREE)
    switch (bcode)
      {
      case BUILT_IN_STRCPY:
      case BUILT_IN_STRCPY_CHK:
      case BUILT_IN_STRCPY_CHKP:
      case BUILT_IN_STRCPY_CHK_CHKP:
	if (lhs != NULL_TREE || !builtin_decl_implicit_p (BUILT_IN_STPCPY))
	  return;
	break;
      case BUILT_IN_STPCPY:
      case BUILT_IN_STPCPY_CHK:
      case BUILT_IN_STPCPY_CHKP:
      case BUILT_IN_STPCPY_CHK_CHKP:
	if (lhs == NULL_TREE)
	  return;
	else
	  {
	    tree lhsuint = fold_convert_loc (loc, size_type_node, lhs);
	    srclen = fold_convert_loc (loc, size_type_node, dst);
	    srclen = fold_build2_loc (loc, MINUS_EXPR, size_type_node,
				      lhsuint, srclen);
	  }
	break;
      default:
	gcc_unreachable ();
      }

  if (didx == 0)
    {
      didx = new_stridx (dst);
      if (didx == 0)
	return;
    }
  if (olddsi != NULL)
    {
      oldlen = olddsi->nonzero_chars;
      dsi = unshare_strinfo (olddsi);
      dsi->nonzero_chars = srclen;
      dsi->full_string_p = (srclen != NULL_TREE);
      /* Break the chain, so adjust_related_strinfo on later pointers in
	 the chain won't adjust this one anymore.  */
      dsi->next = 0;
      dsi->stmt = NULL;
      dsi->endptr = NULL_TREE;
    }
  else
    {
      dsi = new_strinfo (dst, didx, srclen, srclen != NULL_TREE);
      set_strinfo (didx, dsi);
      find_equal_ptrs (dst, didx);
    }
  dsi->writable = true;
  dsi->dont_invalidate = true;

  if (dsi->nonzero_chars == NULL_TREE)
    {
      strinfo *chainsi;

      /* If string length of src is unknown, use delayed length
	 computation.  If string lenth of dst will be needed, it
	 can be computed by transforming this strcpy call into
	 stpcpy and subtracting dst from the return value.  */

      /* Look for earlier strings whose length could be determined if
	 this strcpy is turned into an stpcpy.  */

      if (dsi->prev != 0 && (chainsi = verify_related_strinfos (dsi)) != NULL)
	{
	  for (; chainsi && chainsi != dsi; chainsi = get_strinfo (chainsi->next))
	    {
	      /* When setting a stmt for delayed length computation
		 prevent all strinfos through dsi from being
		 invalidated.  */
	      chainsi = unshare_strinfo (chainsi);
	      chainsi->stmt = stmt;
	      chainsi->nonzero_chars = NULL_TREE;
	      chainsi->full_string_p = false;
	      chainsi->endptr = NULL_TREE;
	      chainsi->dont_invalidate = true;
	    }
	}
      dsi->stmt = stmt;
      return;
    }

  if (olddsi != NULL)
    {
      tree adj = NULL_TREE;
      if (oldlen == NULL_TREE)
	;
      else if (integer_zerop (oldlen))
	adj = srclen;
      else if (TREE_CODE (oldlen) == INTEGER_CST
	       || TREE_CODE (srclen) == INTEGER_CST)
	adj = fold_build2_loc (loc, MINUS_EXPR,
			       TREE_TYPE (srclen), srclen,
			       fold_convert_loc (loc, TREE_TYPE (srclen),
						 oldlen));
      if (adj != NULL_TREE)
	adjust_related_strinfos (loc, dsi, adj);
      else
	dsi->prev = 0;
    }
  /* strcpy src may not overlap dst, so src doesn't need to be
     invalidated either.  */
  if (si != NULL)
    si->dont_invalidate = true;

  fn = NULL_TREE;
  zsi = NULL;
  switch (bcode)
    {
    case BUILT_IN_STRCPY:
    case BUILT_IN_STRCPY_CHKP:
      fn = builtin_decl_implicit (BUILT_IN_MEMCPY);
      if (lhs)
	ssa_ver_to_stridx[SSA_NAME_VERSION (lhs)] = didx;
      break;
    case BUILT_IN_STRCPY_CHK:
    case BUILT_IN_STRCPY_CHK_CHKP:
      fn = builtin_decl_explicit (BUILT_IN_MEMCPY_CHK);
      if (lhs)
	ssa_ver_to_stridx[SSA_NAME_VERSION (lhs)] = didx;
      break;
    case BUILT_IN_STPCPY:
    case BUILT_IN_STPCPY_CHKP:
      /* This would need adjustment of the lhs (subtract one),
	 or detection that the trailing '\0' doesn't need to be
	 written, if it will be immediately overwritten.
      fn = builtin_decl_explicit (BUILT_IN_MEMPCPY);  */
      if (lhs)
	{
	  dsi->endptr = lhs;
	  zsi = zero_length_string (lhs, dsi);
	}
      break;
    case BUILT_IN_STPCPY_CHK:
    case BUILT_IN_STPCPY_CHK_CHKP:
      /* This would need adjustment of the lhs (subtract one),
	 or detection that the trailing '\0' doesn't need to be
	 written, if it will be immediately overwritten.
      fn = builtin_decl_explicit (BUILT_IN_MEMPCPY_CHK);  */
      if (lhs)
	{
	  dsi->endptr = lhs;
	  zsi = zero_length_string (lhs, dsi);
	}
      break;
    default:
      gcc_unreachable ();
    }
  if (zsi != NULL)
    zsi->dont_invalidate = true;

  if (fn == NULL_TREE)
    return;

  args = TYPE_ARG_TYPES (TREE_TYPE (fn));
  type = TREE_VALUE (TREE_CHAIN (TREE_CHAIN (args)));

  len = fold_convert_loc (loc, type, unshare_expr (srclen));
  len = fold_build2_loc (loc, PLUS_EXPR, type, len, build_int_cst (type, 1));
  len = force_gimple_operand_gsi (gsi, len, true, NULL_TREE, true,
				  GSI_SAME_STMT);
  if (dump_file && (dump_flags & TDF_DETAILS) != 0)
    {
      fprintf (dump_file, "Optimizing: ");
      print_gimple_stmt (dump_file, stmt, 0, TDF_SLIM);
    }
  if (with_bounds)
    {
      fn = chkp_maybe_create_clone (fn)->decl;
      if (gimple_call_num_args (stmt) == 4)
	success = update_gimple_call (gsi, fn, 5, dst,
				      gimple_call_arg (stmt, 1),
				      src,
				      gimple_call_arg (stmt, 3),
				      len);
      else
	success = update_gimple_call (gsi, fn, 6, dst,
				      gimple_call_arg (stmt, 1),
				      src,
				      gimple_call_arg (stmt, 3),
				      len,
				      gimple_call_arg (stmt, 4));
    }
  else
    if (gimple_call_num_args (stmt) == 2)
      success = update_gimple_call (gsi, fn, 3, dst, src, len);
    else
      success = update_gimple_call (gsi, fn, 4, dst, src, len,
				    gimple_call_arg (stmt, 2));
  if (success)
    {
      stmt = gsi_stmt (*gsi);
      gimple_call_set_with_bounds (stmt, with_bounds);
      update_stmt (stmt);
      if (dump_file && (dump_flags & TDF_DETAILS) != 0)
	{
	  fprintf (dump_file, "into: ");
	  print_gimple_stmt (dump_file, stmt, 0, TDF_SLIM);
	}
      /* Allow adjust_last_stmt to decrease this memcpy's size.  */
      laststmt.stmt = stmt;
      laststmt.len = srclen;
      laststmt.stridx = dsi->idx;
    }
  else if (dump_file && (dump_flags & TDF_DETAILS) != 0)
    fprintf (dump_file, "not possible.\n");
}

/* Handle a memcpy-like ({mem{,p}cpy,__mem{,p}cpy_chk}) call.
   If strlen of the second argument is known and length of the third argument
   is that plus one, strlen of the first argument is the same after this
   call.  */

static void
handle_builtin_memcpy (enum built_in_function bcode, gimple_stmt_iterator *gsi)
{
  int idx, didx;
  tree src, dst, len, lhs, oldlen, newlen;
  gimple *stmt = gsi_stmt (*gsi);
  strinfo *si, *dsi, *olddsi;
  bool with_bounds = gimple_call_with_bounds_p (stmt);

  len = gimple_call_arg (stmt, with_bounds ? 4 : 2);
  src = gimple_call_arg (stmt, with_bounds ? 2 : 1);
  dst = gimple_call_arg (stmt, 0);
  idx = get_stridx (src);
  if (idx == 0)
    return;

  didx = get_stridx (dst);
  olddsi = NULL;
  if (didx > 0)
    olddsi = get_strinfo (didx);
  else if (didx < 0)
    return;

  if (olddsi != NULL
      && tree_fits_uhwi_p (len)
      && !integer_zerop (len))
    adjust_last_stmt (olddsi, stmt, false);

  bool full_string_p;
  if (idx > 0)
    {
      gimple *def_stmt;

      /* Handle memcpy (x, y, l) where l's relationship with strlen (y)
	 is known.  */
      si = get_strinfo (idx);
      if (si == NULL || si->nonzero_chars == NULL_TREE)
	return;
      if (TREE_CODE (len) == INTEGER_CST
	  && TREE_CODE (si->nonzero_chars) == INTEGER_CST)
	{
	  if (tree_int_cst_le (len, si->nonzero_chars))
	    {
	      /* Copying LEN nonzero characters, where LEN is constant.  */
	      newlen = len;
	      full_string_p = false;
	    }
	  else
	    {
	      /* Copying the whole of the analyzed part of SI.  */
	      newlen = si->nonzero_chars;
	      full_string_p = si->full_string_p;
	    }
	}
      else
	{
	  if (!si->full_string_p)
	    return;
	  if (TREE_CODE (len) != SSA_NAME)
	    return;
	  def_stmt = SSA_NAME_DEF_STMT (len);
	  if (!is_gimple_assign (def_stmt)
	      || gimple_assign_rhs_code (def_stmt) != PLUS_EXPR
	      || gimple_assign_rhs1 (def_stmt) != si->nonzero_chars
	      || !integer_onep (gimple_assign_rhs2 (def_stmt)))
	    return;
	  /* Copying variable-length string SI (and no more).  */
	  newlen = si->nonzero_chars;
	  full_string_p = true;
	}
    }
  else
    {
      si = NULL;
      /* Handle memcpy (x, "abcd", 5) or
	 memcpy (x, "abc\0uvw", 7).  */
      if (!tree_fits_uhwi_p (len))
	return;

      unsigned HOST_WIDE_INT clen = tree_to_uhwi (len);
      unsigned HOST_WIDE_INT nonzero_chars = ~idx;
      newlen = build_int_cst (size_type_node, MIN (nonzero_chars, clen));
      full_string_p = clen > nonzero_chars;
    }

  if (olddsi != NULL && TREE_CODE (len) == SSA_NAME)
    adjust_last_stmt (olddsi, stmt, false);

  if (didx == 0)
    {
      didx = new_stridx (dst);
      if (didx == 0)
	return;
    }
  oldlen = NULL_TREE;
  if (olddsi != NULL)
    {
      dsi = unshare_strinfo (olddsi);
      oldlen = olddsi->nonzero_chars;
      dsi->nonzero_chars = newlen;
      dsi->full_string_p = full_string_p;
      /* Break the chain, so adjust_related_strinfo on later pointers in
	 the chain won't adjust this one anymore.  */
      dsi->next = 0;
      dsi->stmt = NULL;
      dsi->endptr = NULL_TREE;
    }
  else
    {
      dsi = new_strinfo (dst, didx, newlen, full_string_p);
      set_strinfo (didx, dsi);
      find_equal_ptrs (dst, didx);
    }
  dsi->writable = true;
  dsi->dont_invalidate = true;
  if (olddsi != NULL)
    {
      tree adj = NULL_TREE;
      location_t loc = gimple_location (stmt);
      if (oldlen == NULL_TREE)
	;
      else if (integer_zerop (oldlen))
	adj = newlen;
      else if (TREE_CODE (oldlen) == INTEGER_CST
	       || TREE_CODE (newlen) == INTEGER_CST)
	adj = fold_build2_loc (loc, MINUS_EXPR, TREE_TYPE (newlen), newlen,
			       fold_convert_loc (loc, TREE_TYPE (newlen),
						 oldlen));
      if (adj != NULL_TREE)
	adjust_related_strinfos (loc, dsi, adj);
      else
	dsi->prev = 0;
    }
  /* memcpy src may not overlap dst, so src doesn't need to be
     invalidated either.  */
  if (si != NULL)
    si->dont_invalidate = true;

  if (full_string_p)
    {
      lhs = gimple_call_lhs (stmt);
      switch (bcode)
	{
	case BUILT_IN_MEMCPY:
	case BUILT_IN_MEMCPY_CHK:
	case BUILT_IN_MEMCPY_CHKP:
	case BUILT_IN_MEMCPY_CHK_CHKP:
	  /* Allow adjust_last_stmt to decrease this memcpy's size.  */
	  laststmt.stmt = stmt;
	  laststmt.len = dsi->nonzero_chars;
	  laststmt.stridx = dsi->idx;
	  if (lhs)
	    ssa_ver_to_stridx[SSA_NAME_VERSION (lhs)] = didx;
	  break;
	case BUILT_IN_MEMPCPY:
	case BUILT_IN_MEMPCPY_CHK:
	case BUILT_IN_MEMPCPY_CHKP:
	case BUILT_IN_MEMPCPY_CHK_CHKP:
	  break;
	default:
	  gcc_unreachable ();
	}
    }
}

/* Handle a strcat-like ({strcat,__strcat_chk}) call.
   If strlen of the second argument is known, strlen of the first argument
   is increased by the length of the second argument.  Furthermore, attempt
   to convert it to memcpy/strcpy if the length of the first argument
   is known.  */

static void
handle_builtin_strcat (enum built_in_function bcode, gimple_stmt_iterator *gsi)
{
  int idx, didx;
  tree src, dst, srclen, dstlen, len, lhs, args, type, fn, objsz, endptr;
  bool success;
  gimple *stmt = gsi_stmt (*gsi);
  strinfo *si, *dsi;
  location_t loc;
  bool with_bounds = gimple_call_with_bounds_p (stmt);

  src = gimple_call_arg (stmt, with_bounds ? 2 : 1);
  dst = gimple_call_arg (stmt, 0);
  lhs = gimple_call_lhs (stmt);

  didx = get_stridx (dst);
  if (didx < 0)
    return;

  dsi = NULL;
  if (didx > 0)
    dsi = get_strinfo (didx);
  if (dsi == NULL || get_string_length (dsi) == NULL_TREE)
    {
      /* strcat (p, q) can be transformed into
	 tmp = p + strlen (p); endptr = strpcpy (tmp, q);
	 with length endptr - p if we need to compute the length
	 later on.  Don't do this transformation if we don't need
	 it.  */
      if (builtin_decl_implicit_p (BUILT_IN_STPCPY) && lhs == NULL_TREE)
	{
	  if (didx == 0)
	    {
	      didx = new_stridx (dst);
	      if (didx == 0)
		return;
	    }
	  if (dsi == NULL)
	    {
	      dsi = new_strinfo (dst, didx, NULL_TREE, false);
	      set_strinfo (didx, dsi);
	      find_equal_ptrs (dst, didx);
	    }
	  else
	    {
	      dsi = unshare_strinfo (dsi);
	      dsi->nonzero_chars = NULL_TREE;
	      dsi->full_string_p = false;
	      dsi->next = 0;
	      dsi->endptr = NULL_TREE;
	    }
	  dsi->writable = true;
	  dsi->stmt = stmt;
	  dsi->dont_invalidate = true;
	}
      return;
    }

  srclen = NULL_TREE;
  si = NULL;
  idx = get_stridx (src);
  if (idx < 0)
    srclen = build_int_cst (size_type_node, ~idx);
  else if (idx > 0)
    {
      si = get_strinfo (idx);
      if (si != NULL)
	srclen = get_string_length (si);
    }

  loc = gimple_location (stmt);
  dstlen = dsi->nonzero_chars;
  endptr = dsi->endptr;

  dsi = unshare_strinfo (dsi);
  dsi->endptr = NULL_TREE;
  dsi->stmt = NULL;
  dsi->writable = true;

  if (srclen != NULL_TREE)
    {
      dsi->nonzero_chars = fold_build2_loc (loc, PLUS_EXPR,
					    TREE_TYPE (dsi->nonzero_chars),
					    dsi->nonzero_chars, srclen);
      gcc_assert (dsi->full_string_p);
      adjust_related_strinfos (loc, dsi, srclen);
      dsi->dont_invalidate = true;
    }
  else
    {
      dsi->nonzero_chars = NULL;
      dsi->full_string_p = false;
      if (lhs == NULL_TREE && builtin_decl_implicit_p (BUILT_IN_STPCPY))
	dsi->dont_invalidate = true;
    }

  if (si != NULL)
    /* strcat src may not overlap dst, so src doesn't need to be
       invalidated either.  */
    si->dont_invalidate = true;

  /* For now.  Could remove the lhs from the call and add
     lhs = dst; afterwards.  */
  if (lhs)
    return;

  fn = NULL_TREE;
  objsz = NULL_TREE;
  switch (bcode)
    {
    case BUILT_IN_STRCAT:
    case BUILT_IN_STRCAT_CHKP:
      if (srclen != NULL_TREE)
	fn = builtin_decl_implicit (BUILT_IN_MEMCPY);
      else
	fn = builtin_decl_implicit (BUILT_IN_STRCPY);
      break;
    case BUILT_IN_STRCAT_CHK:
    case BUILT_IN_STRCAT_CHK_CHKP:
      if (srclen != NULL_TREE)
	fn = builtin_decl_explicit (BUILT_IN_MEMCPY_CHK);
      else
	fn = builtin_decl_explicit (BUILT_IN_STRCPY_CHK);
      objsz = gimple_call_arg (stmt, with_bounds ? 4 : 2);
      break;
    default:
      gcc_unreachable ();
    }

  if (fn == NULL_TREE)
    return;

  len = NULL_TREE;
  if (srclen != NULL_TREE)
    {
      args = TYPE_ARG_TYPES (TREE_TYPE (fn));
      type = TREE_VALUE (TREE_CHAIN (TREE_CHAIN (args)));

      len = fold_convert_loc (loc, type, unshare_expr (srclen));
      len = fold_build2_loc (loc, PLUS_EXPR, type, len,
			     build_int_cst (type, 1));
      len = force_gimple_operand_gsi (gsi, len, true, NULL_TREE, true,
				      GSI_SAME_STMT);
    }
  if (endptr)
    dst = fold_convert_loc (loc, TREE_TYPE (dst), unshare_expr (endptr));
  else
    dst = fold_build2_loc (loc, POINTER_PLUS_EXPR,
			   TREE_TYPE (dst), unshare_expr (dst),
			   fold_convert_loc (loc, sizetype,
					     unshare_expr (dstlen)));
  dst = force_gimple_operand_gsi (gsi, dst, true, NULL_TREE, true,
				  GSI_SAME_STMT);
  if (dump_file && (dump_flags & TDF_DETAILS) != 0)
    {
      fprintf (dump_file, "Optimizing: ");
      print_gimple_stmt (dump_file, stmt, 0, TDF_SLIM);
    }
  if (with_bounds)
    {
      fn = chkp_maybe_create_clone (fn)->decl;
      if (srclen != NULL_TREE)
	success = update_gimple_call (gsi, fn, 5 + (objsz != NULL_TREE),
				      dst,
				      gimple_call_arg (stmt, 1),
				      src,
				      gimple_call_arg (stmt, 3),
				      len, objsz);
      else
	success = update_gimple_call (gsi, fn, 4 + (objsz != NULL_TREE),
				      dst,
				      gimple_call_arg (stmt, 1),
				      src,
				      gimple_call_arg (stmt, 3),
				      objsz);
    }
  else
    if (srclen != NULL_TREE)
      success = update_gimple_call (gsi, fn, 3 + (objsz != NULL_TREE),
				    dst, src, len, objsz);
    else
      success = update_gimple_call (gsi, fn, 2 + (objsz != NULL_TREE),
				    dst, src, objsz);
  if (success)
    {
      stmt = gsi_stmt (*gsi);
      gimple_call_set_with_bounds (stmt, with_bounds);
      update_stmt (stmt);
      if (dump_file && (dump_flags & TDF_DETAILS) != 0)
	{
	  fprintf (dump_file, "into: ");
	  print_gimple_stmt (dump_file, stmt, 0, TDF_SLIM);
	}
      /* If srclen == NULL, note that current string length can be
	 computed by transforming this strcpy into stpcpy.  */
      if (srclen == NULL_TREE && dsi->dont_invalidate)
	dsi->stmt = stmt;
      adjust_last_stmt (dsi, stmt, true);
      if (srclen != NULL_TREE)
	{
	  laststmt.stmt = stmt;
	  laststmt.len = srclen;
	  laststmt.stridx = dsi->idx;
	}
    }
  else if (dump_file && (dump_flags & TDF_DETAILS) != 0)
    fprintf (dump_file, "not possible.\n");
}

/* Handle a call to malloc or calloc.  */

static void
handle_builtin_malloc (enum built_in_function bcode, gimple_stmt_iterator *gsi)
{
  gimple *stmt = gsi_stmt (*gsi);
  tree lhs = gimple_call_lhs (stmt);
  if (lhs == NULL_TREE)
    return;

  gcc_assert (get_stridx (lhs) == 0);
  int idx = new_stridx (lhs);
  tree length = NULL_TREE;
  if (bcode == BUILT_IN_CALLOC)
    length = build_int_cst (size_type_node, 0);
  strinfo *si = new_strinfo (lhs, idx, length, length != NULL_TREE);
  if (bcode == BUILT_IN_CALLOC)
    si->endptr = lhs;
  set_strinfo (idx, si);
  si->writable = true;
  si->stmt = stmt;
  si->dont_invalidate = true;
}

/* Handle a call to memset.
   After a call to calloc, memset(,0,) is unnecessary.
   memset(malloc(n),0,n) is calloc(n,1).  */

static bool
handle_builtin_memset (gimple_stmt_iterator *gsi)
{
  gimple *stmt2 = gsi_stmt (*gsi);
  if (!integer_zerop (gimple_call_arg (stmt2, 1)))
    return true;
  tree ptr = gimple_call_arg (stmt2, 0);
  int idx1 = get_stridx (ptr);
  if (idx1 <= 0)
    return true;
  strinfo *si1 = get_strinfo (idx1);
  if (!si1)
    return true;
  gimple *stmt1 = si1->stmt;
  if (!stmt1 || !is_gimple_call (stmt1))
    return true;
  tree callee1 = gimple_call_fndecl (stmt1);
  if (!valid_builtin_call (stmt1))
    return true;
  enum built_in_function code1 = DECL_FUNCTION_CODE (callee1);
  tree size = gimple_call_arg (stmt2, 2);
  if (code1 == BUILT_IN_CALLOC)
    /* Not touching stmt1 */ ;
  else if (code1 == BUILT_IN_MALLOC
	   && operand_equal_p (gimple_call_arg (stmt1, 0), size, 0))
    {
      gimple_stmt_iterator gsi1 = gsi_for_stmt (stmt1);
      update_gimple_call (&gsi1, builtin_decl_implicit (BUILT_IN_CALLOC), 2,
			  size, build_one_cst (size_type_node));
      si1->nonzero_chars = build_int_cst (size_type_node, 0);
      si1->full_string_p = true;
      si1->stmt = gsi_stmt (gsi1);
    }
  else
    return true;
  tree lhs = gimple_call_lhs (stmt2);
  unlink_stmt_vdef (stmt2);
  if (lhs)
    {
      gimple *assign = gimple_build_assign (lhs, ptr);
      gsi_replace (gsi, assign, false);
    }
  else
    {
      gsi_remove (gsi, true);
      release_defs (stmt2);
    }

  return false;
}

/* Handle a call to memcmp.  We try to handle small comparisons by
   converting them to load and compare, and replacing the call to memcmp
   with a __builtin_memcmp_eq call where possible.  */

static bool
handle_builtin_memcmp (gimple_stmt_iterator *gsi)
{
  gcall *stmt2 = as_a <gcall *> (gsi_stmt (*gsi));
  tree res = gimple_call_lhs (stmt2);
  tree arg1 = gimple_call_arg (stmt2, 0);
  tree arg2 = gimple_call_arg (stmt2, 1);
  tree len = gimple_call_arg (stmt2, 2);
  unsigned HOST_WIDE_INT leni;
  use_operand_p use_p;
  imm_use_iterator iter;

  if (!res)
    return true;

  FOR_EACH_IMM_USE_FAST (use_p, iter, res)
    {
      gimple *ustmt = USE_STMT (use_p);

      if (is_gimple_debug (ustmt))
	continue;
      if (gimple_code (ustmt) == GIMPLE_ASSIGN)
	{
	  gassign *asgn = as_a <gassign *> (ustmt);
	  tree_code code = gimple_assign_rhs_code (asgn);
	  if ((code != EQ_EXPR && code != NE_EXPR)
	      || !integer_zerop (gimple_assign_rhs2 (asgn)))
	    return true;
	}
      else if (gimple_code (ustmt) == GIMPLE_COND)
	{
	  tree_code code = gimple_cond_code (ustmt);
	  if ((code != EQ_EXPR && code != NE_EXPR)
	      || !integer_zerop (gimple_cond_rhs (ustmt)))
	    return true;
	}
      else
	return true;
    }

  if (tree_fits_uhwi_p (len)
      && (leni = tree_to_uhwi (len)) <= GET_MODE_SIZE (word_mode)
      && pow2p_hwi (leni))
    {
      leni *= CHAR_TYPE_SIZE;
      unsigned align1 = get_pointer_alignment (arg1);
      unsigned align2 = get_pointer_alignment (arg2);
      unsigned align = MIN (align1, align2);
      scalar_int_mode mode;
      if (int_mode_for_size (leni, 1).exists (&mode)
	  && (align >= leni || !targetm.slow_unaligned_access (mode, align)))
	{
	  location_t loc = gimple_location (stmt2);
	  tree type, off;
	  type = build_nonstandard_integer_type (leni, 1);
	  gcc_assert (GET_MODE_BITSIZE (TYPE_MODE (type)) == leni);
	  tree ptrtype = build_pointer_type_for_mode (char_type_node,
						      ptr_mode, true);
	  off = build_int_cst (ptrtype, 0);
	  arg1 = build2_loc (loc, MEM_REF, type, arg1, off);
	  arg2 = build2_loc (loc, MEM_REF, type, arg2, off);
	  tree tem1 = fold_const_aggregate_ref (arg1);
	  if (tem1)
	    arg1 = tem1;
	  tree tem2 = fold_const_aggregate_ref (arg2);
	  if (tem2)
	    arg2 = tem2;
	  res = fold_convert_loc (loc, TREE_TYPE (res),
				  fold_build2_loc (loc, NE_EXPR,
						   boolean_type_node,
						   arg1, arg2));
	  gimplify_and_update_call_from_tree (gsi, res);
	  return false;
	}
    }

  gimple_call_set_fndecl (stmt2, builtin_decl_explicit (BUILT_IN_MEMCMP_EQ));
  return false;
}

/* Handle a POINTER_PLUS_EXPR statement.
   For p = "abcd" + 2; compute associated length, or if
   p = q + off is pointing to a '\0' character of a string, call
   zero_length_string on it.  */

static void
handle_pointer_plus (gimple_stmt_iterator *gsi)
{
  gimple *stmt = gsi_stmt (*gsi);
  tree lhs = gimple_assign_lhs (stmt), off;
  int idx = get_stridx (gimple_assign_rhs1 (stmt));
  strinfo *si, *zsi;

  if (idx == 0)
    return;

  if (idx < 0)
    {
      tree off = gimple_assign_rhs2 (stmt);
      if (tree_fits_uhwi_p (off)
	  && tree_to_uhwi (off) <= (unsigned HOST_WIDE_INT) ~idx)
	ssa_ver_to_stridx[SSA_NAME_VERSION (lhs)]
	    = ~(~idx - (int) tree_to_uhwi (off));
      return;
    }

  si = get_strinfo (idx);
  if (si == NULL || si->nonzero_chars == NULL_TREE)
    return;

  off = gimple_assign_rhs2 (stmt);
  zsi = NULL;
  if (si->full_string_p && operand_equal_p (si->nonzero_chars, off, 0))
    zsi = zero_length_string (lhs, si);
  else if (TREE_CODE (off) == SSA_NAME)
    {
      gimple *def_stmt = SSA_NAME_DEF_STMT (off);
      if (gimple_assign_single_p (def_stmt)
	  && si->full_string_p
	  && operand_equal_p (si->nonzero_chars,
			      gimple_assign_rhs1 (def_stmt), 0))
	zsi = zero_length_string (lhs, si);
    }
  if (zsi != NULL
      && si->endptr != NULL_TREE
      && si->endptr != lhs
      && TREE_CODE (si->endptr) == SSA_NAME)
    {
      enum tree_code rhs_code
	= useless_type_conversion_p (TREE_TYPE (lhs), TREE_TYPE (si->endptr))
	  ? SSA_NAME : NOP_EXPR;
      gimple_assign_set_rhs_with_ops (gsi, rhs_code, si->endptr);
      gcc_assert (gsi_stmt (*gsi) == stmt);
      update_stmt (stmt);
    }
}

/* Handle a single character store.  */

static bool
handle_char_store (gimple_stmt_iterator *gsi)
{
  int idx = -1;
  strinfo *si = NULL;
  gimple *stmt = gsi_stmt (*gsi);
  tree ssaname = NULL_TREE, lhs = gimple_assign_lhs (stmt);
  tree rhs = gimple_assign_rhs1 (stmt);
  unsigned HOST_WIDE_INT offset = 0;

  if (TREE_CODE (lhs) == MEM_REF
      && TREE_CODE (TREE_OPERAND (lhs, 0)) == SSA_NAME)
    {
      tree mem_offset = TREE_OPERAND (lhs, 1);
      if (tree_fits_uhwi_p (mem_offset))
	{
	  /* Get the strinfo for the base, and use it if it starts with at
	     least OFFSET nonzero characters.  This is trivially true if
	     OFFSET is zero.  */
	  offset = tree_to_uhwi (mem_offset);
	  idx = get_stridx (TREE_OPERAND (lhs, 0));
	  if (idx > 0)
	    si = get_strinfo (idx);
	  if (offset == 0)
	    ssaname = TREE_OPERAND (lhs, 0);
	  else if (si == NULL || compare_nonzero_chars (si, offset) < 0)
	    return true;
	}
    }
  else
    {
      idx = get_addr_stridx (lhs, NULL_TREE, &offset);
      if (idx > 0)
	si = get_strinfo (idx);
    }

  bool storing_zero_p = initializer_zerop (rhs);
  bool storing_nonzero_p = (!storing_zero_p
			    && TREE_CODE (rhs) == INTEGER_CST
			    && integer_nonzerop (rhs));

  if (si != NULL)
    {
      int cmp = compare_nonzero_chars (si, offset);
      gcc_assert (offset == 0 || cmp >= 0);
      if (storing_zero_p && cmp == 0 && si->full_string_p)
	{
	  /* When overwriting a '\0' with a '\0', the store can be removed
	     if we know it has been stored in the current function.  */
	  if (!stmt_could_throw_p (stmt) && si->writable)
	    {
	      unlink_stmt_vdef (stmt);
	      release_defs (stmt);
	      gsi_remove (gsi, true);
	      return false;
	    }
	  else
	    {
	      si->writable = true;
	      gsi_next (gsi);
	      return false;
	    }
	}
      /* If si->nonzero_chars > OFFSET, we aren't overwriting '\0',
	 and if we aren't storing '\0', we know that the length of the
	 string and any other zero terminated string in memory remains
	 the same.  In that case we move to the next gimple statement and
	 return to signal the caller that it shouldn't invalidate anything.  

	 This is benefical for cases like:

	 char p[20];
	 void foo (char *q)
	 {
	   strcpy (p, "foobar");
	   size_t len = strlen (p);        // This can be optimized into 6
	   size_t len2 = strlen (q);        // This has to be computed
	   p[0] = 'X';
	   size_t len3 = strlen (p);        // This can be optimized into 6
	   size_t len4 = strlen (q);        // This can be optimized into len2
	   bar (len, len2, len3, len4);
        }
	*/ 
      else if (storing_nonzero_p && cmp > 0)
	{
	  gsi_next (gsi);
	  return false;
	}
      else if (storing_zero_p || storing_nonzero_p || (offset != 0 && cmp > 0))
	{
	  /* When storing_nonzero_p, we know that the string now starts
	     with OFFSET + 1 nonzero characters, but don't know whether
	     there's a following nul terminator.

	     When storing_zero_p, we know that the string is now OFFSET
	     characters long.

	     Otherwise, we're storing an unknown value at offset OFFSET,
	     so need to clip the nonzero_chars to OFFSET.  */
	  location_t loc = gimple_location (stmt);
	  tree oldlen = si->nonzero_chars;
	  if (cmp == 0 && si->full_string_p)
	    /* We're overwriting the nul terminator with a nonzero or
	       unknown character.  If the previous stmt was a memcpy,
	       its length may be decreased.  */
	    adjust_last_stmt (si, stmt, false);
	  si = unshare_strinfo (si);
	  if (storing_nonzero_p)
	    si->nonzero_chars = build_int_cst (size_type_node, offset + 1);
	  else
	    si->nonzero_chars = build_int_cst (size_type_node, offset);
	  si->full_string_p = storing_zero_p;
	  if (storing_zero_p
	      && ssaname
	      && !SSA_NAME_OCCURS_IN_ABNORMAL_PHI (ssaname))
	    si->endptr = ssaname;
	  else
	    si->endptr = NULL;
	  si->next = 0;
	  si->stmt = NULL;
	  si->writable = true;
	  si->dont_invalidate = true;
	  if (oldlen)
	    {
	      tree adj = fold_build2_loc (loc, MINUS_EXPR, size_type_node,
					  si->nonzero_chars, oldlen);
	      adjust_related_strinfos (loc, si, adj);
	    }
	  else
	    si->prev = 0;
	}
    }
  else if (idx == 0 && (storing_zero_p || storing_nonzero_p))
    {
      if (ssaname)
	idx = new_stridx (ssaname);
      else
	idx = new_addr_stridx (lhs);
      if (idx != 0)
	{
	  tree ptr = (ssaname ? ssaname : build_fold_addr_expr (lhs));
	  tree len = storing_nonzero_p ? size_one_node : size_zero_node;
	  si = new_strinfo (ptr, idx, len, storing_zero_p);
	  set_strinfo (idx, si);
	  if (storing_zero_p
	      && ssaname
	      && !SSA_NAME_OCCURS_IN_ABNORMAL_PHI (ssaname))
	    si->endptr = ssaname;
	  si->dont_invalidate = true;
	  si->writable = true;
	}
    }
  else if (idx == 0
	   && TREE_CODE (gimple_assign_rhs1 (stmt)) == STRING_CST
	   && ssaname == NULL_TREE
	   && TREE_CODE (TREE_TYPE (lhs)) == ARRAY_TYPE)
    {
      size_t l = strlen (TREE_STRING_POINTER (gimple_assign_rhs1 (stmt)));
      HOST_WIDE_INT a = int_size_in_bytes (TREE_TYPE (lhs));
      if (a > 0 && (unsigned HOST_WIDE_INT) a > l)
	{
	  int idx = new_addr_stridx (lhs);
	  if (idx != 0)
	    {
	      si = new_strinfo (build_fold_addr_expr (lhs), idx,
				build_int_cst (size_type_node, l), true);
	      set_strinfo (idx, si);
	      si->dont_invalidate = true;
	    }
	}
    }

  if (si != NULL && offset == 0 && storing_zero_p)
    {
      /* Allow adjust_last_stmt to remove it if the stored '\0'
	 is immediately overwritten.  */
      laststmt.stmt = stmt;
      laststmt.len = build_int_cst (size_type_node, 1);
      laststmt.stridx = si->idx;
    }
  return true;
}

/* Try to fold strstr (s, t) eq/ne s to strncmp (s, t, strlen (t)) eq/ne 0.  */

static void
fold_strstr_to_strncmp (tree rhs1, tree rhs2, gimple *stmt)
{
  if (TREE_CODE (rhs1) != SSA_NAME
      || TREE_CODE (rhs2) != SSA_NAME)
    return;

  gimple *call_stmt = NULL;
  for (int pass = 0; pass < 2; pass++)
    {
      gimple *g = SSA_NAME_DEF_STMT (rhs1);
      if (gimple_call_builtin_p (g, BUILT_IN_STRSTR)
	  && has_single_use (rhs1)
	  && gimple_call_arg (g, 0) == rhs2)
	{
	  call_stmt = g;
	  break;
	}
      std::swap (rhs1, rhs2);
    }

  if (call_stmt)
    {
      tree arg0 = gimple_call_arg (call_stmt, 0);

      if (arg0 == rhs2)
	{
	  tree arg1 = gimple_call_arg (call_stmt, 1);
	  tree arg1_len = NULL_TREE;
	  int idx = get_stridx (arg1);

	  if (idx)
	    {
	      if (idx < 0)
		arg1_len = build_int_cst (size_type_node, ~idx);
	      else
		{
		  strinfo *si = get_strinfo (idx);
		  if (si)
		    arg1_len = get_string_length (si);
		}
	    }

	  if (arg1_len != NULL_TREE)
	    {
	      gimple_stmt_iterator gsi = gsi_for_stmt (call_stmt);
	      tree strncmp_decl = builtin_decl_explicit (BUILT_IN_STRNCMP);
	      gcall *strncmp_call = gimple_build_call (strncmp_decl, 3,
						      arg0, arg1, arg1_len);
	      tree strncmp_lhs = make_ssa_name (integer_type_node);
	      gimple_set_vuse (strncmp_call, gimple_vuse (call_stmt));
	      gimple_call_set_lhs (strncmp_call, strncmp_lhs);
	      gsi_remove (&gsi, true);
	      gsi_insert_before (&gsi, strncmp_call, GSI_SAME_STMT);
	      tree zero = build_zero_cst (TREE_TYPE (strncmp_lhs));

	      if (is_gimple_assign (stmt))
		{
		  if (gimple_assign_rhs_code (stmt) == COND_EXPR)
		    {
		      tree cond = gimple_assign_rhs1 (stmt);
		      TREE_OPERAND (cond, 0) = strncmp_lhs;
		      TREE_OPERAND (cond, 1) = zero;
		    }
		  else
		    {
		      gimple_assign_set_rhs1 (stmt, strncmp_lhs);
		      gimple_assign_set_rhs2 (stmt, zero);
		    }
		}
	      else
		{
		  gcond *cond = as_a<gcond *> (stmt);
		  gimple_cond_set_lhs (cond, strncmp_lhs);
		  gimple_cond_set_rhs (cond, zero);
		}
	      update_stmt (stmt);
	    }
	}
    }
}

/* Attempt to optimize a single statement at *GSI using string length
   knowledge.  */

static bool
strlen_optimize_stmt (gimple_stmt_iterator *gsi)
{
  gimple *stmt = gsi_stmt (*gsi);

  if (is_gimple_call (stmt))
    {
      tree callee = gimple_call_fndecl (stmt);
      if (valid_builtin_call (stmt))
	switch (DECL_FUNCTION_CODE (callee))
	  {
	  case BUILT_IN_STRLEN:
	  case BUILT_IN_STRLEN_CHKP:
	    handle_builtin_strlen (gsi);
	    break;
	  case BUILT_IN_STRCHR:
	  case BUILT_IN_STRCHR_CHKP:
	    handle_builtin_strchr (gsi);
	    break;
	  case BUILT_IN_STRCPY:
	  case BUILT_IN_STRCPY_CHK:
	  case BUILT_IN_STPCPY:
	  case BUILT_IN_STPCPY_CHK:
	  case BUILT_IN_STRCPY_CHKP:
	  case BUILT_IN_STRCPY_CHK_CHKP:
	  case BUILT_IN_STPCPY_CHKP:
	  case BUILT_IN_STPCPY_CHK_CHKP:
	    handle_builtin_strcpy (DECL_FUNCTION_CODE (callee), gsi);
	    break;
	  case BUILT_IN_MEMCPY:
	  case BUILT_IN_MEMCPY_CHK:
	  case BUILT_IN_MEMPCPY:
	  case BUILT_IN_MEMPCPY_CHK:
	  case BUILT_IN_MEMCPY_CHKP:
	  case BUILT_IN_MEMCPY_CHK_CHKP:
	  case BUILT_IN_MEMPCPY_CHKP:
	  case BUILT_IN_MEMPCPY_CHK_CHKP:
	    handle_builtin_memcpy (DECL_FUNCTION_CODE (callee), gsi);
	    break;
	  case BUILT_IN_STRCAT:
	  case BUILT_IN_STRCAT_CHK:
	  case BUILT_IN_STRCAT_CHKP:
	  case BUILT_IN_STRCAT_CHK_CHKP:
	    handle_builtin_strcat (DECL_FUNCTION_CODE (callee), gsi);
	    break;
	  case BUILT_IN_MALLOC:
	  case BUILT_IN_CALLOC:
	    handle_builtin_malloc (DECL_FUNCTION_CODE (callee), gsi);
	    break;
	  case BUILT_IN_MEMSET:
	    if (!handle_builtin_memset (gsi))
	      return false;
	    break;
	  case BUILT_IN_MEMCMP:
	    if (!handle_builtin_memcmp (gsi))
	      return false;
	    break;
	  default:
	    break;
	  }
    }
  else if (is_gimple_assign (stmt) && !gimple_clobber_p (stmt))
    {
      tree lhs = gimple_assign_lhs (stmt);

      if (TREE_CODE (lhs) == SSA_NAME && POINTER_TYPE_P (TREE_TYPE (lhs)))
	{
	  if (gimple_assign_single_p (stmt)
	      || (gimple_assign_cast_p (stmt)
		  && POINTER_TYPE_P (TREE_TYPE (gimple_assign_rhs1 (stmt)))))
	    {
	      int idx = get_stridx (gimple_assign_rhs1 (stmt));
	      ssa_ver_to_stridx[SSA_NAME_VERSION (lhs)] = idx;
	    }
	  else if (gimple_assign_rhs_code (stmt) == POINTER_PLUS_EXPR)
	    handle_pointer_plus (gsi);
	}
    else if (TREE_CODE (lhs) == SSA_NAME && INTEGRAL_TYPE_P (TREE_TYPE (lhs)))
      {
	enum tree_code code = gimple_assign_rhs_code (stmt);
	if (code == COND_EXPR)
	  {
	    tree cond = gimple_assign_rhs1 (stmt);
	    enum tree_code cond_code = TREE_CODE (cond);

	    if (cond_code == EQ_EXPR || cond_code == NE_EXPR)
	      fold_strstr_to_strncmp (TREE_OPERAND (cond, 0),
				      TREE_OPERAND (cond, 1), stmt);
	  }
	else if (code == EQ_EXPR || code == NE_EXPR)
	  fold_strstr_to_strncmp (gimple_assign_rhs1 (stmt),
				  gimple_assign_rhs2 (stmt), stmt);
      }
    else if (TREE_CODE (lhs) != SSA_NAME && !TREE_SIDE_EFFECTS (lhs))
	{
	  tree type = TREE_TYPE (lhs);
	  if (TREE_CODE (type) == ARRAY_TYPE)
	    type = TREE_TYPE (type);
	  if (TREE_CODE (type) == INTEGER_TYPE
	      && TYPE_MODE (type) == TYPE_MODE (char_type_node)
	      && TYPE_PRECISION (type) == TYPE_PRECISION (char_type_node))
	    {
	      if (! handle_char_store (gsi))
		return false;
	    }
	}
    }
  else if (gcond *cond = dyn_cast<gcond *> (stmt))
    {
      enum tree_code code = gimple_cond_code (cond);
      if (code == EQ_EXPR || code == NE_EXPR)
	fold_strstr_to_strncmp (gimple_cond_lhs (stmt),
				gimple_cond_rhs (stmt), stmt);
    }

  if (gimple_vdef (stmt))
    maybe_invalidate (stmt);
  return true;
}

/* Recursively call maybe_invalidate on stmts that might be executed
   in between dombb and current bb and that contain a vdef.  Stop when
   *count stmts are inspected, or if the whole strinfo vector has
   been invalidated.  */

static void
do_invalidate (basic_block dombb, gimple *phi, bitmap visited, int *count)
{
  unsigned int i, n = gimple_phi_num_args (phi);

  for (i = 0; i < n; i++)
    {
      tree vuse = gimple_phi_arg_def (phi, i);
      gimple *stmt = SSA_NAME_DEF_STMT (vuse);
      basic_block bb = gimple_bb (stmt);
      if (bb == NULL
	  || bb == dombb
	  || !bitmap_set_bit (visited, bb->index)
	  || !dominated_by_p (CDI_DOMINATORS, bb, dombb))
	continue;
      while (1)
	{
	  if (gimple_code (stmt) == GIMPLE_PHI)
	    {
	      do_invalidate (dombb, stmt, visited, count);
	      if (*count == 0)
		return;
	      break;
	    }
	  if (--*count == 0)
	    return;
	  if (!maybe_invalidate (stmt))
	    {
	      *count = 0;
	      return;
	    }
	  vuse = gimple_vuse (stmt);
	  stmt = SSA_NAME_DEF_STMT (vuse);
	  if (gimple_bb (stmt) != bb)
	    {
	      bb = gimple_bb (stmt);
	      if (bb == NULL
		  || bb == dombb
		  || !bitmap_set_bit (visited, bb->index)
		  || !dominated_by_p (CDI_DOMINATORS, bb, dombb))
		break;
	    }
	}
    }
}

class strlen_dom_walker : public dom_walker
{
public:
  strlen_dom_walker (cdi_direction direction) : dom_walker (direction) {}

  virtual edge before_dom_children (basic_block);
  virtual void after_dom_children (basic_block);
};

/* Callback for walk_dominator_tree.  Attempt to optimize various
   string ops by remembering string lengths pointed by pointer SSA_NAMEs.  */

edge
strlen_dom_walker::before_dom_children (basic_block bb)
{
  basic_block dombb = get_immediate_dominator (CDI_DOMINATORS, bb);

  if (dombb == NULL)
    stridx_to_strinfo = NULL;
  else
    {
      stridx_to_strinfo = ((vec<strinfo *, va_heap, vl_embed> *) dombb->aux);
      if (stridx_to_strinfo)
	{
	  for (gphi_iterator gsi = gsi_start_phis (bb); !gsi_end_p (gsi);
	       gsi_next (&gsi))
	    {
	      gphi *phi = gsi.phi ();
	      if (virtual_operand_p (gimple_phi_result (phi)))
		{
		  bitmap visited = BITMAP_ALLOC (NULL);
		  int count_vdef = 100;
		  do_invalidate (dombb, phi, visited, &count_vdef);
		  BITMAP_FREE (visited);
		  if (count_vdef == 0)
		    {
		      /* If there were too many vdefs in between immediate
			 dominator and current bb, invalidate everything.
			 If stridx_to_strinfo has been unshared, we need
			 to free it, otherwise just set it to NULL.  */
		      if (!strinfo_shared ())
			{
			  unsigned int i;
			  strinfo *si;

			  for (i = 1;
			       vec_safe_iterate (stridx_to_strinfo, i, &si);
			       ++i)
			    {
			      free_strinfo (si);
			      (*stridx_to_strinfo)[i] = NULL;
			    }
			}
		      else
			stridx_to_strinfo = NULL;
		    }
		  break;
		}
	    }
	}
    }

  /* If all PHI arguments have the same string index, the PHI result
     has it as well.  */
  for (gphi_iterator gsi = gsi_start_phis (bb); !gsi_end_p (gsi);
       gsi_next (&gsi))
    {
      gphi *phi = gsi.phi ();
      tree result = gimple_phi_result (phi);
      if (!virtual_operand_p (result) && POINTER_TYPE_P (TREE_TYPE (result)))
	{
	  int idx = get_stridx (gimple_phi_arg_def (phi, 0));
	  if (idx != 0)
	    {
	      unsigned int i, n = gimple_phi_num_args (phi);
	      for (i = 1; i < n; i++)
		if (idx != get_stridx (gimple_phi_arg_def (phi, i)))
		  break;
	      if (i == n)
		ssa_ver_to_stridx[SSA_NAME_VERSION (result)] = idx;
	    }
	}
    }

  /* Attempt to optimize individual statements.  */
  for (gimple_stmt_iterator gsi = gsi_start_bb (bb); !gsi_end_p (gsi); )
    if (strlen_optimize_stmt (&gsi))
      gsi_next (&gsi);

  bb->aux = stridx_to_strinfo;
  if (vec_safe_length (stridx_to_strinfo) && !strinfo_shared ())
    (*stridx_to_strinfo)[0] = (strinfo *) bb;
  return NULL;
}

/* Callback for walk_dominator_tree.  Free strinfo vector if it is
   owned by the current bb, clear bb->aux.  */

void
strlen_dom_walker::after_dom_children (basic_block bb)
{
  if (bb->aux)
    {
      stridx_to_strinfo = ((vec<strinfo *, va_heap, vl_embed> *) bb->aux);
      if (vec_safe_length (stridx_to_strinfo)
	  && (*stridx_to_strinfo)[0] == (strinfo *) bb)
	{
	  unsigned int i;
	  strinfo *si;

	  for (i = 1; vec_safe_iterate (stridx_to_strinfo, i, &si); ++i)
	    free_strinfo (si);
	  vec_free (stridx_to_strinfo);
	}
      bb->aux = NULL;
    }
}

/* Main entry point.  */

namespace {

const pass_data pass_data_strlen =
{
  GIMPLE_PASS, /* type */
  "strlen", /* name */
  OPTGROUP_NONE, /* optinfo_flags */
  TV_TREE_STRLEN, /* tv_id */
  ( PROP_cfg | PROP_ssa ), /* properties_required */
  0, /* properties_provided */
  0, /* properties_destroyed */
  0, /* todo_flags_start */
  0, /* todo_flags_finish */
};

class pass_strlen : public gimple_opt_pass
{
public:
  pass_strlen (gcc::context *ctxt)
    : gimple_opt_pass (pass_data_strlen, ctxt)
  {}

  /* opt_pass methods: */
  virtual bool gate (function *) { return flag_optimize_strlen != 0; }
  virtual unsigned int execute (function *);

}; // class pass_strlen

unsigned int
pass_strlen::execute (function *fun)
{
  ssa_ver_to_stridx.safe_grow_cleared (num_ssa_names);
  max_stridx = 1;

  calculate_dominance_info (CDI_DOMINATORS);

  /* String length optimization is implemented as a walk of the dominator
     tree and a forward walk of statements within each block.  */
  strlen_dom_walker (CDI_DOMINATORS).walk (fun->cfg->x_entry_block_ptr);

  ssa_ver_to_stridx.release ();
  strinfo_pool.release ();
  if (decl_to_stridxlist_htab)
    {
      obstack_free (&stridx_obstack, NULL);
      delete decl_to_stridxlist_htab;
      decl_to_stridxlist_htab = NULL;
    }
  laststmt.stmt = NULL;
  laststmt.len = NULL_TREE;
  laststmt.stridx = 0;

  return 0;
}

} // anon namespace

gimple_opt_pass *
make_pass_strlen (gcc::context *ctxt)
{
  return new pass_strlen (ctxt);
}