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author Shinji KONO <>
date Tue, 07 Jul 2020 15:32:11 +0900
parents 6f10c47e4e7a
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Constructing ZF Set Theory in Agda 

Shinji KONO (, University of the Ryukyus

## ZF in Agda

    zf.agda            axiom of ZF
    zfc.agda           axiom of choice
    Ordinals.agda      axiom of Ordinals
    ordinal.agda       countable model of Ordinals
    OD.agda            model of ZF based on Ordinal Definable Set with assumptions
    ODC.agda           Law of exclude middle from axiom of choice assumptions
    LEMC.agda          model of choice with assumption of the Law of exclude middle 
    OPair.agda         ordered pair on OD

    BAlgbra.agda       Boolean algebra on OD (not yet done)
    filter.agda        Filter on OD (not yet done)
    cardinal.agda      Caedinal number on OD (not yet done)

    logic.agda         some basics on logic
    nat.agda           some basics on Nat

## Ordinal Definable Set

It is a predicate has an Ordinal argument.

In Agda, OD is defined as follows.

    record OD : Set (suc n ) where
        def : (x : Ordinal  ) → Set n

This is not a ZF Set, because it can contain entire Ordinals.

-- HOD : Hereditarily Ordinal Definable

What we need is a bounded OD, the containment is limited by an ordinal.

    record HOD : Set (suc n) where
        od : OD
        odmax : Ordinal
        <odmax : {y : Ordinal} → def od y → y o< odmax

In classical Set Theory, HOD stands for Hereditarily Ordinal Definable, which means

     HOD = { x | TC x ⊆ OD }

TC x is all transitive closure of x, that is elements of x and following all elements of them are all OD. But 
what is x? In this case, x is an Set which we don't have yet. In our case, HOD is a bounded OD. 

## 1 to 1 mapping between an HOD and an Ordinal

HOD is a predicate on Ordinals and the solution is bounded by some ordinal. If we have a mapping

  od→ord : HOD  → Ordinal 
  ord→od : Ordinal  → HOD  
  oiso   :  {x : HOD }      → ord→od ( od→ord x ) ≡ x
  diso   :  {x : Ordinal } → od→ord ( ord→od x ) ≡ x

we can check an HOD is an element of the OD using def.

A ∋ x can be define as follows.

    _∋_ : ( A x : HOD  ) → Set n
    _∋_  A x  = def (od A) ( od→ord x )

In ψ : Ordinal → Set,  if A is a  record { def = λ x → ψ x } , then

    A x = def A ( od→ord x ) = ψ (od→ord x)

They say the existing of the mappings can be proved in Classical Set Theory, but we
simply assumes these non constructively.

## What have we done

    Axioms of Ordinals
    An implementation of countable Ordinal
    ZF Axioms
    Model of ZF based on OD/HOD
    LEM     axiom of choice from LEM
    ODC     LEM from axiom of choice 
    OPair   classical ordered pair example
    filter  definition of filter and ideal
    cardinal  unfinished Cardinal number
    BAlgebra  boolean algebra of OD