view sigplanconf.cls @ 3:11a86cf869e2

Wrote introduction
author Yasutaka Higa <e115763@ie.u-ryukyu.ac.jp>
date Tue, 24 Feb 2015 15:54:22 +0900
parents 32308ce01324
children
line wrap: on
line source

%-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
%
%               LaTeX Class/Style File
%
% Name:         sigplanconf.cls
%
% Purpose:      A LaTeX 2e class file for SIGPLAN conference proceedings.
%               This class file supercedes acm_proc_article-sp,
%               sig-alternate, and sigplan-proc.
%
% Author:       Paul C. Anagnostopoulos
%               Windfall Software
%               978 371-2316
%               paul [atsign] windfall.com
%
% Created:      12 September 2004
%
% Revisions:    See end of file.
%
% This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License.
% To view a copy of this license, visit
%   http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
% or send a letter to Creative Commons, 171 2nd Street, Suite 300,
% San Francisco, California, 94105, U.S.A.
%
%-----------------------------------------------------------------------------


\NeedsTeXFormat{LaTeX2e}[1995/12/01]
\ProvidesClass{sigplanconf}[2013/07/02 v2.8 ACM SIGPLAN Proceedings]

% The following few pages contain LaTeX programming extensions adapted
% from the ZzTeX macro package.

%                       Token Hackery
%                       ----- -------


\def \@expandaftertwice {\expandafter\expandafter\expandafter}
\def \@expandafterthrice {\expandafter\expandafter\expandafter\expandafter
                          \expandafter\expandafter\expandafter}

% This macro discards the next token.

\def \@discardtok #1{}%                                  token

% This macro removes the `pt' following a dimension.

{\catcode `\p = 12 \catcode `\t = 12

\gdef \@remover #1pt{#1}

} % \catcode

% This macro extracts the contents of a macro and returns it as plain text.
% Usage: \expandafter\@defof \meaning\macro\@mark

\def \@defof #1:->#2\@mark{#2}

%                       Control Sequence Names
%                       ------- -------- -----


\def \@name #1{%                                        {\tokens}
  \csname \expandafter\@discardtok \string#1\endcsname}

\def \@withname #1#2{%                                  {\command}{\tokens}
  \expandafter#1\csname \expandafter\@discardtok \string#2\endcsname}

%                       Flags (Booleans)
%                       ----- ----------

% The boolean literals \@true and \@false are appropriate for use with
% the \if command, which tests the codes of the next two characters.

\def \@true {TT}
\def \@false {FL}

\def \@setflag #1=#2{\edef #1{#2}}%              \flag = boolean

%                       IF and Predicates
%                       -- --- ----------

% A "predicate" is a macro that returns \@true or \@false as its value.
% Such values are suitable for use with the \if conditional.  For example:
%
%   \if \@oddp{\x} <then-clause> \else <else-clause> \fi

% A predicate can be used with \@setflag as follows:
%
%   \@setflag \flag = {<predicate>}

% Here are the predicates for TeX's repertoire of conditional
% commands.  These might be more appropriately interspersed with
% other definitions in this module, but what the heck.
% Some additional "obvious" predicates are defined.

\def \@eqlp   #1#2{\ifnum #1 = #2\@true \else \@false \fi}
\def \@neqlp  #1#2{\ifnum #1 = #2\@false \else \@true \fi}
\def \@lssp   #1#2{\ifnum #1 < #2\@true \else \@false \fi}
\def \@gtrp   #1#2{\ifnum #1 > #2\@true \else \@false \fi}
\def \@zerop  #1{\ifnum #1 = 0\@true \else \@false \fi}
\def \@onep   #1{\ifnum #1 = 1\@true \else \@false \fi}
\def \@posp   #1{\ifnum #1 > 0\@true \else \@false \fi}
\def \@negp   #1{\ifnum #1 < 0\@true \else \@false \fi}
\def \@oddp   #1{\ifodd #1\@true \else \@false \fi}
\def \@evenp  #1{\ifodd #1\@false \else \@true \fi}
\def \@rangep #1#2#3{\if \@orp{\@lssp{#1}{#2}}{\@gtrp{#1}{#3}}\@false \else
                                                          \@true \fi}
\def \@tensp  #1{\@rangep{#1}{10}{19}}

\def \@dimeqlp   #1#2{\ifdim #1 = #2\@true \else \@false \fi}
\def \@dimneqlp  #1#2{\ifdim #1 = #2\@false \else \@true \fi}
\def \@dimlssp   #1#2{\ifdim #1 < #2\@true \else \@false \fi}
\def \@dimgtrp   #1#2{\ifdim #1 > #2\@true \else \@false \fi}
\def \@dimzerop  #1{\ifdim #1 = 0pt\@true \else \@false \fi}
\def \@dimposp   #1{\ifdim #1 > 0pt\@true \else \@false \fi}
\def \@dimnegp   #1{\ifdim #1 < 0pt\@true \else \@false \fi}

\def \@vmodep     {\ifvmode \@true \else \@false \fi}
\def \@hmodep     {\ifhmode \@true \else \@false \fi}
\def \@mathmodep  {\ifmmode \@true \else \@false \fi}
\def \@textmodep  {\ifmmode \@false \else \@true \fi}
\def \@innermodep {\ifinner \@true \else \@false \fi}

\long\def \@codeeqlp #1#2{\if #1#2\@true \else \@false \fi}

\long\def \@cateqlp #1#2{\ifcat #1#2\@true \else \@false \fi}

\long\def \@tokeqlp  #1#2{\ifx #1#2\@true \else \@false \fi}
\long\def \@xtokeqlp #1#2{\expandafter\ifx #1#2\@true \else \@false \fi}

\long\def \@definedp #1{%
  \expandafter\ifx \csname \expandafter\@discardtok \string#1\endcsname
                   \relax \@false \else \@true \fi}

\long\def \@undefinedp #1{%
  \expandafter\ifx \csname \expandafter\@discardtok \string#1\endcsname
                   \relax \@true \else \@false \fi}

\def \@emptydefp #1{\ifx #1\@empty \@true \else \@false \fi}%       {\name}

\let \@emptylistp = \@emptydefp

\long\def \@emptyargp #1{%                               {#n}
  \@empargp #1\@empargq\@mark}
\long\def \@empargp #1#2\@mark{%
  \ifx #1\@empargq \@true \else \@false \fi}
\def \@empargq {\@empargq}

\def \@emptytoksp #1{%                                   {\tokenreg}
  \expandafter\@emptoksp \the#1\@mark}

\long\def \@emptoksp #1\@mark{\@emptyargp{#1}}

\def \@voidboxp #1{\ifvoid #1\@true \else \@false \fi}
\def \@hboxp #1{\ifhbox #1\@true \else \@false \fi}
\def \@vboxp #1{\ifvbox #1\@true \else \@false \fi}

\def \@eofp #1{\ifeof #1\@true \else \@false \fi}


% Flags can also be used as predicates, as in:
%
%   \if \flaga <then-clause> \else <else-clause> \fi


% Now here we have predicates for the common logical operators.

\def \@notp #1{\if #1\@false \else \@true \fi}

\def \@andp #1#2{\if #1%
                  \if #2\@true \else \@false \fi
                \else
                  \@false
                \fi}

\def \@orp #1#2{\if #1%
                 \@true
               \else
                 \if #2\@true \else \@false \fi
               \fi}

\def \@xorp #1#2{\if #1%
                  \if #2\@false \else \@true \fi
                \else
                  \if #2\@true \else \@false \fi
                \fi}

%                       Arithmetic
%                       ----------

\def \@increment #1{\advance #1 by 1\relax}%             {\count}

\def \@decrement #1{\advance #1 by -1\relax}%            {\count}

%                       Options
%                       -------


\@setflag \@authoryear = \@false
\@setflag \@blockstyle = \@false
\@setflag \@copyrightwanted = \@true
\@setflag \@explicitsize = \@false
\@setflag \@mathtime = \@false
\@setflag \@natbib = \@true
\@setflag \@ninepoint = \@true
\newcount{\@numheaddepth} \@numheaddepth = 3
\@setflag \@onecolumn = \@false
\@setflag \@preprint = \@false
\@setflag \@reprint = \@false
\@setflag \@tenpoint = \@false
\@setflag \@times = \@false

% Note that all the dangerous article class options are trapped.

\DeclareOption{9pt}{\@setflag \@ninepoint = \@true
                    \@setflag \@explicitsize = \@true}

\DeclareOption{10pt}{\PassOptionsToClass{10pt}{article}%
                     \@setflag \@ninepoint = \@false
                     \@setflag \@tenpoint = \@true
                     \@setflag \@explicitsize = \@true}

\DeclareOption{11pt}{\PassOptionsToClass{11pt}{article}%
                     \@setflag \@ninepoint = \@false
                     \@setflag \@explicitsize = \@true}

\DeclareOption{12pt}{\@unsupportedoption{12pt}}

\DeclareOption{a4paper}{\@unsupportedoption{a4paper}}

\DeclareOption{a5paper}{\@unsupportedoption{a5paper}}

\DeclareOption{authoryear}{\@setflag \@authoryear = \@true}

\DeclareOption{b5paper}{\@unsupportedoption{b5paper}}

\DeclareOption{blockstyle}{\@setflag \@blockstyle = \@true}

\DeclareOption{cm}{\@setflag \@times = \@false}

\DeclareOption{computermodern}{\@setflag \@times = \@false}

\DeclareOption{executivepaper}{\@unsupportedoption{executivepaper}}

\DeclareOption{indentedstyle}{\@setflag \@blockstyle = \@false}

\DeclareOption{landscape}{\@unsupportedoption{landscape}}

\DeclareOption{legalpaper}{\@unsupportedoption{legalpaper}}

\DeclareOption{letterpaper}{\@unsupportedoption{letterpaper}}

\DeclareOption{mathtime}{\@setflag \@mathtime = \@true}

\DeclareOption{natbib}{\@setflag \@natbib = \@true}

\DeclareOption{nonatbib}{\@setflag \@natbib = \@false}

\DeclareOption{nocopyrightspace}{\@setflag \@copyrightwanted = \@false}

\DeclareOption{notitlepage}{\@unsupportedoption{notitlepage}}

\DeclareOption{numberedpars}{\@numheaddepth = 4}

\DeclareOption{numbers}{\@setflag \@authoryear = \@false}

%%%\DeclareOption{onecolumn}{\@setflag \@onecolumn = \@true}

\DeclareOption{preprint}{\@setflag \@preprint = \@true}

\DeclareOption{reprint}{\@setflag \@reprint = \@true}

\DeclareOption{times}{\@setflag \@times = \@true}

\DeclareOption{titlepage}{\@unsupportedoption{titlepage}}

\DeclareOption{twocolumn}{\@setflag \@onecolumn = \@false}

\DeclareOption*{\PassOptionsToClass{\CurrentOption}{article}}

\ExecuteOptions{9pt,indentedstyle,times}
\@setflag \@explicitsize = \@false
\ProcessOptions

\if \@onecolumn
  \if \@notp{\@explicitsize}%
    \@setflag \@ninepoint = \@false
    \PassOptionsToClass{11pt}{article}%
  \fi
  \PassOptionsToClass{twoside,onecolumn}{article}
\else
  \PassOptionsToClass{twoside,twocolumn}{article}
\fi
\LoadClass{article}

\def \@unsupportedoption #1{%
  \ClassError{proc}{The standard '#1' option is not supported.}}

% This can be used with the 'reprint' option to get the final folios.

\def \setpagenumber #1{%
  \setcounter{page}{#1}}

\AtEndDocument{\label{sigplanconf@finalpage}}

%                       Utilities
%                       ---------


\newcommand{\setvspace}[2]{%
  #1 = #2
  \advance #1 by -1\parskip}

%                       Document Parameters
%                       -------- ----------


% Page:

\setlength{\hoffset}{-1in}
\setlength{\voffset}{-1in}

\setlength{\topmargin}{1in}
\setlength{\headheight}{0pt}
\setlength{\headsep}{0pt}

\if \@onecolumn
  \setlength{\evensidemargin}{.75in}
  \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{.75in}
\else
  \setlength{\evensidemargin}{.75in}
  \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{.75in}
\fi

% Text area:

\newdimen{\standardtextwidth}
\setlength{\standardtextwidth}{42pc}

\if \@onecolumn
  \setlength{\textwidth}{40.5pc}
\else
  \setlength{\textwidth}{\standardtextwidth}
\fi

\setlength{\topskip}{8pt}
\setlength{\columnsep}{2pc}
\setlength{\textheight}{54.5pc}

% Running foot:

\setlength{\footskip}{30pt}

% Paragraphs:

\if \@blockstyle
  \setlength{\parskip}{5pt plus .1pt minus .5pt}
  \setlength{\parindent}{0pt}
\else
  \setlength{\parskip}{0pt}
  \setlength{\parindent}{12pt}
\fi

\setlength{\lineskip}{.5pt}
\setlength{\lineskiplimit}{\lineskip}

\frenchspacing
\pretolerance = 400
\tolerance = \pretolerance
\setlength{\emergencystretch}{5pt}
\clubpenalty = 10000
\widowpenalty = 10000
\setlength{\hfuzz}{.5pt}

% Standard vertical spaces:

\newskip{\standardvspace}
\setvspace{\standardvspace}{5pt plus 1pt minus .5pt}

% Margin paragraphs:

\setlength{\marginparwidth}{36pt}
\setlength{\marginparsep}{2pt}
\setlength{\marginparpush}{8pt}


\setlength{\skip\footins}{8pt plus 3pt minus 1pt}
\setlength{\footnotesep}{9pt}

\renewcommand{\footnoterule}{%
  \hrule width .5\columnwidth height .33pt depth 0pt}

\renewcommand{\@makefntext}[1]{%
  \noindent \@makefnmark \hspace{1pt}#1}

% Floats:

\setcounter{topnumber}{4}
\setcounter{bottomnumber}{1}
\setcounter{totalnumber}{4}

\renewcommand{\fps@figure}{tp}
\renewcommand{\fps@table}{tp}
\renewcommand{\topfraction}{0.90}
\renewcommand{\bottomfraction}{0.30}
\renewcommand{\textfraction}{0.10}
\renewcommand{\floatpagefraction}{0.75}

\setcounter{dbltopnumber}{4}

\renewcommand{\dbltopfraction}{\topfraction}
\renewcommand{\dblfloatpagefraction}{\floatpagefraction}

\setlength{\floatsep}{18pt plus 4pt minus 2pt}
\setlength{\textfloatsep}{18pt plus 4pt minus 3pt}
\setlength{\intextsep}{10pt plus 4pt minus 3pt}

\setlength{\dblfloatsep}{18pt plus 4pt minus 2pt}
\setlength{\dbltextfloatsep}{20pt plus 4pt minus 3pt}

% Miscellaneous:

\errorcontextlines = 5

%                       Fonts
%                       -----


\if \@times
  \renewcommand{\rmdefault}{ptm}%
  \if \@mathtime
    \usepackage[mtbold,noTS1]{mathtime}%
  \else
%%%    \usepackage{mathptm}%
  \fi
\else
  \relax
\fi

\if \@ninepoint

\renewcommand{\normalsize}{%
  \@setfontsize{\normalsize}{9pt}{10pt}%
  \setlength{\abovedisplayskip}{5pt plus 1pt minus .5pt}%
  \setlength{\belowdisplayskip}{\abovedisplayskip}%
  \setlength{\abovedisplayshortskip}{3pt plus 1pt minus 2pt}%
  \setlength{\belowdisplayshortskip}{\abovedisplayshortskip}}

\renewcommand{\tiny}{\@setfontsize{\tiny}{5pt}{6pt}}

\renewcommand{\scriptsize}{\@setfontsize{\scriptsize}{7pt}{8pt}}

\renewcommand{\small}{%
  \@setfontsize{\small}{8pt}{9pt}%
  \setlength{\abovedisplayskip}{4pt plus 1pt minus 1pt}%
  \setlength{\belowdisplayskip}{\abovedisplayskip}%
  \setlength{\abovedisplayshortskip}{2pt plus 1pt}%
  \setlength{\belowdisplayshortskip}{\abovedisplayshortskip}}

\renewcommand{\footnotesize}{%
  \@setfontsize{\footnotesize}{8pt}{9pt}%
  \setlength{\abovedisplayskip}{4pt plus 1pt minus .5pt}%
  \setlength{\belowdisplayskip}{\abovedisplayskip}%
  \setlength{\abovedisplayshortskip}{2pt plus 1pt}%
  \setlength{\belowdisplayshortskip}{\abovedisplayshortskip}}

\renewcommand{\large}{\@setfontsize{\large}{11pt}{13pt}}

\renewcommand{\Large}{\@setfontsize{\Large}{14pt}{18pt}}

\renewcommand{\LARGE}{\@setfontsize{\LARGE}{18pt}{20pt}}

\renewcommand{\huge}{\@setfontsize{\huge}{20pt}{25pt}}

\renewcommand{\Huge}{\@setfontsize{\Huge}{25pt}{30pt}}

\else\if \@tenpoint

\relax

\else

\relax

\fi\fi

%                       Abstract
%                       --------


\renewenvironment{abstract}{%
  \section*{Abstract}%
  \normalsize}{%
  }

%                       Bibliography
%                       ------------


\renewenvironment{thebibliography}[1]
     {\section*{\refname
        \@mkboth{\MakeUppercase\refname}{\MakeUppercase\refname}}%
      \list{\@biblabel{\@arabic\c@enumiv}}%
           {\settowidth\labelwidth{\@biblabel{#1}}%
            \leftmargin\labelwidth
            \advance\leftmargin\labelsep
            \@openbib@code
            \usecounter{enumiv}%
            \let\p@enumiv\@empty
            \renewcommand\theenumiv{\@arabic\c@enumiv}}%
      \bibfont
      \clubpenalty4000
      \@clubpenalty \clubpenalty
      \widowpenalty4000%
      \sfcode`\.\@m}
     {\def\@noitemerr
       {\@latex@warning{Empty `thebibliography' environment}}%
      \endlist}

\if \@natbib

\if \@authoryear
  \typeout{Using natbib package with 'authoryear' citation style.}
  \usepackage[authoryear,square]{natbib}
  \bibpunct{(}{)}{;}{a}{}{,}    % Change fences to parentheses;
                                % citation separator to semicolon;
                                % eliminate comma between author and year.
  \let \cite = \citep
\else
  \typeout{Using natbib package with 'numbers' citation style.}
  \usepackage[numbers,sort&compress,square]{natbib}
\fi
\setlength{\bibsep}{3pt plus .5pt minus .25pt}

\fi

\def \bibfont {\small}

%                       Categories
%                       ----------


\@setflag \@firstcategory = \@true

\newcommand{\category}[3]{%
  \if \@firstcategory
    \paragraph*{Categories and Subject Descriptors}%
    \@setflag \@firstcategory = \@false
  \else
    \unskip ;\hspace{.75em}%
  \fi
  \@ifnextchar [{\@category{#1}{#2}{#3}}{\@category{#1}{#2}{#3}[]}}

\def \@category #1#2#3[#4]{%
  {\let \and = \relax
   #1 [\textit{#2}]%
   \if \@emptyargp{#4}%
     \if \@notp{\@emptyargp{#3}}: #3\fi
   \else
     :\space
     \if \@notp{\@emptyargp{#3}}#3---\fi
     \textrm{#4}%
   \fi}}

%                       Copyright Notice
%                       --------- ------


\def \ftype@copyrightbox {8}
\def \@toappear {}
\def \@permission {}
\def \@reprintprice {}

\def \@copyrightspace {%
  \@float{copyrightbox}[b]%
  \vbox to 1.2in{%
    \vfill
    \parbox[b]{20pc}{%
      \scriptsize
      \if \@preprint
        [Copyright notice will appear here
         once 'preprint' option is removed.]\par
      \else
        \@toappear
      \fi
      \if \@reprint
        \noindent Reprinted from \@conferencename,
        \@proceedings,
        \@conferenceinfo,
        pp.~\number\thepage--\pageref{sigplanconf@finalpage}.\par
      \fi}}%
  \end@float}

\newcommand{\reprintprice}[1]{%
  \gdef \@reprintprice {#1}}

\reprintprice{\$15.00}

\long\def \toappear #1{%
  \def \@toappear {#1}}

\toappear{%
  \noindent \@permission \par
  \vspace{2pt}
  \noindent \textsl{\@conferencename}, \quad \@conferenceinfo. \par
  \noindent Copyright \copyright\ \@copyrightyear\ ACM \@copyrightdata
    \dots \@reprintprice.\par
  \noindent http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/\@doi }

\newcommand{\permission}[1]{%
  \gdef \@permission {#1}}

\permission{%
  Permission to make digital or hard copies of all or part of this work for
  personal or classroom use is granted without fee provided that copies are
  not made or distributed for profit or commercial advantage and that copies
  bear this notice and the full citation on the first page. Copyrights for
  components of this work owned by others than ACM must be honored.
  Abstracting with credit is permitted. To copy otherwise, or republish, to
  post on servers or to redistribute to lists, requires prior specific
  permission and/or a fee. Request permissions from permissions@acm.org.}

% These are two new rights management and bibstrip text blocks.

\newcommand{\exclusivelicense}{%
  \permission{%
    Permission to make digital or hard copies of all or part of this work for
    personal or classroom use is granted without fee provided that copies are
    not made or distributed for profit or commercial advantage and that copies
    bear this notice and the full citation on the first page. Copyrights for
    components of this work owned by others than the author(s) must be honored.
    Abstracting with credit is permitted. To copy otherwise, or republish, to
    post on servers or to redistribute to lists, requires prior specific
    permission and/or a fee. Request permissions from permissions@acm.org.}
  \toappear{%
    \noindent \@permission \par
    \vspace{2pt}
    \noindent \textsl{\@conferencename}, \quad \@conferenceinfo. \par
    \noindent Copyright is held by the owner/author(s). Publication rights licensed to ACM. \par
    \noindent ACM \@copyrightdata \dots \@reprintprice.\par
    \noindent http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/\@doi}}

\newcommand{\permissiontopublish}{%
  \permission{%
    Permission to make digital or hard copies of part or all of this work for
    personal or classroom use is granted without fee provided that copies are
    not made or distributed for profit or commercial advantage and that copies
    bear this notice and the full citation on the first page. Copyrights for
    third-party components of this work must be honored. 
    For all other uses, contact the owner/author(s).}%
  \toappear{%
    \noindent \@permission \par
    \vspace{2pt}
    \noindent \textsl{\@conferencename}, \quad \@conferenceinfo. \par
    \noindent Copyright is held by the owner/author(s). \par
    \noindent ACM \@copyrightdata.\par
    \noindent http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/\@doi}}

% The following permission notices are
% for the traditional copyright transfer agreement option.

% Exclusive license and permission-to-publish 
% give more complicated permission notices.
% These are not covered here.

\newcommand{\ACMCanadapermission}{%
  \permission{%
    ACM acknowledges that this contribution was authored or
    co-authored by an affiliate of the Canadian National
    Government. As such, the Crown in Right of Canada retains an equal
    interest in the copyright. Reprint requests should be forwarded to
    ACM.}}

\newcommand{\ACMUSpermission}{%
  \permission{%
    ACM acknowledges that this contribution was authored or
    co-authored by a contractor or affiliate of the United States
    Government. As such, the United States Government retains a
    nonexclusive, royalty-free right to publish or reproduce this
    article, or to allow others to do so, for Government purposes
    only.}}

\newcommand{\USpublicpermission}{%
  \permission{%
    This paper is authored by an employee(s) of the United States
    Government and is in the public domain. Non-exclusive copying or
    redistribution is allowed, provided that the article citation is
    given and the authors and the agency are clearly identified as its
    source.}%
  \toappear{%
    \noindent \@permission \par
    \vspace{2pt}
    \noindent \textsl{\@conferencename}, \quad \@conferenceinfo. \par
    \noindent ACM \@copyrightdata.\par
    \noindent http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/\@doi}}

\newcommand{\authorversion}[4]{%
  \permission{%
  Copyright \copyright\ ACM, #1. This is the author's version of the work.
  It is posted here by permission of ACM for your personal use.
  Not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in
  #2, #3, http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/#4.}}

%                       Enunciations
%                       ------------


\def \@begintheorem #1#2{%                      {name}{number}
  \trivlist
  \item[\hskip \labelsep \textsc{#1 #2.}]%
  \itshape\selectfont
  \ignorespaces}

\def \@opargbegintheorem #1#2#3{%               {name}{number}{title}
  \trivlist
  \item[%
    \hskip\labelsep \textsc{#1\ #2}%
    \if \@notp{\@emptyargp{#3}}\nut (#3).\fi]%
  \itshape\selectfont
  \ignorespaces}

%                       Figures
%                       -------


\@setflag \@caprule = \@true

\long\def \@makecaption #1#2{%
  \addvspace{4pt}
  \if \@caprule
    \hrule width \hsize height .33pt
    \vspace{4pt}
  \fi
  \setbox \@tempboxa = \hbox{\@setfigurenumber{#1.}\nut #2}%
  \if \@dimgtrp{\wd\@tempboxa}{\hsize}%
    \noindent \@setfigurenumber{#1.}\nut #2\par
  \else
    \centerline{\box\@tempboxa}%
  \fi}

\newcommand{\nocaptionrule}{%
  \@setflag \@caprule = \@false}

\def \@setfigurenumber #1{%
  {\rmfamily \bfseries \selectfont #1}}

%                       Hierarchy
%                       ---------


\setcounter{secnumdepth}{\@numheaddepth}

\newskip{\@sectionaboveskip}
\setvspace{\@sectionaboveskip}{10pt plus 3pt minus 2pt}

\newskip{\@sectionbelowskip}
\if \@blockstyle
  \setlength{\@sectionbelowskip}{0.1pt}%
\else
  \setlength{\@sectionbelowskip}{4pt}%
\fi

\renewcommand{\section}{%
  \@startsection
    {section}%
    {1}%
    {0pt}%
    {-\@sectionaboveskip}%
    {\@sectionbelowskip}%
    {\large \bfseries \raggedright}}

\newskip{\@subsectionaboveskip}
\setvspace{\@subsectionaboveskip}{8pt plus 2pt minus 2pt}

\newskip{\@subsectionbelowskip}
\if \@blockstyle
  \setlength{\@subsectionbelowskip}{0.1pt}%
\else
  \setlength{\@subsectionbelowskip}{4pt}%
\fi

\renewcommand{\subsection}{%
  \@startsection%
    {subsection}%
    {2}%
    {0pt}%
    {-\@subsectionaboveskip}%
    {\@subsectionbelowskip}%
    {\normalsize \bfseries \raggedright}}

\renewcommand{\subsubsection}{%
  \@startsection%
    {subsubsection}%
    {3}%
    {0pt}%
    {-\@subsectionaboveskip}
    {\@subsectionbelowskip}%
    {\normalsize \bfseries \raggedright}}

\newskip{\@paragraphaboveskip}
\setvspace{\@paragraphaboveskip}{6pt plus 2pt minus 2pt}

\renewcommand{\paragraph}{%
  \@startsection%
    {paragraph}%
    {4}%
    {0pt}%
    {\@paragraphaboveskip}
    {-1em}%
    {\normalsize \bfseries \if \@times \itshape \fi}}

\renewcommand{\subparagraph}{%
  \@startsection%
    {subparagraph}%
    {4}%
    {0pt}%
    {\@paragraphaboveskip}
    {-1em}%
    {\normalsize \itshape}}

% Standard headings:

\newcommand{\acks}{\section*{Acknowledgments}}

\newcommand{\keywords}{\paragraph*{Keywords}}

\newcommand{\terms}{\paragraph*{General Terms}}

%                       Identification
%                       --------------


\def \@conferencename {}
\def \@conferenceinfo {}
\def \@copyrightyear {}
\def \@copyrightdata {[to be supplied]}
\def \@proceedings {[Unknown Proceedings]}


\newcommand{\conferenceinfo}[2]{%
  \gdef \@conferencename {#1}%
  \gdef \@conferenceinfo {#2}}

\newcommand{\copyrightyear}[1]{%
  \gdef \@copyrightyear {#1}}

\let \CopyrightYear = \copyrightyear

\newcommand{\copyrightdata}[1]{%
  \gdef \@copyrightdata {#1}}

\let \crdata = \copyrightdata

\newcommand{\doi}[1]{%
  \gdef \@doi {#1}}

\newcommand{\proceedings}[1]{%
  \gdef \@proceedings {#1}}

%                       Lists
%                       -----


\setlength{\leftmargini}{13pt}
\setlength\leftmarginii{13pt}
\setlength\leftmarginiii{13pt}
\setlength\leftmarginiv{13pt}
\setlength{\labelsep}{3.5pt}

\setlength{\topsep}{\standardvspace}
\if \@blockstyle
  \setlength{\itemsep}{1pt}
  \setlength{\parsep}{3pt}
\else
  \setlength{\itemsep}{1pt}
  \setlength{\parsep}{3pt}
\fi

\renewcommand{\labelitemi}{{\small \centeroncapheight{\textbullet}}}
\renewcommand{\labelitemii}{\centeroncapheight{\rule{2.5pt}{2.5pt}}}
\renewcommand{\labelitemiii}{$-$}
\renewcommand{\labelitemiv}{{\Large \textperiodcentered}}

\renewcommand{\@listi}{%
  \leftmargin = \leftmargini
  \listparindent = 0pt}
%%%  \itemsep = 1pt
%%%  \parsep = 3pt}
%%%  \listparindent = \parindent}

\let \@listI = \@listi

\renewcommand{\@listii}{%
  \leftmargin = \leftmarginii
  \topsep = 1pt
  \labelwidth = \leftmarginii
  \advance \labelwidth by -\labelsep
  \listparindent = \parindent}

\renewcommand{\@listiii}{%
  \leftmargin = \leftmarginiii
  \labelwidth = \leftmarginiii
  \advance \labelwidth by -\labelsep
  \listparindent = \parindent}

\renewcommand{\@listiv}{%
  \leftmargin = \leftmarginiv
  \labelwidth = \leftmarginiv
  \advance \labelwidth by -\labelsep
  \listparindent = \parindent}

%                       Mathematics
%                       -----------


\def \theequation {\arabic{equation}}

%                       Miscellaneous
%                       -------------


\newcommand{\balancecolumns}{%
  \vfill\eject
  \global\@colht = \textheight
  \global\ht\@cclv = \textheight}

\newcommand{\nut}{\hspace{.5em}}

\newcommand{\softraggedright}{%
  \let \\ = \@centercr
  \leftskip = 0pt
  \rightskip = 0pt plus 10pt}

%                       Program Code
%                       ------- ----


\newcommand{\mono}[1]{%
  {\@tempdima = \fontdimen2\font
   \texttt{\spaceskip = 1.1\@tempdima #1}}}

%                       Running Heads and Feet
%                       ------- ----- --- ----


\def \@preprintfooter {}

\newcommand{\preprintfooter}[1]{%
  \gdef \@preprintfooter {#1}}

\if \@preprint

\def \ps@plain {%
  \let \@mkboth = \@gobbletwo
  \let \@evenhead = \@empty
  \def \@evenfoot {\scriptsize
                   \rlap{\textit{\@preprintfooter}}\hfil
                   \thepage \hfil
                   \llap{\textit{\@formatyear}}}%
  \let \@oddhead = \@empty
  \let \@oddfoot = \@evenfoot}

\else\if \@reprint

\def \ps@plain {%
  \let \@mkboth = \@gobbletwo
  \let \@evenhead = \@empty
  \def \@evenfoot {\scriptsize \hfil \thepage \hfil}%
  \let \@oddhead = \@empty
  \let \@oddfoot = \@evenfoot}

\else

\let \ps@plain = \ps@empty
\let \ps@headings = \ps@empty
\let \ps@myheadings = \ps@empty

\fi\fi

\def \@formatyear {%
  \number\year/\number\month/\number\day}

%                       Special Characters
%                       ------- ----------


\DeclareRobustCommand{\euro}{%
  \protect{\rlap{=}}{\sf \kern .1em C}}

%                       Title Page
%                       ----- ----


\@setflag \@addauthorsdone = \@false

\def \@titletext {\@latex@error{No title was provided}{}}
\def \@subtitletext {}

\newcount{\@authorcount}

\newcount{\@titlenotecount}
\newtoks{\@titlenotetext}

\def \@titlebanner {}

\renewcommand{\title}[1]{%
  \gdef \@titletext {#1}}

\newcommand{\subtitle}[1]{%
  \gdef \@subtitletext {#1}}

\newcommand{\authorinfo}[3]{%           {names}{affiliation}{email/URL}
  \global\@increment \@authorcount
  \@withname\gdef {\@authorname\romannumeral\@authorcount}{#1}%
  \@withname\gdef {\@authoraffil\romannumeral\@authorcount}{#2}%
  \@withname\gdef {\@authoremail\romannumeral\@authorcount}{#3}}

\renewcommand{\author}[1]{%
  \@latex@error{The \string\author\space command is obsolete;
                use \string\authorinfo}{}}

\newcommand{\titlebanner}[1]{%
  \gdef \@titlebanner {#1}}

\renewcommand{\maketitle}{%
  \pagestyle{plain}%
  \if \@onecolumn
    {\hsize = \standardtextwidth
     \@maketitle}%
  \else
    \twocolumn[\@maketitle]%
  \fi
  \@placetitlenotes
  \if \@copyrightwanted \@copyrightspace \fi}

\def \@maketitle {%
  \begin{center}
  \@settitlebanner
  \let \thanks = \titlenote
  {\leftskip = 0pt plus 0.25\linewidth
   \rightskip = 0pt plus 0.25 \linewidth
   \parfillskip = 0pt
   \spaceskip = .7em
   \noindent \LARGE \bfseries \@titletext \par}
  \vskip 6pt
  \noindent \Large \@subtitletext \par
  \vskip 12pt
  \ifcase \@authorcount
    \@latex@error{No authors were specified for this paper}{}\or
    \@titleauthors{i}{}{}\or
    \@titleauthors{i}{ii}{}\or
    \@titleauthors{i}{ii}{iii}\or
    \@titleauthors{i}{ii}{iii}\@titleauthors{iv}{}{}\or
    \@titleauthors{i}{ii}{iii}\@titleauthors{iv}{v}{}\or
    \@titleauthors{i}{ii}{iii}\@titleauthors{iv}{v}{vi}\or
    \@titleauthors{i}{ii}{iii}\@titleauthors{iv}{v}{vi}%
                  \@titleauthors{vii}{}{}\or
    \@titleauthors{i}{ii}{iii}\@titleauthors{iv}{v}{vi}%
                  \@titleauthors{vii}{viii}{}\or
    \@titleauthors{i}{ii}{iii}\@titleauthors{iv}{v}{vi}%
                  \@titleauthors{vii}{viii}{ix}\or
    \@titleauthors{i}{ii}{iii}\@titleauthors{iv}{v}{vi}%
                  \@titleauthors{vii}{viii}{ix}\@titleauthors{x}{}{}\or
    \@titleauthors{i}{ii}{iii}\@titleauthors{iv}{v}{vi}%
                  \@titleauthors{vii}{viii}{ix}\@titleauthors{x}{xi}{}\or
    \@titleauthors{i}{ii}{iii}\@titleauthors{iv}{v}{vi}%
                  \@titleauthors{vii}{viii}{ix}\@titleauthors{x}{xi}{xii}%
  \else
    \@latex@error{Cannot handle more than 12 authors}{}%
  \fi
  \vspace{1.75pc}
  \end{center}}

\def \@settitlebanner {%
  \if \@andp{\@preprint}{\@notp{\@emptydefp{\@titlebanner}}}%
    \vbox to 0pt{%
      \vskip -32pt
      \noindent \textbf{\@titlebanner}\par
      \vss}%
    \nointerlineskip
  \fi}

\def \@titleauthors #1#2#3{%
  \if \@andp{\@emptyargp{#2}}{\@emptyargp{#3}}%
    \noindent \@setauthor{40pc}{#1}{\@false}\par
  \else\if \@emptyargp{#3}%
    \noindent \@setauthor{17pc}{#1}{\@false}\hspace{3pc}%
              \@setauthor{17pc}{#2}{\@false}\par
  \else
    \noindent \@setauthor{12.5pc}{#1}{\@false}\hspace{2pc}%
              \@setauthor{12.5pc}{#2}{\@false}\hspace{2pc}%
              \@setauthor{12.5pc}{#3}{\@true}\par
    \relax
  \fi\fi
  \vspace{20pt}}

\def \@setauthor #1#2#3{%                       {width}{text}{unused}
  \vtop{%
    \def \and {%
      \hspace{16pt}}
    \hsize = #1
    \normalfont
    \centering
    \large \@name{\@authorname#2}\par
    \vspace{5pt}
    \normalsize \@name{\@authoraffil#2}\par
    \vspace{2pt}
    \textsf{\@name{\@authoremail#2}}\par}}

\def \@maybetitlenote #1{%
  \if \@andp{#1}{\@gtrp{\@authorcount}{3}}%
    \titlenote{See page~\pageref{@addauthors} for additional authors.}%
  \fi}

\newtoks{\@fnmark}

\newcommand{\titlenote}[1]{%
  \global\@increment \@titlenotecount
  \ifcase \@titlenotecount \relax \or
    \@fnmark = {\ast}\or
    \@fnmark = {\dagger}\or
    \@fnmark = {\ddagger}\or
    \@fnmark = {\S}\or
    \@fnmark = {\P}\or
    \@fnmark = {\ast\ast}%
  \fi
  \,$^{\the\@fnmark}$%
  \edef \reserved@a {\noexpand\@appendtotext{%
                       \noexpand\@titlefootnote{\the\@fnmark}}}%
  \reserved@a{#1}}

\def \@appendtotext #1#2{%
  \global\@titlenotetext = \expandafter{\the\@titlenotetext #1{#2}}}

\newcount{\@authori}

\iffalse
\def \additionalauthors {%
  \if \@gtrp{\@authorcount}{3}%
    \section{Additional Authors}%
    \label{@addauthors}%
    \noindent
    \@authori = 4
    {\let \\ = ,%
     \loop 
       \textbf{\@name{\@authorname\romannumeral\@authori}},
       \@name{\@authoraffil\romannumeral\@authori},
       email: \@name{\@authoremail\romannumeral\@authori}.%
       \@increment \@authori
     \if \@notp{\@gtrp{\@authori}{\@authorcount}} \repeat}%
    \par
  \fi
  \global\@setflag \@addauthorsdone = \@true}
\fi

\let \addauthorsection = \additionalauthors

\def \@placetitlenotes {
  \the\@titlenotetext}

%                       Utilities
%                       ---------


\newcommand{\centeroncapheight}[1]{%
  {\setbox\@tempboxa = \hbox{#1}%
   \@measurecapheight{\@tempdima}%         % Calculate ht(CAP) - ht(text)
   \advance \@tempdima by -\ht\@tempboxa   %           ------------------
   \divide \@tempdima by 2                 %                   2
   \raise \@tempdima \box\@tempboxa}}

\newbox{\@measbox}

\def \@measurecapheight #1{%                            {\dimen}
  \setbox\@measbox = \hbox{ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ}%
  #1 = \ht\@measbox}

\long\def \@titlefootnote #1#2{%
  \insert\footins{%
    \reset@font\footnotesize
    \interlinepenalty\interfootnotelinepenalty
    \splittopskip\footnotesep
    \splitmaxdepth \dp\strutbox \floatingpenalty \@MM
    \hsize\columnwidth \@parboxrestore
%%%    \protected@edef\@currentlabel{%
%%%       \csname p@footnote\endcsname\@thefnmark}%
    \color@begingroup
      \def \@makefnmark {$^{#1}$}%
      \@makefntext{%
        \rule\z@\footnotesep\ignorespaces#2\@finalstrut\strutbox}%
    \color@endgroup}}

%                       LaTeX Modifications
%                       ----- -------------

\def \@seccntformat #1{%
  \@name{\the#1}%
  \@expandaftertwice\@seccntformata \csname the#1\endcsname.\@mark
  \quad}

\def \@seccntformata #1.#2\@mark{%
  \if \@emptyargp{#2}.\fi}

%                       Revision History
%                       -------- -------


%  Date         Person  Ver.    Change
%  ----         ------  ----    ------

%  2004.09.12   PCA     0.1--4  Preliminary development.

%  2004.11.18   PCA     0.5     Start beta testing.

%  2004.11.19   PCA     0.6     Obsolete \author and replace with
%                               \authorinfo.
%                               Add 'nocopyrightspace' option.
%                               Compress article opener spacing.
%                               Add 'mathtime' option.
%                               Increase text height by 6 points.

%  2004.11.28   PCA     0.7     Add 'cm/computermodern' options.
%                               Change default to Times text.

%  2004.12.14   PCA     0.8     Remove use of mathptm.sty; it cannot
%                               coexist with latexsym or amssymb.

%  2005.01.20   PCA     0.9     Rename class file to sigplanconf.cls.

%  2005.03.05   PCA     0.91    Change default copyright data.

%  2005.03.06   PCA     0.92    Add at-signs to some macro names.

%  2005.03.07   PCA     0.93    The 'onecolumn' option defaults to '11pt',
%                               and it uses the full type width.

%  2005.03.15   PCA     0.94    Add at-signs to more macro names.
%                               Allow margin paragraphs during review.

%  2005.03.22   PCA     0.95    Implement \euro.
%                               Remove proof and newdef environments.

%  2005.05.06   PCA     1.0     Eliminate 'onecolumn' option.
%                               Change footer to small italic and eliminate
%                               left portion if no \preprintfooter.
%                               Eliminate copyright notice if preprint.
%                               Clean up and shrink copyright box.

%  2005.05.30   PCA     1.1     Add alternate permission statements.

%  2005.06.29   PCA     1.1     Publish final first edition of guide.

%  2005.07.14   PCA     1.2     Add \subparagraph.
%                               Use block paragraphs in lists, and adjust
%                               spacing between items and paragraphs.

%  2006.06.22   PCA     1.3     Add 'reprint' option and associated
%                               commands.

%  2006.08.24   PCA     1.4     Fix bug in \maketitle case command.

%  2007.03.13   PCA     1.5     The title banner only displays with the
%                               'preprint' option.

%  2007.06.06   PCA     1.6     Use \bibfont in \thebibliography.
%                               Add 'natbib' option to load and configure
%                                 the natbib package.

%  2007.11.20   PCA     1.7     Balance line lengths in centered article
%                                 title (thanks to Norman Ramsey).

%  2009.01.26   PCA     1.8     Change natbib \bibpunct values.

%  2009.03.24   PCA     1.9     Change natbib to use the 'numbers' option.
%                               Change templates to use 'natbib' option.

%  2009.09.01   PCA     2.0     Add \reprintprice command (suggested by
%                                 Stephen Chong).

%  2009.09.08   PCA     2.1     Make 'natbib' the default; add 'nonatbib'.
%               SB              Add 'authoryear' and 'numbers' (default) to
%                               control citation style when using natbib.
%                               Add \bibpunct to change punctuation for
%                               'authoryear' style.

%  2009.09.21   PCA     2.2     Add \softraggedright to the thebibliography
%                               environment. Also add to template so it will
%                               happen with natbib.

%  2009.09.30   PCA     2.3     Remove \softraggedright from thebibliography.  
%                               Just include in the template.

%  2010.05.24   PCA     2.4     Obfuscate class author's email address.

%  2011.11.08   PCA     2.5     Add copyright notice to this file.
%                               Remove 'sort' option from natbib when using
%                                 'authoryear' style.
%                               Add the \authorversion command.

%  2013.02.22   PCA     2.6     Change natbib fences to parentheses when
%                                 using 'authoryear' style.

%  2013.05.17   PCA     2.7     Change standard and author copyright text.

%  2013.07.02   TU      2.8     More changes to permission/copyright notes.
%                               Replaced ambiguous \authorpermission with
%                               \exclusivelicense and \permissiontopublish