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Repository Requirements

Repositories contain a file (".hg/requires") containing a list of features/capabilities that are *required* for clients to interface with the repository. This file has been present in Mercurial since version 0.9.2 (released December 2006).

One of the first things clients do when opening a repository is read ".hg/requires" and verify that all listed requirements are supported, aborting if not. Requirements are therefore a strong mechanism to prevent incompatible clients from reading from unknown repository formats or even corrupting them by writing to them.

Extensions may add requirements. When they do this, clients not running an extension will be unable to read from repositories.

The following sections describe the requirements defined by the Mercurial core distribution.

revlogv1

When present, revlogs are version 1 (RevlogNG). RevlogNG was introduced in 2006. The "revlogv1" requirement has been enabled by default since the "requires" file was introduced in Mercurial 0.9.2.

If this requirement is not present, version 0 revlogs are assumed.

store

The *store* repository layout should be used.

This requirement has been enabled by default since the "requires" file was introduced in Mercurial 0.9.2.

fncache

The *fncache* repository layout should be used.

The *fncache* layout hash encodes filenames with long paths and encodes reserved filenames.

This requirement is enabled by default when the *store* requirement is enabled (which is the default behavior). It was introduced in Mercurial 1.1 (released December 2008).

shared

Denotes that the store for a repository is shared from another location (defined by the ".hg/sharedpath" file).

This requirement is set when a repository is created via 'hg share'.

The requirement was added in Mercurial 1.3 (released July 2009).

relshared

Derivative of "shared"; the location of the store is relative to the store of this repository.

This requirement is set when a repository is created via 'hg share' using the "--relative" option.

The requirement was added in Mercurial 4.2 (released May 2017).

dotencode

The *dotencode* repository layout should be used.

The *dotencode* layout encodes the first period or space in filenames to prevent issues on OS X and Windows.

This requirement is enabled by default when the *store* requirement is enabled (which is the default behavior). It was introduced in Mercurial 1.7 (released November 2010).

parentdelta

Denotes a revlog delta encoding format that was experimental and replaced by *generaldelta*. It should not be seen in the wild because it was never enabled by default.

This requirement was added in Mercurial 1.7 and removed in Mercurial 1.9.

generaldelta

Revlogs should be created with the *generaldelta* flag enabled. The generaldelta flag will cause deltas to be encoded against a parent revision instead of the previous revision in the revlog.

Support for this requirement was added in Mercurial 1.9 (released July 2011). The requirement was disabled on new repositories by default until Mercurial 3.7 (released February 2016).

manifestv2

Denotes that version 2 of manifests are being used.

Support for this requirement was added in Mercurial 3.4 (released May 2015). The new format failed to meet expectations and support for the format and requirement were removed in Mercurial 4.6 (released May 2018) since the feature never graduated frome experiment status.

treemanifest

Denotes that tree manifests are being used. Tree manifests are one manifest per directory (as opposed to a single flat manifest).

Support for this requirement was added in Mercurial 3.4 (released August 2015). The requirement is currently experimental and is disabled by default.

exp-sparse

The working directory is sparse (only contains a subset of files).

Support for this requirement was added in Mercurial 4.3 (released August 2017). This requirement and feature are experimental and may disappear in a future Mercurial release. The requirement will only be present on repositories that have opted in to a sparse working directory.

bookmarksinstore ==================

Bookmarks are stored in ".hg/store/" instead of directly in ".hg/" where they used to be stored. The active bookmark is still stored directly in ".hg/". This makes them always shared by "hg share", whether or not "-B" was passed.

Support for this requirement was added in Mercurial 5.1 (released August 2019). The requirement will only be present on repositories that have opted in to this format (by having "format.bookmarks-in-store=true" set when they were created).

persistent-nodemap

The 'nodemap' index (mapping nodeid to local revision number) is persisted on disk. This provides speed benefit (if the associated native code is used). The persistent nodemap is only used for two revlogs: the changelog and the manifestlog.

Support for this requirement was added in Mercurial 5.5 (released August 2020). Note that as of 5.5, only installations compiled with the Rust extension will benefit from a speedup. The other installations will do the necessary work to keep the index up to date, but will suffer a slowdown.