view src/v09s.c @ 127:321b7fffadab

TL/1 simple test worked
author Shinji KONO <kono@ie.u-ryukyu.ac.jp>
date Sat, 05 Jan 2019 19:08:54 +0900
parents 2088fd998865
children
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/* 6809 Simulator V09,

   created 1994 by L.C. Benschop.
   copyleft (c) 1994-2014 by the sbc09 team, see AUTHORS for more details.
   license: GNU General Public License version 2, see LICENSE for more details.

   This program simulates a 6809 processor.

   System dependencies: short must be 16 bits.
                        char  must be 8 bits.
                        long must be more than 16 bits.
                        arrays up to 65536 bytes must be supported.
                        machine must be twos complement.
   Most Unix machines will work. For MSODS you need long pointers
   and you may have to malloc() the mem array of 65536 bytes.

   Define CPU_BIG_ENDIAN with != 0 if you have a big-endian machine (680x0 etc)
   Usually UNIX systems get this automatically from BIG_ENDIAN and BYTE_ORDER
   definitions ...

   Define TRACE if you want an instruction trace on stderr.
   Define TERM_CONTROL if you want nonblocking non-echoing key input.
   * THIS IS DIRTY !!! *

   Special instructions:
   SWI2 writes char to stdout from register B.
   SWI3 reads char from stdout to register B, sets carry at EOF.
               (or when no key available when using term control).
   SWI retains its normal function.
   CWAI and SYNC stop simulator.

   The program reads a binary image file at $100 and runs it from there.
   The file name must be given on the command line.

   Revisions:
        2012-06-05 johann AT klasek at
                Fixed: com with C "NOT" operator ... 0^(value) did not work!
        2012-06-06
                Fixed: changes from 1994 release (flag handling)
                        reestablished.
        2012-07-15 JK
                New: option parsing, new option -d (dump memory on exit)
        2013-10-07 JK
                New: print ccreg with flag name in lower/upper case depending on flag state.
        2013-10-20 JK
                New: Show instruction disassembling in trace mode.
        2014-07-01 JK
                Fixed: disassembling output: cmpd
        2014-07-11 JK
                Fixed: undocumented tfr/exg register combinations.
                        http://www.6809.org.uk/dragon/illegal-opcodes.shtml
        2016-10-06 JK
                Fixed: wrong cmpu cycles
*/

#include <stdio.h>
#ifdef TERM_CONTROL
#include <fcntl.h>
int tflags;
#endif
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <time.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <ctype.h>

void finish();

static int fdump=0;


/* Default: no big endian ... */
#ifndef CPU_BIG_ENDIAN
/* check if environment provides some information about this ... */
# if defined(BIG_ENDIAN) && defined(BYTE_ORDER)
#  if BIG_ENDIAN == BYTE_ORDER
#   define CPU_BIG_ENDIAN 1
#  else
#   define CPU_BIG_ENDIAN 0
#  endif
# endif
#endif


typedef unsigned char Byte;
typedef unsigned short Word;

/* 6809 registers */
Byte ccreg,dpreg;
Word xreg,yreg,ureg,sreg,ureg,pcreg;

Byte fillreg = 0xff;
Word wfillreg = 0xffff;

Word pcreg_prev;

Byte d_reg[2];
Word *dreg=(Word *)d_reg;


/* This is a dirty aliasing trick, but fast! */
#if CPU_BIG_ENDIAN
 Byte *areg=d_reg;
 Byte *breg=d_reg+1;
#else
 Byte *breg=d_reg;
 Byte *areg=d_reg+1;
#endif


/* 6809 memory space */
static Byte mem[65536];

#define GETWORD(a) (mem[a]<<8|mem[(a)+1])
#define SETWORD(a,n) {mem[a]=(n)>>8;mem[(a)+1]=n;}
/* Two bytes of a word are fetched separately because of
   the possible wrap-around at address $ffff and alignment
*/


int iflag; /* flag to indicate prebyte $10 or $11 */
Byte ireg; /* Instruction register */

#define IMMBYTE(b) b=mem[pcreg++];
#define IMMWORD(w) {w=GETWORD(pcreg);pcreg+=2;}

/* sreg */
#define PUSHBYTE(b) mem[--sreg]=b;
#define PUSHWORD(w) {sreg-=2;SETWORD(sreg,w)}
#define PULLBYTE(b) b=mem[sreg++];
#define PULLWORD(w) {w=GETWORD(sreg);sreg+=2;}

/* ureg */
#define PUSHUBYTE(b) mem[--ureg]=b;
#define PUSHUWORD(w) {ureg-=2;SETWORD(ureg,w)}
#define PULLUBYTE(b) b=mem[ureg++];
#define PULLUWORD(w) {w=GETWORD(ureg);ureg+=2;}

#define SIGNED(b) ((Word)(b&0x80?b|0xff00:b))

Word *ixregs[]={&xreg,&yreg,&ureg,&sreg};

static int idx;

/* disassembled instruction buffer */
static char dinst[6];

/* disassembled operand buffer */
static char dops[32];

/* disassembled instruction len (optional, on demand) */
static int da_len;

/* instruction cycles */
static int cycles;
unsigned long cycles_sum;

void da_inst(char *inst, char *reg, int cyclecount) {
        *dinst = 0;
        *dops = 0;
        if (inst != NULL) strcat(dinst, inst);
        if (reg != NULL) strcat(dinst, reg);
        cycles += cyclecount;
}

void da_inst_cat(char *inst, int cyclecount) {
        if (inst != NULL) strcat(dinst, inst);
        cycles += cyclecount;
}

void da_ops(char *part1, char* part2, int cyclecount) {
        if (part1 != NULL) strcat(dops, part1);
        if (part2 != NULL) strcat(dops, part2);
        cycles += cyclecount;
}

void da_reg(Byte b)
{
  char *reg[] = { "d", "x", "y", "u", "s", "pc", "?", "?",
                  "a", "b", "cc", "dp", "?", "?", "?", "?" };
  da_ops( reg[(b>>4) & 0xf], ",", 0);
  da_ops( reg[b & 0xf], NULL, 0);
}

/* Now follow the posbyte addressing modes. */

Word illaddr() /* illegal addressing mode, defaults to zero */
{
 return 0;
}

static char *dixreg[] = { "x", "y", "u", "s" };

Word ainc()
{
 da_ops(",",dixreg[idx],2);
 da_ops("+",NULL,0);
 return (*ixregs[idx])++;
}

Word ainc2()
{
 Word temp;
 da_ops(",",dixreg[idx],3);
 da_ops("++",NULL,0);
 temp=(*ixregs[idx]);
 (*ixregs[idx])+=2;
 return(temp);
}

Word adec()
{
 da_ops(",-",dixreg[idx],2);
 return --(*ixregs[idx]);
}

Word adec2()
{
 Word temp;
 da_ops(",--",dixreg[idx],3);
 (*ixregs[idx])-=2;
 temp=(*ixregs[idx]);
 return(temp);
}

Word plus0()
{
 da_ops(",",dixreg[idx],0);
 return(*ixregs[idx]);
}

Word plusa()
{
 da_ops("a,",dixreg[idx],1);
 return(*ixregs[idx])+SIGNED(*areg);
}

Word plusb()
{
 da_ops("b,",dixreg[idx],1);
 return(*ixregs[idx])+SIGNED(*breg);
}

Word plusn()
{
 Byte b;
 char off[6];
 IMMBYTE(b)
 /* negative offsets alway decimal, otherwise hex */
 if (b & 0x80) sprintf(off,"%d,", -(b ^ 0xff)-1);
 else sprintf(off,"$%02x,",b);
 da_ops(off,dixreg[idx],1);
 return(*ixregs[idx])+SIGNED(b);
}

Word plusnn()
{
 Word w;
 IMMWORD(w)
 char off[6];
 sprintf(off,"$%04x,",w);
 da_ops(off,dixreg[idx],4);
 return(*ixregs[idx])+w;
}

Word plusd()
{
 da_ops("d,",dixreg[idx],4);
 return(*ixregs[idx])+*dreg;
}


Word npcr()
{
 Byte b;
 char off[11];

 IMMBYTE(b)
 sprintf(off,"$%04x,pcr",(pcreg+SIGNED(b))&0xffff);
 da_ops(off,NULL,1);
 return pcreg+SIGNED(b);
}

Word nnpcr()
{
 Word w;
 char off[11];

 IMMWORD(w)
 sprintf(off,"$%04x,pcr",(pcreg+w)&0xffff);
 da_ops(off,NULL,5);
 return pcreg+w;
}

Word direct()
{
 Word(w);
 char off[6];

 IMMWORD(w)
 sprintf(off,"$%04x",w);
 da_ops(off,NULL,3);
 return w;
}

Word zeropage()
{
 Byte b;
 char off[6];

 IMMBYTE(b)
 sprintf(off,"$%02x", b);
 da_ops(off,NULL,2);
 return dpreg<<8|b;
}


Word immediate()
{
 char off[6];

 sprintf(off,"#$%02x", mem[pcreg]);
 da_ops(off,NULL,0);
 return pcreg++;
}

Word immediate2()
{
 Word temp;
 char off[7];

 temp=pcreg;
 sprintf(off,"#$%04x", (mem[pcreg]<<8)+mem[(pcreg+1)&0xffff]);
 da_ops(off,NULL,0);
 pcreg+=2;
 return temp;
}

Word (*pbtable[])()={ ainc, ainc2, adec, adec2,
                      plus0, plusb, plusa, illaddr,
                      plusn, plusnn, illaddr, plusd,
                      npcr, nnpcr, illaddr, direct, };

Word postbyte()
{
 Byte pb;
 Word temp;
 char off[6];

 IMMBYTE(pb)
 idx=((pb & 0x60) >> 5);
 if(pb & 0x80) {
  if( pb & 0x10)
        da_ops("[",NULL,3);
  temp=(*pbtable[pb & 0x0f])();
  if( pb & 0x10) {
        temp=GETWORD(temp);
        da_ops("]",NULL,0);
  }
  return temp;
 } else {
  temp=pb & 0x1f;
  if(temp & 0x10) temp|=0xfff0; /* sign extend */
  sprintf(off,"%d,",(temp & 0x10) ? -(temp ^ 0xffff)-1 : temp);
  da_ops(off,dixreg[idx],1);
  return (*ixregs[idx])+temp;
 }
}

Byte * eaddr0() /* effective address for NEG..JMP as byte pointer */
{
 switch( (ireg & 0x70) >> 4)
 {
  case 0: return mem+zeropage();
  default:
  case 1:case 2:case 3: return 0; /*canthappen*/

  case 4: da_inst_cat("a",-2); return areg;
  case 5: da_inst_cat("b",-2); return breg;
  case 6: da_inst_cat(NULL,2); return mem+postbyte();
  case 7: return mem+direct();
 }
 
}

Word eaddr8()  /* effective address for 8-bits ops. */
{
 switch( (ireg & 0x30) >> 4)
 {
  default:
  case 0: return immediate();
  case 1: return zeropage();
  case 2: da_inst_cat(NULL,2); return postbyte();
  case 3: return direct();
 }
}

Word eaddr16() /* effective address for 16-bits ops. */
{
 switch( (ireg & 0x30) >> 4)
 {
  default:
  case 0: da_inst_cat(NULL,-1); return immediate2();
  case 1: da_inst_cat(NULL,-1); return zeropage();
  case 2: da_inst_cat(NULL,1); return postbyte();
  case 3: da_inst_cat(NULL,-1); return direct();
 }
}

void
ill() /* illegal opcode==noop */
{
}

/* macros to set status flags */
#define SEC ccreg|=0x01;
#define CLC ccreg&=0xfe;
#define SEZ ccreg|=0x04;
#define CLZ ccreg&=0xfb;
#define SEN ccreg|=0x08;
#define CLN ccreg&=0xf7;
#define SEV ccreg|=0x02;
#define CLV ccreg&=0xfd;
#define SEH ccreg|=0x20;
#define CLH ccreg&=0xdf;

/* set N and Z flags depending on 8 or 16 bit result */
#define SETNZ8(b) {if(b)CLZ else SEZ if(b&0x80)SEN else CLN}
#define SETNZ16(b) {if(b)CLZ else SEZ if(b&0x8000)SEN else CLN}

#define SETSTATUS(a,b,res) if((a^b^res)&0x10) SEH else CLH \
                           if((a^b^res^(res>>1))&0x80)SEV else CLV \
                           if(res&0x100)SEC else CLC SETNZ8((Byte)res)

void
add()
{
 Word aop,bop,res;
 Byte* aaop;
 da_inst("add",(ireg&0x40)?"b":"a",2);
 aaop=(ireg&0x40)?breg:areg;
 aop=*aaop;
 bop=mem[eaddr8()];
 res=aop+bop;
 SETSTATUS(aop,bop,res)
 *aaop=res;
}

void
sbc()
{
 Word aop,bop,res;
 Byte* aaop;
 da_inst("sbc",(ireg&0x40)?"b":"a",2);
 aaop=(ireg&0x40)?breg:areg;
 aop=*aaop;
 bop=mem[eaddr8()];
 res=aop-bop-(ccreg&0x01);
 SETSTATUS(aop,bop,res)
 *aaop=res;
}

void
sub()
{
 Word aop,bop,res;
 Byte* aaop;
 da_inst("sub",(ireg&0x40)?"b":"a",2);
 aaop=(ireg&0x40)?breg:areg;
 aop=*aaop;
 bop=mem[eaddr8()];
 res=aop-bop;
 SETSTATUS(aop,bop,res)
 *aaop=res;
}

void
adc()
{
 Word aop,bop,res;
 Byte* aaop;
 da_inst("adc",(ireg&0x40)?"b":"a",2);
 aaop=(ireg&0x40)?breg:areg;
 aop=*aaop;
 bop=mem[eaddr8()];
 res=aop+bop+(ccreg&0x01);
 SETSTATUS(aop,bop,res)
 *aaop=res;
}

void
cmp()
{
 Word aop,bop,res;
 Byte* aaop;
 da_inst("cmp",(ireg&0x40)?"b":"a",2);
 aaop=(ireg&0x40)?breg:areg;
 aop=*aaop;
 bop=mem[eaddr8()];
 res=aop-bop;
 SETSTATUS(aop,bop,res)
}

void
and()
{
 Byte aop,bop,res;
 Byte* aaop;
 da_inst("and",(ireg&0x40)?"b":"a",2);
 aaop=(ireg&0x40)?breg:areg;
 aop=*aaop;
 bop=mem[eaddr8()];
 res=aop&bop;
 SETNZ8(res)
 CLV
 *aaop=res;
}

void
or()
{
 Byte aop,bop,res;
 Byte* aaop;
 da_inst("or",(ireg&0x40)?"b":"a",2);
 aaop=(ireg&0x40)?breg:areg;
 aop=*aaop;
 bop=mem[eaddr8()];
 res=aop|bop;
 SETNZ8(res)
 CLV
 *aaop=res;
}

void
eor()
{
 Byte aop,bop,res;
 Byte* aaop;
 da_inst("eor",(ireg&0x40)?"b":"a",2);
 aaop=(ireg&0x40)?breg:areg;
 aop=*aaop;
 bop=mem[eaddr8()];
 res=aop^bop;
 SETNZ8(res)
 CLV
 *aaop=res;
}

void
bit()
{
 Byte aop,bop,res;
 Byte* aaop;
 da_inst("bit",(ireg&0x40)?"b":"a",2);
 aaop=(ireg&0x40)?breg:areg;
 aop=*aaop;
 bop=mem[eaddr8()];
 res=aop&bop;
 SETNZ8(res)
 CLV
}

void
ld()
{
 Byte res;
 Byte* aaop;
 da_inst("ld",(ireg&0x40)?"b":"a",2);
 aaop=(ireg&0x40)?breg:areg;
 res=mem[eaddr8()];
 SETNZ8(res)
 CLV
 *aaop=res;
}

void
st()
{
 Byte res;
 Byte* aaop;
 da_inst("st",(ireg&0x40)?"b":"a",2);
 aaop=(ireg&0x40)?breg:areg;
 res=*aaop;
 mem[eaddr8()]=res;
 SETNZ8(res)
 CLV
}

void
jsr()
{
 Word w;

 da_inst("jsr",NULL,5);
 da_len=-pcreg;
 w=eaddr8();
 da_len += pcreg +1;
 PUSHWORD(pcreg)
 pcreg=w;
}

void
bsr()
{
 Byte b;
 char off[6];
 
 IMMBYTE(b)
 da_inst("bsr",NULL,7);
 da_len = 2;
 PUSHWORD(pcreg)
 pcreg+=SIGNED(b);
 sprintf(off,"$%04x", pcreg&0xffff);
 da_ops(off,NULL,0);
}

void
neg()
{
 Byte *ea;
 Word a,r;

 a=0;
 da_inst("neg",NULL,4);
 ea=eaddr0();
 a=*ea;
 r=-a;
 SETSTATUS(0,a,r)
 *ea=r;
}

void
com()
{
 Byte *ea;
 Byte r;

 da_inst("com",NULL,4);
 ea=eaddr0();
/*
 fprintf(stderr,"DEBUG: com before r=%02X *ea=%02X\n", r, *ea);
*/
 r= ~*ea;
/*
 fprintf(stderr,"DEBUG: com after r=%02X *ea=%02X\n", r, *ea);
*/
 SETNZ8(r)
 SEC CLV
 *ea=r;
}

void
lsr()
{
 Byte *ea;
 Byte r;

 da_inst("lsr",NULL,4);
 ea=eaddr0();
 r=*ea;
 if(r&0x01)SEC else CLC
 if(r&0x10)SEH else CLH
 r>>=1;
 SETNZ8(r)
 *ea=r;
}

void
ror()
{
 Byte *ea;
 Byte r,c;

 c=(ccreg&0x01)<<7;
 da_inst("ror",NULL,4);
 ea=eaddr0();
 r=*ea;
 if(r&0x01)SEC else CLC
 r=(r>>1)+c;
 SETNZ8(r)
 *ea=r;
}

void
asr()
{
 Byte *ea;
 Byte r;

 da_inst("asr",NULL,4);
 ea=eaddr0();
 r=*ea;
 if(r&0x01)SEC else CLC
 if(r&0x10)SEH else CLH
 r>>=1;
 if(r&0x40)r|=0x80;
 SETNZ8(r)
 *ea=r;
}

void
asl()
{
 Byte *ea;
 Word a,r;

 da_inst("asl",NULL,4);
 ea=eaddr0();
 a=*ea;
 r=a<<1;
 SETSTATUS(a,a,r)
 *ea=r;
}

void
rol()
{
 Byte *ea;
 Byte r,c;

 c=(ccreg&0x01);
 da_inst("rol",NULL,4);
 ea=eaddr0();
 r=*ea;
 if(r&0x80)SEC else CLC
 if((r&0x80)^((r<<1)&0x80))SEV else CLV
 r=(r<<1)+c;
 SETNZ8(r)
 *ea=r;
}

void
inc()
{
 Byte *ea;
 Byte r;

 da_inst("inc",NULL,4);
 ea=eaddr0();
 r=*ea;
 r++;
 if(r==0x80)SEV else CLV
 SETNZ8(r)
 *ea=r;
}

void
dec()
{
 Byte *ea;
 Byte r;

 da_inst("dec",NULL,4);
 ea=eaddr0();
 r=*ea;
 r--;
 if(r==0x7f)SEV else CLV
 SETNZ8(r)
 *ea=r;
}

void
tst()
{
 Byte r;
 Byte *ea;

 da_inst("tst",NULL,4);
 ea=eaddr0();
 r=*ea;
 SETNZ8(r)
 CLV
}

void
jmp()
{
 Byte *ea;

 da_len = -pcreg;
 da_inst("jmp",NULL,1);
 ea=eaddr0();
 da_len += pcreg + 1;
 pcreg=ea-mem;
}

void
clr()
{
 Byte *ea;

 da_inst("clr",NULL,4);
 ea=eaddr0();
 *ea=0;CLN CLV SEZ CLC
}

extern void (*instrtable[])();

void
flag0()
{
 if(iflag) /* in case flag already set by previous flag instr don't recurse */
 {
  pcreg--;
  return;
 }
 iflag=1;
 ireg=mem[pcreg++];
 da_inst(NULL,NULL,1);
 (*instrtable[ireg])();
 iflag=0;
}

void
flag1()
{
 if(iflag) /* in case flag already set by previous flag instr don't recurse */
 {
  pcreg--;
  return;
 }
 iflag=2;
 ireg=mem[pcreg++];
 da_inst(NULL,NULL,1);
 (*instrtable[ireg])();
 iflag=0;
}

void
nop()
{
 da_inst("nop",NULL,2);
}

void
sync_inst()
{
 finish();
}

void
cwai()
{
 sync_inst();
}

void
lbra()
{
 Word w;
 char off[6];

 IMMWORD(w)
 pcreg+=w;
 da_len = 3;
 da_inst("lbra",NULL,5);
 sprintf(off,"$%04x", pcreg&0xffff);
 da_ops(off,NULL,0);
}

void
lbsr()
{
 Word w;
 char off[6];

 da_len = 3;
 da_inst("lbsr",NULL,9);
 IMMWORD(w)
 PUSHWORD(pcreg)
 pcreg+=w;
 sprintf(off,"$%04x", pcreg&0xffff);
 da_ops(off,NULL,0);
}

void
daa()
{
 Word a;
 da_inst("daa",NULL,2);
 a=*areg;
 if(ccreg&0x20)a+=6;
 if((a&0x0f)>9)a+=6;
 if(ccreg&0x01)a+=0x60;
 if((a&0xf0)>0x90)a+=0x60;
 if(a&0x100)SEC
 *areg=a;
}

void
orcc()
{
 Byte b;
 char off[7];
 IMMBYTE(b)
 sprintf(off,"#$%02x", b);
 da_inst("orcc",NULL,3);
 da_ops(off,NULL,0);
 ccreg|=b;
}

void
andcc()
{
 Byte b;
 char off[6];
 IMMBYTE(b)
 sprintf(off,"#$%02x", b);
 da_inst("andcc",NULL,3);
 da_ops(off,NULL,0);

 ccreg&=b;
}

void
mul()
{
 Word w;
 w=*areg * *breg;
 da_inst("mul",NULL,11);
 if(w)CLZ else SEZ
 if(w&0x80) SEC else CLC
 *dreg=w;
}

void
sex()
{
 Word w;
 da_inst("sex",NULL,2);
 w=SIGNED(*breg);
 SETNZ16(w)
 *dreg=w;
}

void
abx()
{
 da_inst("abx",NULL,3);
 xreg += *breg;
}

void
rts()
{
 da_inst("rts",NULL,5);
 da_len = 1;
 PULLWORD(pcreg)
}

void
rti()
{
 Byte x;
 x=ccreg&0x80;
 da_inst("rti",NULL,(x?15:6));
 da_len = 1;
 PULLBYTE(ccreg)
 if(x)
 {
  PULLBYTE(*areg)
  PULLBYTE(*breg)
  PULLBYTE(dpreg)
  PULLWORD(xreg)
  PULLWORD(yreg)
  PULLWORD(ureg)
 }
 PULLWORD(pcreg)
}

void
swi()
{
 int w;
 da_inst("swi",(iflag==1)?"2":(iflag==2)?"3":"",5);
 switch(iflag)
 {
  case 0:
   PUSHWORD(pcreg)
   PUSHWORD(ureg)
   PUSHWORD(yreg)
   PUSHWORD(xreg)
   PUSHBYTE(dpreg)
   PUSHBYTE(*breg)
   PUSHBYTE(*areg)
   PUSHBYTE(ccreg)
   ccreg|=0xd0;
   pcreg=GETWORD(0xfffa);
   break;
  case 1:
   putchar(*breg);
   fflush(stdout);
   break;
  case 2:
   w=getchar();
   if(w==EOF)SEC else CLC
   *breg=w;
 }
}


Word *wordregs[]={(Word*)d_reg,&xreg,&yreg,&ureg,&sreg,&pcreg,&wfillreg,&wfillreg};

#if CPU_BIG_ENDIAN
Byte *byteregs[]={d_reg,d_reg+1,&ccreg,&dpreg,&fillreg,&fillreg,&fillreg,&fillreg};
#else
Byte *byteregs[]={d_reg+1,d_reg,&ccreg,&dpreg,&fillreg,&fillreg,&fillreg,&fillreg};
#endif

void
tfr()
{
 Byte b;
 da_inst("tfr",NULL,7);
 IMMBYTE(b)
 da_reg(b);
 Word v;
 // source in higher nibble (highest bit set means 8 bit reg.)
 if(b&0x80) {
  v=*byteregs[(b&0x70)>>4] | (b&0x08 ? 0 : 0xff00);
 } else {
  v=*wordregs[(b&0x70)>>4];
 }
 // dest in lower nibble (highest bit set means 8 bit reg.)
 if(b&0x8) {
  *byteregs[b&0x07]=v&0xff;
  fillreg=0xff;  // keep fillvalue
 } else {
  *wordregs[b&0x07]=v;
  wfillreg = 0xffff;  // keep fillvalue
 }
}

void
exg()
{
 Byte b;
 Word f;
 Word t;
 da_inst("exg",NULL,8);
 IMMBYTE(b)
 da_reg(b);
 if(b&0x80) {
  f=*byteregs[(b&0x70)>>4] | 0xff00;
 } else {
  f=*wordregs[(b>>4)&0x07];
 }
 if(b&0x8) {
  t=*byteregs[b&0x07] | 0xff00;
 } else {
  t=*wordregs[b&0x07];
 }
 if(b&0x80) {
  *byteregs[(b&0x70)>>4] = t;
  fillreg=0xff;  // keep fillvalue
 } else {
  *wordregs[(b>>4)&0x07] = t;
  wfillreg = 0xffff;  // keep fillvalue
 }
 if(b&0x8) {
  *byteregs[b&0x07] = f;
  fillreg=0xff;  // keep fillvalue
 } else {
  *wordregs[b&0x07] = f;
  wfillreg = 0xffff;  // keep fillvalue
 }
}

void
br(int f)
{
 Byte b;
 Word w;
 char off[7];
 Word dest;

 if(!iflag) {
  IMMBYTE(b)
  dest = pcreg+SIGNED(b);
  if(f) pcreg+=SIGNED(b);
  da_len = 2;
 } else {
  IMMWORD(w)
  dest = pcreg+w;
  if(f) pcreg+=w;
  da_len = 3;
 }
 sprintf(off,"$%04x", dest&0xffff);
 da_ops(off,NULL,0);
}

#define NXORV  ((ccreg&0x08)^(ccreg&0x02))

void
bra()
{
 da_inst(iflag?"l":"","bra",iflag?5:3);
 br(1);
}

void
brn()
{
 da_inst(iflag?"l":"","brn",iflag?5:3);
 br(0);
}

void
bhi()
{
 da_inst(iflag?"l":"","bhi",iflag?5:3);
 br(!(ccreg&0x05));
}

void
bls()
{
 da_inst(iflag?"l":"","bls",iflag?5:3);
 br(ccreg&0x05);
}

void
bcc()
{
 da_inst(iflag?"l":"","bcc",iflag?5:3);
 br(!(ccreg&0x01));
}

void
bcs()
{
 da_inst(iflag?"l":"","bcs",iflag?5:3);
 br(ccreg&0x01);
}

void
bne()
{
 da_inst(iflag?"l":"","bne",iflag?5:3);
 br(!(ccreg&0x04));
}

void
beq()
{
 da_inst(iflag?"l":"","beq",iflag?5:3);
 br(ccreg&0x04);
}

void
bvc()
{
 da_inst(iflag?"l":"","bvc",iflag?5:3);
 br(!(ccreg&0x02));
}

void
bvs()
{
 da_inst(iflag?"l":"","bvs",iflag?5:3);
 br(ccreg&0x02);
}

void
bpl()
{
 da_inst(iflag?"l":"","bpl",iflag?5:3);
 br(!(ccreg&0x08));
}

void
bmi()
{
 da_inst(iflag?"l":"","bmi",iflag?5:3);
 br(ccreg&0x08);
}

void
bge()
{
 da_inst(iflag?"l":"","bge",iflag?5:3);
 br(!NXORV);
}

void
blt()
{
 da_inst(iflag?"l":"","blt",iflag?5:3);
 br(NXORV);
}

void
bgt()
{
 da_inst(iflag?"l":"","bgt",iflag?5:3);
 br(!(NXORV||ccreg&0x04));
}

void
ble()
{
 da_inst(iflag?"l":"","ble",iflag?5:3);
 br(NXORV||ccreg&0x04);
}

void
leax()
{
 Word w;
 da_inst("leax",NULL,4);
 w=postbyte();
 if(w) CLZ else SEZ
 xreg=w;
}

void
leay()
{
 Word w;
 da_inst("leay",NULL,4);
 w=postbyte();
 if(w) CLZ else SEZ
 yreg=w;
}

void
leau()
{
 da_inst("leau",NULL,4);
 ureg=postbyte();
}

void
leas()
{
 da_inst("leas",NULL,4);
 sreg=postbyte();
}


int bit_count(Byte b)
{
  Byte mask=0x80;
  int count=0;
  int i;
  char *reg[] = { "pc", "u", "y", "x", "dp", "b", "a", "cc" };

  for(i=0; i<=7; i++) {
        if (b & mask) {
                count++;
                da_ops(count > 1 ? ",":"", reg[i],1+(i<4?1:0));
        }
        mask >>= 1;
  }
  return count;
}


void
pshs()
{
 Byte b;
 IMMBYTE(b)
 da_inst("pshs",NULL,5);
 bit_count(b);
 if(b&0x80)PUSHWORD(pcreg)
 if(b&0x40)PUSHWORD(ureg)
 if(b&0x20)PUSHWORD(yreg)
 if(b&0x10)PUSHWORD(xreg)
 if(b&0x08)PUSHBYTE(dpreg)
 if(b&0x04)PUSHBYTE(*breg)
 if(b&0x02)PUSHBYTE(*areg)
 if(b&0x01)PUSHBYTE(ccreg)
}

void
puls()
{
 Byte b;
 IMMBYTE(b)
 da_inst("puls",NULL,5);
 da_len = 2;
 bit_count(b);
 if(b&0x01)PULLBYTE(ccreg)
 if(b&0x02)PULLBYTE(*areg)
 if(b&0x04)PULLBYTE(*breg)
 if(b&0x08)PULLBYTE(dpreg)
 if(b&0x10)PULLWORD(xreg)
 if(b&0x20)PULLWORD(yreg)
 if(b&0x40)PULLWORD(ureg)
 if(b&0x80)PULLWORD(pcreg)
}

void
pshu()
{
 Byte b;
 IMMBYTE(b)
 da_inst("pshu",NULL,5);
 bit_count(b);
 if(b&0x80)PUSHUWORD(pcreg)
 if(b&0x40)PUSHUWORD(ureg)
 if(b&0x20)PUSHUWORD(yreg)
 if(b&0x10)PUSHUWORD(xreg)
 if(b&0x08)PUSHUBYTE(dpreg)
 if(b&0x04)PUSHUBYTE(*breg)
 if(b&0x02)PUSHUBYTE(*areg)
 if(b&0x01)PUSHUBYTE(ccreg)
}

void
pulu()
{
 Byte b;
 IMMBYTE(b)
 da_inst("pulu",NULL,5);
 da_len = 2;
 bit_count(b);
 if(b&0x01)PULLUBYTE(ccreg)
 if(b&0x02)PULLUBYTE(*areg)
 if(b&0x04)PULLUBYTE(*breg)
 if(b&0x08)PULLUBYTE(dpreg)
 if(b&0x10)PULLUWORD(xreg)
 if(b&0x20)PULLUWORD(yreg)
 if(b&0x40)PULLUWORD(ureg)
 if(b&0x80)PULLUWORD(pcreg)
}

#define SETSTATUSD(a,b,res) {if(res&0x10000) SEC else CLC \
                            if(((res>>1)^a^b^res)&0x8000) SEV else CLV \
                            SETNZ16((Word)res)}

void
addd()
{
 unsigned long aop,bop,res;
 Word ea;
 da_inst("addd",NULL,5);
 aop=*dreg & 0xffff;
 ea=eaddr16();
 bop=GETWORD(ea);
 res=aop+bop;
 SETSTATUSD(aop,bop,res)
 *dreg=res;
}

void
subd()
{
 unsigned long aop,bop,res;
 Word ea;
 aop=*dreg & 0xffff;
 switch(iflag) {
  case 0:
        da_inst("subd",NULL,5);
        break;
  case 1:
        da_inst("cmpd",NULL,5);
        aop=*dreg & 0xffff;
        break;
  case 2:
        da_inst("cmpu",NULL,5);
        aop=ureg;
 }
 ea=eaddr16();
 bop=GETWORD(ea);
 res=aop-bop;
 SETSTATUSD(aop,bop,res)
 if(iflag==0) *dreg=res; /* subd result */
}

void
cmpx()
{
 unsigned long aop,bop,res;
 Word ea;
 switch(iflag) {
  case 0:
        da_inst("cmpx",NULL,5);
        aop=xreg;
        break;
  case 1:
        da_inst("cmpy",NULL,5);
        aop=yreg;
        break;
  case 2:
        da_inst("cmps",NULL,5);
        aop=sreg;
 }
 ea=eaddr16();
 bop=GETWORD(ea);
 res=aop-bop;
 SETSTATUSD(aop,bop,res)
}

void
ldd()
{
 Word ea,w;
 da_inst("ldd",NULL,4);
 ea=eaddr16();
 w=GETWORD(ea);
 SETNZ16(w)
 *dreg=w;
}

void
ldx()
{
 Word ea,w;
 if (iflag) da_inst("ldy",NULL,4);
 else da_inst("ldx",NULL,4);
 ea=eaddr16();
 w=GETWORD(ea);
 SETNZ16(w)
 if (iflag==0) xreg=w; else yreg=w;
}

void
ldu()
{
 Word ea,w;
 if (iflag) da_inst("lds",NULL,4);
 else da_inst("ldu",NULL,4);
 ea=eaddr16();
 w=GETWORD(ea);
 SETNZ16(w)
 if (iflag==0) ureg=w; else sreg=w;
}

void
std()
{
 Word ea,w;
 da_inst("std",NULL,4);
 ea=eaddr16();
 w=*dreg;
 SETNZ16(w)
 SETWORD(ea,w)
}

void
stx()
{
 Word ea,w;
 if (iflag) da_inst("sty",NULL,4);
 else da_inst("stx",NULL,4);
 ea=eaddr16();
 if (iflag==0) w=xreg; else w=yreg;
 SETNZ16(w)
 SETWORD(ea,w)
}

void
stu()
{
 Word ea,w;
 if (iflag) da_inst("sts",NULL,4);
 else da_inst("stu",NULL,4);
 ea=eaddr16();
 if (iflag==0) w=ureg; else w=sreg;
 SETNZ16(w)
 SETWORD(ea,w)
}

void (*instrtable[])() = {
 neg , ill , ill , com , lsr , ill , ror , asr ,
 asl , rol , dec , ill , inc , tst , jmp , clr ,
 flag0 , flag1 , nop , sync_inst , ill , ill , lbra , lbsr ,
 ill , daa , orcc , ill , andcc , sex , exg , tfr ,
 bra , brn , bhi , bls , bcc , bcs , bne , beq ,
 bvc , bvs , bpl , bmi , bge , blt , bgt , ble ,
 leax , leay , leas , leau , pshs , puls , pshu , pulu ,
 ill , rts , abx , rti , cwai , mul , ill , swi ,
 neg , ill , ill , com , lsr , ill , ror , asr ,
 asl , rol , dec , ill , inc , tst , ill , clr ,
 neg , ill , ill , com , lsr , ill , ror , asr ,
 asl , rol , dec , ill , inc , tst , ill , clr ,
 neg , ill , ill , com , lsr , ill , ror , asr ,
 asl , rol , dec , ill , inc , tst , jmp , clr ,
 neg , ill , ill , com , lsr , ill , ror , asr ,
 asl , rol , dec , ill , inc , tst , jmp , clr ,
sub , cmp , sbc , subd , and , bit , ld , st ,
eor , adc ,  or , add , cmpx , bsr , ldx , stx ,
sub , cmp , sbc , subd , and , bit , ld , st ,
eor , adc ,  or , add , cmpx , jsr , ldx , stx ,
sub , cmp , sbc , subd , and , bit , ld , st ,
eor , adc ,  or , add , cmpx , jsr , ldx , stx ,
sub , cmp , sbc , subd , and , bit , ld , st ,
eor , adc ,  or , add , cmpx , jsr , ldx , stx ,
sub , cmp , sbc , addd , and , bit , ld , st ,
eor , adc ,  or , add , ldd , std , ldu , stu ,
sub , cmp , sbc , addd , and , bit , ld , st ,
eor , adc ,  or , add , ldd , std , ldu , stu ,
sub , cmp , sbc , addd , and , bit , ld , st ,
eor , adc ,  or , add , ldd , std , ldu , stu ,
sub , cmp , sbc , addd , and , bit , ld , st ,
eor , adc ,  or , add , ldd , std , ldu , stu ,
};

void
read_image(char* name)
{
 FILE *image;
 if((image=fopen(name,"rb"))!=NULL) {
  fread(mem+0x100,0xff00,1,image);
  fclose(image);
 }
}

void
dump()
{
 FILE *image;
 if((image=fopen("dump.v09","wb"))!=NULL) {
  fwrite(mem,0x10000,1,image);
  fclose(image);
 }
}

/* E F H I N Z V C */

char *to_bin(Byte b)
{
        static char binstr[9];
        Byte bm;
        char *ccbit="EFHINZVC";
        int i;

        for(bm=0x80, i=0; bm>0; bm >>=1, i++)
                binstr[i] = (b & bm) ? toupper(ccbit[i]) : tolower(ccbit[i]);
        binstr[8] = 0;
        return binstr;
}


void cr() {
   #ifdef TERM_CONTROL
   fprintf(stderr,"%s","\r\n");         /* CR+LF because raw terminal ... */
   #else
   fprintf(stderr,"%s","\n");
   #endif
}

#ifdef TRACE

/* max. bytes of instruction code per trace line */
#define I_MAX 4

void trace()
{
   int ilen;
   int i;

  if (
   1 || (                                       /* no trace filtering ... */
   !(ureg > 0x09c0 && ureg < 0x09f3) && (       /* CMOVE ausblenden! */
    pcreg_prev == 0x01de || /* DOLST */
    pcreg_prev == 0x037a || /* FDOVAR */
  /*
    ureg >= 0x0300 && ureg < 0x03f0 ||
    ureg >=0x1900 ||
    ureg > 0x118b && ureg < 0x11b2 ||
    pcreg_prev >= 0x01de && pcreg_prev < 0x0300 ||
    xreg >=0x8000 ||
    pcreg_prev >= 0x01de && pcreg_prev < 0x0300 ||
   */
    0
    ))
   )
  {
   fprintf(stderr,"%04x ",pcreg_prev);
   if (da_len) ilen = da_len;
   else {
        ilen = pcreg-pcreg_prev; if (ilen < 0) ilen= -ilen;
   }
   for(i=0; i < I_MAX; i++) {
        if (i < ilen) fprintf(stderr,"%02x",mem[(pcreg_prev+i)&0xffff]);
        else fprintf(stderr,"  ");
   }
   fprintf(stderr," %-5s %-17s [%02d] ", dinst, dops, cycles);
   //if((ireg&0xfe)==0x10)
   // fprintf(stderr,"%02x ",mem[pcreg]);else fprintf(stderr,"   ");
   fprintf(stderr,"x=%04x y=%04x u=%04x s=%04x a=%02x b=%02x cc=%s",
                   xreg,yreg,ureg,sreg,*areg,*breg,to_bin(ccreg));
   fprintf(stderr,", s: %04x %04x, r: %04x",
        mem[sreg]<<8|mem[sreg+1],
        mem[sreg+2]<<8|mem[sreg+3],
        mem[yreg]<<8|mem[yreg+1]
   );
   cr();
  }
  da_len = 0;
}

#endif


static char optstring[]="d";

int
main(int argc,char *argv[])
{
 char c;
 int a;

 /* initialize memory with pseudo random data ... */
 srandom(time(NULL));
 for(a=0x0100; a<0x10000;a++) {
        mem[(Word)a] = (Byte) (random() & 0xff);
 }

 while( (c=getopt(argc, argv, optstring)) >=0 ) {
        switch(c) {
          case 'd':
                fdump = 1;
                break;
          default:
                fprintf(stderr,"ERROR: Unknown option\n");
                exit(2);
        }
 }

 if (optind < argc) {
   read_image(argv[optind]);
 }
 else {
        fprintf(stderr,"ERROR: Missing image name\n");
        exit(2);
 }

 pcreg=0x100;
 sreg=0;
 dpreg=0;
 iflag=0;
 /* raw disables SIGINT, brkint reenables it ...
  */
#if defined(TERM_CONTROL) && ! defined(TRACE)
  /* raw, but still allow key signaling, especial if ^C is desired
     - if not, remove brkint and isig!
   */
  system("stty -echo nl raw brkint isig");
  tflags=fcntl(0,F_GETFL,0);
  fcntl(0,F_SETFL,tflags|O_NDELAY);
#endif

#ifdef TRACE
 da_len = 0;
#endif
 cycles_sum = 0;
 pcreg_prev = pcreg;

 for(;;){

  ireg=mem[pcreg++];
  cycles=0;
  (*instrtable[ireg])();                /* process instruction */
  cycles_sum += cycles;

#ifdef TRACE
  trace();
#endif

 pcreg_prev = pcreg;

 } /* for */
 return 0;
}



void finish()
{
 cr();
 fprintf(stderr,"Cycles: %lu", cycles_sum);
 cr();
#if defined(TERM_CONTROL) && ! defined(TRACE)
 system("stty -raw -nl echo brkint");
 fcntl(0,F_SETFL,tflags&~O_NDELAY);
#endif
 if (fdump) dump();
 exit(0);
}